@article{7428,
abstract = {In the superconducting regime of FeTe(1−x)Sex, there exist two types of vortices which are distinguished by the presence or absence of zero-energy states in their core. To understand their origin, we examine the interplay of Zeeman coupling and superconducting pairings in three-dimensional metals with band inversion. Weak Zeeman fields are found to suppress intraorbital spin-singlet pairing, known to localize the states at the ends of the vortices on the surface. On the other hand, an orbital-triplet pairing is shown to be stable against Zeeman interactions, but leads to delocalized zero-energy Majorana modes which extend through the vortex. In contrast, the finite-energy vortex modes remain localized at the vortex ends even when the pairing is of orbital-triplet form. Phenomenologically, this manifests as an observed disappearance of zero-bias peaks within the cores of topological vortices upon an increase of the applied magnetic field. The presence of magnetic impurities in FeTe(1−x)Sex, which are attracted to the vortices, would lead to such Zeeman-induced delocalization of Majorana modes in a fraction of vortices that capture a large enough number of magnetic impurities. Our results provide an explanation for the dichotomy between topological and nontopological vortices recently observed in FeTe(1−x)Sex.},
author = {Ghazaryan, Areg and Lopes, P. L.S. and Hosur, Pavan and Gilbert, Matthew J. and Ghaemi, Pouyan},
issn = {24699969},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {2},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Effect of Zeeman coupling on the Majorana vortex modes in iron-based topological superconductors}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.020504},
volume = {101},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7594,
abstract = {The concept of the entanglement between spin and orbital degrees of freedom plays a crucial role in our understanding of various phases and exotic ground states in a broad class of materials, including orbitally ordered materials and spin liquids. We investigate how the spin-orbital entanglement in a Mott insulator depends on the value of the spin-orbit coupling of the relativistic origin. To this end, we numerically diagonalize a one-dimensional spin-orbital model with Kugel-Khomskii exchange interactions between spins and orbitals on different sites supplemented by the on-site spin-orbit coupling. In the regime of small spin-orbit coupling with regard to the spin-orbital exchange, the ground state to a large extent resembles the one obtained in the limit of vanishing spin-orbit coupling. On the other hand, for large spin-orbit coupling the ground state can, depending on the model parameters, either still show negligible spin-orbital entanglement or evolve to a highly spin-orbitally-entangled phase with completely distinct properties that are described by an effective XXZ model. The presented results suggest that (i) the spin-orbital entanglement may be induced by large on-site spin-orbit coupling, as found in the 5d transition metal oxides, such as the iridates; (ii) for Mott insulators with weak spin-orbit coupling of Ising type, such as, e.g., the alkali hyperoxides, the effects of the spin-orbit coupling on the ground state can, in the first order of perturbation theory, be neglected.},
author = {Gotfryd, Dorota and Paerschke, Ekaterina and Chaloupka, Jiri and Oles, Andrzej M. and Wohlfeld, Krzysztof},
journal = {Physical Review Research},
number = {1},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{How spin-orbital entanglement depends on the spin-orbit coupling in a Mott insulator}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013353},
volume = {2},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7882,
abstract = {A few-body cluster is a building block of a many-body system in a gas phase provided the temperature at most is of the order of the binding energy of this cluster. Here we illustrate this statement by considering a system of tubes filled with dipolar distinguishable particles. We calculate the partition function, which determines the probability to find a few-body cluster at a given temperature. The input for our calculations—the energies of few-body clusters—is estimated using the harmonic approximation. We first describe and demonstrate the validity of our numerical procedure. Then we discuss the results featuring melting of the zero-temperature many-body state into a gas of free particles and few-body clusters. For temperature higher than its binding energy threshold, the dimers overwhelmingly dominate the ensemble, where the remaining probability is in free particles. At very high temperatures free (harmonic oscillator trap-bound) particle dominance is eventually reached. This structure evolution appears both for one and two particles in each layer providing crucial information about the behavior of ultracold dipolar gases. The investigation addresses the transition region between few- and many-body physics as a function of temperature using a system of ten dipoles in five tubes.},
author = {Armstrong, Jeremy R. and Jensen, Aksel S. and Volosniev, Artem and Zinner, Nikolaj T.},
issn = {22277390},
journal = {Mathematics},
number = {4},
publisher = {MDPI},
title = {{Clusters in separated tubes of tilted dipoles}},
doi = {10.3390/math8040484},
volume = {8},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7919,
abstract = {We explore the time evolution of two impurities in a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas that follows a change of the boson-impurity interaction. We study the induced impurity-impurity interactions and their effect on the quench dynamics. In particular, we report on the size of the impurity cloud, the impurity-impurity entanglement, and the impurity-impurity correlation function. The presented numerical simulations are based upon the variational multilayer multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree method for bosons. To analyze and quantify induced impurity-impurity correlations, we employ an effective two-body Hamiltonian with a contact interaction. We show that the effective model consistent with the mean-field attraction of two heavy impurities explains qualitatively our results for weak interactions. Our findings suggest that the quench dynamics in cold-atom systems can be a tool for studying impurity-impurity correlations.},
author = {Mistakidis, S. I. and Volosniev, Artem and Schmelcher, P.},
issn = {2643-1564},
journal = {Physical Review Research},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Induced correlations between impurities in a one-dimensional quenched Bose gas}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevresearch.2.023154},
volume = {2},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7933,
abstract = {We study a mobile quantum impurity, possessing internal rotational degrees of freedom, confined to a ring in the presence of a many-particle bosonic bath. By considering the recently introduced rotating polaron problem, we define the Hamiltonian and examine the energy spectrum. The weak-coupling regime is studied by means of a variational ansatz in the truncated Fock space. The corresponding spectrum indicates that there emerges a coupling between the internal and orbital angular momenta of the impurity as a consequence of the phonon exchange. We interpret the coupling as a phonon-mediated spin-orbit coupling and quantify it by using a correlation function between the internal and the orbital angular momentum operators. The strong-coupling regime is investigated within the Pekar approach, and it is shown that the correlation function of the ground state shows a kink at a critical coupling, that is explained by a sharp transition from the noninteracting state to the states that exhibit strong interaction with the surroundings. The results might find applications in such fields as spintronics or topological insulators where spin-orbit coupling is of crucial importance.},
author = {Maslov, Mikhail and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Yakaboylu, Enderalp},
issn = {24699969},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {18},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Synthetic spin-orbit coupling mediated by a bosonic environment}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.184104},
volume = {101},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7956,
abstract = {When short-range attractions are combined with long-range repulsions in colloidal particle systems, complex microphases can emerge. Here, we study a system of isotropic particles, which can form lamellar structures or a disordered fluid phase when temperature is varied. We show that, at equilibrium, the lamellar structure crystallizes, while out of equilibrium, the system forms a variety of structures at different shear rates and temperatures above melting. The shear-induced ordering is analyzed by means of principal component analysis and artificial neural networks, which are applied to data of reduced dimensionality. Our results reveal the possibility of inducing ordering by shear, potentially providing a feasible route to the fabrication of ordered lamellar structures from isotropic particles.},
author = {Pȩkalski, J. and Rzadkowski, Wojciech and Panagiotopoulos, A. Z.},
issn = {10897690},
journal = {The Journal of chemical physics},
number = {20},
publisher = {AIP},
title = {{Shear-induced ordering in systems with competing interactions: A machine learning study}},
doi = {10.1063/5.0005194},
volume = {152},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8170,
abstract = {Alignment of OCS, CS2, and I2 molecules embedded in helium nanodroplets is measured as a function
of time following rotational excitation by a nonresonant, comparatively weak ps laser pulse. The distinct
peaks in the power spectra, obtained by Fourier analysis, are used to determine the rotational, B, and
centrifugal distortion, D, constants. For OCS, B and D match the values known from IR spectroscopy. For
CS2 and I2, they are the first experimental results reported. The alignment dynamics calculated from the
gas-phase rotational Schrödinger equation, using the experimental in-droplet B and D values, agree in
detail with the measurement for all three molecules. The rotational spectroscopy technique for molecules in
helium droplets introduced here should apply to a range of molecules and complexes.},
author = {Chatterley, Adam S. and Christiansen, Lars and Schouder, Constant A. and Jørgensen, Anders V. and Shepperson, Benjamin and Cherepanov, Igor and Bighin, Giacomo and Zillich, Robert E. and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Stapelfeldt, Henrik},
issn = {10797114},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {1},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Rotational coherence spectroscopy of molecules in Helium nanodroplets: Reconciling the time and the frequency domains}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.013001},
volume = {125},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8587,
abstract = {Inspired by the possibility to experimentally manipulate and enhance chemical reactivity in helium nanodroplets, we investigate the effective interaction and the resulting correlations between two diatomic molecules immersed in a bath of bosons. By analogy with the bipolaron, we introduce the biangulon quasiparticle describing two rotating molecules that align with respect to each other due to the effective attractive interaction mediated by the excitations of the bath. We study this system in different parameter regimes and apply several theoretical approaches to describe its properties. Using a Born–Oppenheimer approximation, we investigate the dependence of the effective intermolecular interaction on the rotational state of the two molecules. In the strong-coupling regime, a product-state ansatz shows that the molecules tend to have a strong alignment in the ground state. To investigate the system in the weak-coupling regime, we apply a one-phonon excitation variational ansatz, which allows us to access the energy spectrum. In comparison to the angulon quasiparticle, the biangulon shows shifted angulon instabilities and an additional spectral instability, where resonant angular momentum transfer between the molecules and the bath takes place. These features are proposed as an experimentally observable signature for the formation of the biangulon quasiparticle. Finally, by using products of single angulon and bare impurity wave functions as basis states, we introduce a diagonalization scheme that allows us to describe the transition from two separated angulons to a biangulon as a function of the distance between the two molecules.},
author = {Li, Xiang and Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Bighin, Giacomo and Schmidt, Richard and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Deuchert, Andreas},
issn = {0021-9606},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
keywords = {Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, General Physics and Astronomy},
number = {16},
publisher = {AIP Publishing},
title = {{Intermolecular forces and correlations mediated by a phonon bath}},
doi = {10.1063/1.5144759},
volume = {152},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8588,
abstract = {Dipolar (or spatially indirect) excitons (IXs) in semiconductor double quantum well (DQW) subjected to an electric field are neutral species with a dipole moment oriented perpendicular to the DQW plane. Here, we theoretically study interactions between IXs in stacked DQW bilayers, where the dipolar coupling can be either attractive or repulsive depending on the relative positions of the particles. By using microscopic band structure calculations to determine the electronic states forming the excitons, we show that the attractive dipolar interaction between stacked IXs deforms their electronic wave function, thereby increasing the inter-DQW interaction energy and making the IX even more electrically polarizable. Many-particle interaction effects are addressed by considering the coupling between a single IX in one of the DQWs to a cloud of IXs in the other DQW, which is modeled either as a closed-packed lattice or as a continuum IX fluid. We find that the lattice model yields IX interlayer binding energies decreasing with increasing lattice density. This behavior is due to the dominating role of the intra-DQW dipolar repulsion, which prevents more than one exciton from entering the attractive region of the inter-DQW coupling. Finally, both models shows that the single IX distorts the distribution of IXs in the adjacent DQW, thus inducing the formation of an IX dipolar polaron (dipolaron). While the interlayer binding energy reduces with IX density for lattice dipolarons, the continuous polaron model predicts a nonmonotonous dependence on density in semiquantitative agreement with a recent experimental study [cf. Hubert et al., Phys. Rev. X 9, 021026 (2019)].},
author = {Hubert, C. and Cohen, K. and Ghazaryan, Areg and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Rapaport, R. and Santos, P. V.},
issn = {2469-9950},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {4},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Attractive interactions, molecular complexes, and polarons in coupled dipolar exciton fluids}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevb.102.045307},
volume = {102},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8644,
abstract = {Determining the phase diagram of systems consisting of smaller subsystems 'connected' via a tunable coupling is a challenging task relevant for a variety of physical settings. A general question is whether new phases, not present in the uncoupled limit, may arise. We use machine learning and a suitable quasidistance between different points of the phase diagram to study layered spin models, in which the spin variables constituting each of the uncoupled systems (to which we refer as layers) are coupled to each other via an interlayer coupling. In such systems, in general, composite order parameters involving spins of different layers may emerge as a consequence of the interlayer coupling. We focus on the layered Ising and Ashkin–Teller models as a paradigmatic case study, determining their phase diagram via the application of a machine learning algorithm to the Monte Carlo data. Remarkably our technique is able to correctly characterize all the system phases also in the case of hidden order parameters, i.e. order parameters whose expression in terms of the microscopic configurations would require additional preprocessing of the data fed to the algorithm. We correctly retrieve the three known phases of the Ashkin–Teller model with ferromagnetic couplings, including the phase described by a composite order parameter. For the bilayer and trilayer Ising models the phases we find are only the ferromagnetic and the paramagnetic ones. Within the approach we introduce, owing to the construction of convolutional neural networks, naturally suitable for layered image-like data with arbitrary number of layers, no preprocessing of the Monte Carlo data is needed, also with regard to its spatial structure. The physical meaning of our results is discussed and compared with analytical data, where available. Yet, the method can be used without any a priori knowledge of the phases one seeks to find and can be applied to other models and structures.},
author = {Rzadkowski, Wojciech and Defenu, N and Chiacchiera, S and Trombettoni, A and Bighin, Giacomo},
issn = {13672630},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
number = {9},
publisher = {IOP Publishing},
title = {{Detecting composite orders in layered models via machine learning}},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/abae44},
volume = {22},
year = {2020},
}