@inbook{74,
abstract = {We study the Gromov waist in the sense of t-neighborhoods for measures in the Euclidean space, motivated by the famous theorem of Gromov about the waist of radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In particular, it turns our possible to extend Gromov’s original result to the case of not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measure. We also provide examples of measures having no t-neighborhood waist property, including a rather wide class
of compactly supported radially symmetric measures and their maps into the Euclidean space of dimension at least 2.
We use a simpler form of Gromov’s pancake argument to produce some estimates of t-neighborhoods of (weighted) volume-critical submanifolds in the spirit of the waist theorems, including neighborhoods of algebraic manifolds in the complex projective space. In the appendix of this paper we provide for reader’s convenience a more detailed explanation of the Caffarelli theorem that we use to handle not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian
measures.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Karasev, Roman},
booktitle = {Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis},
editor = {Klartag, Bo'az and Milman, Emanuel},
isbn = {9783030360191},
issn = {16179692},
pages = {1--27},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Gromov's waist of non-radial Gaussian measures and radial non-Gaussian measures}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-36020-7_1},
volume = {2256},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7426,
abstract = {This paper presents a novel abstraction technique for analyzing Lyapunov and asymptotic stability of polyhedral switched systems. A polyhedral switched system is a hybrid system in which the continuous dynamics is specified by polyhedral differential inclusions, the invariants and guards are specified by polyhedral sets and the switching between the modes do not involve reset of variables. A finite state weighted graph abstracting the polyhedral switched system is constructed from a finite partition of the state–space, such that the satisfaction of certain graph conditions, such as the absence of cycles with product of weights on the edges greater than (or equal) to 1, implies the stability of the system. However, the graph is in general conservative and hence, the violation of the graph conditions does not imply instability. If the analysis fails to establish stability due to the conservativeness in the approximation, a counterexample (cycle with product of edge weights greater than or equal to 1) indicating a potential reason for the failure is returned. Further, a more precise approximation of the switched system can be constructed by considering a finer partition of the state–space in the construction of the finite weighted graph. We present experimental results on analyzing stability of switched systems using the above method.},
author = {Garcia Soto, Miriam and Prabhakar, Pavithra},
issn = {1751570X},
journal = {Nonlinear Analysis: Hybrid Systems},
number = {5},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Abstraction based verification of stability of polyhedral switched systems}},
doi = {10.1016/j.nahs.2020.100856},
volume = {36},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7427,
author = {Tan, Shutang and Abas, Melinda F and Verstraeten, Inge and Glanc, Matous and Molnar, Gergely and Hajny, Jakub and Lasák, Pavel and Petřík, Ivan and Russinova, Eugenia and Petrášek, Jan and Novák, Ondřej and Pospíšil, Jiří and Friml, Jiří},
issn = {09609822},
journal = {Current Biology},
number = {3},
pages = {381--395.e8},
publisher = {Cell Press},
title = {{Salicylic acid targets protein phosphatase 2A to attenuate growth in plants}},
doi = {10.1016/j.cub.2019.11.058},
volume = {30},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7428,
abstract = {In the superconducting regime of FeTe(1−x)Sex, there exist two types of vortices which are distinguished by the presence or absence of zero-energy states in their core. To understand their origin, we examine the interplay of Zeeman coupling and superconducting pairings in three-dimensional metals with band inversion. Weak Zeeman fields are found to suppress intraorbital spin-singlet pairing, known to localize the states at the ends of the vortices on the surface. On the other hand, an orbital-triplet pairing is shown to be stable against Zeeman interactions, but leads to delocalized zero-energy Majorana modes which extend through the vortex. In contrast, the finite-energy vortex modes remain localized at the vortex ends even when the pairing is of orbital-triplet form. Phenomenologically, this manifests as an observed disappearance of zero-bias peaks within the cores of topological vortices upon an increase of the applied magnetic field. The presence of magnetic impurities in FeTe(1−x)Sex, which are attracted to the vortices, would lead to such Zeeman-induced delocalization of Majorana modes in a fraction of vortices that capture a large enough number of magnetic impurities. Our results provide an explanation for the dichotomy between topological and nontopological vortices recently observed in FeTe(1−x)Sex.},
author = {Ghazaryan, Areg and Lopes, P. L.S. and Hosur, Pavan and Gilbert, Matthew J. and Ghaemi, Pouyan},
issn = {24699969},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {2},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Effect of Zeeman coupling on the Majorana vortex modes in iron-based topological superconductors}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.020504},
volume = {101},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7431,
abstract = {In many real-world systems, information can be transmitted in two qualitatively different ways: by copying or by transformation. Copying occurs when messages are transmitted without modification, e.g. when an offspring receives an unaltered copy of a gene from its parent. Transformation occurs when messages are modified systematically during transmission, e.g. when mutational biases occur during genetic replication. Standard information-theoretic measures do not distinguish these two modes of information transfer, although they may reflect different mechanisms and have different functional consequences. Starting from a few simple axioms, we derive a decomposition of mutual information into the information transmitted by copying versus the information transmitted by transformation. We begin with a decomposition that applies when the source and destination of the channel have the same set of messages and a notion of message identity exists. We then generalize our decomposition to other kinds of channels, which can involve different source and destination sets and broader notions of similarity. In addition, we show that copy information can be interpreted as the minimal work needed by a physical copying process, which is relevant for understanding the physics of replication. We use the proposed decomposition to explore a model of amino acid substitution rates. Our results apply to any system in which the fidelity of copying, rather than simple predictability, is of critical relevance.},
author = {Kolchinsky, Artemy and Corominas-Murtra, Bernat},
issn = {17425662},
journal = {Journal of the Royal Society Interface},
number = {162},
pages = {20190623},
publisher = {Royal Society},
title = {{Decomposing information into copying versus transformation}},
doi = {10.1098/rsif.2019.0623},
volume = {17},
year = {2020},
}