@misc{2007,
author = {Anna Klimova and Rudas, Tamás},
publisher = {The Comprehensive R Archive Network},
title = {{gIPFrm: Generalized iterative proportional fitting for relational models}},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2033,
abstract = {The learning with privileged information setting has recently attracted a lot of attention within the machine learning community, as it allows the integration of additional knowledge into the training process of a classifier, even when this comes in the form of a data modality that is not available at test time. Here, we show that privileged information can naturally be treated as noise in the latent function of a Gaussian process classifier (GPC). That is, in contrast to the standard GPC setting, the latent function is not just a nuisance but a feature: it becomes a natural measure of confidence about the training data by modulating the slope of the GPC probit likelihood function. Extensive experiments on public datasets show that the proposed GPC method using privileged noise, called GPC+, improves over a standard GPC without privileged knowledge, and also over the current state-of-the-art SVM-based method, SVM+. Moreover, we show that advanced neural networks and deep learning methods can be compressed as privileged information.},
author = {Hernandez Lobato, Daniel and Sharmanska, Viktoriia and Kersting, Kristian and Lampert, Christoph and Quadrianto, Novi},
booktitle = {Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems},
location = {Montreal, Canada},
number = {January},
pages = {837--845},
publisher = {Neural Information Processing Systems},
title = {{Mind the nuisance: Gaussian process classification using privileged noise}},
volume = {1},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2019,
abstract = {We prove that the empirical density of states of quantum spin glasses on arbitrary graphs converges to a normal distribution as long as the maximal degree is negligible compared with the total number of edges. This extends the recent results of Keating et al. (2014) that were proved for graphs with bounded chromatic number and with symmetric coupling distribution. Furthermore, we generalise the result to arbitrary hypergraphs. We test the optimality of our condition on the maximal degree for p-uniform hypergraphs that correspond to p-spin glass Hamiltonians acting on n distinguishable spin- 1/2 particles. At the critical threshold p = n1/2 we find a sharp classical-quantum phase transition between the normal distribution and the Wigner semicircle law. The former is characteristic to classical systems with commuting variables, while the latter is a signature of noncommutative random matrix theory.},
author = {Erdös, László and Schröder, Dominik J},
journal = {Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry},
number = {3-4},
pages = {441 -- 464},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Phase transition in the density of states of quantum spin glasses}},
doi = {10.1007/s11040-014-9164-3},
volume = {17},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2115,
abstract = {The facial performance of an individual is inherently rich in subtle deformation and timing details. Although these subtleties make the performance realistic and compelling, they often elude both motion capture and hand animation. We present a technique for adding fine-scale details and expressiveness to low-resolution art-directed facial performances, such as those created manually using a rig, via marker-based capture, by fitting a morphable model to a video, or through Kinect reconstruction using recent faceshift technology. We employ a high-resolution facial performance capture system to acquire a representative performance of an individual in which he or she explores the full range of facial expressiveness. From the captured data, our system extracts an expressiveness model that encodes subtle spatial and temporal deformation details specific to that particular individual. Once this model has been built, these details can be transferred to low-resolution art-directed performances. We demonstrate results on various forms of input; after our enhancement, the resulting animations exhibit the same nuances and fine spatial details as the captured performance, with optional temporal enhancement to match the dynamics of the actor. Finally, we show that our technique outperforms the current state-of-the-art in example-based facial animation.},
author = {Bermano, Amit H and Bradley, Derek J and Beeler, Thabo and Zund, Fabio and Nowrouzezahrai, Derek and Baran, Ilya and Sorkine-Hornung, Olga and Pfister, Hanspeter and Sumner, Robert W and Bernd Bickel and Groß, Markus S},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Graphics},
number = {2},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Facial performance enhancement using dynamic shape space analysis}},
doi = {10.1145/2546276},
volume = {33},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2040,
abstract = {Development requires tissue growth as well as cell diversification. To address how these processes are coordinated, we analyzed the development of molecularly distinct domains of neural progenitors in the mouse and chick neural tube. We show that during development, these domains undergo changes in size that do not scale with changes in overall tissue size. Our data show that domain proportions are first established by opposing morphogen gradients and subsequently controlled by domain-specific regulation of differentiation rate but not differences in proliferation rate. Regulation of differentiation rate is key to maintaining domain proportions while accommodating both intra- and interspecies variations in size. Thus, the sequential control of progenitor specification and differentiation elaborates pattern without requiring that signaling gradients grow as tissues expand. },
author = {Kicheva, Anna and Bollenbach, Mark Tobias and Ribeiro, Ana and Pérez Valle, Helena and Lovell Badge, Robin and Episkopou, Vasso and Briscoe, James},
journal = {Science},
number = {6204},
publisher = {American Association for the Advancement of Science},
title = {{Coordination of progenitor specification and growth in mouse and chick spinal cord}},
doi = {10.1126/science.1254927},
volume = {345},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2045,
abstract = {We introduce and study a new notion of enhanced chosen-ciphertext security (ECCA) for public-key encryption. Loosely speaking, in the ECCA security experiment, the decryption oracle provided to the adversary is augmented to return not only the output of the decryption algorithm on a queried ciphertext but also of a randomness-recovery algorithm associated to the scheme. Our results mainly concern the case where the randomness-recovery algorithm is efficient. We provide constructions of ECCA-secure encryption from adaptive trapdoor functions as defined by Kiltz et al. (EUROCRYPT 2010), resulting in ECCA encryption from standard number-theoretic assumptions. We then give two applications of ECCA-secure encryption: (1) We use it as a unifying concept in showing equivalence of adaptive trapdoor functions and tag-based adaptive trapdoor functions, resolving an open question of Kiltz et al. (2) We show that ECCA-secure encryption can be used to securely realize an approach to public-key encryption with non-interactive opening (PKENO) originally suggested by Damgård and Thorbek (EUROCRYPT 2007), resulting in new and practical PKENO schemes quite different from those in prior work. Our results demonstrate that ECCA security is of both practical and theoretical interest.},
author = {Dachman Soled, Dana and Fuchsbauer, Georg and Mohassel, Payman and O’Neill, Adam},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
editor = {Krawczyk, Hugo},
location = {Buenos Aires, Argentina},
pages = {329 -- 344},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Enhanced chosen-ciphertext security and applications}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-54631-0_19},
volume = {8383},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2052,
abstract = {A standard technique for solving the parameterized model checking problem is to reduce it to the classic model checking problem of finitely many finite-state systems. This work considers some of the theoretical power and limitations of this technique. We focus on concurrent systems in which processes communicate via pairwise rendezvous, as well as the special cases of disjunctive guards and token passing; specifications are expressed in indexed temporal logic without the next operator; and the underlying network topologies are generated by suitable Monadic Second Order Logic formulas and graph operations. First, we settle the exact computational complexity of the parameterized model checking problem for some of our concurrent systems, and establish new decidability results for others. Second, we consider the cases that model checking the parameterized system can be reduced to model checking some fixed number of processes, the number is known as a cutoff. We provide many cases for when such cutoffs can be computed, establish lower bounds on the size of such cutoffs, and identify cases where no cutoff exists. Third, we consider cases for which the parameterized system is equivalent to a single finite-state system (more precisely a Büchi word automaton), and establish tight bounds on the sizes of such automata.},
author = {Aminof, Benjamin and Kotek, Tomer and Rubin, Sacha and Spegni, Francesco and Veith, Helmut},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
editor = {Baldan, Paolo and Gorla, Daniele},
location = {Rome, Italy},
pages = {109 -- 124},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Parameterized model checking of rendezvous systems}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-44584-6_9},
volume = {8704},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2064,
abstract = {We examined the synaptic structure, quantity, and distribution of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)- and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs and NMDARs, respectively) in rat cochlear nuclei by a highly sensitive freeze-fracture replica labeling technique. Four excitatory synapses formed by two distinct inputs, auditory nerve (AN) and parallel fibers (PF), on different cell types were analyzed. These excitatory synapse types included AN synapses on bushy cells (AN-BC synapses) and fusiform cells (AN-FC synapses) and PF synapses on FC (PF-FC synapses) and cartwheel cell spines (PF-CwC synapses). Immunogold labeling revealed differences in synaptic structure as well as AMPAR and NMDAR number and/or density in both AN and PF synapses, indicating a target-dependent organization. The immunogold receptor labeling also identified differences in the synaptic organization of FCs based on AN or PF connections, indicating an input-dependent organization in FCs. Among the four excitatory synapse types, the AN-BC synapses were the smallest and had the most densely packed intramembrane particles (IMPs), whereas the PF-CwC synapses were the largest and had sparsely packed IMPs. All four synapse types showed positive correlations between the IMP-cluster area and the AMPAR number, indicating a common intrasynapse-type relationship for glutamatergic synapses. Immunogold particles for AMPARs were distributed over the entire area of individual AN synapses; PF synapses often showed synaptic areas devoid of labeling. The gold-labeling for NMDARs occurred in a mosaic fashion, with less positive correlations between the IMP-cluster area and the NMDAR number. Our observations reveal target- and input-dependent features in the structure, number, and organization of AMPARs and NMDARs in AN and PF synapses.},
author = {Rubio, Maía and Fukazawa, Yugo and Kamasawa, Naomi and Clarkson, Cheryl and Molnár, Elek and Shigemoto, Ryuichi},
journal = {Journal of Comparative Neurology},
number = {18},
pages = {4023 -- 4042},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Target- and input-dependent organization of AMPA and NMDA receptors in synaptic connections of the cochlear nucleus}},
doi = {10.1002/cne.23654},
volume = {522},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2057,
abstract = {In the past few years, a lot of attention has been devoted to multimedia indexing by fusing multimodal informations. Two kinds of fusion schemes are generally considered: The early fusion and the late fusion. We focus on late classifier fusion, where one combines the scores of each modality at the decision level. To tackle this problem, we investigate a recent and elegant well-founded quadratic program named MinCq coming from the machine learning PAC-Bayesian theory. MinCq looks for the weighted combination, over a set of real-valued functions seen as voters, leading to the lowest misclassification rate, while maximizing the voters’ diversity. We propose an extension of MinCq tailored to multimedia indexing. Our method is based on an order-preserving pairwise loss adapted to ranking that allows us to improve Mean Averaged Precision measure while taking into account the diversity of the voters that we want to fuse. We provide evidence that this method is naturally adapted to late fusion procedures and confirm the good behavior of our approach on the challenging PASCAL VOC’07 benchmark.},
author = {Morvant, Emilie and Habrard, Amaury and Ayache, Stéphane},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
location = {Joensuu, Finland},
pages = {153 -- 162},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Majority vote of diverse classifiers for late fusion}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-44415-3_16},
volume = {8621},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2172,
abstract = {Fisher Kernels and Deep Learning were two developments with significant impact on large-scale object categorization in the last years. Both approaches were shown to achieve state-of-the-art results on large-scale object categorization datasets, such as ImageNet. Conceptually, however, they are perceived as very different and it is not uncommon for heated debates to spring up when advocates of both paradigms meet at conferences or workshops. In this work, we emphasize the similarities between both architectures rather than their differences and we argue that such a unified view allows us to transfer ideas from one domain to the other. As a concrete example we introduce a method for learning a support vector machine classifier with Fisher kernel at the same time as a task-specific data representation. We reinterpret the setting as a multi-layer feed forward network. Its final layer is the classifier, parameterized by a weight vector, and the two previous layers compute Fisher vectors, parameterized by the coefficients of a Gaussian mixture model. We introduce a gradient descent based learning algorithm that, in contrast to other feature learning techniques, is not just derived from intuition or biological analogy, but has a theoretical justification in the framework of statistical learning theory. Our experiments show that the new training procedure leads to significant improvements in classification accuracy while preserving the modularity and geometric interpretability of a support vector machine setup.},
author = {Sydorov, Vladyslav and Sakurada, Mayu and Lampert, Christoph},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition},
location = {Columbus, USA},
pages = {1402 -- 1409},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Deep Fisher Kernels – End to end learning of the Fisher Kernel GMM parameters}},
doi = {10.1109/CVPR.2014.182},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2177,
abstract = {We give evidence for the difficulty of computing Betti numbers of simplicial complexes over a finite field. We do this by reducing the rank computation for sparse matrices with to non-zero entries to computing Betti numbers of simplicial complexes consisting of at most a constant times to simplices. Together with the known reduction in the other direction, this implies that the two problems have the same computational complexity.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Parsa, Salman},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms},
location = {Portland, USA},
pages = {152 -- 160},
publisher = {SIAM},
title = {{On the computational complexity of betti numbers reductions from matrix rank}},
doi = {10.1137/1.9781611973402.11},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2184,
abstract = {Given topological spaces X,Y, a fundamental problem of algebraic topology is understanding the structure of all continuous maps X→ Y. We consider a computational version, where X,Y are given as finite simplicial complexes, and the goal is to compute [X,Y], that is, all homotopy classes of suchmaps.We solve this problem in the stable range, where for some d ≥ 2, we have dim X ≤ 2d-2 and Y is (d-1)-connected; in particular, Y can be the d-dimensional sphere Sd. The algorithm combines classical tools and ideas from homotopy theory (obstruction theory, Postnikov systems, and simplicial sets) with algorithmic tools from effective algebraic topology (locally effective simplicial sets and objects with effective homology). In contrast, [X,Y] is known to be uncomputable for general X,Y, since for X = S1 it includes a well known undecidable problem: testing triviality of the fundamental group of Y. In follow-up papers, the algorithm is shown to run in polynomial time for d fixed, and extended to other problems, such as the extension problem, where we are given a subspace A ⊂ X and a map A→ Y and ask whether it extends to a map X → Y, or computing the Z2-index-everything in the stable range. Outside the stable range, the extension problem is undecidable.},
author = {Čadek, Martin and Krcál, Marek and Matoušek, Jiří and Sergeraert, Francis and Vokřínek, Lukáš and Wagner, Uli},
journal = {Journal of the ACM},
number = {3},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Computing all maps into a sphere}},
doi = {10.1145/2597629},
volume = {61},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2153,
abstract = {We define a simple, explicit map sending a morphism f : M → N of pointwise finite dimensional persistence modules to a matching between the barcodes of M and N. Our main result is that, in a precise sense, the quality of this matching is tightly controlled by the lengths of the longest intervals in the barcodes of ker f and coker f . As an immediate corollary, we obtain a new proof of the algebraic stability theorem for persistence barcodes [5, 9], a fundamental result in the theory of persistent homology. In contrast to previous proofs, ours shows explicitly how a δ-interleaving morphism between two persistence modules induces a δ-matching between the barcodes of the two modules. Our main result also specializes to a structure theorem for submodules and quotients of persistence modules. Copyright is held by the owner/author(s).},
author = {Bauer, Ulrich and Lesnick, Michael},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry},
location = {Kyoto, Japan},
pages = {355 -- 364},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Induced matchings of barcodes and the algebraic stability of persistence}},
doi = {10.1145/2582112.2582168},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2165,
abstract = {In machine learning, the domain adaptation problem arrives when the test (tar-get) and the train (source) data are generated from different distributions. A key applied issue is thus the design of algorithms able to generalize on a new distribution, for which we have no label information. We focus on learning classification models defined as a weighted majority vote over a set of real-valued functions. In this context, Germain et al. (2013) have shown that a measure of disagreement between these functions is crucial to control. The core of this measure is a theoretical bound—the C-bound (Lacasse et al., 2007)—which involves the disagreement and leads to a well performing majority vote learn-ing algorithm in usual non-adaptative supervised setting: MinCq. In this work,we propose a framework to extend MinCq to a domain adaptation scenario.This procedure takes advantage of the recent perturbed variation divergence between distributions proposed by Harel and Mannor (2012). Justified by a theoretical bound on the target risk of the vote, we provide to MinCq a tar-get sample labeled thanks to a perturbed variation-based self-labeling focused on the regions where the source and target marginals appear similar. We also study the influence of our self-labeling, from which we deduce an original process for tuning the hyperparameters. Finally, our framework called PV-MinCq shows very promising results on a rotation and translation synthetic problem.},
author = {Morvant, Emilie},
journal = {Pattern Recognition Letters},
pages = {37--43},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Domain Adaptation of Weighted Majority Votes via Perturbed Variation-Based Self-Labeling}},
doi = {10.1016/j.patrec.2014.08.013},
volume = {51},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2160,
abstract = {Transfer learning has received a lot of attention in the machine learning community over the last years, and several effective algorithms have been developed. However, relatively little is known about their theoretical properties, especially in the setting of lifelong learning, where the goal is to transfer information to tasks for which no data have been observed so far. In this work we study lifelong learning from a theoretical perspective. Our main result is a PAC-Bayesian generalization bound that offers a unified view on existing paradigms for transfer learning, such as the transfer of parameters or the transfer of low-dimensional representations. We also use the bound to derive two principled lifelong learning algorithms, and we show that these yield results comparable with existing methods.},
author = {Pentina, Anastasia and Lampert, Christoph},
editor = {Xing, Eric and Jebara, Tony},
location = {Beijing, China},
pages = {991 -- 999},
publisher = {Omnipress},
title = {{A PAC-Bayesian bound for Lifelong Learning}},
volume = {32},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2158,
abstract = {Directional guidance of migrating cells is relatively well explored in the reductionist setting of cell culture experiments. Here spatial gradients of chemical cues as well as gradients of mechanical substrate characteristics prove sufficient to attract single cells as well as their collectives. How such gradients present and act in the context of an organism is far less clear. Here we review recent advances in understanding how guidance cues emerge and operate in the physiological context.},
author = {Majumdar, Ritankar and Sixt, Michael K and Parent, Carole},
journal = {Current Opinion in Cell Biology},
number = {1},
pages = {33 -- 40},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{New paradigms in the establishment and maintenance of gradients during directed cell migration}},
doi = {10.1016/j.ceb.2014.05.010},
volume = {30},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2223,
abstract = {Correct positioning of membrane proteins is an essential process in eukaryotic organisms. The plant hormone auxin is distributed through intercellular transport and triggers various cellular responses. Auxin transporters of the PIN-FORMED (PIN) family localize asymmetrically at the plasma membrane (PM) and mediate the directional transport of auxin between cells. A fungal toxin, brefeldin A (BFA), inhibits a subset of guanine nucleotide exchange factors for ADP-ribosylation factor small GTPases (ARF GEFs) including GNOM, which plays a major role in localization of PIN1 predominantly to the basal side of the PM. The Arabidopsis genome encodes 19 ARF-related putative GTPases. However, ARF components involved in PIN1 localization have been genetically poorly defined. Using a fluorescence imaging-based forward genetic approach, we identified an Arabidopsis mutant, bfa-visualized exocytic trafficking defective1 (bex1), in which PM localization of PIN1-green fluorescent protein (GFP) as well as development is hypersensitive to BFA. We found that in bex1 a member of the ARF1 gene family, ARF1A1C, was mutated. ARF1A1C localizes to the trans-Golgi network/early endosome and Golgi apparatus, acts synergistically to BEN1/MIN7 ARF GEF and is important for PIN recycling to the PM. Consistent with the developmental importance of PIN proteins, functional interference with ARF1 resulted in an impaired auxin response gradient and various developmental defects including embryonic patterning defects and growth arrest. Our results show that ARF1A1C is essential for recycling of PIN auxin transporters and for various auxin-dependent developmental processes.},
author = {Tanaka, Hirokazu and Nodzyński, Tomasz and Kitakura, Saeko and Feraru, Mugurel and Sasabe, Michiko and Ishikawa, Tomomi and Kleine Vehn, Jürgen and Kakimoto, Tatsuo and Friml, Jirí},
issn = {00320781},
journal = {Plant and Cell Physiology},
number = {4},
pages = {737 -- 749},
publisher = {Oxford University Press},
title = {{BEX1/ARF1A1C is required for BFA-sensitive recycling of PIN auxin transporters and auxin-mediated development in arabidopsis}},
doi = {10.1093/pcp/pct196},
volume = {55},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2230,
abstract = {Intracellular electrophysiological recordings provide crucial insights into elementary neuronal signals such as action potentials and synaptic currents. Analyzing and interpreting these signals is essential for a quantitative understanding of neuronal information processing, and requires both fast data visualization and ready access to complex analysis routines. To achieve this goal, we have developed Stimfit, a free software package for cellular neurophysiology with a Python scripting interface and a built-in Python shell. The program supports most standard file formats for cellular neurophysiology and other biomedical signals through the Biosig library. To quantify and interpret the activity of single neurons and communication between neurons, the program includes algorithms to characterize the kinetics of presynaptic action potentials and postsynaptic currents, estimate latencies between pre- and postsynaptic events, and detect spontaneously occurring events. We validate and benchmark these algorithms, give estimation errors, and provide sample use cases, showing that Stimfit represents an efficient, accessible and extensible way to accurately analyze and interpret neuronal signals.},
author = {Guzmán, José and Schlögl, Alois and Schmidt Hieber, Christoph},
issn = {16625196},
journal = {Frontiers in Neuroinformatics},
number = {FEB},
publisher = {Frontiers Research Foundation},
title = {{Stimfit: Quantifying electrophysiological data with Python}},
doi = {10.3389/fninf.2014.00016},
volume = {8},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2235,
abstract = {Emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) pose a risk to human welfare, both directly and indirectly, by affecting managed livestock and wildlife that provide valuable resources and ecosystem services, such as the pollination of crops. Honeybees (Apis mellifera), the prevailing managed insect crop pollinator, suffer from a range of emerging and exotic high-impact pathogens, and population maintenance requires active management by beekeepers to control them. Wild pollinators such as bumblebees (Bombus spp.) are in global decline, one cause of which may be pathogen spillover from managed pollinators like honeybees or commercial colonies of bumblebees. Here we use a combination of infection experiments and landscape-scale field data to show that honeybee EIDs are indeed widespread infectious agents within the pollinator assemblage. The prevalence of deformed wing virus (DWV) and the exotic parasite Nosema ceranae in honeybees and bumblebees is linked; as honeybees have higher DWV prevalence, and sympatric bumblebees and honeybees are infected by the same DWV strains, Apis is the likely source of at least one major EID in wild pollinators. Lessons learned from vertebrates highlight the need for increased pathogen control in managed bee species to maintain wild pollinators, as declines in native pollinators may be caused by interspecies pathogen transmission originating from managed pollinators.},
author = {Fürst, Matthias and Mcmahon, Dino and Osborne, Juliet and Paxton, Robert and Brown, Mark},
issn = {00280836},
journal = {Nature},
number = {7488},
pages = {364 -- 366},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Disease associations between honeybees and bumblebees as a threat to wild pollinators}},
doi = {10.1038/nature12977},
volume = {506},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2242,
abstract = {MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs that play important regulatory roles in many cellular pathways. MiRNAs associate with members of the Argonaute protein family and bind to partially complementary sequences on mRNAs and induce translational repression or mRNA decay. Using deep sequencing and Northern blotting, we characterized miRNA expression in wild type and miR-155-deficient dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages. Analysis of different stimuli (LPS, LDL, eLDL, oxLDL) reveals a direct influence of miR-155 on the expression levels of other miRNAs. For example, miR-455 is negatively regulated in miR-155-deficient cells possibly due to inhibition of the transcription factor C/EBPbeta by miR-155. Based on our comprehensive data sets, we propose a model of hierarchical miRNA expression dominated by miR-155 in DCs and macrophages.},
author = {Dueck, Anne and Eichner, Alexander and Sixt, Michael K and Meister, Gunter},
issn = {00145793},
journal = {FEBS Letters},
number = {4},
pages = {632 -- 640},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{A miR-155-dependent microRNA hierarchy in dendritic cell maturation and macrophage activation}},
doi = {10.1016/j.febslet.2014.01.009},
volume = {588},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2261,
abstract = {To reveal the full potential of human pluripotent stem cells, new methods for rapid, site-specific genomic engineering are needed. Here, we describe a system for precise genetic modification of human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We identified a novel human locus, H11, located in a safe, intergenic, transcriptionally active region of chromosome 22, as the recipient site, to provide robust, ubiquitous expression of inserted genes. Recipient cell lines were established by site-specific placement of a ‘landing pad’ cassette carrying attP sites for phiC31 and Bxb1 integrases at the H11 locus by spontaneous or TALEN-assisted homologous recombination. Dual integrase cassette exchange (DICE) mediated by phiC31 and Bxb1 integrases was used to insert genes of interest flanked by phiC31 and Bxb1 attB sites at the H11 locus, replacing the landing pad. This system provided complete control over content, direction and copy number of inserted genes, with a specificity of 100%. A series of genes, including mCherry and various combinations of the neural transcription factors LMX1a, FOXA2 and OTX2, were inserted in recipient cell lines derived from H9 ESC, as well as iPSC lines derived from a Parkinson’s disease patient and a normal sibling control. The DICE system offers rapid, efficient and precise gene insertion in ESC and iPSC and is particularly well suited for repeated modifications of the same locus.},
author = {Zhu, Fangfang and Gamboa, Matthew and Farruggio, Alfonso and Hippenmeyer, Simon and Tasic, Bosiljka and Schüle, Birgitt and Chen Tsai, Yanru and Calos, Michele},
journal = {Nucleic Acids Research},
number = {5},
publisher = {Oxford University Press},
title = {{DICE, an efficient system for iterative genomic editing in human pluripotent stem cells}},
doi = {10.1093/nar/gkt1290},
volume = {42},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2285,
abstract = {GABAergic inhibitory interneurons control fundamental aspects of neuronal network function. Their functional roles are assumed to be defined by the identity of their input synapses, the architecture of their dendritic tree, the passive and active membrane properties and finally the nature of their postsynaptic targets. Indeed, interneurons display a high degree of morphological and physiological heterogeneity. However, whether their morphological and physiological characteristics are correlated and whether interneuron diversity can be described by a continuum of GABAergic cell types or by distinct classes has remained unclear. Here we perform a detailed morphological and physiological characterization of GABAergic cells in the dentate gyrus, the input region of the hippocampus. To achieve an unbiased and efficient sampling and classification we used knock-in mice expressing the enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) in glutamate decarboxylase 67 (GAD67)-positive neurons and performed cluster analysis. We identified five interneuron classes, each of them characterized by a distinct set of anatomical and physiological parameters. Cross-correlation analysis further revealed a direct relation between morphological and physiological properties indicating that dentate gyrus interneurons fall into functionally distinct classes which may differentially control neuronal network activity.},
author = {Hosp, Jonas and Strüber, Michael and Yanagawa, Yuchio and Obata, Kunihiko and Vida, Imre and Jonas, Peter M and Bartos, Marlene},
journal = {Hippocampus},
number = {2},
pages = {189 -- 203},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Morpho-physiological criteria divide dentate gyrus interneurons into classes}},
doi = {10.1002/hipo.22214},
volume = {23},
year = {2014},
}
@article{252,
abstract = {For any number field k, upper bounds are established for the number of k-rational points of bounded height on non-singular del Pezzo surfaces defined over k, which are equipped with suitable conic bundle structures over k.},
author = {Timothy Browning and Jones, Michael S},
journal = {Acta Arithmetica},
number = {3},
pages = {271 -- 298},
publisher = {Instytut Matematyczny},
title = {{Counting rational points on del Pezzo surfaces with a conic bundle structure}},
doi = {10.4064/aa163-3-6},
volume = {163},
year = {2014},
}
@article{358,
abstract = {Monodispersed Pt3Sn nanoparticles were prepared through a mild thermal synthesis in the presence of surfactants. The performance of Pt3Sn for the electrooxidation of ethanol and adsorbed carbon monoxide (COad) in acid medium was studied by a combination of electrochemical and insitu spectroscopic methods, namely, infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy and differential electrochemical mass spectrometry (DEMS), and the results were compared to those obtained with the use of Pt black. The formation of the Pt3Sn solid solution promoted the oxidation of COad at less-positive potentials than those required for Pt black. Also, the electrooxidation of ethanol, especially at lower potentials, was more favorable with Pt3Sn, as deduced from the higher faradaic currents recorded during the ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR). However, the distribution of products as deduced by DEMS analysis suggested that the formation of C1 products, CO2 inclusive, is less significant on Pt3Sn than on Pt. In fact, the higher faradaic current recorded with the former catalyst can be attributed to the greater amounts of acetaldehyde and acetic acid formed. After the EOR, the surface of both Pt and Pt3Sn remained covered by ethanol adsorbates. Whereas C2 fragments were the main adsorbates at the surface of Pt3Sn after the EOR, both C1 and C2 species remained adsorbed at Pt black.},
author = {Herranz, Tirma and Ibanez, Maria and Gómez de la Fuente, José L and Pérez-Alonso, Francisco J and Peña, Miguel A and Cabot, Andreu and Rojas, Sergio},
journal = {ChemElectroChem},
number = {5},
pages = {885 -- 895},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{In situ study of ethanol electrooxidation on monodispersed Pt inf 3 inf Sn nanoparticles}},
doi = {10.1002/celc.201300254},
volume = {1},
year = {2014},
}
@misc{5417,
abstract = {We define the model-measuring problem: given a model M and specification φ, what is the maximal distance ρ such that all models M'within distance ρ from M satisfy (or violate)φ. The model measuring problem presupposes a distance function on models. We concentrate on automatic distance functions, which are defined by weighted automata.
The model-measuring problem subsumes several generalizations of the classical model-checking problem, in particular, quantitative model-checking problems that measure the degree of satisfaction of a specification, and robustness problems that measure how much a model can be perturbed without violating the specification.
We show that for automatic distance functions, and ω-regular linear-time and branching-time specifications, the model-measuring problem can be solved.
We use automata-theoretic model-checking methods for model measuring, replacing the emptiness question for standard word and tree automata by the optimal-weight question for the weighted versions of these automata. We consider weighted automata that accumulate weights by maximizing, summing, discounting, and limit averaging.
We give several examples of using the model-measuring problem to compute various notions of robustness and quantitative satisfaction for temporal specifications.},
author = {Henzinger, Thomas A and Otop, Jan},
issn = {2664-1690},
pages = {14},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{From model checking to model measuring}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:IST-2014-172-v1-1},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2216,
abstract = {The edit distance between two (untimed) traces is the minimum cost of a sequence of edit operations (insertion, deletion, or substitution) needed to transform one trace to the other. Edit distances have been extensively studied in the untimed setting, and form the basis for approximate matching of sequences in different domains such as coding theory, parsing, and speech recognition. In this paper, we lift the study of edit distances from untimed languages to the timed setting. We define an edit distance between timed words which incorporates both the edit distance between the untimed words and the absolute difference in time stamps. Our edit distance between two timed words is computable in polynomial time. Further, we show that the edit distance between a timed word and a timed language generated by a timed automaton, defined as the edit distance between the word and the closest word in the language, is PSPACE-complete. While computing the edit distance between two timed automata is undecidable, we show that the approximate version, where we decide if the edit distance between two timed automata is either less than a given parameter or more than δ away from the parameter, for δ > 0, can be solved in exponential space and is EXPSPACE-hard. Our definitions and techniques can be generalized to the setting of hybrid systems, and analogous decidability results hold for rectangular automata.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Ibsen-Jensen, Rasmus and Majumdar, Ritankar},
location = {Berlin, Germany},
pages = {303 -- 312},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Edit distance for timed automata}},
doi = {10.1145/2562059.2562141},
year = {2014},
}
@article{6124,
abstract = {Despite the importance of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) their biogenesis is poorly understood. Like vertebrates, C. elegans uses a large family of GPCRs as chemoreceptors. A subset of these receptors, such as ODR-10, requires the odr-4 and odr-8 genes to be appropriately localized to sensory cilia. The odr-4 gene encodes a conserved tail-anchored transmembrane protein; the molecular identity of odr-8 is unknown. Here, we show that odr-8 encodes the C. elegans ortholog of Ufm1-specific protease 2 (UfSP2). UfSPs are cysteine proteases identified biochemically by their ability to liberate the ubiquitin-like modifier Ufm1 from its pro-form and protein conjugates. ODR-8/UfSP2 and ODR-4 are expressed in the same set of twelve chemosensory neurons, and physically interact at the ER membrane. ODR-4 also binds ODR-10, suggesting that an ODR-4/ODR-8 complex promotes GPCR folding, maturation, or export from the ER. The physical interaction between human ODR4 and UfSP2 suggests that this complex's role in GPCR biogenesis may be evolutionarily conserved. Unexpectedly, mutant versions of ODR-8/UfSP2 lacking catalytic residues required for protease activity can rescue all odr-8 mutant phenotypes tested. Moreover, deleting C. elegans ufm-1 does not alter chemoreceptor traffic to cilia, either in wild type or in odr-8 mutants. Thus, UfSP2 proteins have protease- and Ufm1-independent functions in GPCR biogenesis.},
author = {Chen, Changchun and Itakura, Eisuke and Weber, Katherine P. and Hegde, Ramanujan S. and de Bono, Mario},
issn = {1553-7404},
journal = {PLoS Genetics},
number = {3},
publisher = {Public Library of Science (PLoS)},
title = {{An ER complex of ODR-4 and ODR-8/Ufm1 specific protease 2 promotes GPCR maturation by a Ufm1-independent mechanism}},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pgen.1004082},
volume = {10},
year = {2014},
}
@article{6319,
abstract = {Nous étudions le comportement asymptotique du nombre de variétés dans une certaine classe ne satisfaisant pas le principe de Hasse. Cette étude repose sur des résultats récemmentobtenus par Colliot-Thélène.},
author = {Bretèche, Régis de la and Browning, Timothy D},
issn = {1246-7405},
journal = {Journal de Théorie des Nombres de Bordeaux},
number = {1},
pages = {25--44},
publisher = {Cellule MathDoc/CEDRAM},
title = {{Contre-exemples au principe de Hasse pour certains tores coflasques}},
doi = {10.5802/jtnb.857},
volume = {26},
year = {2014},
}
@article{6744,
abstract = {With the aim of extending the coverage and improving the performance of impulse radio ultra-wideband (UWB) systems, this paper focuses on developing a novel single differential encoded decode and forward (DF) non-cooperative relaying scheme (NCR). To favor simple receiver structures, differential noncoherent detection is employed which enables effective energy capture without any channel estimation. Putting emphasis on the general case of multi-hop relaying, we illustrate an original algorithm for the joint power allocation and path selection (JPAPS), minimizing an approximate expression of the overall bit error rate (BER). In particular, after deriving a closed-form power allocation strategy, the optimal path selection is reduced to a shortest path problem on a connected graph, which can be solved without any topology information with complexity O(N 3 ), N being the number of available relays of the network. An approximate scheme is also presented, which reduces the complexity to O(N 2 ) while showing a negligible performance loss, and for benchmarking purposes, an exhaustive-search based multi-hop DF cooperative strategy is derived. Simulation results for various network setups corroborate the effectiveness of the proposed low-complexity JPAPS algorithm, which favorably compares to existing AF and DF relaying methods.},
author = {Mondelli, Marco and Zhou, Qi and Lottici, Vincenzo and Ma, Xiaoli},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications},
number = {3},
pages = {1397--1409},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Joint power allocation and path selection for multi-hop noncoherent decode and forward UWB communications}},
doi = {10.1109/twc.2014.020914.130669},
volume = {13},
year = {2014},
}
@article{7071,
abstract = {Spin and orbital quantum numbers play a key role in the physics of Mott insulators, but in most systems they are connected only indirectly—via the Pauli exclusion principle and the Coulomb interaction. Iridium-based oxides (iridates) introduce strong spin–orbit coupling directly, such that these numbers become entwined together and the Mott physics attains a strong orbital character. In the layered honeycomb iridates this is thought to generate highly spin–anisotropic magnetic interactions, coupling the spin to a given spatial direction of exchange and leading to strongly frustrated magnetism. Here we report a new iridate structure that has the same local connectivity as the layered honeycomb and exhibits striking evidence for highly spin–anisotropic exchange. The basic structural units of this material suggest that a new family of three-dimensional structures could exist, the ‘harmonic honeycomb’ iridates, of which the present compound is the first example.},
author = {Modic, Kimberly A and Smidt, Tess E. and Kimchi, Itamar and Breznay, Nicholas P. and Biffin, Alun and Choi, Sungkyun and Johnson, Roger D. and Coldea, Radu and Watkins-Curry, Pilanda and McCandless, Gregory T. and Chan, Julia Y. and Gandara, Felipe and Islam, Z. and Vishwanath, Ashvin and Shekhter, Arkady and McDonald, Ross D. and Analytis, James G.},
issn = {2041-1723},
journal = {Nature Communications},
publisher = {Springer Science and Business Media LLC},
title = {{Realization of a three-dimensional spin–anisotropic harmonic honeycomb iridate}},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms5203},
volume = {5},
year = {2014},
}
@techreport{7038,
author = {Huszár, Kristóf and Rolinek, Michal},
pages = {5},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Playful Math - An introduction to mathematical games}},
year = {2014},
}
@article{865,
abstract = {Research on existing drugs often discovers novel mechanisms of their action and leads to the expansion of their therapeutic scope and subsequent remarketing. The Wnt signaling pathway is of the immediate therapeutic relevance, as it plays critical roles in cancer development and progression. However, drugs which disrupt this pathway are unavailable despite the high demand. Here we report an attempt to identify antagonists of the Wnt-FZD interaction among the library of the FDA-approved drugs. We performed an in silico screening which brought up several potential antagonists of the ligand-receptor interaction. 14 of these substances were tested using the TopFlash luciferase reporter assay and four of them identified as active and specific inhibitors of the Wnt3a-induced signaling. However, further analysis through GTP-binding and β-catenin stabilization assays showed that the compounds do not target the Wnt-FZD pair, but inhibit the signaling at downstream levels. We further describe the previously unknown inhibitory activity of an anti-leprosy drug clofazimine in the Wnt pathway and provide data demonstrating its efficiency in suppressing growth of Wnt-dependent triple-negative breast cancer cells. These data provide a basis for further investigations of the efficiency of clofazimine in treatment of Wnt-dependent cancers.},
author = {Koval, Alexey V and Vlasov, Peter K and Shichkova, Polina and Khunderyakova, S and Markov, Yury and Panchenko, J and Volodina, A and Fyodor Kondrashov and Katanaev, Vladimir L},
journal = {Biochemical Pharmacology},
number = {4},
pages = {571 -- 578},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Anti leprosy drug clofazimine inhibits growth of triple-negative breast cancer cells via inhibition of canonical Wnt signaling}},
doi = {10.1016/j.bcp.2013.12.007},
volume = {87},
year = {2014},
}
@article{769,
abstract = {This article presents the first tight bounds on the time complexity of shared-memory renaming, a fundamental problem in distributed computing in which a set of processes need to pick distinct identifiers from a small namespace. We first prove an individual lower bound of ω(k) process steps for deterministic renaming into any namespace of size subexponential in k, where k is the number of participants. The bound is tight: it draws an exponential separation between deterministic and randomized solutions, and implies new tight bounds for deterministic concurrent fetch-and-increment counters, queues, and stacks. The proof is based on a new reduction from renaming to another fundamental problem in distributed computing: mutual exclusion. We complement this individual bound with a global lower bound of ω(klog(k/c)) on the total step complexity of renaming into a namespace of size ck, for any c = 1. This result applies to randomized algorithms against a strong adversary, and helps derive new global lower bounds for randomized approximate counter implementations, that are tight within logarithmic factors. On the algorithmic side, we give a protocol that transforms any sorting network into a randomized strong adaptive renaming algorithm, with expected cost equal to the depth of the sorting network. This gives a tight adaptive renaming algorithm with expected step complexity O(log k), where k is the contention in the current execution. This algorithm is the first to achieve sublinear time, and it is time-optimal as per our randomized lower bound. Finally, we use this renaming protocol to build monotone-consistent counters with logarithmic step complexity and linearizable fetch-and-increment registers with polylogarithmic cost.},
author = {Alistarh, Dan and Aspnes, James and Censor-Hillel, Keren and Gilbert, Seth and Guerraoui, Rachid},
journal = {Journal of the ACM},
number = {3},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Tight bounds for asynchronous renaming}},
doi = {10.1145/2597630},
volume = {61},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{771,
abstract = {We consider the following natural problem: n failure-prone servers, communicating synchronously through message passing, must assign themselves one-to-one to n distinct items. Existing literature suggests two possible approaches to this problem. First, model it as an instance of tight renaming in synchronous message-passing systems; for deterministic solutions, a tight bound of ©(logn) communication rounds is known. Second, model the scenario as an instance of randomized load-balancing, for which elegant sub-logarithmic solutions exist. However, careful examination reveals that known load-balancing schemes do not apply to our scenario, because they either do not tolerate faults or do not ensure one-to-one allocation. It is thus natural to ask if sublogarithmic solutions exist for this apparently simple but intriguing problem. In this paper, we combine the two approaches to provide a new randomized solution for tight renaming, which terminates in O (log log n) communication rounds with high probability, against a strong adaptive adversary. Our solution, called Balls-into-Leaves, combines the deterministic approach with a new randomized scheme to obtain perfectly balanced allocations. The algorithm arranges the items as leaves of a tree, and participants repeatedly perform random choices among the leaves. The algorithm exchanges information in each round to split the participants into progressively smaller groups whose random choices do not conflict. We then extend the algorithm to terminate early in O(log log) rounds w.h.p., where is the actual number of failures. These results imply an exponential separation between deterministic and randomized algorithms for the tight renaming problem in message-passing systems.},
author = {Alistarh, Dan and Denysyuk, Oksana and Rodrígues, Luís E and Shavit, Nir N},
pages = {232 -- 241},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Balls-into-Leaves: Sub-logarithmic renaming in synchronous message-passing systems}},
doi = {10.1145/2611462.2611499},
year = {2014},
}
@article{978,
abstract = {The newly discovered topological crystalline insulators feature a complex band structure involving multiple Dirac cones, and are potentially highly tunable by external electric field, temperature or strain. Theoretically, it has been predicted that the various Dirac cones, which are offset in energy and momentum, might harbour vastly different orbital character. However, their orbital texture, which is of immense importance in determining a variety of a materialâ €™ s properties remains elusive. Here, we unveil the orbital texture of Pb 1â ̂'x Sn x Se, a prototypical topological crystalline insulator. By using Fourier-transform scanning tunnelling spectroscopy we measure the interference patterns produced by the scattering of surface-state electrons. We discover that the intensity and energy dependences of the Fourier transforms show distinct characteristics, which can be directly attributed to orbital effects. Our experiments reveal a complex band topology involving two Lifshitz transitions and establish the orbital nature of the Dirac bands, which could provide an alternative pathway towards future quantum applications.},
author = {Zeljkovic, Ilija and Okada, Yoshinori and Huang, Chengyi and Sankar, Raman and Walkup, Daniel and Zhou, Wenwen and Maksym Serbyn and Chou, Fangcheng and Tsai, Wei-Feng and Lin, Hsin and Bansil, Arun and Fu, Liang and Hasan, Md Z and Madhavan, Vidya},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = {8},
pages = {572 -- 577},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Mapping the unconventional orbital texture in topological crystalline insulators}},
doi = {10.1038/nphys3012},
volume = {10},
year = {2014},
}
@article{98,
abstract = {Relaxation and dephasing of hole spins are measured in a gate-defined Ge/Si nanowire double quantum dot using a fast pulsed-gate method and dispersive readout. An inhomogeneous dephasing time T2* ∼ 0.18 μs exceeds corresponding measurements in III-V semiconductors by more than an order of magnitude, as expected for predominately nuclear-spin-free materials. Dephasing is observed to be exponential in time, indicating the presence of a broadband noise source, rather than Gaussian, previously seen in systems with nuclear-spin-dominated dephasing.},
author = {Higginbotham, Andrew P and Larsen, Thorvald and Yao, Jun and Yan, Hao and Lieber, Charles and Marcus, Charles and Kuemmeth, Ferdinand},
journal = {Nano Letters},
number = {6},
pages = {3582 -- 3586},
publisher = {American Chemical Society},
title = {{Hole spin coherence in a Ge/Si heterostructure nanowire}},
doi = {10.1021/nl501242b},
volume = {14},
year = {2014},
}
@article{980,
abstract = {Many-body localized (MBL) systems are characterized by the absence of transport and thermalization and, therefore, cannot be described by conventional statistical mechanics. In this paper, using analytic arguments and numerical simulations, we study the behavior of local observables in an isolated MBL system following a quantum quench. For the case of a global quench, we find that the local observables reach stationary, highly nonthermal values at long times as a result of slow dephasing characteristic of the MBL phase. These stationary values retain the local memory of the initial state due to the existence of local integrals of motion in the MBL phase. The temporal fluctuations around stationary values exhibit universal power-law decay in time, with an exponent set by the localization length and the diagonal entropy of the initial state. Such a power-law decay holds for any local observable and is related to the logarithmic in time growth of entanglement in the MBL phase. This behavior distinguishes the MBL phase from both the Anderson insulator (where no stationary state is reached) and from the ergodic phase (where relaxation is expected to be exponential). For the case of a local quench, we also find a power-law approach of local observables to their stationary values when the system is prepared in a mixed state. Quench protocols considered in this paper can be naturally implemented in systems of ultracold atoms in disordered optical lattices, and the behavior of local observables provides a direct experimental signature of many-body localization.},
author = {Maksym Serbyn and Papić, Zlatko and Abanin, Dmitry A},
journal = {Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = {17},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Quantum quenches in the many-body localized phase}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174302},
volume = {90},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{1869,
abstract = {Boolean controllers for systems with complex datapaths are often very difficult to implement correctly, in particular when concurrency is involved. Yet, in many instances it is easy to formally specify correctness. For example, the specification for the controller of a pipelined processor only has to state that the pipelined processor gives the same results as a non-pipelined reference design. This makes such controllers a good target for automated synthesis. However, an efficient abstraction for the complex datapath elements is needed, as a bit-precise description is often infeasible. We present Suraq, the first controller synthesis tool which uses uninterpreted functions for the abstraction. Quantified firstorder formulas (with specific quantifier structure) serve as the specification language from which Suraq synthesizes Boolean controllers. Suraq transforms the specification into an unsatisfiable SMT formula, and uses Craig interpolation to compute its results. Using Suraq, we were able to synthesize a controller (consisting of two Boolean signals) for a five-stage pipelined DLX processor in roughly one hour and 15 minutes.},
author = {Hofferek, Georg and Gupta, Ashutosh},
booktitle = {HVC 2014},
editor = {Yahav, Eran},
location = {Haifa, Israel},
pages = {68 -- 74},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Suraq - a controller synthesis tool using uninterpreted functions}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-13338-6_6},
volume = {8855},
year = {2014},
}
@misc{5424,
abstract = {We consider partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs), that are a standard framework for robotics applications to model uncertainties present in the real world, with temporal logic specifications. All temporal logic specifications in linear-time temporal logic (LTL) can be expressed as parity objectives. We study the qualitative analysis problem for POMDPs with parity objectives that asks whether there is a controller (policy) to ensure that the objective holds with probability 1 (almost-surely). While the qualitative analysis of POMDPs with parity objectives is undecidable, recent results show that when restricted to finite-memory policies the problem is EXPTIME-complete. While the problem is intractable in theory, we present a practical approach to solve the qualitative analysis problem. We designed several heuristics to deal with the exponential complexity, and have used our implementation on a number of well-known POMDP examples for robotics applications. Our results provide the first practical approach to solve the qualitative analysis of robot motion planning with LTL properties in the presence of uncertainty.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Chmelik, Martin and Gupta, Raghav and Kanodia, Ayush},
issn = {2664-1690},
pages = {12},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Qualitative analysis of POMDPs with temporal logic specifications for robotics applications}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:IST-2014-305-v1-1},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2026,
abstract = {We present a tool for translating LTL formulae into deterministic ω-automata. It is the first tool that covers the whole LTL that does not use Safra’s determinization or any of its variants. This leads to smaller automata. There are several outputs of the tool: firstly, deterministic Rabin automata, which are the standard input for probabilistic model checking, e.g. for the probabilistic model-checker PRISM; secondly, deterministic generalized Rabin automata, which can also be used for probabilistic model checking and are sometimes by orders of magnitude smaller. We also link our tool to PRISM and show that this leads to a significant speed-up of probabilistic LTL model checking, especially with the generalized Rabin automata.},
author = {Komárková, Zuzana and Kretinsky, Jan},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
editor = {Cassez, Franck and Raskin, Jean-François},
location = {Sydney, Australia},
pages = {235 -- 241},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Rabinizer 3: Safraless translation of ltl to small deterministic automata}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-11936-6_17},
volume = {8837},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{1903,
abstract = {We consider two-player zero-sum partial-observation stochastic games on graphs. Based on the information available to the players these games can be classified as follows: (a) general partial-observation (both players have partial view of the game); (b) one-sided partial-observation (one player has partial-observation and the other player has complete-observation); and (c) perfect-observation (both players have complete view of the game). The one-sided partial-observation games subsumes the important special case of one-player partial-observation stochastic games (or partial-observation Markov decision processes (POMDPs)). Based on the randomization available for the strategies, (a) the players may not be allowed to use randomization (pure strategies), or (b) they may choose a probability distribution over actions but the actual random choice is external and not visible to the player (actions invisible), or (c) they may use full randomization. We consider all these classes of games with reachability, and parity objectives that can express all ω-regular objectives. The analysis problems are classified into the qualitative analysis that asks for the existence of a strategy that ensures the objective with probability 1; and the quantitative analysis that asks for the existence of a strategy that ensures the objective with probability at least λ (0,1). In this talk we will cover a wide range of results: for perfect-observation games; for POMDPs; for one-sided partial-observation games; and for general partial-observation games.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu},
location = {Budapest, Hungary},
number = {PART 1},
pages = {1 -- 4},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Partial-observation stochastic reachability and parity games}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-44522-8_1},
volume = {8634},
year = {2014},
}
@misc{5412,
abstract = {We consider Markov decision processes (MDPs) which are a standard model for probabilistic systems. We focus on qualitative properties for MDPs that can express that desired behaviors of the system arise almost-surely (with probability 1) or with positive probability.
We introduce a new simulation relation to capture the refinement relation of MDPs with respect to qualitative properties, and present discrete graph theoretic algorithms with quadratic complexity to compute the simulation relation.
We present an automated technique for assume-guarantee style reasoning for compositional analysis of MDPs with qualitative properties by giving a counter-example guided abstraction-refinement approach to compute our new simulation relation. We have implemented our algorithms and show that the compositional analysis leads to significant improvements. },
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Daca, Przemyslaw and Chmelik, Martin},
issn = {2664-1690},
pages = {31},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{CEGAR for qualitative analysis of probabilistic systems}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:IST-2014-153-v1-1},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2254,
abstract = {Theta-gamma network oscillations are thought to represent key reference signals for information processing in neuronal ensembles, but the underlying synaptic mechanisms remain unclear. To address this question, we performed whole-cell (WC) patch-clamp recordings from mature hippocampal granule cells (GCs) in vivo in the dentate gyrus of anesthetized and awake rats. GCs in vivo fired action potentials at low frequency, consistent with sparse coding in the dentate gyrus. GCs were exposed to barrages of fast AMPAR-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs), primarily relayed from the entorhinal cortex, and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs), presumably generated by local interneurons. EPSCs exhibited coherence with the field potential predominantly in the theta frequency band, whereas IPSCs showed coherence primarily in the gamma range. Action potentials in GCs were phase locked to network oscillations. Thus, theta-gamma-modulated synaptic currents may provide a framework for sparse temporal coding of information in the dentate gyrus.},
author = {Pernia-Andrade, Alejandro and Jonas, Peter M},
issn = {08966273},
journal = {Neuron},
number = {1},
pages = {140 -- 152},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Theta-gamma-modulated synaptic currents in hippocampal granule cells in vivo define a mechanism for network oscillations}},
doi = {10.1016/j.neuron.2013.09.046},
volume = {81},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2228,
abstract = {Fast-spiking, parvalbumin-expressing GABAergic interneurons, a large proportion of which are basket cells (BCs), have a key role in feedforward and feedback inhibition, gamma oscillations and complex information processing. For these functions, fast propagation of action potentials (APs) from the soma to the presynaptic terminals is important. However, the functional properties of interneuron axons remain elusive. We examined interneuron axons by confocally targeted subcellular patch-clamp recording in rat hippocampal slices. APs were initiated in the proximal axon ∼20 μm from the soma and propagated to the distal axon with high reliability and speed. Subcellular mapping revealed a stepwise increase of Na^+ conductance density from the soma to the proximal axon, followed by a further gradual increase in the distal axon. Active cable modeling and experiments with partial channel block revealed that low axonal Na^+ conductance density was sufficient for reliability, but high Na^+ density was necessary for both speed of propagation and fast-spiking AP phenotype. Our results suggest that a supercritical density of Na^+ channels compensates for the morphological properties of interneuron axons (small segmental diameter, extensive branching and high bouton density), ensuring fast AP propagation and high-frequency repetitive firing.},
author = {Hu, Hua and Jonas, Peter M},
issn = {10976256},
journal = {Nature Neuroscience},
number = {5},
pages = {686--693},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{A supercritical density of Na^+ channels ensures fast signaling in GABAergic interneuron axons}},
doi = {10.1038/nn.3678},
volume = {17},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2716,
abstract = {Multi-dimensional mean-payoff and energy games provide the mathematical foundation for the quantitative study of reactive systems, and play a central role in the emerging quantitative theory of verification and synthesis. In this work, we study the strategy synthesis problem for games with such multi-dimensional objectives along with a parity condition, a canonical way to express ω ω -regular conditions. While in general, the winning strategies in such games may require infinite memory, for synthesis the most relevant problem is the construction of a finite-memory winning strategy (if one exists). Our main contributions are as follows. First, we show a tight exponential bound (matching upper and lower bounds) on the memory required for finite-memory winning strategies in both multi-dimensional mean-payoff and energy games along with parity objectives. This significantly improves the triple exponential upper bound for multi energy games (without parity) that could be derived from results in literature for games on vector addition systems with states. Second, we present an optimal symbolic and incremental algorithm to compute a finite-memory winning strategy (if one exists) in such games. Finally, we give a complete characterization of when finite memory of strategies can be traded off for randomness. In particular, we show that for one-dimension mean-payoff parity games, randomized memoryless strategies are as powerful as their pure finite-memory counterparts.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Randour, Mickael and Raskin, Jean},
journal = {Acta Informatica},
number = {3-4},
pages = {129 -- 163},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Strategy synthesis for multi-dimensional quantitative objectives}},
doi = {10.1007/s00236-013-0182-6},
volume = {51},
year = {2014},
}
@phdthesis{1403,
abstract = {A variety of developmental and disease related processes depend on epithelial cell sheet spreading. In order to gain insight into the biophysical mechanism(s) underlying the tissue morphogenesis we studied the spreading of an epithelium during the early development of the zebrafish embryo. In zebrafish epiboly the enveloping cell layer (EVL), a simple squamous epithelium, spreads over the yolk cell to completely engulf it at the end of gastrulation. Previous studies have proposed that an actomyosin ring forming within the yolk syncytial layer (YSL) acts as purse string that through constriction along its circumference pulls on the margin of the EVL. Direct biophysical evidence for this hypothesis has however been missing. The aim of the thesis was to understand how the actomyosin ring may generate pulling forces onto the EVL and what cellular mechanism(s) may facilitate the spreading of the epithelium. Using laser ablation to measure cortical tension within the actomyosin ring we found an anisotropic tension distribution, which was highest along the circumference of the ring. However the low degree of anisotropy was incompatible with the actomyosin ring functioning as a purse string only. Additionally, we observed retrograde cortical flow from vegetal parts of the ring into the EVL margin. Interpreting the experimental data using a theoretical distribution that models the tissues as active viscous gels led us to proposen that the actomyosin ring has a twofold contribution to EVL epiboly. It not only acts as a purse string through constriction along its circumference, but in addition constriction along the width of the ring generates pulling forces through friction-resisted cortical flow. Moreover, when rendering the purse string mechanism unproductive EVL epiboly proceeded normally indicating that the flow-friction mechanism is sufficient to drive the process. Aiming to understand what cellular mechanism(s) may facilitate the spreading of the epithelium we found that tension-oriented EVL cell divisions limit tissue anisotropy by releasing tension along the division axis and promote epithelial spreading. Notably, EVL cells undergo ectopic cell fusion in conditions in which oriented-cell division is impaired or the epithelium is mechanically challenged. Taken together our study of EVL epiboly suggests a novel mechanism of force generation for actomyosin rings through friction-resisted cortical flow and highlights the importance of tension-oriented cell divisions in epithelial morphogenesis.},
author = {Behrndt, Martin},
pages = {91},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Forces driving epithelial spreading in zebrafish epiboly}},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2141,
abstract = {The computation of the winning set for Büchi objectives in alternating games on graphs is a central problem in computer-aided verification with a large number of applications. The long-standing best known upper bound for solving the problem is Õ(n ⋅ m), where n is the number of vertices and m is the number of edges in the graph. We are the first to break the Õ(n ⋅ m) boundary by presenting a new technique that reduces the running time to O(n2). This bound also leads to O(n2)-time algorithms for computing the set of almost-sure winning vertices for Büchi objectives (1) in alternating games with probabilistic transitions (improving an earlier bound of Õ(n ⋅ m)), (2) in concurrent graph games with constant actions (improving an earlier bound of O(n3)), and (3) in Markov decision processes (improving for m>n4/3 an earlier bound of O(m ⋅ √m)). We then show how to maintain the winning set for Büchi objectives in alternating games under a sequence of edge insertions or a sequence of edge deletions in O(n) amortized time per operation. Our algorithms are the first dynamic algorithms for this problem. We then consider another core graph theoretic problem in verification of probabilistic systems, namely computing the maximal end-component decomposition of a graph. We present two improved static algorithms for the maximal end-component decomposition problem. Our first algorithm is an O(m ⋅ √m)-time algorithm, and our second algorithm is an O(n2)-time algorithm which is obtained using the same technique as for alternating Büchi games. Thus, we obtain an O(min &lcu;m ⋅ √m,n2})-time algorithm improving the long-standing O(n ⋅ m) time bound. Finally, we show how to maintain the maximal end-component decomposition of a graph under a sequence of edge insertions or a sequence of edge deletions in O(n) amortized time per edge deletion, and O(m) worst-case time per edge insertion. Again, our algorithms are the first dynamic algorithms for this problem.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Henzinger, Monika},
journal = {Journal of the ACM},
number = {3},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Efficient and dynamic algorithms for alternating Büchi games and maximal end-component decomposition}},
doi = {10.1145/2597631},
volume = {61},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2211,
abstract = {In two-player finite-state stochastic games of partial observation on graphs, in every state of the graph, the players simultaneously choose an action, and their joint actions determine a probability distribution over the successor states. The game is played for infinitely many rounds and thus the players construct an infinite path in the graph. We consider reachability objectives where the first player tries to ensure a target state to be visited almost-surely (i.e., with probability 1) or positively (i.e., with positive probability), no matter the strategy of the second player. We classify such games according to the information and to the power of randomization available to the players. On the basis of information, the game can be one-sided with either (a) player 1, or (b) player 2 having partial observation (and the other player has perfect observation), or two-sided with (c) both players having partial observation. On the basis of randomization, (a) the players may not be allowed to use randomization (pure strategies), or (b) they may choose a probability distribution over actions but the actual random choice is external and not visible to the player (actions invisible), or (c) they may use full randomization. Our main results for pure strategies are as follows: (1) For one-sided games with player 2 having perfect observation we show that (in contrast to full randomized strategies) belief-based (subset-construction based) strategies are not sufficient, and we present an exponential upper bound on memory both for almost-sure and positive winning strategies; we show that the problem of deciding the existence of almost-sure and positive winning strategies for player 1 is EXPTIME-complete and present symbolic algorithms that avoid the explicit exponential construction. (2) For one-sided games with player 1 having perfect observation we show that nonelementarymemory is both necessary and sufficient for both almost-sure and positive winning strategies. (3) We show that for the general (two-sided) case finite-memory strategies are sufficient for both positive and almost-sure winning, and at least nonelementary memory is required. We establish the equivalence of the almost-sure winning problems for pure strategies and for randomized strategies with actions invisible. Our equivalence result exhibit serious flaws in previous results of the literature: we show a nonelementary memory lower bound for almost-sure winning whereas an exponential upper bound was previously claimed.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Doyen, Laurent},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)},
number = {2},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Partial-observation stochastic games: How to win when belief fails}},
doi = {10.1145/2579821},
volume = {15},
year = {2014},
}
@article{7300,
abstract = {Photoinduced electron transfer (PET), which causes pH-dependent quenching of fluorescent dyes, is more effectively introduced by phenolic groups than by amino groups which have been much more commonly used so far. That is demonstrated by fluorescence measurements involving several classes of fluorophores. Electrochemical measurements show that PET in several amino-modified dyes is thermodynamically favorable, even though it was not experimentally found, underlining the importance of kinetic aspects to the process. Consequently, the attachment of phenolic groups allows for fast and simple preparation of a wide selection of fluorescent pH-probes with tailor-made spectral properties, sensitive ranges, and individual advantages, so that a large number of applications can be realized. Fluorophores carrying phenolic groups may also be used for sensing analytes other than pH or molecular switching and signaling.},
author = {Aigner, Daniel and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander and Wilkening, Martin and Saf, Robert and Borisov, Sergey M. and Klimant, Ingo},
issn = {0003-2700},
journal = {Analytical Chemistry},
number = {18},
pages = {9293--9300},
publisher = {ACS},
title = {{Enhancing photoinduced electron transfer efficiency of fluorescent pH-probes with halogenated phenols}},
doi = {10.1021/ac502513g},
volume = {86},
year = {2014},
}
@article{7305,
abstract = {When lithium–oxygen batteries discharge, O2 is reduced at the cathode to form solid Li2O2. Understanding the fundamental mechanism of O2 reduction in aprotic solvents is therefore essential to realizing their technological potential. Two different models have been proposed for Li2O2 formation, involving either solution or electrode surface routes. Here, we describe a single unified mechanism, which, unlike previous models, can explain O2 reduction across the whole range of solvents and for which the two previous models are limiting cases. We observe that the solvent influences O2 reduction through its effect on the solubility of LiO2, or, more precisely, the free energy of the reaction LiO2* ⇌ Li(sol)+ + O2−(sol) + ion pairs + higher aggregates (clusters). The unified mechanism shows that low-donor-number solvents are likely to lead to premature cell death, and that the future direction of research for lithium–oxygen batteries should focus on the search for new, stable, high-donor-number electrolytes, because they can support higher capacities and can better sustain discharge.},
author = {Johnson, Lee and Li, Chunmei and Liu, Zheng and Chen, Yuhui and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander and Ashok, Praveen C. and Praveen, Bavishna B. and Dholakia, Kishan and Tarascon, Jean-Marie and Bruce, Peter G.},
issn = {1755-4330},
journal = {Nature Chemistry},
number = {12},
pages = {1091--1099},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{The role of LiO2 solubility in O2 reduction in aprotic solvents and its consequences for Li–O2 batteries}},
doi = {10.1038/nchem.2101},
volume = {6},
year = {2014},
}
@article{7773,
abstract = {For more than a century, physicists have described real solids in terms of perturbations about perfect crystalline order1. Such an approach takes us only so far: a glass, another ubiquitous form of rigid matter, cannot be described in any meaningful sense as a defected crystal2. Is there an opposite extreme to a crystal—a solid with complete disorder—that forms an alternative starting point for understanding real materials? Here, we argue that the solid comprising particles with finite-ranged interactions at the jamming transition3,4,5 constitutes such a limit. It has been shown that the physics associated with this transition can be extended to interactions that are long ranged6. We demonstrate that jamming physics is not restricted to amorphous systems, but dominates the behaviour of solids with surprisingly high order. Just as the free-electron and tight-binding models represent two idealized cases from which to understand electronic structure1, we identify two extreme limits of mechanical behaviour. Thus, the physics of jamming can be set side by side with the physics of crystals to provide an organizing structure for understanding the mechanical properties of solids over the entire spectrum of disorder.},
author = {Goodrich, Carl Peter and Liu, Andrea J. and Nagel, Sidney R.},
issn = {1745-2473},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = {8},
pages = {578--581},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Solids between the mechanical extremes of order and disorder}},
doi = {10.1038/nphys3006},
volume = {10},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2038,
abstract = {Recently, there has been an effort to add quantitative objectives to formal verification and synthesis. We introduce and investigate the extension of temporal logics with quantitative atomic assertions. At the heart of quantitative objectives lies the accumulation of values along a computation. It is often the accumulated sum, as with energy objectives, or the accumulated average, as with mean-payoff objectives. We investigate the extension of temporal logics with the prefix-accumulation assertions Sum(v) ≥ c and Avg(v) ≥ c, where v is a numeric (or Boolean) variable of the system, c is a constant rational number, and Sum(v) and Avg(v) denote the accumulated sum and average of the values of v from the beginning of the computation up to the current point in time. We also allow the path-accumulation assertions LimInfAvg(v) ≥ c and LimSupAvg(v) ≥ c, referring to the average value along an entire infinite computation. We study the border of decidability for such quantitative extensions of various temporal logics. In particular, we show that extending the fragment of CTL that has only the EX, EF, AX, and AG temporal modalities with both prefix-accumulation assertions, or extending LTL with both path-accumulation assertions, results in temporal logics whose model-checking problem is decidable. Moreover, the prefix-accumulation assertions may be generalized with "controlled accumulation," allowing, for example, to specify constraints on the average waiting time between a request and a grant. On the negative side, we show that this branching-time logic is, in a sense, the maximal logic with one or both of the prefix-accumulation assertions that permits a decidable model-checking procedure. Extending a temporal logic that has the EG or EU modalities, such as CTL or LTL, makes the problem undecidable.},
author = {Boker, Udi and Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Henzinger, Thomas A and Kupferman, Orna},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)},
number = {4},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Temporal specifications with accumulative values}},
doi = {10.1145/2629686},
volume = {15},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2189,
abstract = {En apprentissage automatique, nous parlons d'adaptation de domaine lorsque les données de test (cibles) et d'apprentissage (sources) sont générées selon différentes distributions. Nous devons donc développer des algorithmes de classification capables de s'adapter à une nouvelle distribution, pour laquelle aucune information sur les étiquettes n'est disponible. Nous attaquons cette problématique sous l'angle de l'approche PAC-Bayésienne qui se focalise sur l'apprentissage de modèles définis comme des votes de majorité sur un ensemble de fonctions. Dans ce contexte, nous introduisons PV-MinCq une version adaptative de l'algorithme (non adaptatif) MinCq. PV-MinCq suit le principe suivant. Nous transférons les étiquettes sources aux points cibles proches pour ensuite appliquer MinCq sur l'échantillon cible ``auto-étiqueté'' (justifié par une borne théorique). Plus précisément, nous définissons un auto-étiquetage non itératif qui se focalise dans les régions où les distributions marginales source et cible sont les plus similaires. Dans un second temps, nous étudions l'influence de notre auto-étiquetage pour en déduire une procédure de validation des hyperparamètres. Finalement, notre approche montre des résultats empiriques prometteurs.},
author = {Morvant, Emilie},
location = {Saint-Etienne, France},
pages = {49--58},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Adaptation de domaine de vote de majorité par auto-étiquetage non itératif}},
volume = {1},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{1516,
abstract = {We present a rigorous derivation of the BCS gap equation for superfluid fermionic gases with point interactions. Our starting point is the BCS energy functional, whose minimizer we investigate in the limit when the range of the interaction potential goes to zero.
},
author = {Bräunlich, Gerhard and Hainzl, Christian and Seiringer, Robert},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the QMath12 Conference},
location = {Berlin, Germany},
pages = {127 -- 137},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{On the BCS gap equation for superfluid fermionic gases}},
doi = {10.1142/9789814618144_0007 },
year = {2014},
}
@article{2083,
abstract = {Understanding the effects of sex and migration on adaptation to novel environments remains a key problem in evolutionary biology. Using a single-cell alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, we investigated how sex and migration affected rates of evolutionary rescue in a sink environment, and subsequent changes in fitness following evolutionary rescue. We show that sex and migration affect both the rate of evolutionary rescue and subsequent adaptation. However, their combined effects change as the populations adapt to a sink habitat. Both sex and migration independently increased rates of evolutionary rescue, but the effect of sex on subsequent fitness improvements, following initial rescue, changed with migration, as sex was beneficial in the absence of migration but constraining adaptation when combined with migration. These results suggest that sex and migration are beneficial during the initial stages of adaptation, but can become detrimental as the population adapts to its environment.},
author = {Lagator, Mato and Morgan, Andrew and Neve, Paul and Colegrave, Nick},
journal = {Evolution},
number = {8},
pages = {2296 -- 2305},
publisher = {Wiley},
title = {{Role of sex and migration in adaptation to sink environments}},
doi = {10.1111/evo.12440},
volume = {68},
year = {2014},
}
@article{119,
abstract = {Observations of flowing granular matter have suggested that same-material tribocharging depends on particle size, typically rendering large grains positive and small ones negative. Models assuming the transfer of trapped electrons can account for this trend, but have not been validated. Tracking individual grains in an electric field, we show quantitatively that charge is transferred based on size between materially identical grains. However, the surface density of trapped electrons, measured independently by thermoluminescence techniques, is orders of magnitude too small to account for the scale of charge transferred. This reveals that trapped electrons are not a necessary ingredient for same-material tribocharging.},
author = {Waitukaitis, Scott R and Lee, Victor and Pierson, James and Forman, Steven and Jaeger, Heinrich},
journal = {APS Physics, Physical Review Letters},
number = {21},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Size-dependent same-material tribocharging in insulating grains}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.112.218001},
volume = {112},
year = {2014},
}
@phdthesis{1404,
abstract = {The co-evolution of hosts and pathogens is characterized by continuous adaptations of both parties. Pathogens of social insects need to adapt towards disease defences at two levels: 1) individual immunity of each colony member consisting of behavioural defence strategies as well as humoral and cellular immune responses and 2) social immunity that is collectively performed by all group members comprising behavioural, physiological and organisational defence strategies.
To disentangle the selection pressure on pathogens by the collective versus individual level of disease defence in social insects, we performed an evolution experiment using the Argentine Ant, Linepithema humile, as a host and a mixture of the general insect pathogenic fungus Metarhizium spp. (6 strains) as a pathogen. We allowed pathogen evolution over 10 serial host passages to two different evolution host treatments: (1) only individual host immunity in a single host treatment, and (2) simultaneously acting individual and social immunity in a social host treatment, in which an exposed ant was accompanied by two untreated nestmates.
Before starting the pathogen evolution experiment, the 6 Metarhizium spp. strains were characterised concerning conidiospore size killing rates in singly and socially reared ants, their competitiveness under coinfecting conditions and their influence on ant behaviour. We analysed how the ancestral atrain mixture changed in conidiospere size, killing rate and strain composition dependent on host treatment (single or social hosts) during 10 passages and found that killing rate and conidiospere size of the pathogen increased under both evolution regimes, but different depending on host treatment.
Testing the evolved strain mixtures that evolved under either the single or social host treatment under both single and social current rearing conditions in a full factorial design experiment revealed that the additional collective defences in insect societies add new selection pressure for their coevolving pathogens that compromise their ability to adapt to its host at the group level. To our knowledge, this is the first study directly measuring the influence of social immunity on pathogen evolution.},
author = {Stock, Miriam},
pages = {101},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Evolution of a fungal pathogen towards individual versus social immunity in ants}},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{1702,
abstract = {In this paper we present INTERHORN, a solver for recursion-free Horn clauses. The main application domain of INTERHORN lies in solving interpolation problems arising in software verification. We show how a range of interpolation problems, including path, transition, nested, state/transition and well-founded interpolation can be handled directly by INTERHORN. By detailing these interpolation problems and their Horn clause representations, we hope to encourage the emergence of a common back-end interpolation interface useful for diverse verification tools.},
author = {Gupta, Ashutosh and Popeea, Corneliu and Rybalchenko, Andrey},
booktitle = {Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science, EPTCS},
location = {Vienna, Austria},
pages = {31 -- 38},
publisher = {Open Publishing},
title = {{Generalised interpolation by solving recursion free-horn clauses}},
doi = {10.4204/EPTCS.169.5},
volume = {169},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1822,
author = {Jakšić, Vojkan and Pillet, Claude and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Journal of Mathematical Physics},
number = {7},
publisher = {American Institute of Physics},
title = {{Introduction}},
doi = {10.1063/1.4884877},
volume = {55},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{1853,
abstract = {Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) composed of low-power, low-cost sensor nodes are expected to form the backbone of future intelligent networks for a broad range of civil, industrial and military applications. These sensor nodes are often deployed through random spreading, and function in dynamic environments. Many applications of WSNs such as pollution tracking, forest fire detection, and military surveillance require knowledge of the location of constituent nodes. But the use of technologies such as GPS on all nodes is prohibitive due to power and cost constraints. So, the sensor nodes need to autonomously determine their locations. Most localization techniques use anchor nodes with known locations to determine the position of remaining nodes. Localization techniques have two conflicting requirements. On one hand, an ideal localization technique should be computationally simple and on the other hand, it must be resistant to attacks that compromise anchor nodes. In this paper, we propose a computationally light-weight game theoretic secure localization technique and demonstrate its effectiveness in comparison to existing techniques.},
author = {Jha, Susmit and Tripakis, Stavros and Seshia, Sanjit and Chatterjee, Krishnendu},
location = {Cambridge, USA},
pages = {85 -- 90},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Game theoretic secure localization in wireless sensor networks}},
doi = {10.1109/IOT.2014.7030120},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1980,
abstract = {Non-proton pumping type II NADH dehydrogenase (NDH-2) plays a central role in the respiratory metabolism of bacteria, and in the mitochondria of fungi, plants and protists. The lack of NDH-2 in mammalian mitochondria and its essentiality in important bacterial pathogens suggests these enzymes may represent a potential new drug target to combat microbial pathogens. Here, we report the first crystal structure of a bacterial NDH-2 enzyme at 2.5Å resolution from Caldalkalibacillus thermarum. The NDH-2 structure reveals a homodimeric organization that has a unique dimer interface. NDH-2 is localized to the cytoplasmic membrane by two separated C-terminal membrane-anchoring regions that are essential for membrane localization and FAD binding, but not NDH-2 dimerization. Comparison of bacterial NDH-2 with the yeast NADH dehydrogenase (Ndi1) structure revealed non-overlapping binding sites for quinone and NADH in the bacterial enzyme. The bacterial NDH-2 structure establishes a framework for the structure-based design of small-molecule inhibitors.},
author = {Heikal, Adam and Nakatani, Yoshio and Dunn, Elyse A and Weimar, Marion R and Day, Catherine and Baker, Edward N and Lott, Shaun J and Leonid Sazanov and Cook, Gregory},
journal = {Molecular Microbiology},
number = {5},
pages = {950 -- 964},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Structure of the bacterial type II NADH dehydrogenase: a monotopic membrane protein with an essential role in energy generation}},
doi = {10.1111/mmi.12507},
volume = {91},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1877,
abstract = {During inflammation, lymph nodes swell with an influx of immune cells. New findings identify a signalling pathway that induces relaxation in the contractile cells that give structure to these organs.},
author = {Sixt, Michael K and Vaahtomeri, Kari},
journal = {Nature},
number = {7523},
pages = {441 -- 442},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Physiology: Relax and come in}},
doi = {10.1038/514441a},
volume = {514},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1884,
abstract = {Unbiased high-throughput massively parallel sequencing methods have transformed the process of discovery of novel putative driver gene mutations in cancer. In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), these methods have yielded several unexpected findings, including the driver genes SF3B1, NOTCH1 and POT1. Recent analysis, utilizing down-sampling of existing datasets, has shown that the discovery process of putative drivers is far from complete across cancer. In CLL, while driver gene mutations affecting >10% of patients were efficiently discovered with previously published CLL cohorts of up to 160 samples subjected to whole exome sequencing (WES), this sample size has only 0.78 power to detect drivers affecting 5% of patients, and only 0.12 power for drivers affecting 2% of patients. These calculations emphasize the need to apply unbiased WES to larger patient cohorts.},
author = {Landau, Dan and Stewart, Chip and Reiter, Johannes and Lawrence, Michael and Sougnez, Carrie and Brown, Jennifer and Lopez Guillermo, Armando and Gabriel, Stacey and Lander, Eric and Neuberg, Donna and López Otín, Carlos and Campo, Elias and Getz, Gad and Wu, Catherine},
journal = {Blood},
number = {21},
pages = {1952 -- 1952},
publisher = {American Society of Hematology},
title = {{Novel putative driver gene mutations in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL): results from a combined analysis of whole exome sequencing of 262 primary CLL aamples}},
volume = {124},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1889,
abstract = {We study translation-invariant quasi-free states for a system of fermions with two-particle interactions. The associated energy functional is similar to the BCS functional but also includes direct and exchange energies. We show that for suitable short-range interactions, these latter terms only lead to a renormalization of the chemical potential, with the usual properties of the BCS functional left unchanged. Our analysis thus represents a rigorous justification of part of the BCS approximation. We give bounds on the critical temperature below which the system displays superfluidity.},
author = {Bräunlich, Gerhard and Hainzl, Christian and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Reviews in Mathematical Physics},
number = {7},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{Translation-invariant quasi-free states for fermionic systems and the BCS approximation}},
doi = {10.1142/S0129055X14500123},
volume = {26},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1891,
abstract = {We provide theoretical tests of a novel experimental technique to determine mechanostability of proteins based on stretching a mechanically protected protein by single-molecule force spectroscopy. This technique involves stretching a homogeneous or heterogeneous chain of reference proteins (single-molecule markers) in which one of them acts as host to the guest protein under study. The guest protein is grafted into the host through genetic engineering. It is expected that unraveling of the host precedes the unraveling of the guest removing ambiguities in the reading of the force-extension patterns of the guest protein. We study examples of such systems within a coarse-grained structure-based model. We consider systems with various ratios of mechanostability for the host and guest molecules and compare them to experimental results involving cohesin I as the guest molecule. For a comparison, we also study the force-displacement patterns in proteins that are linked in a serial fashion. We find that the mechanostability of the guest is similar to that of the isolated or serially linked protein. We also demonstrate that the ideal configuration of this strategy would be one in which the host is much more mechanostable than the single-molecule markers. We finally show that it is troublesome to use the highly stable cystine knot proteins as a host to graft a guest in stretching studies because this would involve a cleaving procedure.},
author = {Chwastyk, Mateusz and Galera Prat, Albert and Sikora, Mateusz K and Gómez Sicilia, Àngel and Carrión Vázquez, Mariano and Cieplak, Marek},
journal = {Proteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics},
number = {5},
pages = {717 -- 726},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Theoretical tests of the mechanical protection strategy in protein nanomechanics}},
doi = {10.1002/prot.24436},
volume = {82},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1896,
abstract = {Biopolymer length regulation is a complex process that involves a large number of biological, chemical, and physical subprocesses acting simultaneously across multiple spatial and temporal scales. An illustrative example important for genomic stability is the length regulation of telomeres - nucleoprotein structures at the ends of linear chromosomes consisting of tandemly repeated DNA sequences and a specialized set of proteins. Maintenance of telomeres is often facilitated by the enzyme telomerase but, particularly in telomerase-free systems, the maintenance of chromosomal termini depends on alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) mechanisms mediated by recombination. Various linear and circular DNA structures were identified to participate in ALT, however, dynamics of the whole process is still poorly understood. We propose a chemical kinetics model of ALT with kinetic rates systematically derived from the biophysics of DNA diffusion and looping. The reaction system is reduced to a coagulation-fragmentation system by quasi-steady-state approximation. The detailed treatment of kinetic rates yields explicit formulas for expected size distributions of telomeres that demonstrate the key role played by the J factor, a quantitative measure of bending of polymers. The results are in agreement with experimental data and point out interesting phenomena: an appearance of very long telomeric circles if the total telomere density exceeds a critical value (excess mass) and a nonlinear response of the telomere size distributions to the amount of telomeric DNA in the system. The results can be of general importance for understanding dynamics of telomeres in telomerase-independent systems as this mode of telomere maintenance is similar to the situation in tumor cells lacking telomerase activity. Furthermore, due to its universality, the model may also serve as a prototype of an interaction between linear and circular DNA structures in various settings.},
author = {Kollár, Richard and Bod'ová, Katarína and Nosek, Jozef and Tomáška, Ľubomír},
journal = {Physical Review E Statistical Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics},
number = {3},
publisher = {American Institute of Physics},
title = {{Mathematical model of alternative mechanism of telomere length maintenance}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.89.032701},
volume = {89},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1923,
abstract = {We derive the equations for a thin, axisymmetric elastic shell subjected to an internal active stress giving rise to active tension and moments within the shell. We discuss the stability of a cylindrical elastic shell and its response to a localized change in internal active stress. This description is relevant to describe the cellular actomyosin cortex, a thin shell at the cell surface behaving elastically at a short timescale and subjected to active internal forces arising from myosin molecular motor activity. We show that the recent observations of cell deformation following detachment of adherent cells (Maître J-L et al 2012 Science 338 253-6) are well accounted for by this mechanical description. The actin cortex elastic and bending moduli can be obtained from a quantitative analysis of cell shapes observed in these experiments. Our approach thus provides a non-invasive, imaging-based method for the extraction of cellular physical parameters.},
author = {Berthoumieux, Hélène and Maître, Jean-Léon and Heisenberg, Carl-Philipp J and Paluch, Ewa and Julicher, Frank and Salbreux, Guillaume},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
publisher = {IOP Publishing Ltd.},
title = {{Active elastic thin shell theory for cellular deformations}},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/16/6/065005},
volume = {16},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1928,
abstract = {In infectious disease epidemiology the basic reproductive ratio, R0, is defined as the average number of new infections caused by a single infected individual in a fully susceptible population. Many models describing competition for hosts between non-interacting pathogen strains in an infinite population lead to the conclusion that selection favors invasion of new strains if and only if they have higher R0 values than the resident. Here we demonstrate that this picture fails in finite populations. Using a simple stochastic SIS model, we show that in general there is no analogous optimization principle. We find that successive invasions may in some cases lead to strains that infect a smaller fraction of the host population, and that mutually invasible pathogen strains exist. In the limit of weak selection we demonstrate that an optimization principle does exist, although it differs from R0 maximization. For strains with very large R0, we derive an expression for this local fitness function and use it to establish a lower bound for the error caused by neglecting stochastic effects. Furthermore, we apply this weak selection limit to investigate the selection dynamics in the presence of a trade-off between the virulence and the transmission rate of a pathogen.},
author = {Humplik, Jan and Hill, Alison and Nowak, Martin},
journal = {Journal of Theoretical Biology},
pages = {149 -- 162},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Evolutionary dynamics of infectious diseases in finite populations}},
doi = {10.1016/j.jtbi.2014.06.039},
volume = {360},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1930,
abstract = {(Figure Presented) Data acquisition, numerical inaccuracies, and sampling often introduce noise in measurements and simulations. Removing this noise is often necessary for efficient analysis and visualization of this data, yet many denoising techniques change the minima and maxima of a scalar field. For example, the extrema can appear or disappear, spatially move, and change their value. This can lead to wrong interpretations of the data, e.g., when the maximum temperature over an area is falsely reported being a few degrees cooler because the denoising method is unaware of these features. Recently, a topological denoising technique based on a global energy optimization was proposed, which allows the topology-controlled denoising of 2D scalar fields. While this method preserves the minima and maxima, it is constrained by the size of the data. We extend this work to large 2D data and medium-sized 3D data by introducing a novel domain decomposition approach. It allows processing small patches of the domain independently while still avoiding the introduction of new critical points. Furthermore, we propose an iterative refinement of the solution, which decreases the optimization energy compared to the previous approach and therefore gives smoother results that are closer to the input. We illustrate our technique on synthetic and real-world 2D and 3D data sets that highlight potential applications.},
author = {Günther, David and Jacobson, Alec and Reininghaus, Jan and Seidel, Hans and Sorkine Hornung, Olga and Weinkauf, Tino},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics},
number = {12},
pages = {2585 -- 2594},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Fast and memory-efficient topological denoising of 2D and 3D scalar fields}},
doi = {10.1109/TVCG.2014.2346432},
volume = {20},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1935,
abstract = {We consider Ising models in d = 2 and d = 3 dimensions with nearest neighbor ferromagnetic and long-range antiferromagnetic interactions, the latter decaying as (distance)-p, p > 2d, at large distances. If the strength J of the ferromagnetic interaction is larger than a critical value J c, then the ground state is homogeneous. It has been conjectured that when J is smaller than but close to J c, the ground state is periodic and striped, with stripes of constant width h = h(J), and h → ∞ as J → Jc -. (In d = 3 stripes mean slabs, not columns.) Here we rigorously prove that, if we normalize the energy in such a way that the energy of the homogeneous state is zero, then the ratio e 0(J)/e S(J) tends to 1 as J → Jc -, with e S(J) being the energy per site of the optimal periodic striped/slabbed state and e 0(J) the actual ground state energy per site of the system. Our proof comes with explicit bounds on the difference e 0(J)-e S(J) at small but positive J c-J, and also shows that in this parameter range the ground state is striped/slabbed in a certain sense: namely, if one looks at a randomly chosen window, of suitable size ℓ (very large compared to the optimal stripe size h(J)), one finds a striped/slabbed state with high probability.},
author = {Giuliani, Alessandro and Lieb, Élliott and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Communications in Mathematical Physics},
number = {1},
pages = {333 -- 350},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Formation of stripes and slabs near the ferromagnetic transition}},
doi = {10.1007/s00220-014-1923-2},
volume = {331},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1904,
abstract = {We prove a Strichartz inequality for a system of orthonormal functions, with an optimal behavior of the constant in the limit of a large number of functions. The estimate generalizes the usual Strichartz inequality, in the same fashion as the Lieb-Thirring inequality generalizes the Sobolev inequality. As an application, we consider the Schrödinger equation with a time-dependent potential and we show the existence of the wave operator in Schatten spaces.},
author = {Frank, Rupert and Lewin, Mathieu and Lieb, Élliott and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Journal of the European Mathematical Society},
number = {7},
pages = {1507 -- 1526},
publisher = {European Mathematical Society},
title = {{Strichartz inequality for orthonormal functions}},
doi = {10.4171/JEMS/467},
volume = {16},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1909,
abstract = {Summary: Phenotypes are often environmentally dependent, which requires organisms to track environmental change. The challenge for organisms is to construct phenotypes using the most accurate environmental cue. Here, we use a quantitative genetic model of adaptation by additive genetic variance, within- and transgenerational plasticity via linear reaction norms and indirect genetic effects respectively. We show how the relative influence on the eventual phenotype of these components depends on the predictability of environmental change (fast or slow, sinusoidal or stochastic) and the developmental lag τ between when the environment is perceived and when selection acts. We then decompose expected mean fitness into three components (variance load, adaptation and fluctuation load) to study the fitness costs of within- and transgenerational plasticity. A strongly negative maternal effect coefficient m minimizes the variance load, but a strongly positive m minimises the fluctuation load. The adaptation term is maximized closer to zero, with positive or negative m preferred under different environmental scenarios. Phenotypic plasticity is higher when τ is shorter and when the environment changes frequently between seasonal extremes. Expected mean population fitness is highest away from highest observed levels of phenotypic plasticity. Within- and transgenerational plasticity act in concert to deliver well-adapted phenotypes, which emphasizes the need to study both simultaneously when investigating phenotypic evolution.},
author = {Ezard, Thomas and Prizak, Roshan and Hoyle, Rebecca},
journal = {Functional Ecology},
number = {3},
pages = {693 -- 701},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{The fitness costs of adaptation via phenotypic plasticity and maternal effects}},
doi = {10.1111/1365-2435.12207},
volume = {28},
year = {2014},
}
@article{1911,
abstract = {The topological Tverberg theorem has been generalized in several directions by setting extra restrictions on the Tverberg partitions. Restricted Tverberg partitions, defined by the idea that certain points cannot be in the same part, are encoded with graphs. When two points are adjacent in the graph, they are not in the same part. If the restrictions are too harsh, then the topological Tverberg theorem fails. The colored Tverberg theorem corresponds to graphs constructed as disjoint unions of small complete graphs. Hell studied the case of paths and cycles. In graph theory these partitions are usually viewed as graph colorings. As explored by Aharoni, Haxell, Meshulam and others there are fundamental connections between several notions of graph colorings and topological combinatorics. For ordinary graph colorings it is enough to require that the number of colors q satisfy q>Δ, where Δ is the maximal degree of the graph. It was proven by the first author using equivariant topology that if q>Δ 2 then the topological Tverberg theorem still works. It is conjectured that q>KΔ is also enough for some constant K, and in this paper we prove a fixed-parameter version of that conjecture. The required topological connectivity results are proven with shellability, which also strengthens some previous partial results where the topological connectivity was proven with the nerve lemma.},
author = {Engström, Alexander and Noren, Patrik},
journal = {Discrete & Computational Geometry},
number = {1},
pages = {207 -- 220},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Tverberg's Theorem and Graph Coloring}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-013-9556-3},
volume = {51},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2041,
abstract = {The hippocampus mediates several higher brain functions, such as learning, memory, and spatial coding. The input region of the hippocampus, the dentate gyrus, plays a critical role in these processes. Several lines of evidence suggest that the dentate gyrus acts as a preprocessor of incoming information, preparing it for subsequent processing in CA3. For example, the dentate gyrus converts input from the entorhinal cortex, where cells have multiple spatial fields, into the spatially more specific place cell activity characteristic of the CA3 region. Furthermore, the dentate gyrus is involved in pattern separation, transforming relatively similar input patterns into substantially different output patterns. Finally, the dentate gyrus produces a very sparse coding scheme in which only a very small fraction of neurons are active at any one time.},
author = {Jonas, Peter M and Lisman, John},
journal = {Frontiers in Neural Circuits},
publisher = {Frontiers Research Foundation},
title = {{Structure, function and plasticity of hippocampal dentate gyrus microcircuits}},
doi = {10.3389/fncir.2014.00107},
volume = {8},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2046,
abstract = {We introduce policy-based signatures (PBS), where a signer can only sign messages conforming to some authority-specified policy. The main requirements are unforgeability and privacy, the latter meaning that signatures not reveal the policy. PBS offers value along two fronts: (1) On the practical side, they allow a corporation to control what messages its employees can sign under the corporate key. (2) On the theoretical side, they unify existing work, capturing other forms of signatures as special cases or allowing them to be easily built. Our work focuses on definitions of PBS, proofs that this challenging primitive is realizable for arbitrary policies, efficient constructions for specific policies, and a few representative applications.},
author = {Bellare, Mihir and Fuchsbauer, Georg},
booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)},
editor = {Krawczyk, Hugo},
location = {Buenos Aires, Argentina},
pages = {520 -- 537},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Policy-based signatures}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-54631-0_30},
volume = {8383},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2003,
abstract = {Learning can be facilitated by previous knowledge when it is organized into relational representations forming schemas. In this issue of Neuron, McKenzie et al. (2014) demonstrate that the hippocampus rapidly forms interrelated, hierarchical memory representations to support schema-based learning.},
author = {O'Neill, Joseph and Csicsvari, Jozsef L},
journal = {Neuron},
number = {1},
pages = {8 -- 10},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Learning by example in the hippocampus}},
doi = {10.1016/j.neuron.2014.06.013},
volume = {83},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2058,
abstract = {We present a method for smoothly blending between existing liquid animations. We introduce a semi-automatic method for matching two existing liquid animations, which we use to create new fluid motion that plausibly interpolates the input. Our contributions include a new space-time non-rigid iterative closest point algorithm that incorporates user guidance, a subsampling technique for efficient registration of meshes with millions of vertices, and a fast surface extraction algorithm that produces 3D triangle meshes from a 4D space-time surface. Our technique can be used to instantly create hundreds of new simulations, or to interactively explore complex parameter spaces. Our method is guaranteed to produce output that does not deviate from the input animations, and it generalizes to multiple dimensions. Because our method runs at interactive rates after the initial precomputation step, it has potential applications in games and training simulations.},
author = {Raveendran, Karthik and Wojtan, Christopher J and Thuerey, Nils and Türk, Greg},
booktitle = {ACM Transactions on Graphics},
location = {Vancouver, Canada},
number = {4},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Blending liquids}},
doi = {10.1145/2601097.2601126},
volume = {33},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2022,
abstract = {Radial glial progenitors (RGPs) are responsible for producing nearly all neocortical neurons. To gain insight into the patterns of RGP division and neuron production, we quantitatively analyzed excitatory neuron genesis in the mouse neocortex using Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers, which provides single-cell resolution of progenitor division patterns and potential in vivo. We found that RGPs progress through a coherent program in which their proliferative potential diminishes in a predictable manner. Upon entry into the neurogenic phase, individual RGPs produce ∼8–9 neurons distributed in both deep and superficial layers, indicating a unitary output in neuronal production. Removal of OTX1, a transcription factor transiently expressed in RGPs, results in both deep- and superficial-layer neuron loss and a reduction in neuronal unit size. Moreover, ∼1/6 of neurogenic RGPs proceed to produce glia. These results suggest that progenitor behavior and histogenesis in the mammalian neocortex conform to a remarkably orderly and deterministic program.},
author = {Gao, Peng and Postiglione, Maria P and Krieger, Teresa and Hernandez, Luisirene and Wang, Chao and Han, Zhi and Streicher, Carmen and Papusheva, Ekaterina and Insolera, Ryan and Chugh, Kritika and Kodish, Oren and Huang, Kun and Simons, Benjamin and Luo, Liqun and Hippenmeyer, Simon and Shi, Song},
journal = {Cell},
number = {4},
pages = {775 -- 788},
publisher = {Cell Press},
title = {{Deterministic progenitor behavior and unitary production of neurons in the neocortex}},
doi = {10.1016/j.cell.2014.10.027},
volume = {159},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2173,
abstract = {In this work we introduce a new approach to co-classification, i.e. the task of jointly classifying multiple, otherwise independent, data samples. The method we present, named CoConut, is based on the idea of adding a regularizer in the label space to encode certain priors on the resulting labelings. A regularizer that encourages labelings that are smooth across the test set, for instance, can be seen as a test-time variant of the cluster assumption, which has been proven useful at training time in semi-supervised learning. A regularizer that introduces a preference for certain class proportions can be regarded as a prior distribution on the class labels. CoConut can build on existing classifiers without making any assumptions on how they were obtained and without the need to re-train them. The use of a regularizer adds a new level of flexibility. It allows the integration of potentially new information at test time, even in other modalities than what the classifiers were trained on. We evaluate our framework on six datasets, reporting a clear performance gain in classification accuracy compared to the standard classification setup that predicts labels for each test sample separately.
},
author = {Khamis, Sameh and Lampert, Christoph},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference 2014},
location = {Nottingham, UK},
publisher = {BMVA Press},
title = {{CoConut: Co-classification with output space regularization}},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2178,
abstract = {We consider the three-state toric homogeneous Markov chain model (THMC) without loops and initial parameters. At time T, the size of the design matrix is 6 × 3 · 2T-1 and the convex hull of its columns is the model polytope. We study the behavior of this polytope for T ≥ 3 and we show that it is defined by 24 facets for all T ≥ 5. Moreover, we give a complete description of these facets. From this, we deduce that the toric ideal associated with the design matrix is generated by binomials of degree at most 6. Our proof is based on a result due to Sturmfels, who gave a bound on the degree of the generators of a toric ideal, provided the normality of the corresponding toric variety. In our setting, we established the normality of the toric variety associated to the THMC model by studying the geometric properties of the model polytope.},
author = {Haws, David and Martin Del Campo Sanchez, Abraham and Takemura, Akimichi and Yoshida, Ruriko},
journal = {Beitrage zur Algebra und Geometrie},
number = {1},
pages = {161 -- 188},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Markov degree of the three-state toric homogeneous Markov chain model}},
doi = {10.1007/s13366-013-0178-y},
volume = {55},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2180,
abstract = {Weighted majority votes allow one to combine the output of several classifiers or voters. MinCq is a recent algorithm for optimizing the weight of each voter based on the minimization of a theoretical bound over the risk of the vote with elegant PAC-Bayesian generalization guarantees. However, while it has demonstrated good performance when combining weak classifiers, MinCq cannot make use of the useful a priori knowledge that one may have when using a mixture of weak and strong voters. In this paper, we propose P-MinCq, an extension of MinCq that can incorporate such knowledge in the form of a constraint over the distribution of the weights, along with general proofs of convergence that stand in the sample compression setting for data-dependent voters. The approach is applied to a vote of k-NN classifiers with a specific modeling of the voters' performance. P-MinCq significantly outperforms the classic k-NN classifier, a symmetric NN and MinCq using the same voters. We show that it is also competitive with LMNN, a popular metric learning algorithm, and that combining both approaches further reduces the error.},
author = {Bellet, Aurélien and Habrard, Amaury and Morvant, Emilie and Sebban, Marc},
journal = {Machine Learning},
number = {1-2},
pages = {129 -- 154},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Learning a priori constrained weighted majority votes}},
doi = {10.1007/s10994-014-5462-z},
volume = {97},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2185,
abstract = {We revisit the classical problem of converting an imperfect source of randomness into a usable cryptographic key. Assume that we have some cryptographic application P that expects a uniformly random m-bit key R and ensures that the best attack (in some complexity class) against P(R) has success probability at most δ. Our goal is to design a key-derivation function (KDF) h that converts any random source X of min-entropy k into a sufficiently "good" key h(X), guaranteeing that P(h(X)) has comparable security δ′ which is 'close' to δ. Seeded randomness extractors provide a generic way to solve this problem for all applications P, with resulting security δ′ = O(δ), provided that we start with entropy k ≥ m + 2 log (1/δ) - O(1). By a result of Radhakrishnan and Ta-Shma, this bound on k (called the "RT-bound") is also known to be tight in general. Unfortunately, in many situations the loss of 2 log (1/δ) bits of entropy is unacceptable. This motivates the study KDFs with less entropy waste by placing some restrictions on the source X or the application P. In this work we obtain the following new positive and negative results in this regard: - Efficient samplability of the source X does not help beat the RT-bound for general applications. This resolves the SRT (samplable RT) conjecture of Dachman-Soled et al. [DGKM12] in the affirmative, and also shows that the existence of computationally-secure extractors beating the RT-bound implies the existence of one-way functions. - We continue in the line of work initiated by Barak et al. [BDK+11] and construct new information-theoretic KDFs which beat the RT-bound for large but restricted classes of applications. Specifically, we design efficient KDFs that work for all unpredictability applications P (e.g., signatures, MACs, one-way functions, etc.) and can either: (1) extract all of the entropy k = m with a very modest security loss δ′ = O(δ·log (1/δ)), or alternatively, (2) achieve essentially optimal security δ′ = O(δ) with a very modest entropy loss k ≥ m + loglog (1/δ). In comparison, the best prior results from [BDK+11] for this class of applications would only guarantee δ′ = O(√δ) when k = m, and would need k ≥ m + log (1/δ) to get δ′ = O(δ). - The weaker bounds of [BDK+11] hold for a larger class of so-called "square- friendly" applications (which includes all unpredictability, but also some important indistinguishability, applications). Unfortunately, we show that these weaker bounds are tight for the larger class of applications. - We abstract out a clean, information-theoretic notion of (k,δ,δ′)- unpredictability extractors, which guarantee "induced" security δ′ for any δ-secure unpredictability application P, and characterize the parameters achievable for such unpredictability extractors. Of independent interest, we also relate this notion to the previously-known notion of (min-entropy) condensers, and improve the state-of-the-art parameters for such condensers.},
author = {Dodis, Yevgeniy and Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z and Wichs, Daniel},
editor = {Nguyen, Phong and Oswald, Elisabeth},
location = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
pages = {93 -- 110},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Key derivation without entropy waste}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-55220-5_6},
volume = {8441},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2154,
abstract = {A result of Boros and Füredi (d = 2) and of Bárány (arbitrary d) asserts that for every d there exists cd > 0 such that for every n-point set P ⊂ ℝd, some point of ℝd is covered by at least (Formula presented.) of the d-simplices spanned by the points of P. The largest possible value of cd has been the subject of ongoing research. Recently Gromov improved the existing lower bounds considerably by introducing a new, topological proof method. We provide an exposition of the combinatorial component of Gromov's approach, in terms accessible to combinatorialists and discrete geometers, and we investigate the limits of his method. In particular, we give tighter bounds on the cofilling profiles for the (n - 1)-simplex. These bounds yield a minor improvement over Gromov's lower bounds on cd for large d, but they also show that the room for further improvement through the cofilling profiles alone is quite small. We also prove a slightly better lower bound for c3 by an approach using an additional structure besides the cofilling profiles. We formulate a combinatorial extremal problem whose solution might perhaps lead to a tight lower bound for cd.},
author = {Matoušek, Jiří and Wagner, Uli},
journal = {Discrete & Computational Geometry},
number = {1},
pages = {1 -- 33},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{On Gromov's method of selecting heavily covered points}},
doi = {10.1007/s00454-014-9584-7},
volume = {52},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2159,
abstract = {Motivated by topological Tverberg-type problems, we consider multiple (double, triple, and higher multiplicity) selfintersection points of maps from finite simplicial complexes (compact polyhedra) into ℝd and study conditions under which such multiple points can be eliminated. The most classical case is that of embeddings (i.e., maps without double points) of a κ-dimensional complex K into ℝ2κ. For this problem, the work of van Kampen, Shapiro, and Wu provides an efficiently testable necessary condition for embeddability (namely, vanishing of the van Kampen ob-struction). For κ ≥ 3, the condition is also sufficient, and yields a polynomial-time algorithm for deciding embeddability: One starts with an arbitrary map f : K→ℝ2κ, which generically has finitely many double points; if k ≥ 3 and if the obstruction vanishes then one can successively remove these double points by local modifications of the map f. One of the main tools is the famous Whitney trick that permits eliminating pairs of double points of opposite intersection sign. We are interested in generalizing this approach to intersection points of higher multiplicity. We call a point y 2 ℝd an r-fold Tverberg point of a map f : Kκ →ℝd if y lies in the intersection f(σ1)∩. ∩f(σr) of the images of r pairwise disjoint simplices of K. The analogue of (non-)embeddability that we study is the problem Tverbergκ r→d: Given a κ-dimensional complex K, does it satisfy a Tverberg-type theorem with parameters r and d, i.e., does every map f : K κ → ℝd have an r-fold Tverberg point? Here, we show that for fixed r, κ and d of the form d = rm and k = (r-1)m, m ≥ 3, there is a polynomial-time algorithm for deciding this (based on the vanishing of a cohomological obstruction, as in the case of embeddings). Our main tool is an r-fold analogue of the Whitney trick: Given r pairwise disjoint simplices of K such that the intersection of their images contains two r-fold Tverberg points y+ and y- of opposite intersection sign, we can eliminate y+ and y- by a local isotopy of f. In a subsequent paper, we plan to develop this further and present a generalization of the classical Haeiger-Weber Theorem (which yields a necessary and sufficient condition for embeddability of κ-complexes into ℝd for a wider range of dimensions) to intersection points of higher multiplicity.},
author = {Mabillard, Isaac and Wagner, Uli},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computational Geometry},
location = {Kyoto, Japan},
pages = {171 -- 180},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Eliminating Tverberg points, I. An analogue of the Whitney trick}},
doi = {10.1145/2582112.2582134},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2161,
abstract = {Repeated pathogen exposure is a common threat in colonies of social insects, posing selection pressures on colony members to respond with improved disease-defense performance. We here tested whether experience gained by repeated tending of low-level fungus-exposed (Metarhizium robertsii) larvae may alter the performance of sanitary brood care in the clonal ant, Platythyrea punctata. We trained ants individually over nine consecutive trials to either sham-treated or fungus-exposed larvae. We then compared the larval grooming behavior of naive and trained ants and measured how effectively they removed infectious fungal conidiospores from the fungus-exposed larvae. We found that the ants changed the duration of larval grooming in response to both, larval treatment and their level of experience: (1) sham-treated larvae received longer grooming than the fungus-exposed larvae and (2) trained ants performed less self-grooming but longer larval grooming than naive ants, which was true for both, ants trained to fungus-exposed and also to sham-treated larvae. Ants that groomed the fungus-exposed larvae for longer periods removed a higher number of fungal conidiospores from the surface of the fungus-exposed larvae. As experienced ants performed longer larval grooming, they were more effective in fungal removal, thus making them better caretakers under pathogen attack of the colony. By studying this clonal ant, we can thus conclude that even in the absence of genetic variation between colony members, differences in experience levels of brood care may affect performance of sanitary brood care in social insects.},
author = {Westhus, Claudia and Ugelvig, Line V and Tourdot, Edouard and Heinze, Jürgen and Doums, Claudie and Cremer, Sylvia},
journal = {Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
number = {10},
pages = {1701 -- 1710},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Increased grooming after repeated brood care provides sanitary benefits in a clonal ant}},
doi = {10.1007/s00265-014-1778-8},
volume = {68},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2224,
abstract = {This work investigates the transition between different traveling helical waves (spirals, SPIs) in the setup of differentially independent rotating cylinders. We use direct numerical simulations to consider an infinite long and periodic Taylor-Couette apparatus with fixed axial periodicity length. We find so-called mixed-cross-spirals (MCSs), that can be seen as nonlinear superpositions of SPIs, to establish stable footbridges connecting SPI states. While bridging the bifurcation branches of SPIs, the corresponding contributions within the MCS vary continuously with the control parameters. Here discussed MCSs presenting footbridge solutions start and end in different SPI branches. Therefore they differ significantly from the already known MCSs that present bypass solutions (Altmeyer and Hoffmann 2010 New J. Phys. 12 113035). The latter start and end in the same SPI branch, while they always bifurcate out of those SPI branches with the larger mode amplitude. Meanwhile, these only appear within the coexisting region of both SPIs. In contrast, the footbridge solutions can also bifurcate out of the minor SPI contribution. We also find they exist in regions where only one of the SPIs contributions exists. In addition, MCS as footbridge solution can appear either stable or unstable. The latter detected transient solutions offer similar spatio-temporal characteristics to the flow establishing stable footbridges. Such transition processes are interesting for pattern-forming systems in general because they accomplish transitions between traveling waves of different azimuthal wave numbers and have not been described in the literature yet.},
author = {Altmeyer, Sebastian},
issn = {01695983},
journal = {Fluid Dynamics Research},
number = {2},
publisher = {IOP Publishing Ltd.},
title = {{On secondary instabilities generating footbridges between spiral vortex flow}},
doi = {10.1088/0169-5983/46/2/025503},
volume = {46},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2231,
abstract = {Based on the measurements of noise in gene expression performed during the past decade, it has become customary to think of gene regulation in terms of a two-state model, where the promoter of a gene can stochastically switch between an ON and an OFF state. As experiments are becoming increasingly precise and the deviations from the two-state model start to be observable, we ask about the experimental signatures of complex multistate promoters, as well as the functional consequences of this additional complexity. In detail, we i), extend the calculations for noise in gene expression to promoters described by state transition diagrams with multiple states, ii), systematically compute the experimentally accessible noise characteristics for these complex promoters, and iii), use information theory to evaluate the channel capacities of complex promoter architectures and compare them with the baseline provided by the two-state model. We find that adding internal states to the promoter generically decreases channel capacity, except in certain cases, three of which (cooperativity, dual-role regulation, promoter cycling) we analyze in detail.},
author = {Rieckh, Georg and Tkacik, Gasper},
issn = {00063495},
journal = {Biophysical Journal},
number = {5},
pages = {1194 -- 1204},
publisher = {Biophysical Society},
title = {{Noise and information transmission in promoters with multiple internal states}},
doi = {10.1016/j.bpj.2014.01.014},
volume = {106},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{2236,
abstract = {Consider a joint distribution (X,A) on a set. We show that for any family of distinguishers, there exists a simulator such that 1 no function in can distinguish (X,A) from (X,h(X)) with advantage ε, 2 h is only O(2 3ℓ ε -2) times less efficient than the functions in. For the most interesting settings of the parameters (in particular, the cryptographic case where X has superlogarithmic min-entropy, ε > 0 is negligible and consists of circuits of polynomial size), we can make the simulator h deterministic. As an illustrative application of our theorem, we give a new security proof for the leakage-resilient stream-cipher from Eurocrypt'09. Our proof is simpler and quantitatively much better than the original proof using the dense model theorem, giving meaningful security guarantees if instantiated with a standard blockcipher like AES. Subsequent to this work, Chung, Lui and Pass gave an interactive variant of our main theorem, and used it to investigate weak notions of Zero-Knowledge. Vadhan and Zheng give a more constructive version of our theorem using their new uniform min-max theorem.},
author = {Jetchev, Dimitar and Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z},
editor = {Lindell, Yehuda},
isbn = {978-364254241-1},
location = {San Diego, USA},
pages = {566 -- 590},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{How to fake auxiliary input}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-54242-8_24},
volume = {8349},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2248,
abstract = {Avian forelimb digit homology remains one of the standard themes in comparative biology and EvoDevo research. In order to resolve the apparent contradictions between embryological and paleontological evidence a variety of hypotheses have been presented in recent years. The proposals range from excluding birds from the dinosaur clade, to assignments of homology by different criteria, or even assuming a hexadactyl tetrapod limb ground state. At present two approaches prevail: the frame shift hypothesis and the pyramid reduction hypothesis. While the former postulates a homeotic shift of digit identities, the latter argues for a gradual bilateral reduction of phalanges and digits. Here we present a new model that integrates elements from both hypotheses with the existing experimental and fossil evidence. We start from the main feature common to both earlier concepts, the initiating ontogenetic event: reduction and loss of the anterior-most digit. It is proposed that a concerted mechanism of molecular regulation and developmental mechanics is capable of shifting the boundaries of hoxD expression in embryonic forelimb buds as well as changing the digit phenotypes. Based on a distinction between positional (topological) and compositional (phenotypic) homology criteria, we argue that the identity of the avian digits is II, III, IV, despite a partially altered phenotype. Finally, we introduce an alternative digit reduction scheme that reconciles the current fossil evidence with the presented molecular-morphogenetic model. Our approach identifies specific experiments that allow to test whether gene expression can be shifted and digit phenotypes can be altered by induced digit loss or digit gain.},
author = {Capek, Daniel and Metscher, Brian and Müller, Gerd},
issn = {15525007},
journal = {Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution},
number = {1},
pages = {1 -- 12},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Thumbs down: A molecular-morphogenetic approach to avian digit homology}},
doi = {10.1002/jez.b.22545},
volume = {322},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2250,
abstract = {The genome sequences of new viruses often contain many "orphan" or "taxon-specific" proteins apparently lacking homologs. However, because viral proteins evolve very fast, commonly used sequence similarity detection methods such as BLAST may overlook homologs. We analyzed a data set of proteins from RNA viruses characterized as "genus specific" by BLAST. More powerful methods developed recently, such as HHblits or HHpred (available through web-based, user-friendly interfaces), could detect distant homologs of a quarter of these proteins, suggesting that these methods should be used to annotate viral genomes. In-depth manual analyses of a subset of the remaining sequences, guided by contextual information such as taxonomy, gene order, or domain cooccurrence, identified distant homologs of another third. Thus, a combination of powerful automated methods and manual analyses can uncover distant homologs of many proteins thought to be orphans. We expect these methodological results to be also applicable to cellular organisms, since they generally evolve much more slowly than RNA viruses. As an application, we reanalyzed the genome of a bee pathogen, Chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV). We could identify homologs of most of its proteins thought to be orphans; in each case, identifying homologs provided functional clues. We discovered that CBPV encodes a domain homologous to the Alphavirus methyltransferase-guanylyltransferase; a putative membrane protein, SP24, with homologs in unrelated insect viruses and insect-transmitted plant viruses having different morphologies (cileviruses, higreviruses, blunerviruses, negeviruses); and a putative virion glycoprotein, ORF2, also found in negeviruses. SP24 and ORF2 are probably major structural components of the virionsd.},
author = {Kuchibhatla, Durga and Sherman, Westley and Chung, Betty and Cook, Shelley and Schneider, Georg and Eisenhaber, Birgit and Karlin, David},
issn = {0022538X},
journal = {Journal of Virology},
number = {1},
pages = {10 -- 20},
publisher = {ASM},
title = {{Powerful sequence similarity search methods and in-depth manual analyses can identify remote homologs in many apparently "orphan" viral proteins}},
doi = {10.1128/JVI.02595-13},
volume = {88},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2407,
abstract = {Two definitions of the effective mass of a particle interacting with a quantum field, such as a polaron, are considered and shown to be equal in models similar to the Fröhlich polaron model. These are: 1. the mass defined by the low momentum energy E(P)≈E(0)+P2/2 M of the translation invariant system constrained to have momentum P and 2. the mass M of a simple particle in an arbitrary slowly varying external potential, V, described by the nonrelativistic Schrödinger equation, whose ground state energy equals that of the combined particle/field system in a bound state in the same V.},
author = {Lieb, Élliott and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Journal of Statistical Physics},
number = {1-2},
pages = {51 -- 57},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Equivalence of two definitions of the effective mass of a polaron}},
doi = {10.1007/s10955-013-0791-z},
volume = {154},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2281,
abstract = {We consider two-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interaction, described by the Gross-Pitaevskii functional. Minimizers of this functional exist only if the interaction strength a satisfies {Mathematical expression}, where Q is the unique positive radial solution of {Mathematical expression} in {Mathematical expression}. We present a detailed analysis of the behavior of minimizers as a approaches a*, where all the mass concentrates at a global minimum of the trapping potential.},
author = {Guo, Yujin and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Letters in Mathematical Physics},
number = {2},
pages = {141 -- 156},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{On the mass concentration for Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interactions}},
doi = {10.1007/s11005-013-0667-9},
volume = {104},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2255,
abstract = {Motivated by applications in biology, we present an algorithm for estimating the length of tube-like shapes in 3-dimensional Euclidean space. In a first step, we combine the tube formula of Weyl with integral geometric methods to obtain an integral representation of the length, which we approximate using a variant of the Koksma-Hlawka Theorem. In a second step, we use tools from computational topology to decrease the dependence on small perturbations of the shape. We present computational experiments that shed light on the stability and the convergence rate of our algorithm.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Pausinger, Florian},
issn = {09249907},
journal = {Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision},
number = {1},
pages = {164 -- 177},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Stable length estimates of tube-like shapes}},
doi = {10.1007/s10851-013-0468-x},
volume = {50},
year = {2014},
}
@article{359,
abstract = {An appropriate way of realizing property nanoengineering in complex quaternary chalcogenide nanocrystals is presented for Cu2Cd xSnSey(CCTSe) polypods. The pivotal role of the polarity in determining morphology, growth, and the polytypic branching mechanism is demonstrated. Polarity is considered to be responsible for the formation of an initial seed that takes the form of a tetrahedron with four cation-polar facets. Size and shape confinement of the intermediate pentatetrahedral seed is also attributed to polarity, as their external facets are anion-polar. The final polypod extensions also branch out as a result of a cation-polarity-driven mechanism. Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy is used to identify stannite cation ordering, while ab initio studies are used to show the influence of cation ordering/distortion, stoichiometry, and polytypic structural change on the electronic band structure.},
author = {Zamani, Reza R and Ibanez, Maria and Luysberg, Martina and García-Castelló, Nuria and Houben, Lothar and Prades, Joan D and Grillo, Vincenzo and Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E and Morante, Joan R and Cabot, Andreu and Arbiol, Jordi},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = {3},
pages = {2290 -- 2301},
publisher = {American Chemical Society},
title = {{Polarity-driven polytypic branching in Cu-based quaternary chalcogenide nanostructures}},
doi = {10.1021/nn405747h},
volume = {8},
year = {2014},
}
@article{2084,
abstract = {Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are a large family of cell surface receptors that sense growth factors and hormones and regulate a variety of cell behaviours in health and disease. Contactless activation of RTKs with spatial and temporal precision is currently not feasible. Here, we generated RTKs that are insensitive to endogenous ligands but can be selectively activated by low-intensity blue light. We screened light-oxygen-voltage (LOV)-sensing domains for their ability to activate RTKs by light-activated dimerization. Incorporation of LOV domains found in aureochrome photoreceptors of stramenopiles resulted in robust activation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and rearranged during transfection (RET). In human cancer and endothelial cells, light induced cellular signalling with spatial and temporal precision. Furthermore, light faithfully mimicked complex mitogenic and morphogenic cell behaviour induced by growth factors. RTKs under optical control (Opto-RTKs) provide a powerful optogenetic approach to actuate cellular signals and manipulate cell behaviour.},
author = {Grusch, Michael and Schelch, Karin and Riedler, Robert and Gschaider-Reichhart, Eva and Differ, Christopher and Berger, Walter and Inglés Prieto, Álvaro and Janovjak, Harald L},
journal = {EMBO Journal},
number = {15},
pages = {1713 -- 1726},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Spatio-temporally precise activation of engineered receptor tyrosine kinases by light}},
doi = {10.15252/embj.201387695},
volume = {33},
year = {2014},
}
@article{537,
abstract = {Transgenerational effects are broader than only parental relationships. Despite mounting evidence that multigenerational effects alter phenotypic and life-history traits, our understanding of how they combine to determine fitness is not well developed because of the added complexity necessary to study them. Here, we derive a quantitative genetic model of adaptation to an extraordinary new environment by an additive genetic component, phenotypic plasticity, maternal and grandmaternal effects. We show how, at equilibrium, negative maternal and negative grandmaternal effects maximize expected population mean fitness. We define negative transgenerational effects as those that have a negative effect on trait expression in the subsequent generation, that is, they slow, or potentially reverse, the expected evolutionary dynamic. When maternal effects are positive, negative grandmaternal effects are preferred. As expected under Mendelian inheritance, the grandmaternal effects have a lower impact on fitness than the maternal effects, but this dual inheritance model predicts a more complex relationship between maternal and grandmaternal effects to constrain phenotypic variance and so maximize expected population mean fitness in the offspring.},
author = {Prizak, Roshan and Ezard, Thomas and Hoyle, Rebecca},
journal = {Ecology and Evolution},
number = {15},
pages = {3139 -- 3145},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Fitness consequences of maternal and grandmaternal effects}},
doi = {10.1002/ece3.1150},
volume = {4},
year = {2014},
}
@misc{5420,
abstract = {We consider concurrent mean-payoff games, a very well-studied class of two-player (player 1 vs player 2) zero-sum games on finite-state graphs where every transition is assigned a reward between 0 and 1, and the payoff function is the long-run average of the rewards. The value is the maximal expected payoff that player 1 can guarantee against all strategies of player 2. We consider the computation of the set of states with value 1 under finite-memory strategies for player 1, and our main results for the problem are as follows: (1) we present a polynomial-time algorithm; (2) we show that whenever there is a finite-memory strategy, there is a stationary strategy that does not need memory at all; and (3) we present an optimal bound (which is double exponential) on the patience of stationary strategies (where patience of a distribution is the inverse of the smallest positive probability and represents a complexity measure of a stationary strategy).},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Ibsen-Jensen, Rasmus},
issn = {2664-1690},
pages = {49},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{The value 1 problem for concurrent mean-payoff games}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:IST-2014-191-v1-1},
year = {2014},
}
@inproceedings{6740,
abstract = {We describe coding techniques that achieve the capacity of a discrete memoryless asymmetric channel. To do so, we discuss how recent advances in coding for symmetric channels yield more efficient solutions also for the asymmetric case. In more detail, we consider three basic approaches. The first one is Gallager's scheme that concatenates a linear code with a non-linear mapper, in order to bias the input distribution. We explicitly show that both polar codes and spatially coupled codes can be employed in this scenario. Further, we derive a scaling law between the gap to capacity, the cardinality of channel input and output alphabets, and the required size of the mapper. The second one is an integrated approach in which the coding scheme is used both for source coding, in order to create codewords with the capacity-achieving distribution, and for channel coding, in order to provide error protection. Such a technique has been recently introduced by Honda and Yamamoto in the context of polar codes, and we show how to apply it also to the design of sparse graph codes. The third approach is based on an idea due to Böcherer and Mathar and separates completely the two tasks of source coding and channel coding by “chaining” together several codewords. We prove that we can combine any suitable source code with any suitable channel code in order to provide optimal schemes for asymmetric channels. In particular, polar codes and spatially coupled codes fulfill the required conditions.},
author = {Mondelli, Marco and Urbanke, Rudiger and Hassani, Hamed},
booktitle = {52nd Annual Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing},
location = {Monticello, IL, United States},
pages = {789--796},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{How to achieve the capacity of asymmetric channels}},
doi = {10.1109/allerton.2014.7028535},
year = {2014},
}
@book{6853,
abstract = {This monograph presents a short course in computational geometry and topology. In the first part the book covers Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations, then it presents the theory of alpha complexes which play a crucial role in biology. The central part of the book is the homology theory and their computation, including the theory of persistence which is indispensable for applications, e.g. shape reconstruction. The target audience comprises researchers and practitioners in mathematics, biology, neuroscience and computer science, but the book may also be beneficial to graduate students of these fields.},
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert},
isbn = {9783319059563},
issn = {2191-530X},
pages = {IX, 110},
publisher = {Springer International Publishing},
title = {{A Short Course in Computational Geometry and Topology}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-05957-0},
year = {2014},
}
@article{7072,
abstract = {We investigate the structural and magnetic properties of two molecule-based magnets synthesized from the same starting components. Their different structural motifs promote contrasting exchange pathways and consequently lead to markedly different magnetic ground states. Through examination of their structural and magnetic properties we show that [Cu(pyz)(H2O)(gly)2](ClO4)2 may be considered a quasi-one-dimensional quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnet whereas the related compound [Cu(pyz)(gly)](ClO4), which is formed from dimers of antiferromagnetically interacting Cu2+ spins, remains disordered down to at least 0.03 K in zero field but shows a field-temperature phase diagram reminiscent of that seen in materials showing a Bose-Einstein condensation of magnons.},
author = {Lancaster, T. and Goddard, P. A. and Blundell, S. J. and Foronda, F. R. and Ghannadzadeh, S. and Möller, J. S. and Baker, P. J. and Pratt, F. L. and Baines, C. and Huang, L. and Wosnitza, J. and McDonald, R. D. and Modic, Kimberly A and Singleton, J. and Topping, C. V. and Beale, T. A. W. and Xiao, F. and Schlueter, J. A. and Barton, A. M. and Cabrera, R. D. and Carreiro, K. E. and Tran, H. E. and Manson, J. L.},
issn = {1079-7114},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {20},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Controlling magnetic order and quantum disorder in molecule-based magnets}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.112.207201},
volume = {112},
year = {2014},
}