Duan, Jiahua; Capote-Robayna, Nathaniel; Taboada-Gutiérrez, Javier; Álvarez-Pérez, Gonzalo; Prieto Gonzalez, IvanISTA ; Martín-Sánchez, Javier; Nikitin, Alexey Y.; Alonso-González, Pablo
Recent discoveries have shown that, when two layers of van der Waals (vdW) materials are superimposed with a relative twist angle between them, the electronic properties of the coupled system can be dramatically altered. Here, we demonstrate that a similar concept can be extended to the optics realm, particularly to propagating phonon polaritons–hybrid light-matter interactions. To do this, we fabricate stacks composed of two twisted slabs of a vdW crystal (α-MoO3) supporting anisotropic phonon polaritons (PhPs), and image the propagation of the latter when launched by localized sources. Our images reveal that, under a critical angle, the PhPs isofrequency curve undergoes a topological transition, in which the propagation of PhPs is strongly guided (canalization regime) along predetermined directions without geometric spreading. These results demonstrate a new degree of freedom (twist angle) for controlling the propagation of polaritons at the nanoscale with potential for nanoimaging, (bio)-sensing, or heat management.
J.T.-G. and G.Á.-P. acknowledge support through the Severo Ochoa Program from the Government of the Principality of Asturias (nos. PA-18-PF-BP17-126 and PA20-PF-BP19-053, respectively). J. M-S acknowledges financial support through the Ramón y Cajal Program from the Government of Spain (RYC2018-026196-I). A.Y.N. acknowledges the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (national project no. MAT201788358-C3-3-R). P.A.-G. acknowledges support from the European Research Council under starting grant no. 715496, 2DNANOPTICA.
Duan J, Capote-Robayna N, Taboada-Gutiérrez J, et al. Twisted nano-optics: Manipulating light at the nanoscale with twisted phonon polaritonic slabs. Nano Letters. 2020;20(7):5323-5329. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c01673
Duan, J., Capote-Robayna, N., Taboada-Gutiérrez, J., Álvarez-Pérez, G., Prieto Gonzalez, I., Martín-Sánchez, J., … Alonso-González, P. (2020). Twisted nano-optics: Manipulating light at the nanoscale with twisted phonon polaritonic slabs. Nano Letters. American Chemical Society. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c01673
Duan, Jiahua, Nathaniel Capote-Robayna, Javier Taboada-Gutiérrez, Gonzalo Álvarez-Pérez, Ivan Prieto Gonzalez, Javier Martín-Sánchez, Alexey Y. Nikitin, and Pablo Alonso-González. “Twisted Nano-Optics: Manipulating Light at the Nanoscale with Twisted Phonon Polaritonic Slabs.” Nano Letters. American Chemical Society, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c01673.
J. Duan et al., “Twisted nano-optics: Manipulating light at the nanoscale with twisted phonon polaritonic slabs,” Nano Letters, vol. 20, no. 7. American Chemical Society, pp. 5323–5329, 2020.
Duan J, Capote-Robayna N, Taboada-Gutiérrez J, Álvarez-Pérez G, Prieto Gonzalez I, Martín-Sánchez J, Nikitin AY, Alonso-González P. 2020. Twisted nano-optics: Manipulating light at the nanoscale with twisted phonon polaritonic slabs. Nano Letters. 20(7), 5323–5329.
Duan, Jiahua, et al. “Twisted Nano-Optics: Manipulating Light at the Nanoscale with Twisted Phonon Polaritonic Slabs.” Nano Letters, vol. 20, no. 7, American Chemical Society, 2020, pp. 5323–29, doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c01673.