@inproceedings{3601,
abstract = {In this paper, the multiobjective optimal design of space-based reconfigurable sensor networks with novel adaptive MEMS antennas is investigated by using multiobjective evolutionary algorithms. The non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA-II) is employed to obtain multi-criteria Pareto-optimal solutions, which allows system designers to easily make a reasonable trade-off choice from the set of non-dominated solutions according to their preferences and system requirements. As a case study, a cluster-based satellite sensing network is simulated under multiple objectives. Most importantly, this paper also presents the application of our newly designed adaptive MEMS antennas together with the NSGA-II to the multiobjective optimal design of space-based reconfigurable sensor networks.},
author = {Yang, Erfu and Haridas, Nakul and El-Rayis, Ahmed O and Erdogan, Ahmet T and Arslan, Tughrul and Nicholas Barton},
pages = {27 -- 34},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Multiobjective optimal design of MEMS-based reconfigurable and evolvable sensor networks for space applications}},
doi = {10.1109/AHS.2007.76},
year = {2007},
}
@book{3674,
abstract = {Evolution permeates all of biology. But researchers in molecular and cellular biology, genetics, developmental biology, microbiology, and neuroscience have only recently begun to think seriously in terms of evolution. The chief reasons for this shift are the growing list of organisms with sequenced genomes; the increasingly sophisticated ways of interpreting those sequences; and the ever more powerful experimental techniques (and wider range of model organisms) with which to ask questions about evolution as well as mechanism.
Evolution serves as a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in evolution. It is also a text working scientists can use to educate themselves on how evolution affects their fields. It differs from currently available alternatives in containing more molecular biology than is traditionally the case. But this is not at the expense of traditional evolutionary theory. Indeed, a glance at the Table of Contents and the authors' interests reveals the range of material covered in this book. The authors are world-renowned in population genetics, bacterial genomics, paleontology, human genetics, and developmental biology. The integration of molecular biology and evolutionary biology reflects the current direction of much research among evolutionary scientists.},
author = {Barton, Nicholas H and Briggs, Derek and Eisen, Jonathan and Goldstein, David and Patel, Nipam},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Evolution}},
year = {2007},
}
@inproceedings{3681,
abstract = {The extraction of a parametric global motion from a motion field is a task with several applications in video processing. We present two probabilistic formulations of the problem and carry out optimization using the RAST algorithm, a geometric matching method novel to motion estimation in video. RAST uses an exhaustive and adaptive search of transformation space and thus gives – in contrast to local sampling optimization techniques used in the past – a globally optimal solution. Among other applications, our framework can thus be used as a source of ground truth for benchmarking motion estimation algorithms.
Our main contributions are: first, the novel combination of a state-of-the-art MAP criterion for dominant motion estimation with a search procedure that guarantees global optimality. Second, experimental results that illustrate the superior performance of our approach on synthetic flow fields as well as real-world video streams. Third, a significant speedup of the search achieved by extending the model with an additional smoothness prior.},
author = {Ulges, Adrian and Christoph Lampert and Keysers,Daniel and Breuel,Thomas M},
pages = {204 -- 213},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Optimal dominant motion estimation using adaptive search of transformation space}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74936-3_21},
volume = {4713},
year = {2007},
}
@techreport{3687,
abstract = {Recent years have seen huge advances in object recognition from images. Recognition rates beyond 95% are the rule rather than the exception on many datasets. However, most state-of-the-art methods can only decide if an object is present or not. They are not able to provide information on the object location or extent within in the image.
We report on a simple yet powerful scheme that extends many existing recognition methods to also perform localization of object bounding boxes. This is achieved by maximizing the classification score over all possible subrectangles in the image. Despite the impression that this would be computationally intractable, we show that in many situations efficient algorithms exist which solve a generalized maximum subrectangle problem.
We show how our method is applicable to a variety object detection frameworks and demonstrate its performance by applying it to the popular bag of visual words model, achieving competitive results on the PASCAL VOC 2006 dataset.},
author = {Blaschko,Matthew B and Hofmann,Thomas and Christoph Lampert},
booktitle = {Unknown},
number = {164},
publisher = {Max-Planck-Institute for Biological Cybernetics},
title = {{Efficient subwindow search for object localization}},
year = {2007},
}
@inproceedings{3701,
abstract = {The extraction of a parametric global motion from a motion field is a task with several applications in video processing. We present two probabilistic formulations of the problem and carry out optimization using the RAST algorithm, a geometric matching method novel to motion estimation in video. RAST uses an exhaustive and adaptive search of transformation space and thus gives – in contrast to local sampling optimization techniques used in the past – a globally optimal solution. Among other applications, our framework can thus be used as a source of ground truth for benchmarking motion estimation algorithms.
Our main contributions are: first, the novel combination of a state-of-the-art MAP criterion for dominant motion estimation with a search procedure that guarantees global optimality. Second, experimental results that illustrate the superior performance of our approach on synthetic flow fields as well as real-world video streams. Third, a significant speedup of the search achieved by extending the model with an additional smoothness prior.},
author = {Ulges, Adrian and Christoph Lampert and Keysers,Daniel and Breuel,Thomas M},
pages = {204 -- 213},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Optimal dominant motion estimation using adaptive search of transformation space}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-540-74936-3_21},
volume = {4713},
year = {2007},
}
@inproceedings{2333,
author = {Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer and Solovej, Jan P},
pages = {239 -- 248},
publisher = {American Mathematical Society},
title = {{Ground-state energy of a dilute Fermi gas}},
doi = {10.1090/conm/412},
volume = {412},
year = {2006},
}
@inproceedings{2334,
author = {Robert Seiringer and Lieb, Élliott H and Yngvason, Jakob},
editor = {Zambrini, Jean-Claude},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{One-dimensional behavior of dilute, trapped Bose gases in traps}},
doi = {10.1007/s00220-003-0993-3},
year = {2006},
}
@misc{2363,
abstract = { We prove that the Gross-Pitaevskii equation correctly describes the ground state energy and corresponding one-particle density matrix of rotating, dilute, trapped Bose gases with repulsive two-body interactions. We also show that there is 100% Bose-Einstein condensation. While a proof that the GP equation correctly describes non-rotating or slowly rotating gases was known for some time, the rapidly rotating case was unclear because the Bose (i.e., symmetric) ground state is not the lowest eigenstate of the Hamiltonian in this case. We have been able to overcome this difficulty with the aid of coherent states. Our proof also conceptually simplifies the previous proof for the slowly rotating case. In the case of axially symmetric traps, our results show that the appearance of quantized vortices causes spontaneous symmetry breaking in the ground state. },
author = {Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer},
booktitle = {Communications in Mathematical Physics},
number = {2},
pages = {505 -- 537},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for rotating Bose gases}},
doi = {10.1007/s00220-006-1524-9},
volume = {264},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2364,
abstract = {We present an inequality that gives a lower bound on the expectation value of certain two-body interaction potentials in a general state on Fock space in terms of the corresponding expectation value for thermal equilibrium states of non-interacting systems and the difference in the free energy. This bound can be viewed as a rigorous version of first-order perturbation theory for many-body systems at positive temperature. As an application, we give a proof of the first two terms in a high density (and high temperature) expansion of the free energy of jellium with Coulomb interactions, both in the fermionic and bosonic case. For bosons, our method works above the transition temperature (for the non-interacting gas) for Bose-Einstein condensation.},
author = {Robert Seiringer},
journal = {Reviews in Mathematical Physics},
number = {3},
pages = {233 -- 253},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{A correlation estimate for quantum many-body systems at positive temperature}},
doi = {10.1142/S0129055X06002632},
volume = {18},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2365,
abstract = {We consider a gas of fermions with non-zero spin at temperature T and chemical potential μ. We show that if the range of the interparticle interaction is small compared to the mean particle distance, the thermodynamic pressure differs to leading order from the corresponding expression for non-interacting particles by a term proportional to the scattering length of the interparticle interaction. This is true for any repulsive interaction, including hard cores. The result is uniform in the temperature as long as T is of the same order as the Fermi temperature, or smaller.},
author = {Robert Seiringer},
journal = {Communications in Mathematical Physics},
number = {3},
pages = {729 -- 757},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{The thermodynamic pressure of a dilute fermi gas}},
doi = {10.1007/s00220-005-1433-3},
volume = {261},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2366,
abstract = {Inequalities are derived for power sums of the real part and the modulus of the eigenvalues of a Schrödinger operator with a complex-valued potential.},
author = {Frank, Rupert L and Laptev, Ari and Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer},
journal = {Letters in Mathematical Physics},
number = {3},
pages = {309 -- 316},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Lieb-Thirring inequalities for Schrödinger operators with complex-valued potentials}},
doi = {10.1007/s11005-006-0095-1},
volume = {77},
year = {2006},
}
@inbook{2368,
abstract = {The recent experimental success in creating Bose-Einstein condensates of alkali atoms, honored by the Nobel prize awards in 2001 [1,5], led to renewed interest in the mathematical description of interacting Bose gases.},
author = {Robert Seiringer},
booktitle = {Large Coulomb Systems},
editor = {Dereziński, Jan and Siedentop, Heinz},
pages = {249 -- 274},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Dilute, trapped Bose gases and Bose-Einstein condensation}},
doi = {10.1007/3-540-32579-4_6},
volume = {695},
year = {2006},
}
@inbook{2369,
abstract = {One of the most remarkable recent developments in the study of ultracold Bose gases is the observation of a reversible transition from a Bose Einstein condensate to a state composed of localized atoms as the strength of a periodic, optical trapping potential is varied. In [1] a model of this phenomenon has been analyzed rigorously. The gas is a hard core lattice gas and the optical lattice is modeled by a periodic potential of strength λ. For small λ and temperature Bose- Einstein condensation (BEC) is proved to occur, while at large λ BEC disappears, even in the ground state, which is a Mott-insulator state with a characteristic gap. The inter-particle interaction is essential for this effect. This contribution gives a pedagogical survey of these results.},
author = {Aizenman, Michael and Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer and Solovej, Jan P and Yngvason, Jakob},
booktitle = {Mathematical Physics of Quantum Mechanics},
editor = {Asch, Joachim and Joye, Alain},
pages = {199 -- 215},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Bose-Einstein condensation as a quantum phase transition in an optical lattice}},
doi = {10.1007/b11573432},
volume = {690},
year = {2006},
}
@inbook{2416,
author = {Bang-Jensen, Jørgen and Reed, Bruce and Schacht, Bruce and Šámal, Robert and Toft, Bjarne and Uli Wagner},
booktitle = {Topics in Discrete Mathematics},
pages = {613 -- 627},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{On six problems posed by Jarik Nešetřil}},
doi = {10.1007/3-540-33700-8_30},
volume = {26},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2429,
abstract = {We show, with an elementary proof, that the number of halving simplices in a set of n points in 4 in general position is O(n4-2/45). This improves the previous bound of O(n4-1/134). Our main new ingredient is a bound on the maximum number of halving simplices intersecting a fixed 2-plane. },
author = {Matoušek, Jiří and Sharir, Micha and Smorodinsky, Shakhar and Uli Wagner},
journal = {Discrete & Computational Geometry},
number = {2},
pages = {177 -- 191},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{K-sets in four dimensions}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-005-1200-4},
volume = {35},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2430,
abstract = {We consider an online version of the conflict-free coloring of a set of points on the line, where each newly inserted point must be assigned a color upon insertion, and at all times the coloring has to be conflict-free, in the sense that in every interval I there is a color that appears exactly once in I. We present deterministic and randomized algorithms for achieving this goal, and analyze their performance, that is, the maximum number of colors that they need to use, as a function of the number n of inserted points. We first show that a natural and simple (deterministic) approach may perform rather poorly, requiring Ω(√̃) colors in the worst case. We then derive two efficient variants of this simple algorithm. The first is deterministic and uses O(log 2 n) colors, and the second is randomized and uses O(log n) colors with high probability. We also show that the O(log 2 n) bound on the number of colors used by our deterministic algorithm is tight on the worst case. We also analyze the performance of the simplest proposed algorithm when the points are inserted in a random order and present an incomplete analysis that indicates that, with high probability, it uses only O(log n) colors. Finally, we show that in the extension of this problem to two dimensions, where the relevant ranges are disks, n colors may be required in the worst case.},
author = {Chent, Ke and Fiat, Amos and Kaplan, Haim and Levy, Meital B and Matoušek, Jiří and Mossel, Elchanan and Pach, János and Sharir, Micha and Smorodinsky, Shakhar and Uli Wagner and Welzl, Emo},
journal = {SIAM Journal on Computing},
number = {5},
pages = {1342 -- 1359},
publisher = {SIAM},
title = {{Online conflict-free coloring for intervals}},
doi = {10.1137/S0097539704446682},
volume = {36},
year = {2006},
}
@inproceedings{2431,
abstract = {We prove an upper bound, tight up to a factor of 2, for the number of vertices of level at most t in an arrangement of n halfspaces in R , for arbitrary n and d (in particular, the dimension d is not considered constant). This partially settles a conjecture of Eckhoff, Linhart, and Welzl. Up to the factor of 2, the result generalizes McMullen's Upper Bound Theorem for convex polytopes (the case ℓ = O) and extends a theorem of Linhart for the case d ≤ 4. Moreover, the bound sharpens asymptotic estimates obtained by Clarkson and Shor. The proof is based on the h-matrix of the arrangement (a generalization, introduced by Mulmuley, of the h-vector of a convex polytope). We show that bounding appropriate sums of entries of this matrix reduces to a lemma about quadrupels of sets with certain intersection properties, and we prove this lemma, up to a factor of 2, using tools from multilinear algebra. This extends an approach of Alon and Kalai, who used linear algebra methods for an alternative proof of the classical Upper Bound Theorem. The bounds for the entries of the h-matrix also imply bounds for the number of i-dimensional faces, i > 0, at level at most ℓ. Furthermore, we discuss a connection with crossing numbers of graphs that was one of the main motivations for investigating exact bounds that are valid for arbitrary dimensions.},
author = {Uli Wagner},
pages = {635 -- 645},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{On a geometric generalization of the Upper Bound Theorem}},
doi = {10.1109/FOCS.2006.53},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2657,
abstract = {The highest densities of the two metabotropic GABA subunits, GABA B1 and GABAB2, have been reported as occurring around the glutamatergic synapses between Purkinje cell spines and parallel fibre varicosities. In order to determine how this distribution is achieved during development, we investigated the expression pattern and the cellular and subcellular localization of the GABAB1 and GABAB2 subunits in the rat cerebellum during postnatal development. At the light microscopic level, immunoreactivity for the GABAB1 and GABAB2 subunits was very prominent in the developing molecular layer, especially in Purkinje cells. Using double immunofluorescence, we demonstrated that GABAB1 was transiently expressed in glial cells. At the electron microscopic level, immunoreactivity for GABAB receptors was always detected both pre- and postsynaptically. Presynaptically, GABAB1 and GABAB2 were localized in the extrasynaptic membrane of parallel fibres at all ages, and only rarely in GABAergic axons. Postsynaptically, GABAB receptors were localized to the extrasynaptic and perisynaptic plasma membrane of Purkinje cell dendrites and spines throughout development. Quantitative analysis and three-dimensional reconstructions further revealed a progressive developmental movement of the GABAB1 subunit on the surface of Purkinje cells from dendritic shafts to its final destination, the dendritic spines. Together, these results indicate that GABAB receptors undergo dynamic regulation during cerebellar development in association with the establishment and maturation of glutamatergic synapses to Purkinje cells.},
author = {Luján, Rafael and Ryuichi Shigemoto},
journal = {European Journal of Neuroscience},
number = {6},
pages = {1479 -- 1490},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Localization of metabotropic GABA receptor subunits GABAB1 and GABAB2 relative to synaptic sites in the rat developing cerebellum}},
doi = {10.1111/j.1460-9568.2006.04669.x},
volume = {23},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2659,
abstract = {Transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory proteins (TARPs), including stargazin/γ-2, are associated with AMPA receptors and participate in their surface delivery and anchoring at the postsynaptic membrane. TARPs may also act as a positive modulator of the AMPA receptor ion channel function; however, little is known about other TARP members except for stargazin/γ-2. We examined the synaptic localization of stargazin/γ-2 and γ-8 by immunoelectron microscopy and biochemical analysis. The analysis of sodium dodecyl sulfate-digested freeze-fracture replica labeling revealed that stargazin/γ-2 was concentrated in the postsynaptic area, whereas γ-8 was distributed both in synaptic and extra-synaptic plasma membranes of the hippocampal neuron. When a synaptic plasma membrane-enriched brain fraction was treated with Triton X-100 and separated by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation, a large proportion of NMDA receptor and stargazin/γ-2 was accumulated in raft-enriched fractions, whereas AMPA receptor and γ-8 were distributed in both the raft-enriched fractions and other Triton-insoluble fractions. Phosphorylation of stargazin/γ-2 and γ-8 was regulated by different sets of kinases and phosphatases in cultured cortical neurons. These results suggested that stargazin/γ-2 and γ-8 have distinct roles in postsynaptic membranes under the regulation of different intracellular signaling pathways.},
author = {Inamura, Mihoko and Itakura, Makoto and Okamoto, Hirotsugu and Hoka, Sumio and Mizoguchi, Akira and Fukazawa, Yugo and Ryuichi Shigemoto and Yamamori, Saori and Takahashi, Masami},
journal = {Neuroscience Research},
number = {1},
pages = {45 -- 53},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{ Differential localization and regulation of stargazin-like protein, γ-8 and stargazin in the plasma membrane of hippocampal and cortical neurons}},
doi = {10.1016/j.neures.2006.01.004},
volume = {55},
year = {2006},
}
@article{2660,
abstract = {Pavlovian fear conditioning, a simple form of associative learning, is thought to involve the induction of associative, NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) in the lateral amygdala. Using a combined genetic and electrophysiological approach, we show here that lack of a specific GABAB receptor subtype, GABAB(1a,2), unmasks a nonassociative, NMDA receptor-independent form of presynaptic LTP at cortico-amygdala afferents. Moreover, the level of presynaptic GABA B(1a,2) receptor activation, and hence the balance between associative and nonassociative forms of LTP, can be dynamically modulated by local inhibitory activity. At the behavioral level, genetic loss of GABA B(1a) results in a generalization of conditioned fear to nonconditioned stimuli. Our findings indicate that presynaptic inhibition through GABAB(1a,2) receptors serves as an activity-dependent constraint on the induction of homosynaptic plasticity, which may be important to prevent the generalization of conditioned fear.},
author = {Shaban, Hamdy and Humeau, Yann and Herry, Cyril and Cassasus, Guillaume and Ryuichi Shigemoto and Ciocchi, Stéphane and Barbieri, Samuel and Van Der Putten, Herman V and Kaupmann, Klemens and Bettler, Bernhard and Lüthi, Andreas},
journal = {Nature Neuroscience},
number = {8},
pages = {1028 -- 1035},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Generalization of amygdala LTP and conditioned fear in the absence of presynaptic inhibition}},
doi = {10.1038/nn1732},
volume = {9},
year = {2006},
}