Metamachines of pluripotent colloids

Aubret A, Martinet Q, Palacci JA. 2021. Metamachines of pluripotent colloids. Nature Communications. 12(1), 6398.

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Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
Machines enabled the Industrial Revolution and are central to modern technological progress: A machine’s parts transmit forces, motion, and energy to one another in a predetermined manner. Today’s engineering frontier, building artificial micromachines that emulate the biological machinery of living organisms, requires faithful assembly and energy consumption at the microscale. Here, we demonstrate the programmable assembly of active particles into autonomous metamachines using optical templates. Metamachines, or machines made of machines, are stable, mobile and autonomous architectures, whose dynamics stems from the geometry. We use the interplay between anisotropic force generation of the active colloids with the control of their orientation by local geometry. This allows autonomous reprogramming of active particles of the metamachines to achieve multiple functions. It permits the modular assembly of metamachines by fusion, reconfiguration of metamachines and, we anticipate, a shift in focus of self-assembly towards active matter and reprogrammable materials.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-11-04
Journal Title
Nature Communications
Acknowledgement
The authors thank R. Jazzar for useful advice regarding the synthesis of heterodimers. We thank S. Sacanna for critical reading. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DMR-1554724 and Department of Army Research under grant W911NF-20-1-0112.
Volume
12
Issue
1
Article Number
6398
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Aubret A, Martinet Q, Palacci JA. Metamachines of pluripotent colloids. Nature Communications. 2021;12(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26699-6
Aubret, A., Martinet, Q., & Palacci, J. A. (2021). Metamachines of pluripotent colloids. Nature Communications. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-26699-6
Aubret, Antoine, Quentin Martinet, and Jérémie A Palacci. “Metamachines of Pluripotent Colloids.” Nature Communications. Springer Nature, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-26699-6.
A. Aubret, Q. Martinet, and J. A. Palacci, “Metamachines of pluripotent colloids,” Nature Communications, vol. 12, no. 1. Springer Nature, 2021.
Aubret A, Martinet Q, Palacci JA. 2021. Metamachines of pluripotent colloids. Nature Communications. 12(1), 6398.
Aubret, Antoine, et al. “Metamachines of Pluripotent Colloids.” Nature Communications, vol. 12, no. 1, 6398, Springer Nature, 2021, doi:10.1038/s41467-021-26699-6.
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