Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices

Cipolloni G, Erdös L, Schröder DJ. 2021. Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices. Communications in Mathematical Physics. 388(2), 1005–1048.

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Abstract
We prove that any deterministic matrix is approximately the identity in the eigenbasis of a large random Wigner matrix with very high probability and with an optimal error inversely proportional to the square root of the dimension. Our theorem thus rigorously verifies the Eigenstate Thermalisation Hypothesis by Deutsch (Phys Rev A 43:2046–2049, 1991) for the simplest chaotic quantum system, the Wigner ensemble. In mathematical terms, we prove the strong form of Quantum Unique Ergodicity (QUE) with an optimal convergence rate for all eigenvectors simultaneously, generalizing previous probabilistic QUE results in Bourgade and Yau (Commun Math Phys 350:231–278, 2017) and Bourgade et al. (Commun Pure Appl Math 73:1526–1596, 2020).
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-10-29
Journal Title
Communications in Mathematical Physics
Acknowledgement
Open access funding provided by Institute of Science and Technology (IST Austria).
Volume
388
Issue
2
Page
1005–1048
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Cipolloni G, Erdös L, Schröder DJ. Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices. Communications in Mathematical Physics. 2021;388(2):1005–1048. doi:10.1007/s00220-021-04239-z
Cipolloni, G., Erdös, L., & Schröder, D. J. (2021). Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices. Communications in Mathematical Physics. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-021-04239-z
Cipolloni, Giorgio, László Erdös, and Dominik J Schröder. “Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis for Wigner Matrices.” Communications in Mathematical Physics. Springer Nature, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00220-021-04239-z.
G. Cipolloni, L. Erdös, and D. J. Schröder, “Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices,” Communications in Mathematical Physics, vol. 388, no. 2. Springer Nature, pp. 1005–1048, 2021.
Cipolloni G, Erdös L, Schröder DJ. 2021. Eigenstate thermalization hypothesis for Wigner matrices. Communications in Mathematical Physics. 388(2), 1005–1048.
Cipolloni, Giorgio, et al. “Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis for Wigner Matrices.” Communications in Mathematical Physics, vol. 388, no. 2, Springer Nature, 2021, pp. 1005–1048, doi:10.1007/s00220-021-04239-z.

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arXiv 2012.13215

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