Cellular metabolism must adapt to changing demands to enable homeostasis. During immune responses or cancer metastasis, cells leading migration into challenging environments require an energy boost, but what controls this capacity is unclear. Here, we study a previously uncharacterized nuclear protein, Atossa (encoded by CG9005), which supports macrophage invasion into the germband of Drosophila by controlling cellular metabolism. First, nuclear Atossa increases mRNA levels of Porthos, a DEAD-box protein, and of two metabolic enzymes, lysine-α-ketoglutarate reductase (LKR/SDH) and NADPH glyoxylate reductase (GR/HPR), thus enhancing mitochondrial bioenergetics. Then Porthos supports ribosome assembly and thereby raises the translational efficiency of a subset of mRNAs, including those affecting mitochondrial functions, the electron transport chain, and metabolism. Mitochondrial respiration measurements, metabolomics, and live imaging indicate that Atossa and Porthos power up OxPhos and energy production to promote the forging of a path into tissues by leading macrophages. Since many crucial physiological responses require increases in mitochondrial energy output, this previously undescribed genetic program may modulate a wide range of cellular behaviors.
The Embo Journal
We thank the DGRC (NIH grant 2P40OD010949-10A1) for plasmids, the BDSC (NIH grant P40OD018537) and the VDRC for fly stocks, FlyBase for essential genomic information, the BDGP in situ database for data (Tomancak et al, 2007), the IST Austria Bioimaging facility for support, the VBC Core Facilities for RNA sequencing and analysis, and C. Guet, C. Navarro, C. Desplan, T. Lecuit, I. Miguel-Aliaga, and Siekhaus group members for comments on the manuscript. The VBCF Metabolomics Facility is funded by the City of Vienna through the Vienna Business Agency. This work was supported by the Marie Curie CIG 334077/IRTIM (DES), Austrian Science Fund (FWF) Lise Meitner Fellowship M2379-B28 (MA and DES), Austrian Science Fund (FWF) grant ASI_FWF01_P29638S (DES), NIH/NIGMS (R01GM111779-06 (PR), RO1GM135628-01 (PR), European Research Council (ERC) grant no. 677006 “CMIL” (AB), and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (RGPIN-2019-06766) (TRH).
Emtenani S, Martin ET, György A, et al. Macrophage mitochondrial bioenergetics and tissue invasion are boosted by an Atossa-Porthos axis in Drosophila. The Embo Journal. 2022. doi:10.15252/embj.2021109049
Emtenani, S., Martin, E. T., György, A., Bicher, J., Genger, J.-W., Köcher, T., … Siekhaus, D. E. (2022). Macrophage mitochondrial bioenergetics and tissue invasion are boosted by an Atossa-Porthos axis in Drosophila. The Embo Journal. Embo Press. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2021109049
Emtenani, Shamsi, Elliot T Martin, Attila György, Julia Bicher, Jakob-Wendelin Genger, Thomas Köcher, Maria Akhmanova, et al. “Macrophage Mitochondrial Bioenergetics and Tissue Invasion Are Boosted by an Atossa-Porthos Axis in Drosophila.” The Embo Journal. Embo Press, 2022. https://doi.org/10.15252/embj.2021109049.
S. Emtenani et al., “Macrophage mitochondrial bioenergetics and tissue invasion are boosted by an Atossa-Porthos axis in Drosophila,” The Embo Journal. Embo Press, 2022.
Emtenani S, Martin ET, György A, Bicher J, Genger J-W, Köcher T, Akhmanova M, Pereira Guarda M, Roblek M, Bergthaler A, Hurd TR, Rangan P, Siekhaus DE. 2022. Macrophage mitochondrial bioenergetics and tissue invasion are boosted by an Atossa-Porthos axis in Drosophila. The Embo Journal., e109049.
Emtenani, Shamsi, et al. “Macrophage Mitochondrial Bioenergetics and Tissue Invasion Are Boosted by an Atossa-Porthos Axis in Drosophila.” The Embo Journal, e109049, Embo Press, 2022, doi:10.15252/embj.2021109049.
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