Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp

Huylmans AK, Macon A, Hontoria F, Vicoso B. 2021. Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 288(1959), 20211720.

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Abstract
While sexual reproduction is widespread among many taxa, asexual lineages have repeatedly evolved from sexual ancestors. Despite extensive research on the evolution of sex, it is still unclear whether this switch represents a major transition requiring major molecular reorganization, and how convergent the changes involved are. In this study, we investigated the phylogenetic relationship and patterns of gene expression of sexual and asexual lineages of Eurasian Artemia brine shrimp, to assess how gene expression patterns are affected by the transition to asexuality. We find only a few genes that are consistently associated with the evolution of asexuality, suggesting that this shift may not require an extensive overhauling of the meiotic machinery. While genes with sex-biased expression have high rates of expression divergence within Eurasian Artemia, neither female- nor male-biased genes appear to show unusual evolutionary patterns after sexuality is lost, contrary to theoretical expectations.
Publishing Year
Date Published
2021-09-22
Journal Title
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Acknowledgement
We thank the Vicoso laboratory, Thomas Lenormand and Tanja Schwander for helpful discussions, the group of Gonzalo Gajardo, especially Cristian Gallardo-Escárate and Margarita Parraguez Donoso, for sequencing data and advice, and the IST Scientific Computing Group for their support. This work was supported by the European Research Council under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant agreement no. 715257).
Acknowledged SSUs
Volume
288
Issue
1959
Article Number
20211720
ISSN
eISSN
IST-REx-ID

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Huylmans AK, Macon A, Hontoria F, Vicoso B. Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2021;288(1959). doi:10.1098/rspb.2021.1720
Huylmans, A. K., Macon, A., Hontoria, F., & Vicoso, B. (2021). Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. The Royal Society. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.1720
Huylmans, Ann K, Ariana Macon, Francisco Hontoria, and Beatriz Vicoso. “Transitions to Asexuality and Evolution of Gene Expression in Artemia Brine Shrimp.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. The Royal Society, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.1720.
A. K. Huylmans, A. Macon, F. Hontoria, and B. Vicoso, “Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp,” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 288, no. 1959. The Royal Society, 2021.
Huylmans AK, Macon A, Hontoria F, Vicoso B. 2021. Transitions to asexuality and evolution of gene expression in Artemia brine shrimp. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 288(1959), 20211720.
Huylmans, Ann K., et al. “Transitions to Asexuality and Evolution of Gene Expression in Artemia Brine Shrimp.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 288, no. 1959, 20211720, The Royal Society, 2021, doi:10.1098/rspb.2021.1720.
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