We study conditions under which a finite simplicial complex K can be mapped to ℝd without higher-multiplicity intersections. An almost r-embedding is a map f: K → ℝd such that the images of any r pairwise disjoint simplices of K do not have a common point. We show that if r is not a prime power and d ≥ 2r + 1, then there is a counterexample to the topological Tverberg conjecture, i.e., there is an almost r-embedding of the (d +1)(r − 1)-simplex in ℝd. This improves on previous constructions of counterexamples (for d ≥ 3r) based on a series of papers by M. Özaydin, M. Gromov, P. Blagojević, F. Frick, G. Ziegler, and the second and fourth present authors. The counterexamples are obtained by proving the following algebraic criterion in codimension 2: If r ≥ 3 and if K is a finite 2(r − 1)-complex, then there exists an almost r-embedding K → ℝ2r if and only if there exists a general position PL map f: K → ℝ2r such that the algebraic intersection number of the f-images of any r pairwise disjoint simplices of K is zero. This result can be restated in terms of a cohomological obstruction and extends an analogous codimension 3 criterion by the second and fourth authors. As another application, we classify ornaments f: S3 ⊔ S3 ⊔ S3 → ℝ5 up to ornament concordance. It follows from work of M. Freedman, V. Krushkal and P. Teichner that the analogous criterion for r = 2 is false. We prove a lemma on singular higher-dimensional Borromean rings, yielding an elementary proof of the counterexample.
Israel Journal of Mathematics
Research supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Project SNSF-PP00P2-138948), by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF Project P31312-N35), by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Grants No. 15-01-06302 and 19-01-00169), by a Simons-IUM Fellowship, and by the D. Zimin Dynasty Foundation Grant. We would like to thank E. Alkin, A. Klyachko, V. Krushkal, S. Melikhov, M. Tancer, P. Teichner and anonymous referees for helpful comments and discussions.
Avvakumov S, Mabillard I, Skopenkov AB, Wagner U. Eliminating higher-multiplicity intersections. III. Codimension 2. Israel Journal of Mathematics. 2021;245:501–534. doi:10.1007/s11856-021-2216-z
Avvakumov, S., Mabillard, I., Skopenkov, A. B., & Wagner, U. (2021). Eliminating higher-multiplicity intersections. III. Codimension 2. Israel Journal of Mathematics. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11856-021-2216-z
Avvakumov, Sergey, Isaac Mabillard, Arkadiy B. Skopenkov, and Uli Wagner. “Eliminating Higher-Multiplicity Intersections. III. Codimension 2.” Israel Journal of Mathematics. Springer Nature, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11856-021-2216-z.
S. Avvakumov, I. Mabillard, A. B. Skopenkov, and U. Wagner, “Eliminating higher-multiplicity intersections. III. Codimension 2,” Israel Journal of Mathematics, vol. 245. Springer Nature, pp. 501–534, 2021.
Avvakumov S, Mabillard I, Skopenkov AB, Wagner U. 2021. Eliminating higher-multiplicity intersections. III. Codimension 2. Israel Journal of Mathematics. 245, 501–534.
Avvakumov, Sergey, et al. “Eliminating Higher-Multiplicity Intersections. III. Codimension 2.” Israel Journal of Mathematics, vol. 245, Springer Nature, 2021, pp. 501–534, doi:10.1007/s11856-021-2216-z.
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