The topology of the cosmic web in terms of persistent Betti numbers

P. Pranav, H. Edelsbrunner, R. Van De Weygaert, G. Vegter, M. Kerber, B. Jones, M. Wintraecken, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465 (2017) 4281–4310.


Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
We introduce a multiscale topological description of the Megaparsec web-like cosmic matter distribution. Betti numbers and topological persistence offer a powerful means of describing the rich connectivity structure of the cosmic web and of its multiscale arrangement of matter and galaxies. Emanating from algebraic topology and Morse theory, Betti numbers and persistence diagrams represent an extension and deepening of the cosmologically familiar topological genus measure and the related geometric Minkowski functionals. In addition to a description of the mathematical background, this study presents the computational procedure for computing Betti numbers and persistence diagrams for density field filtrations. The field may be computed starting from a discrete spatial distribution of galaxies or simulation particles. The main emphasis of this study concerns an extensive and systematic exploration of the imprint of different web-like morphologies and different levels of multiscale clustering in the corresponding computed Betti numbers and persistence diagrams. To this end, we use Voronoi clustering models as templates for a rich variety of web-like configurations and the fractal-like Soneira-Peebles models exemplify a range of multiscale configurations. We have identified the clear imprint of cluster nodes, filaments, walls, and voids in persistence diagrams, along with that of the nested hierarchy of structures in multiscale point distributions. We conclude by outlining the potential of persistent topology for understanding the connectivity structure of the cosmic web, in large simulations of cosmic structure formation and in the challenging context of the observed galaxy distribution in large galaxy surveys.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2017-01-01
Journal Title
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Acknowledgement
Part of this work has been supported by the 7th Framework Programme for Research of the European Commission, under FETOpen grant number 255827 (CGL Computational Geometry Learning) and ERC advanced grant, URSAT (Understanding Random Systems via Algebraic Topology) number 320422.
Volume
465
Issue
4
Page
4281 - 4310
ISSN
IST-REx-ID

Cite this

Pranav P, Edelsbrunner H, Van De Weygaert R, et al. The topology of the cosmic web in terms of persistent Betti numbers. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2017;465(4):4281-4310. doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2862
Pranav, P., Edelsbrunner, H., Van De Weygaert, R., Vegter, G., Kerber, M., Jones, B., & Wintraecken, M. (2017). The topology of the cosmic web in terms of persistent Betti numbers. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 465(4), 4281–4310. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2862
Pranav, Pratyush, Herbert Edelsbrunner, Rien Van De Weygaert, Gert Vegter, Michael Kerber, Bernard Jones, and Mathijs Wintraecken. “The Topology of the Cosmic Web in Terms of Persistent Betti Numbers.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 465, no. 4 (2017): 4281–4310. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw2862.
P. Pranav et al., “The topology of the cosmic web in terms of persistent Betti numbers,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 465, no. 4, pp. 4281–4310, 2017.
Pranav P, Edelsbrunner H, Van De Weygaert R, Vegter G, Kerber M, Jones B, Wintraecken M. 2017. The topology of the cosmic web in terms of persistent Betti numbers. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 465(4), 4281–4310.
Pranav, Pratyush, et al. “The Topology of the Cosmic Web in Terms of Persistent Betti Numbers.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 465, no. 4, Oxford University Press, 2017, pp. 4281–310, doi:10.1093/mnras/stw2862.

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