Superconductor-semiconductor hybrids are platforms for realizing effective p-wave superconductivity. Spin-orbit coupling, combined with the proximity effect, causes the two-dimensional semiconductor to inherit p±ip intraband pairing, and application of magnetic field can then result in transitions to the normal state, partial Bogoliubov Fermi surfaces, or topological phases with Majorana modes. Experimentally probing the hybrid superconductor-semiconductor interface is challenging due to the shunting effect of the conventional superconductor. Consequently, the nature of induced pairing remains an open question. Here, we use the circuit quantum electrodynamics architecture to probe induced superconductivity in a two dimensional Al-InAs hybrid system. We observe a strong suppression of superfluid density and enhanced dissipation driven by magnetic field, which cannot be accounted for by the depairing theory of an s-wave superconductor. These observations are explained by a picture of independent intraband p±ip superconductors giving way to partial Bogoliubov Fermi surfaces, and allow for the first characterization of key properties of the hybrid superconducting system.
This research was supported by the Scientific Service Units of IST Austria through resources provided by the MIBA Machine Shop and the nanofabrication facility. JS and AG were supported by funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Grant Agreement No.754411.
Phan DT, Senior JL, Ghazaryan A, et al. Breakdown of induced p±ip pairing in a superconductor-semiconductor hybrid. arXiv.
Phan, D. T., Senior, J. L., Ghazaryan, A., Hatefipour, M., Strickland, W. M., Shabani, J., … Higginbotham, A. P. (n.d.). Breakdown of induced p±ip pairing in a superconductor-semiconductor hybrid. arXiv.
Phan, Duc T, Jorden L Senior, Areg Ghazaryan, M. Hatefipour, W. M. Strickland, J. Shabani, Maksym Serbyn, and Andrew P Higginbotham. “Breakdown of Induced P±ip Pairing in a Superconductor-Semiconductor Hybrid.” ArXiv, n.d.
D. T. Phan et al., “Breakdown of induced p±ip pairing in a superconductor-semiconductor hybrid,” arXiv. .
Phan DT, Senior JL, Ghazaryan A, Hatefipour M, Strickland WM, Shabani J, Serbyn M, Higginbotham AP. Breakdown of induced p±ip pairing in a superconductor-semiconductor hybrid. arXiv, 2107.03695.
Phan, Duc T., et al. “Breakdown of Induced P±ip Pairing in a Superconductor-Semiconductor Hybrid.” ArXiv, 2107.03695.
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