@article{8773,
abstract = {Let g be a complex semisimple Lie algebra. We give a classification of contravariant forms on the nondegenerate Whittaker g-modules Y(χ,η) introduced by Kostant. We prove that the set of all contravariant forms on Y(χ,η) forms a vector space whose dimension is given by the cardinality of the Weyl group of g. We also describe a procedure for parabolically inducing contravariant forms. As a corollary, we deduce the existence of the Shapovalov form on a Verma module, and provide a formula for the dimension of the space of contravariant forms on the degenerate Whittaker modules M(χ,η) introduced by McDowell.},
author = {Brown, Adam and Romanov, Anna},
issn = {1088-6826},
journal = {Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society},
keywords = {Applied Mathematics, General Mathematics},
number = {1},
pages = {37--52},
publisher = {American Mathematical Society},
title = {{Contravariant forms on Whittaker modules}},
doi = {10.1090/proc/15205},
volume = {149},
year = {2021},
}
@phdthesis{9056,
abstract = {In this thesis we study persistence of multi-covers of Euclidean balls and the geometric structures underlying their computation, in particular Delaunay mosaics and Voronoi tessellations.
The k-fold cover for some discrete input point set consists of the space where at least k balls of radius r around the input points overlap. Persistence is a notion that captures, in some sense, the topology of the shape underlying the input. While persistence is usually computed for the union of balls, the k-fold cover is of interest as it captures local density,
and thus might approximate the shape of the input better if the input data is noisy. To compute persistence of these k-fold covers, we need a discretization that is provided by higher-order Delaunay mosaics.
We present and implement a simple and efficient algorithm for the computation of higher-order Delaunay mosaics, and use it to give experimental results for their combinatorial properties. The algorithm makes use of a new geometric structure, the rhomboid tiling. It contains the higher-order Delaunay mosaics as slices, and by introducing a filtration
function on the tiling, we also obtain higher-order α-shapes as slices. These allow us to compute persistence of the multi-covers for varying radius r; the computation for varying k is less straight-foward and involves the rhomboid tiling directly. We apply our algorithms to experimental sphere packings to shed light on their structural properties. Finally, inspired by periodic structures in packings and materials, we propose and implement an algorithm for periodic Delaunay triangulations to be integrated into the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library (CGAL), and discuss
the implications on persistence for periodic data sets.},
author = {Osang, Georg F},
issn = {2663-337X},
pages = {134},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Multi-cover persistence and Delaunay mosaics}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:9056},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9317,
abstract = {Given a locally finite X⊆Rd and a radius r≥0, the k-fold cover of X and r consists of all points in Rd that have k or more points of X within distance r. We consider two filtrations—one in scale obtained by fixing k and increasing r, and the other in depth obtained by fixing r and decreasing k—and we compute the persistence diagrams of both. While standard methods suffice for the filtration in scale, we need novel geometric and topological concepts for the filtration in depth. In particular, we introduce a rhomboid tiling in Rd+1 whose horizontal integer slices are the order-k Delaunay mosaics of X, and construct a zigzag module of Delaunay mosaics that is isomorphic to the persistence module of the multi-covers.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Osang, Georg F},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{The multi-cover persistence of Euclidean balls}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-021-00281-9},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9465,
abstract = {Given a locally finite set 𝑋⊆ℝ𝑑 and an integer 𝑘≥0, we consider the function 𝐰𝑘:Del𝑘(𝑋)→ℝ on the dual of the order-k Voronoi tessellation, whose sublevel sets generalize the notion of alpha shapes from order-1 to order-k (Edelsbrunner et al. in IEEE Trans Inf Theory IT-29:551–559, 1983; Krasnoshchekov and Polishchuk in Inf Process Lett 114:76–83, 2014). While this function is not necessarily generalized discrete Morse, in the sense of Forman (Adv Math 134:90–145, 1998) and Freij (Discrete Math 309:3821–3829, 2009), we prove that it satisfies similar properties so that its increments can be meaningfully classified into critical and non-critical steps. This result extends to the case of weighted points and sheds light on k-fold covers with balls in Euclidean space.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Nikitenko, Anton and Osang, Georg F},
issn = {14208997},
journal = {Journal of Geometry},
number = {1},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{A step in the Delaunay mosaic of order k}},
doi = {10.1007/s00022-021-00577-4},
volume = {112},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9604,
abstract = {Generalizing Lee’s inductive argument for counting the cells of higher order Voronoi tessellations in ℝ² to ℝ³, we get precise relations in terms of Morse theoretic quantities for piecewise constant functions on planar arrangements. Specifically, we prove that for a generic set of n ≥ 5 points in ℝ³, the number of regions in the order-k Voronoi tessellation is N_{k-1} - binom(k,2)n + n, for 1 ≤ k ≤ n-1, in which N_{k-1} is the sum of Euler characteristics of these function’s first k-1 sublevel sets. We get similar expressions for the vertices, edges, and polygons of the order-k Voronoi tessellation.},
author = {Biswas, Ranita and Cultrera di Montesano, Sebastiano and Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Saghafian, Morteza},
booktitle = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics},
isbn = {9783959771849},
issn = {18688969},
location = {Online},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Counting cells of order-k voronoi tessellations in ℝ^{3} with morse theory}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.16},
volume = {189},
year = {2021},
}
@article{8317,
abstract = {When can a polyomino piece of paper be folded into a unit cube? Prior work studied tree-like polyominoes, but polyominoes with holes remain an intriguing open problem. We present sufficient conditions for a polyomino with one or several holes to fold into a cube, and conditions under which cube folding is impossible. In particular, we show that all but five special “basic” holes guarantee foldability.},
author = {Aichholzer, Oswin and Akitaya, Hugo A. and Cheung, Kenneth C. and Demaine, Erik D. and Demaine, Martin L. and Fekete, Sándor P. and Kleist, Linda and Kostitsyna, Irina and Löffler, Maarten and Masárová, Zuzana and Mundilova, Klara and Schmidt, Christiane},
issn = {09257721},
journal = {Computational Geometry: Theory and Applications},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Folding polyominoes with holes into a cube}},
doi = {10.1016/j.comgeo.2020.101700},
volume = {93},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9605,
abstract = {Given a finite set A ⊂ ℝ^d, let Cov_{r,k} denote the set of all points within distance r to at least k points of A. Allowing r and k to vary, we obtain a 2-parameter family of spaces that grow larger when r increases or k decreases, called the multicover bifiltration. Motivated by the problem of computing the homology of this bifiltration, we introduce two closely related combinatorial bifiltrations, one polyhedral and the other simplicial, which are both topologically equivalent to the multicover bifiltration and far smaller than a Čech-based model considered in prior work of Sheehy. Our polyhedral construction is a bifiltration of the rhomboid tiling of Edelsbrunner and Osang, and can be efficiently computed using a variant of an algorithm given by these authors as well. Using an implementation for dimension 2 and 3, we provide experimental results. Our simplicial construction is useful for understanding the polyhedral construction and proving its correctness. },
author = {Corbet, René and Kerber, Michael and Lesnick, Michael and Osang, Georg F},
booktitle = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics},
isbn = {9783959771849},
issn = {18688969},
location = {Online},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Computing the multicover bifiltration}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.27},
volume = {189},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9649,
abstract = {Isomanifolds are the generalization of isosurfaces to arbitrary dimension and codimension, i.e. manifolds defined as the zero set of some multivariate vector-valued smooth function f : Rd → Rd−n. A natural (and efficient) way to approximate an isomanifold is to consider its Piecewise-Linear (PL) approximation based on a triangulation T of the ambient space Rd. In this paper, we give conditions under which the PL-approximation of an isomanifold is topologically equivalent to the isomanifold. The conditions are easy to satisfy in the sense that they can always be met by taking a sufficiently
fine triangulation T . This contrasts with previous results on the triangulation of manifolds where, in arbitrary dimensions, delicate perturbations are needed to guarantee topological correctness, which leads to strong limitations in practice. We further give a bound on the Fréchet distance between the original isomanifold and its PL-approximation. Finally we show analogous results for the PL-approximation of an isomanifold with boundary.},
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
journal = {Foundations of Computational Mathematics },
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{The topological correctness of PL approximations of isomanifolds}},
doi = {10.1007/s10208-021-09520-0},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9441,
abstract = {Isomanifolds are the generalization of isosurfaces to arbitrary dimension and codimension, i.e. submanifolds of ℝ^d defined as the zero set of some multivariate multivalued smooth function f: ℝ^d → ℝ^{d-n}, where n is the intrinsic dimension of the manifold. A natural way to approximate a smooth isomanifold M is to consider its Piecewise-Linear (PL) approximation M̂ based on a triangulation 𝒯 of the ambient space ℝ^d. In this paper, we describe a simple algorithm to trace isomanifolds from a given starting point. The algorithm works for arbitrary dimensions n and d, and any precision D. Our main result is that, when f (or M) has bounded complexity, the complexity of the algorithm is polynomial in d and δ = 1/D (and unavoidably exponential in n). Since it is known that for δ = Ω (d^{2.5}), M̂ is O(D²)-close and isotopic to M, our algorithm produces a faithful PL-approximation of isomanifolds of bounded complexity in time polynomial in d. Combining this algorithm with dimensionality reduction techniques, the dependency on d in the size of M̂ can be completely removed with high probability. We also show that the algorithm can handle isomanifolds with boundary and, more generally, isostratifolds. The algorithm for isomanifolds with boundary has been implemented and experimental results are reported, showing that it is practical and can handle cases that are far ahead of the state-of-the-art. },
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Kachanovich, Siargey and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
booktitle = {37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
isbn = {978-3-95977-184-9},
issn = {1868-8969},
location = {Virtual},
pages = {17:1--17:16},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Tracing isomanifolds in Rd in time polynomial in d using Coxeter-Freudenthal-Kuhn triangulations}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.17},
volume = {189},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9345,
abstract = {Modeling a crystal as a periodic point set, we present a fingerprint consisting of density functionsthat facilitates the efficient search for new materials and material properties. We prove invarianceunder isometries, continuity, and completeness in the generic case, which are necessary featuresfor the reliable comparison of crystals. The proof of continuity integrates methods from discretegeometry and lattice theory, while the proof of generic completeness combines techniques fromgeometry with analysis. The fingerprint has a fast algorithm based on Brillouin zones and relatedinclusion-exclusion formulae. We have implemented the algorithm and describe its application tocrystal structure prediction.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Heiss, Teresa and Kurlin , Vitaliy and Smith, Philip and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
booktitle = {37th International Symposium on Computational Geometry (SoCG 2021)},
issn = {1868-8969},
location = {Virtual},
pages = {32:1--32:16},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{The density fingerprint of a periodic point set}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2021.32},
volume = {189},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9296,
abstract = { matching is compatible to two or more labeled point sets of size n with labels {1,…,n} if its straight-line drawing on each of these point sets is crossing-free. We study the maximum number of edges in a matching compatible to two or more labeled point sets in general position in the plane. We show that for any two labeled convex sets of n points there exists a compatible matching with ⌊2n−−√⌋ edges. More generally, for any ℓ labeled point sets we construct compatible matchings of size Ω(n1/ℓ) . As a corresponding upper bound, we use probabilistic arguments to show that for any ℓ given sets of n points there exists a labeling of each set such that the largest compatible matching has O(n2/(ℓ+1)) edges. Finally, we show that Θ(logn) copies of any set of n points are necessary and sufficient for the existence of a labeling such that any compatible matching consists only of a single edge.},
author = {Aichholzer, Oswin and Arroyo Guevara, Alan M and Masárová, Zuzana and Parada, Irene and Perz, Daniel and Pilz, Alexander and Tkadlec, Josef and Vogtenhuber, Birgit},
booktitle = {15th International Conference on Algorithms and Computation},
isbn = {9783030682101},
issn = {16113349},
location = {Yangon, Myanmar},
pages = {221--233},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{On compatible matchings}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-68211-8_18},
volume = {12635},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9602,
abstract = {An ordered graph is a graph with a linear ordering on its vertex set. We prove that for every positive integer k, there exists a constant ck > 0 such that any ordered graph G on n vertices with the property that neither G nor its complement contains an induced monotone path of size k, has either a clique or an independent set of size at least n^ck . This strengthens a result of Bousquet, Lagoutte, and Thomassé, who proved the analogous result for unordered graphs.
A key idea of the above paper was to show that any unordered graph on n vertices that does not contain an induced path of size k, and whose maximum degree is at most c(k)n for some small c(k) > 0, contains two disjoint linear size subsets with no edge between them. This approach fails for ordered graphs, because the analogous statement is false for k ≥ 3, by a construction of Fox. We provide some further examples showing that this statement also fails for ordered graphs avoiding other ordered trees.},
author = {Pach, János and Tomon, István},
issn = {00958956},
journal = {Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series B},
pages = {21--37},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Erdős-Hajnal-type results for monotone paths}},
doi = {10.1016/j.jctb.2021.05.004},
volume = {151},
year = {2021},
}
@article{8940,
abstract = {We quantise Whitney’s construction to prove the existence of a triangulation for any C^2 manifold, so that we get an algorithm with explicit bounds. We also give a new elementary proof, which is completely geometric.},
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Kachanovich, Siargey and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
issn = {0179-5376},
journal = {Discrete & Computational Geometry},
keywords = {Theoretical Computer Science, Computational Theory and Mathematics, Geometry and Topology, Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics},
number = {1},
pages = {386--434},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Triangulating submanifolds: An elementary and quantified version of Whitney’s method}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00250-8},
volume = {66},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9821,
abstract = {Heart rate variability (hrv) is a physiological phenomenon of the variation in the length of the time interval between consecutive heartbeats. In many cases it could be an indicator of the development of pathological states. The classical approach to the analysis of hrv includes time domain methods and frequency domain methods. However, attempts are still being made to define new and more effective hrv assessment tools. Persistent homology is a novel data analysis tool developed in the recent decades that is rooted at algebraic topology. The Topological Data Analysis (TDA) approach focuses on examining the shape of the data in terms of connectedness and holes, and has recently proved to be very effective in various fields of research. In this paper we propose the use of persistent homology to the hrv analysis. We recall selected topological descriptors used in the literature and we introduce some new topological descriptors that reflect the specificity of hrv, and we discuss their relation to the standard hrv measures. In particular, we show that this novel approach provides a collection of indices that might be at least as useful as the classical parameters in differentiating between series of beat-to-beat intervals (RR-intervals) in healthy subjects and patients suffering from a stroke episode.},
author = {Graff, Grzegorz and Graff, Beata and Pilarczyk, Pawel and Jablonski, Grzegorz and Gąsecki, Dariusz and Narkiewicz, Krzysztof},
issn = {19326203},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = {7},
publisher = {Public Library of Science},
title = {{Persistent homology as a new method of the assessment of heart rate variability}},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0253851},
volume = {16},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9824,
abstract = {We define a new compact coordinate system in which each integer triplet addresses a voxel in the BCC grid, and we investigate some of its properties. We propose a characterization of 3D discrete analytical planes with their topological features (in the Cartesian and in the new coordinate system) such as the interrelation between the thickness of the plane and the separability constraint we aim to obtain.},
author = {Čomić, Lidija and Zrour, Rita and Largeteau-Skapin, Gaëlle and Biswas, Ranita and Andres, Eric},
booktitle = {Discrete Geometry and Mathematical Morphology},
isbn = {9783030766566},
issn = {16113349},
location = {Uppsala, Sweden},
pages = {152--163},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Body centered cubic grid - coordinate system and discrete analytical plane definition}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-76657-3_10},
volume = {12708},
year = {2021},
}
@article{9111,
abstract = {We study the probabilistic convergence between the mapper graph and the Reeb graph of a topological space X equipped with a continuous function f:X→R. We first give a categorification of the mapper graph and the Reeb graph by interpreting them in terms of cosheaves and stratified covers of the real line R. We then introduce a variant of the classic mapper graph of Singh et al. (in: Eurographics symposium on point-based graphics, 2007), referred to as the enhanced mapper graph, and demonstrate that such a construction approximates the Reeb graph of (X,f) when it is applied to points randomly sampled from a probability density function concentrated on (X,f). Our techniques are based on the interleaving distance of constructible cosheaves and topological estimation via kernel density estimates. Following Munch and Wang (In: 32nd international symposium on computational geometry, volume 51 of Leibniz international proceedings in informatics (LIPIcs), Dagstuhl, Germany, pp 53:1–53:16, 2016), we first show that the mapper graph of (X,f), a constructible R-space (with a fixed open cover), approximates the Reeb graph of the same space. We then construct an isomorphism between the mapper of (X,f) to the mapper of a super-level set of a probability density function concentrated on (X,f). Finally, building on the approach of Bobrowski et al. (Bernoulli 23(1):288–328, 2017b), we show that, with high probability, we can recover the mapper of the super-level set given a sufficiently large sample. Our work is the first to consider the mapper construction using the theory of cosheaves in a probabilistic setting. It is part of an ongoing effort to combine sheaf theory, probability, and statistics, to support topological data analysis with random data.},
author = {Brown, Adam and Bobrowski, Omer and Munch, Elizabeth and Wang, Bei},
issn = {2367-1726},
journal = {Journal of Applied and Computational Topology},
number = {1},
pages = {99--140},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Probabilistic convergence and stability of random mapper graphs}},
doi = {10.1007/s41468-020-00063-x},
volume = {5},
year = {2021},
}
@inproceedings{9253,
abstract = {In March 2020, the Austrian government introduced a widespread lock-down in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on subjective impressions and anecdotal evidence, Austrian public and private life came to a sudden halt. Here we assess the effect of the lock-down quantitatively for all regions in Austria and present an analysis of daily changes of human mobility throughout Austria using near-real-time anonymized mobile phone data. We describe an efficient data aggregation pipeline and analyze the mobility by quantifying mobile-phone traffic at specific point of interests (POIs), analyzing individual trajectories and investigating the cluster structure of the origin-destination graph. We found a reduction of commuters at Viennese metro stations of over 80% and the number of devices with a radius of gyration of less than 500 m almost doubled. The results of studying crowd-movement behavior highlight considerable changes in the structure of mobility networks, revealed by a higher modularity and an increase from 12 to 20 detected communities. We demonstrate the relevance of mobility data for epidemiological studies by showing a significant correlation of the outflow from the town of Ischgl (an early COVID-19 hotspot) and the reported COVID-19 cases with an 8-day time lag. This research indicates that mobile phone usage data permits the moment-by-moment quantification of mobility behavior for a whole country. We emphasize the need to improve the availability of such data in anonymized form to empower rapid response to combat COVID-19 and future pandemics.},
author = {Heiler, Georg and Reisch, Tobias and Hurt, Jan and Forghani, Mohammad and Omani, Aida and Hanbury, Allan and Karimipour, Farid},
booktitle = {2020 IEEE International Conference on Big Data},
isbn = {9781728162515},
location = {Atlanta, GA, United States},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Country-wide mobility changes observed using mobile phone data during COVID-19 pandemic}},
doi = {10.1109/bigdata50022.2020.9378374},
year = {2021},
}
@article{7962,
abstract = {A string graph is the intersection graph of a family of continuous arcs in the plane. The intersection graph of a family of plane convex sets is a string graph, but not all string graphs can be obtained in this way. We prove the following structure theorem conjectured by Janson and Uzzell: The vertex set of almost all string graphs on n vertices can be partitioned into five cliques such that some pair of them is not connected by any edge (n→∞). We also show that every graph with the above property is an intersection graph of plane convex sets. As a corollary, we obtain that almost all string graphs on n vertices are intersection graphs of plane convex sets.},
author = {Pach, János and Reed, Bruce and Yuditsky, Yelena},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
number = {4},
pages = {888--917},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Almost all string graphs are intersection graphs of plane convex sets}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00213-z},
volume = {63},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{8135,
abstract = {Discrete Morse theory has recently lead to new developments in the theory of random geometric complexes. This article surveys the methods and results obtained with this new approach, and discusses some of its shortcomings. It uses simulations to illustrate the results and to form conjectures, getting numerical estimates for combinatorial, topological, and geometric properties of weighted and unweighted Delaunay mosaics, their dual Voronoi tessellations, and the Alpha and Wrap complexes contained in the mosaics.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Nikitenko, Anton and Ölsböck, Katharina and Synak, Peter},
booktitle = {Topological Data Analysis},
isbn = {9783030434076},
issn = {21978549},
pages = {181--218},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Radius functions on Poisson–Delaunay mosaics and related complexes experimentally}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-43408-3_8},
volume = {15},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8163,
abstract = {Fejes Tóth [3] studied approximations of smooth surfaces in three-space by piecewise flat triangular meshes with a given number of vertices on the surface that are optimal with respect to Hausdorff distance. He proves that this Hausdorff distance decreases inversely proportional with the number of vertices of the approximating mesh if the surface is convex. He also claims that this Hausdorff distance is inversely proportional to the square of the number of vertices for a specific non-convex surface, namely a one-sheeted hyperboloid of revolution bounded by two congruent circles. We refute this claim, and show that the asymptotic behavior of the Hausdorff distance is linear, that is the same as for convex surfaces.},
author = {Vegter, Gert and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
issn = {1588-2896},
journal = {Studia Scientiarum Mathematicarum Hungarica},
number = {2},
pages = {193--199},
publisher = {AKJournals},
title = {{Refutation of a claim made by Fejes Tóth on the accuracy of surface meshes}},
doi = {10.1556/012.2020.57.2.1454},
volume = {57},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8248,
abstract = {We consider the following setting: suppose that we are given a manifold M in Rd with positive reach. Moreover assume that we have an embedded simplical complex A without boundary, whose vertex set lies on the manifold, is sufficiently dense and such that all simplices in A have sufficient quality. We prove that if, locally, interiors of the projection of the simplices onto the tangent space do not intersect, then A is a triangulation of the manifold, that is, they are homeomorphic.},
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Dyer, Ramsay and Ghosh, Arijit and Lieutier, Andre and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
issn = {0179-5376},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Local conditions for triangulating submanifolds of Euclidean space}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00233-9},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8323,
author = {Pach, János},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
pages = {571--574},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{A farewell to Ricky Pollack}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00237-5},
volume = {64},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8338,
abstract = {Canonical parametrisations of classical confocal coordinate systems are introduced and exploited to construct non-planar analogues of incircular (IC) nets on individual quadrics and systems of confocal quadrics. Intimate connections with classical deformations of quadrics that are isometric along asymptotic lines and circular cross-sections of quadrics are revealed. The existence of octahedral webs of surfaces of Blaschke type generated by asymptotic and characteristic lines that are diagonally related to lines of curvature is proved theoretically and established constructively. Appropriate samplings (grids) of these webs lead to three-dimensional extensions of non-planar IC nets. Three-dimensional octahedral grids composed of planes and spatially extending (checkerboard) IC-nets are shown to arise in connection with systems of confocal quadrics in Minkowski space. In this context, the Laguerre geometric notion of conical octahedral grids of planes is introduced. The latter generalise the octahedral grids derived from systems of confocal quadrics in Minkowski space. An explicit construction of conical octahedral grids is presented. The results are accompanied by various illustrations which are based on the explicit formulae provided by the theory.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Bobenko, Alexander I. and Schief, Wolfgang K. and Techter, Jan},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{On mutually diagonal nets on (confocal) quadrics and 3-dimensional webs}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00240-w},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8538,
abstract = {We prove some recent experimental observations of Dan Reznik concerning periodic billiard orbits in ellipses. For example, the sum of cosines of the angles of a periodic billiard polygon remains constant in the 1-parameter family of such polygons (that exist due to the Poncelet porism). In our proofs, we use geometric and complex analytic methods.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Schwartz, Richard and Tabachnikov, Serge},
issn = {21996768},
journal = {European Journal of Mathematics},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Billiards in ellipses revisited}},
doi = {10.1007/s40879-020-00426-9},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{8580,
abstract = {We evaluate the usefulness of persistent homology in the analysis of heart rate variability. In our approach we extract several topological descriptors characterising datasets of RR-intervals, which are later used in classical machine learning algorithms. By this method we are able to differentiate the group of patients with the history of transient ischemic attack and the group of hypertensive patients.},
author = {Graff, Grzegorz and Graff, Beata and Jablonski, Grzegorz and Narkiewicz, Krzysztof},
booktitle = {11th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations: Computation and Modelling in Physiology: New Challenges and Opportunities, },
isbn = {9781728157511},
location = {Pisa, Italy},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{The application of persistent homology in the analysis of heart rate variability}},
doi = {10.1109/ESGCO49734.2020.9158054},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{8703,
abstract = {Even though Delaunay originally introduced his famous triangulations in the case of infinite point sets with translational periodicity, a software that computes such triangulations in the general case is not yet available, to the best of our knowledge. Combining and generalizing previous work, we present a practical algorithm for computing such triangulations. The algorithm has been implemented and experiments show that its performance is as good as the one of the CGAL package, which is restricted to cubic periodicity. },
author = {Osang, Georg F and Rouxel-Labbé, Mael and Teillaud, Monique},
booktitle = {28th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms},
isbn = {9783959771627},
issn = {18688969},
location = {Virtual, Online; Pisa, Italy},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Generalizing CGAL periodic Delaunay triangulations}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2020.75},
volume = {173},
year = {2020},
}
@inbook{74,
abstract = {We study the Gromov waist in the sense of t-neighborhoods for measures in the Euclidean space, motivated by the famous theorem of Gromov about the waist of radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In particular, it turns our possible to extend Gromov’s original result to the case of not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measure. We also provide examples of measures having no t-neighborhood waist property, including a rather wide class
of compactly supported radially symmetric measures and their maps into the Euclidean space of dimension at least 2.
We use a simpler form of Gromov’s pancake argument to produce some estimates of t-neighborhoods of (weighted) volume-critical submanifolds in the spirit of the waist theorems, including neighborhoods of algebraic manifolds in the complex projective space. In the appendix of this paper we provide for reader’s convenience a more detailed explanation of the Caffarelli theorem that we use to handle not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian
measures.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Karasev, Roman},
booktitle = {Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis},
editor = {Klartag, Bo'az and Milman, Emanuel},
isbn = {9783030360191},
issn = {16179692},
pages = {1--27},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Gromov's waist of non-radial Gaussian measures and radial non-Gaussian measures}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-36020-7_1},
volume = {2256},
year = {2020},
}
@phdthesis{7460,
abstract = {Many methods for the reconstruction of shapes from sets of points produce ordered simplicial complexes, which are collections of vertices, edges, triangles, and their higher-dimensional analogues, called simplices, in which every simplex gets assigned a real value measuring its size. This thesis studies ordered simplicial complexes, with a focus on their topology, which reflects the connectedness of the represented shapes and the presence of holes. We are interested both in understanding better the structure of these complexes, as well as in developing algorithms for applications.
For the Delaunay triangulation, the most popular measure for a simplex is the radius of the smallest empty circumsphere. Based on it, we revisit Alpha and Wrap complexes and experimentally determine their probabilistic properties for random data. Also, we prove the existence of tri-partitions, propose algorithms to open and close holes, and extend the concepts from Euclidean to Bregman geometries.},
author = {Ölsböck, Katharina},
issn = {2663-337X},
keywords = {shape reconstruction, hole manipulation, ordered complexes, Alpha complex, Wrap complex, computational topology, Bregman geometry},
pages = {155},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{The hole system of triangulated shapes}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:7460},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7554,
abstract = {Slicing a Voronoi tessellation in ${R}^n$ with a $k$-plane gives a $k$-dimensional weighted Voronoi tessellation, also known as a power diagram or Laguerre tessellation. Mapping every simplex of the dual weighted Delaunay mosaic to the radius of the smallest empty circumscribed sphere whose center lies in the $k$-plane gives a generalized discrete Morse function. Assuming the Voronoi tessellation is generated by a Poisson point process in ${R}^n$, we study the expected number of simplices in the $k$-dimensional weighted Delaunay mosaic as well as the expected number of intervals of the Morse function, both as functions of a radius threshold. As a by-product, we obtain a new proof for the expected number of connected components (clumps) in a line section of a circular Boolean model in ${R}^n$.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Nikitenko, Anton},
issn = {10957219},
journal = {Theory of Probability and its Applications},
number = {4},
pages = {595--614},
publisher = {SIAM},
title = {{Weighted Poisson–Delaunay mosaics}},
doi = {10.1137/S0040585X97T989726},
volume = {64},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7567,
abstract = {Coxeter triangulations are triangulations of Euclidean space based on a single simplex. By this we mean that given an individual simplex we can recover the entire triangulation of Euclidean space by inductively reflecting in the faces of the simplex. In this paper we establish that the quality of the simplices in all Coxeter triangulations is O(1/d−−√) of the quality of regular simplex. We further investigate the Delaunay property for these triangulations. Moreover, we consider an extension of the Delaunay property, namely protection, which is a measure of non-degeneracy of a Delaunay triangulation. In particular, one family of Coxeter triangulations achieves the protection O(1/d2). We conjecture that both bounds are optimal for triangulations in Euclidean space.},
author = {Choudhary, Aruni and Kachanovich, Siargey and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
issn = {1661-8289},
journal = {Mathematics in Computer Science},
pages = {141--176},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Coxeter triangulations have good quality}},
doi = {10.1007/s11786-020-00461-5},
volume = {14},
year = {2020},
}
@unpublished{7568,
abstract = {Isomanifolds are the generalization of isosurfaces to arbitrary dimension and codimension, i.e.manifolds defined as the zero set of some multivariate multivalued functionf:Rd→Rd−n.A natural (and efficient) way to approximate an isomanifold is to consider its Piecewise-Linear(PL) approximation based on a triangulationTof the ambient spaceRd. In this paper, we giveconditions under which the PL-approximation of an isomanifold is topologically equivalent to theisomanifold. The conditions can always be met by taking a sufficiently fine triangulationT.},
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
booktitle = {EUROCG 2020},
pages = {8},
title = {{The topological correctness of the PL-approximation of isomanifolds}},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7666,
abstract = {Generalizing the decomposition of a connected planar graph into a tree and a dual tree, we prove a combinatorial analog of the classic Helmholtz–Hodge decomposition of a smooth vector field. Specifically, we show that for every polyhedral complex, K, and every dimension, p, there is a partition of the set of p-cells into a maximal p-tree, a maximal p-cotree, and a collection of p-cells whose cardinality is the p-th reduced Betti number of K. Given an ordering of the p-cells, this tri-partition is unique, and it can be computed by a matrix reduction algorithm that also constructs canonical bases of cycle and boundary groups.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Ölsböck, Katharina},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
pages = {759--775},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Tri-partitions and bases of an ordered complex}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00188-x},
volume = {64},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7791,
abstract = {Extending a result of Milena Radnovic and Serge Tabachnikov, we establish conditionsfor two different non-symmetric norms to define the same billiard reflection law.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Karasev, Roman},
issn = {21996768},
journal = {European Journal of Mathematics},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{When different norms lead to same billiard trajectories?}},
doi = {10.1007/s40879-020-00405-0},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7905,
abstract = {We investigate a sheaf-theoretic interpretation of stratification learning from geometric and topological perspectives. Our main result is the construction of stratification learning algorithms framed in terms of a sheaf on a partially ordered set with the Alexandroff topology. We prove that the resulting decomposition is the unique minimal stratification for which the strata are homogeneous and the given sheaf is constructible. In particular, when we choose to work with the local homology sheaf, our algorithm gives an alternative to the local homology transfer algorithm given in Bendich et al. (Proceedings of the 23rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, pp. 1355–1370, ACM, New York, 2012), and the cohomology stratification algorithm given in Nanda (Found. Comput. Math. 20(2), 195–222, 2020). Additionally, we give examples of stratifications based on the geometric techniques of Breiding et al. (Rev. Mat. Complut. 31(3), 545–593, 2018), illustrating how the sheaf-theoretic approach can be used to study stratifications from both topological and geometric perspectives. This approach also points toward future applications of sheaf theory in the study of topological data analysis by illustrating the utility of the language of sheaf theory in generalizing existing algorithms.},
author = {Brown, Adam and Wang, Bei},
issn = {0179-5376},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Sheaf-theoretic stratification learning from geometric and topological perspectives}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-020-00206-y},
year = {2020},
}
@phdthesis{7944,
abstract = {This thesis considers two examples of reconfiguration problems: flipping edges in edge-labelled triangulations of planar point sets and swapping labelled tokens placed on vertices of a graph. In both cases the studied structures – all the triangulations of a given point set or all token placements on a given graph – can be thought of as vertices of the so-called reconfiguration graph, in which two vertices are adjacent if the corresponding structures differ by a single elementary operation – by a flip of a diagonal in a triangulation or by a swap of tokens on adjacent vertices, respectively. We study the reconfiguration of one instance of a structure into another via (shortest) paths in the reconfiguration graph.
For triangulations of point sets in which each edge has a unique label and a flip transfers the label from the removed edge to the new edge, we prove a polynomial-time testable condition, called the Orbit Theorem, that characterizes when two triangulations of the same point set lie in the same connected component of the reconfiguration graph. The condition was first conjectured by Bose, Lubiw, Pathak and Verdonschot. We additionally provide a polynomial time algorithm that computes a reconfiguring flip sequence, if it exists. Our proof of the Orbit Theorem uses topological properties of a certain high-dimensional cell complex that has the usual reconfiguration graph as its 1-skeleton.
In the context of token swapping on a tree graph, we make partial progress on the problem of finding shortest reconfiguration sequences. We disprove the so-called Happy Leaf Conjecture and demonstrate the importance of swapping tokens that are already placed at the correct vertices. We also prove that a generalization of the problem to weighted coloured token swapping is NP-hard on trees but solvable in polynomial time on paths and stars.},
author = {Masárová, Zuzana},
isbn = {978-3-99078-005-3},
issn = {2663-337X},
keywords = {reconfiguration, reconfiguration graph, triangulations, flip, constrained triangulations, shellability, piecewise-linear balls, token swapping, trees, coloured weighted token swapping},
pages = {160},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Reconfiguration problems}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:7944},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{7952,
abstract = {Isomanifolds are the generalization of isosurfaces to arbitrary dimension and codimension, i.e. manifolds defined as the zero set of some multivariate vector-valued smooth function f: ℝ^d → ℝ^(d-n). A natural (and efficient) way to approximate an isomanifold is to consider its Piecewise-Linear (PL) approximation based on a triangulation 𝒯 of the ambient space ℝ^d. In this paper, we give conditions under which the PL-approximation of an isomanifold is topologically equivalent to the isomanifold. The conditions are easy to satisfy in the sense that they can always be met by taking a sufficiently fine triangulation 𝒯. This contrasts with previous results on the triangulation of manifolds where, in arbitrary dimensions, delicate perturbations are needed to guarantee topological correctness, which leads to strong limitations in practice. We further give a bound on the Fréchet distance between the original isomanifold and its PL-approximation. Finally we show analogous results for the PL-approximation of an isomanifold with boundary. },
author = {Boissonnat, Jean-Daniel and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
booktitle = {36th International Symposium on Computational Geometry},
isbn = {978-3-95977-143-6},
issn = {1868-8969},
location = {Zürich, Switzerland},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{The topological correctness of PL-approximations of isomanifolds}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.SoCG.2020.20},
volume = {164},
year = {2020},
}
@article{9156,
abstract = {The morphometric approach [11, 14] writes the solvation free energy as a linear combination of weighted versions of the volume, area, mean curvature, and Gaussian curvature of the space-filling diagram. We give a formula for the derivative of the weighted Gaussian curvature. Together with the derivatives of the weighted volume in [7], the weighted area in [4], and the weighted mean curvature in [1], this yields the derivative of the morphometric expression of solvation free energy.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Edelsbrunner, Herbert},
issn = {2544-7297},
journal = {Computational and Mathematical Biophysics},
number = {1},
pages = {74--88},
publisher = {Walter de Gruyter},
title = {{The weighted Gaussian curvature derivative of a space-filling diagram}},
doi = {10.1515/cmb-2020-0101},
volume = {8},
year = {2020},
}
@article{9157,
abstract = {Representing an atom by a solid sphere in 3-dimensional Euclidean space, we get the space-filling diagram of a molecule by taking the union. Molecular dynamics simulates its motion subject to bonds and other forces, including the solvation free energy. The morphometric approach [12, 17] writes the latter as a linear combination of weighted versions of the volume, area, mean curvature, and Gaussian curvature of the space-filling diagram. We give a formula for the derivative of the weighted mean curvature. Together with the derivatives of the weighted volume in [7], the weighted area in [3], and the weighted Gaussian curvature [1], this yields the derivative of the morphometric expression of the solvation free energy.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Edelsbrunner, Herbert},
issn = {2544-7297},
journal = {Computational and Mathematical Biophysics},
number = {1},
pages = {51--67},
publisher = {Walter de Gruyter},
title = {{The weighted mean curvature derivative of a space-filling diagram}},
doi = {10.1515/cmb-2020-0100},
volume = {8},
year = {2020},
}
@article{9249,
abstract = {Rhombic dodecahedron is a space filling polyhedron which represents the close packing of spheres in 3D space and the Voronoi structures of the face centered cubic (FCC) lattice. In this paper, we describe a new coordinate system where every 3-integer coordinates grid point corresponds to a rhombic dodecahedron centroid. In order to illustrate the interest of the new coordinate system, we propose the characterization of 3D digital plane with its topological features, such as the interrelation between the thickness of the digital plane and the separability constraint we aim to obtain. We also present the characterization of 3D digital lines and study it as the intersection of multiple digital planes. Characterization of 3D digital sphere with relevant topological features is proposed as well along with the 48-symmetry appearing in the new coordinate system.},
author = {Biswas, Ranita and Largeteau-Skapin, Gaëlle and Zrour, Rita and Andres, Eric},
issn = {2353-3390},
journal = {Mathematical Morphology - Theory and Applications},
number = {1},
pages = {143--158},
publisher = {De Gruyter},
title = {{Digital objects in rhombic dodecahedron grid}},
doi = {10.1515/mathm-2020-0106},
volume = {4},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{9299,
abstract = {We call a multigraph non-homotopic if it can be drawn in the plane in such a way that no two edges connecting the same pair of vertices can be continuously transformed into each other without passing through a vertex, and no loop can be shrunk to its end-vertex in the same way. It is easy to see that a non-homotopic multigraph on n>1 vertices can have arbitrarily many edges. We prove that the number of crossings between the edges of a non-homotopic multigraph with n vertices and m>4n edges is larger than cm2n for some constant c>0 , and that this bound is tight up to a polylogarithmic factor. We also show that the lower bound is not asymptotically sharp as n is fixed and m⟶∞ .},
author = {Pach, János and Tardos, Gábor and Tóth, Géza},
booktitle = {28th International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization},
isbn = {9783030687656},
issn = {1611-3349},
location = {Virtual, Online},
pages = {359--371},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Crossings between non-homotopic edges}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-68766-3_28},
volume = {12590},
year = {2020},
}
@article{9630,
abstract = {Various kinds of data are routinely represented as discrete probability distributions. Examples include text documents summarized by histograms of word occurrences and images represented as histograms of oriented gradients. Viewing a discrete probability distribution as a point in the standard simplex of the appropriate dimension, we can understand collections of such objects in geometric and topological terms. Importantly, instead of using the standard Euclidean distance, we look into dissimilarity measures with information-theoretic justification, and we develop the theory needed for applying topological data analysis in this setting. In doing so, we emphasize constructions that enable the usage of existing computational topology software in this context.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Virk, Ziga and Wagner, Hubert},
issn = {1920180X},
journal = {Journal of Computational Geometry},
number = {2},
pages = {162--182},
publisher = {Carleton University},
title = {{Topological data analysis in information space}},
doi = {10.20382/jocg.v11i2a7},
volume = {11},
year = {2020},
}
@inproceedings{7216,
abstract = {We present LiveTraVeL (Live Transit Vehicle Labeling), a real-time system to label a stream of noisy observations of transit vehicle trajectories with the transit routes they are serving (e.g., northbound bus #5). In order to scale efficiently to large transit networks, our system first retrieves a small set of candidate routes from a geometrically indexed data structure, then applies a fine-grained scoring step to choose the best match. Given that real-time data remains unavailable for the majority of the world’s transit agencies, these inferences can help feed a real-time map of a transit system’s trips, infer transit trip delays in real time, or measure and correct noisy transit tracking data. This system can run on vehicle observations from a variety of sources that don’t attach route information to vehicle observations, such as public imagery streams or user-contributed transit vehicle sightings.We abstract away the specifics of the sensing system and demonstrate the effectiveness of our system on a "semisynthetic" dataset of all New York City buses, where we simulate sensed trajectories by starting with fully labeled vehicle trajectories reported via the GTFS-Realtime protocol, removing the transit route IDs, and perturbing locations with synthetic noise. Using just the geometric shapes of the trajectories, we demonstrate that our system converges on the correct route ID within a few minutes, even after a vehicle switches from serving one trip to the next.},
author = {Osang, Georg F and Cook, James and Fabrikant, Alex and Gruteser, Marco},
booktitle = {2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference},
isbn = {9781538670248},
location = {Auckland, New Zealand},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{LiveTraVeL: Real-time matching of transit vehicle trajectories to transit routes at scale}},
doi = {10.1109/ITSC.2019.8917514},
year = {2019},
}
@unpublished{7950,
abstract = {The input to the token swapping problem is a graph with vertices v1, v2, . . . , vn, and n tokens with labels 1,2, . . . , n, one on each vertex. The goal is to get token i to vertex vi for all i= 1, . . . , n using a minimum number of swaps, where a swap exchanges the tokens on the endpoints of an edge.Token swapping on a tree, also known as “sorting with a transposition tree,” is not known to be in P nor NP-complete. We present some partial results:
1. An optimum swap sequence may need to perform a swap on a leaf vertex that has the correct token (a “happy leaf”), disproving a conjecture of Vaughan.
2. Any algorithm that fixes happy leaves—as all known approximation algorithms for the problem do—has approximation factor at least 4/3. Furthermore, the two best-known 2-approximation algorithms have approximation factor exactly 2.
3. A generalized problem—weighted coloured token swapping—is NP-complete on trees, but solvable in polynomial time on paths and stars. In this version, tokens and vertices have colours, and colours have weights. The goal is to get every token to a vertex of the same colour, and the cost of a swap is the sum of the weights of the two tokens involved.},
author = {Biniaz, Ahmad and Jain, Kshitij and Lubiw, Anna and Masárová, Zuzana and Miltzow, Tillmann and Mondal, Debajyoti and Naredla, Anurag Murty and Tkadlec, Josef and Turcotte, Alexi},
booktitle = {arXiv},
title = {{Token swapping on trees}},
year = {2019},
}
@article{5678,
abstract = {The order-k Voronoi tessellation of a locally finite set 𝑋⊆ℝ𝑛 decomposes ℝ𝑛 into convex domains whose points have the same k nearest neighbors in X. Assuming X is a stationary Poisson point process, we give explicit formulas for the expected number and total area of faces of a given dimension per unit volume of space. We also develop a relaxed version of discrete Morse theory and generalize by counting only faces, for which the k nearest points in X are within a given distance threshold.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Nikitenko, Anton},
issn = {14320444},
journal = {Discrete and Computational Geometry},
number = {4},
pages = {865–878},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Poisson–Delaunay Mosaics of Order k}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-018-0049-2},
volume = {62},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6050,
abstract = {We answer a question of David Hilbert: given two circles it is not possible in general to construct their centers using only a straightedge. On the other hand, we give infinitely many families of pairs of circles for which such construction is possible. },
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Fedorov, Roman},
journal = {Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society},
pages = {91--102},
publisher = {AMS},
title = {{Two circles and only a straightedge}},
doi = {10.1090/proc/14240},
volume = {147},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6515,
abstract = {We give non-degeneracy criteria for Riemannian simplices based on simplices in spaces of constant sectional curvature. It extends previous work on Riemannian simplices, where we developed Riemannian simplices with respect to Euclidean reference simplices. The criteria we give in this article are in terms of quality measures for spaces of constant curvature that we develop here. We see that simplices in spaces that have nearly constant curvature, are already non-degenerate under very weak quality demands. This is of importance because it allows for sampling of Riemannian manifolds based on anisotropy of the manifold and not (absolute) curvature.},
author = {Dyer, Ramsay and Vegter, Gert and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
issn = {1920-180X},
journal = {Journal of Computational Geometry },
number = {1},
pages = {223–256},
publisher = {Carleton University},
title = {{Simplices modelled on spaces of constant curvature}},
doi = {10.20382/jocg.v10i1a9},
volume = {10},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6608,
abstract = {We use the canonical bases produced by the tri-partition algorithm in (Edelsbrunner and Ölsböck, 2018) to open and close holes in a polyhedral complex, K. In a concrete application, we consider the Delaunay mosaic of a finite set, we let K be an Alpha complex, and we use the persistence diagram of the distance function to guide the hole opening and closing operations. The dependences between the holes define a partial order on the cells in K that characterizes what can and what cannot be constructed using the operations. The relations in this partial order reveal structural information about the underlying filtration of complexes beyond what is expressed by the persistence diagram.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Ölsböck, Katharina},
journal = {Computer Aided Geometric Design},
pages = {1--15},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Holes and dependences in an ordered complex}},
doi = {10.1016/j.cagd.2019.06.003},
volume = {73},
year = {2019},
}
@inproceedings{6628,
abstract = {Fejes Tóth [5] and Schneider [9] studied approximations of smooth convex hypersurfaces in Euclidean space by piecewise flat triangular meshes with a given number of vertices on the hypersurface that are optimal with respect to Hausdorff distance. They proved that this Hausdorff distance decreases inversely proportional with m 2/(d−1), where m is the number of vertices and d is the dimension of Euclidean space. Moreover the pro-portionality constant can be expressed in terms of the Gaussian curvature, an intrinsic quantity. In this short note, we prove the extrinsic nature of this constant for manifolds of sufficiently high codimension. We do so by constructing an family of isometric embeddings of the flat torus in Euclidean space.},
author = {Vegter, Gert and Wintraecken, Mathijs},
booktitle = {The 31st Canadian Conference in Computational Geometry},
location = {Edmonton, Canada},
pages = {275--279},
title = {{The extrinsic nature of the Hausdorff distance of optimal triangulations of manifolds}},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6634,
abstract = {In this paper we prove several new results around Gromov's waist theorem. We give a simple proof of Vaaler's theorem on sections of the unit cube using the Borsuk-Ulam-Crofton technique, consider waists of real and complex projective spaces, flat tori, convex bodies in Euclidean space; and establish waist-type results in terms of the Hausdorff measure.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Hubard, Alfredo and Karasev, Roman},
journal = {Topological Methods in Nonlinear Analysis},
number = {2},
pages = {457--490},
publisher = {Akademicka Platforma Czasopism},
title = {{Lower and upper bounds for the waists of different spaces}},
doi = {10.12775/TMNA.2019.008},
volume = {53},
year = {2019},
}
@inproceedings{6648,
abstract = {Various kinds of data are routinely represented as discrete probability distributions. Examples include text documents summarized by histograms of word occurrences and images represented as histograms of oriented gradients. Viewing a discrete probability distribution as a point in the standard simplex of the appropriate dimension, we can understand collections of such objects in geometric and topological terms. Importantly, instead of using the standard Euclidean distance, we look into dissimilarity measures with information-theoretic justification, and we develop the theory
needed for applying topological data analysis in this setting. In doing so, we emphasize constructions that enable the usage of existing computational topology software in this context.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Virk, Ziga and Wagner, Hubert},
booktitle = {35th International Symposium on Computational Geometry},
isbn = {9783959771047},
location = {Portland, OR, United States},
pages = {31:1--31:14},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Topological data analysis in information space}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPICS.SOCG.2019.31},
volume = {129},
year = {2019},
}