Trojan-resilience without cryptography

Chakraborty S, Dziembowski S, Gałązka M, Lizurej T, Pietrzak KZ, Yeo MX. 2021. Trojan-resilience without cryptography. TCC: Theory of Cryptography Conference, LNCS, vol. 13043, 397–428.


Conference Paper | Published | English

Scopus indexed
Author
Chakraborty, SuvradipISTA; Dziembowski, Stefan; Gałązka, Małgorzata; Lizurej, Tomasz; Pietrzak, Krzysztof ZISTA ; Yeo, Michelle XISTA
Department
Series Title
LNCS
Abstract
Digital hardware Trojans are integrated circuits whose implementation differ from the specification in an arbitrary and malicious way. For example, the circuit can differ from its specified input/output behavior after some fixed number of queries (known as “time bombs”) or on some particular input (known as “cheat codes”). To detect such Trojans, countermeasures using multiparty computation (MPC) or verifiable computation (VC) have been proposed. On a high level, to realize a circuit with specification F one has more sophisticated circuits F⋄ manufactured (where F⋄ specifies a MPC or VC of F ), and then embeds these F⋄ ’s into a master circuit which must be trusted but is relatively simple compared to F . Those solutions impose a significant overhead as F⋄ is much more complex than F , also the master circuits are not exactly trivial. In this work, we show that in restricted settings, where F has no evolving state and is queried on independent inputs, we can achieve a relaxed security notion using very simple constructions. In particular, we do not change the specification of the circuit at all (i.e., F=F⋄ ). Moreover the master circuit basically just queries a subset of its manufactured circuits and checks if they’re all the same. The security we achieve guarantees that, if the manufactured circuits are initially tested on up to T inputs, the master circuit will catch Trojans that try to deviate on significantly more than a 1/T fraction of the inputs. This bound is optimal for the type of construction considered, and we provably achieve it using a construction where 12 instantiations of F need to be embedded into the master. We also discuss an extremely simple construction with just 2 instantiations for which we conjecture that it already achieves the optimal bound.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-11-04
Volume
13043
Page
397-428
Conference
TCC: Theory of Cryptography Conference
Conference Location
Raleigh, NC, United States
Conference Date
2021-11-08 – 2021-11-11
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Chakraborty S, Dziembowski S, Gałązka M, Lizurej T, Pietrzak KZ, Yeo MX. Trojan-resilience without cryptography. In: Vol 13043. Springer Nature; 2021:397-428. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-90453-1_14
Chakraborty, S., Dziembowski, S., Gałązka, M., Lizurej, T., Pietrzak, K. Z., & Yeo, M. X. (2021). Trojan-resilience without cryptography (Vol. 13043, pp. 397–428). Presented at the TCC: Theory of Cryptography Conference, Raleigh, NC, United States: Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-90453-1_14
Chakraborty, Suvradip, Stefan Dziembowski, Małgorzata Gałązka, Tomasz Lizurej, Krzysztof Z Pietrzak, and Michelle X Yeo. “Trojan-Resilience without Cryptography,” 13043:397–428. Springer Nature, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-90453-1_14.
S. Chakraborty, S. Dziembowski, M. Gałązka, T. Lizurej, K. Z. Pietrzak, and M. X. Yeo, “Trojan-resilience without cryptography,” presented at the TCC: Theory of Cryptography Conference, Raleigh, NC, United States, 2021, vol. 13043, pp. 397–428.
Chakraborty S, Dziembowski S, Gałązka M, Lizurej T, Pietrzak KZ, Yeo MX. 2021. Trojan-resilience without cryptography. TCC: Theory of Cryptography Conference, LNCS, vol. 13043, 397–428.
Chakraborty, Suvradip, et al. Trojan-Resilience without Cryptography. Vol. 13043, Springer Nature, 2021, pp. 397–428, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-90453-1_14.
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