@article{2,
abstract = {Indirect reciprocity explores how humans act when their reputation is at stake, and which social norms they use to assess the actions of others. A crucial question in indirect reciprocity is which social norms can maintain stable cooperation in a society. Past research has highlighted eight such norms, called “leading-eight” strategies. This past research, however, is based on the assumption that all relevant information about other population members is publicly available and that everyone agrees on who is good or bad. Instead, here we explore the reputation dynamics when information is private and noisy. We show that under these conditions, most leading-eight strategies fail to evolve. Those leading-eight strategies that do evolve are unable to sustain full cooperation.Indirect reciprocity is a mechanism for cooperation based on shared moral systems and individual reputations. It assumes that members of a community routinely observe and assess each other and that they use this information to decide who is good or bad, and who deserves cooperation. When information is transmitted publicly, such that all community members agree on each other’s reputation, previous research has highlighted eight crucial moral systems. These “leading-eight” strategies can maintain cooperation and resist invasion by defectors. However, in real populations individuals often hold their own private views of others. Once two individuals disagree about their opinion of some third party, they may also see its subsequent actions in a different light. Their opinions may further diverge over time. Herein, we explore indirect reciprocity when information transmission is private and noisy. We find that in the presence of perception errors, most leading-eight strategies cease to be stable. Even if a leading-eight strategy evolves, cooperation rates may drop considerably when errors are common. Our research highlights the role of reliable information and synchronized reputations to maintain stable moral systems.},
author = {Hilbe, Christian and Schmid, Laura and Tkadlec, Josef and Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Nowak, Martin},
journal = {PNAS},
number = {48},
pages = {12241--12246},
publisher = {National Academy of Sciences},
title = {{Indirect reciprocity with private, noisy, and incomplete information}},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1810565115},
volume = {115},
year = {2018},
}
@article{20,
abstract = {Background: Norepinephrine (NE) signaling has a key role in white adipose tissue (WAT) functions, including lipolysis, free fatty acid liberation and, under certain conditions, conversion of white into brite (brown-in-white) adipocytes. However, acute effects of NE stimulation have not been described at the transcriptional network level. Results: We used RNA-seq to uncover a broad transcriptional response. The inference of protein-protein and protein-DNA interaction networks allowed us to identify a set of immediate-early genes (IEGs) with high betweenness, validating our approach and suggesting a hierarchical control of transcriptional regulation. In addition, we identified a transcriptional regulatory network with IEGs as master regulators, including HSF1 and NFIL3 as novel NE-induced IEG candidates. Moreover, a functional enrichment analysis and gene clustering into functional modules suggest a crosstalk between metabolic, signaling, and immune responses. Conclusions: Altogether, our network biology approach explores for the first time the immediate-early systems level response of human adipocytes to acute sympathetic activation, thereby providing a first network basis of early cell fate programs and crosstalks between metabolic and transcriptional networks required for proper WAT function.},
author = {Higareda Almaraz, Juan and Karbiener, Michael and Giroud, Maude and Pauler, Florian and Gerhalter, Teresa and Herzig, Stephan and Scheideler, Marcel},
journal = {BMC Genomics},
number = {1},
publisher = {BioMed Central},
title = {{Norepinephrine triggers an immediate-early regulatory network response in primary human white adipocytes}},
doi = {10.1186/s12864-018-5173-0},
volume = {19},
year = {2018},
}
@phdthesis{200,
abstract = {This thesis is concerned with the inference of current population structure based on geo-referenced genetic data. The underlying idea is that population structure affects its spatial genetic structure. Therefore, genotype information can be utilized to estimate important demographic parameters such as migration rates. These indirect estimates of population structure have become very attractive, as genotype data is now widely available. However, there also has been much concern about these approaches. Importantly, genetic structure can be influenced by many complex patterns, which often cannot be disentangled. Moreover, many methods merely fit heuristic patterns of genetic structure, and do not build upon population genetics theory. Here, I describe two novel inference methods that address these shortcomings. In Chapter 2, I introduce an inference scheme based on a new type of signal, identity by descent (IBD) blocks. Recently, it has become feasible to detect such long blocks of genome shared between pairs of samples. These blocks are direct traces of recent coalescence events. As such, they contain ample signal for inferring recent demography. I examine sharing of IBD blocks in two-dimensional populations with local migration. Using a diffusion approximation, I derive formulas for an isolation by distance pattern of long IBD blocks and show that sharing of long IBD blocks approaches rapid exponential decay for growing sample distance. I describe an inference scheme based on these results. It can robustly estimate the dispersal rate and population density, which is demonstrated on simulated data. I also show an application to estimate mean migration and the rate of recent population growth within Eastern Europe. Chapter 3 is about a novel method to estimate barriers to gene flow in a two dimensional population. This inference scheme utilizes geographically localized allele frequency fluctuations - a classical isolation by distance signal. The strength of these local fluctuations increases on average next to a barrier, and there is less correlation across it. I again use a framework of diffusion of ancestral lineages to model this effect, and provide an efficient numerical implementation to fit the results to geo-referenced biallelic SNP data. This inference scheme is able to robustly estimate strong barriers to gene flow, as tests on simulated data confirm.},
author = {Ringbauer, Harald},
pages = {146},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Inferring recent demography from spatial genetic structure}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:th_963},
year = {2018},
}
@phdthesis{201,
abstract = {We describe arrangements of three-dimensional spheres from a geometrical and topological point of view. Real data (fitting this setup) often consist of soft spheres which show certain degree of deformation while strongly packing against each other. In this context, we answer the following questions: If we model a soft packing of spheres by hard spheres that are allowed to overlap, can we measure the volume in the overlapped areas? Can we be more specific about the overlap volume, i.e. quantify how much volume is there covered exactly twice, three times, or k times? What would be a good optimization criteria that rule the arrangement of soft spheres while making a good use of the available space? Fixing a particular criterion, what would be the optimal sphere configuration? The first result of this thesis are short formulas for the computation of volumes covered by at least k of the balls. The formulas exploit information contained in the order-k Voronoi diagrams and its closely related Level-k complex. The used complexes lead to a natural generalization into poset diagrams, a theoretical formalism that contains the order-k and degree-k diagrams as special cases. In parallel, we define different criteria to determine what could be considered an optimal arrangement from a geometrical point of view. Fixing a criterion, we find optimal soft packing configurations in 2D and 3D where the ball centers lie on a lattice. As a last step, we use tools from computational topology on real physical data, to show the potentials of higher-order diagrams in the description of melting crystals. The results of the experiments leaves us with an open window to apply the theories developed in this thesis in real applications.},
author = {Iglesias Ham, Mabel},
pages = {171},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Multiple covers with balls}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:th_1026},
year = {2018},
}
@article{2015,
abstract = {We consider the problem of learning a Bayesian network or directed acyclic graph model from observational data. A number of constraint‐based, score‐based and hybrid algorithms have been developed for this purpose. Statistical consistency guarantees of these algorithms rely on the faithfulness assumption, which has been shown to be restrictive especially for graphs with cycles in the skeleton. We here propose the sparsest permutation (SP) algorithm, showing that learning Bayesian networks is possible under strictly weaker assumptions than faithfulness. This comes at a computational price, thereby indicating a statistical‐computational trade‐off for causal inference algorithms. In the Gaussian noiseless setting, we prove that the SP algorithm boils down to finding the permutation of the variables with the sparsest Cholesky decomposition of the inverse covariance matrix, which is equivalent to ℓ0‐penalized maximum likelihood estimation. We end with a simulation study showing that in line with the proven stronger consistency guarantees, and the SP algorithm compares favourably to standard causal inference algorithms in terms of accuracy for a given sample size.},
author = {Raskutti, Garvesh and Uhler, Caroline},
journal = {STAT},
number = {1},
publisher = {Wiley},
title = {{Learning directed acyclic graphs based on sparsest permutations}},
doi = {10.1002/sta4.183},
volume = {7},
year = {2018},
}
@article{203,
abstract = {Asymmetric auxin distribution is instrumental for the differential growth that causes organ bending on tropic stimuli and curvatures during plant development. Local differences in auxin concentrations are achieved mainly by polarized cellular distribution of PIN auxin transporters, but whether other mechanisms involving auxin homeostasis are also relevant for the formation of auxin gradients is not clear. Here we show that auxin methylation is required for asymmetric auxin distribution across the hypocotyl, particularly during its response to gravity. We found that loss-of-function mutants in Arabidopsis IAA CARBOXYL METHYLTRANSFERASE1 (IAMT1) prematurely unfold the apical hook, and that their hypocotyls are impaired in gravitropic reorientation. This defect is linked to an auxin-dependent increase in PIN gene expression, leading to an increased polar auxin transport and lack of asymmetric distribution of PIN3 in the iamt1 mutant. Gravitropic reorientation in the iamt1 mutant could be restored with either endodermis-specific expression of IAMT1 or partial inhibition of polar auxin transport, which also results in normal PIN gene expression levels. We propose that IAA methylation is necessary in gravity-sensing cells to restrict polar auxin transport within the range of auxin levels that allow for differential responses.},
author = {Abbas, Mohamad and Hernández, García J and Pollmann, Stephan and Samodelov, Sophia L and Kolb, Martina and Friml, Jirí and Hammes, Ulrich Z and Zurbriggen, Matias D and Blázquez, Miguel and Alabadí, David},
journal = {PNAS},
number = {26},
pages = {6864--6869},
publisher = {National Academy of Sciences},
title = {{Auxin methylation is required for differential growth in Arabidopsis}},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1806565115},
volume = {115},
year = {2018},
}
@article{21,
abstract = {Parvalbumin-positive (PV+) GABAergic interneurons in hippocampal microcircuits are thought to play a key role in several higher network functions, such as feedforward and feedback inhibition, network oscillations, and pattern separation. Fast lateral inhibition mediated by GABAergic interneurons may implement a winner-takes-all mechanism in the hippocampal input layer. However, it is not clear whether the functional connectivity rules of granule cells (GCs) and interneurons in the dentate gyrus are consistent with such a mechanism. Using simultaneous patch-clamp recordings from up to seven GCs and up to four PV+ interneurons in the dentate gyrus, we find that connectivity is structured in space, synapse-specific, and enriched in specific disynaptic motifs. In contrast to the neocortex, lateral inhibition in the dentate gyrus (in which a GC inhibits neighboring GCs via a PV+ interneuron) is ~ 10-times more abundant than recurrent inhibition (in which a GC inhibits itself). Thus, unique connectivity rules may enable the dentate gyrus to perform specific higher-order computations},
author = {Espinoza Martinez, Claudia M and Guzmán, José and Zhang, Xiaomin and Jonas, Peter M},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = {1},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Parvalbumin+ interneurons obey unique connectivity rules and establish a powerful lateral-inhibition microcircuit in dentate gyrus}},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-018-06899-3},
volume = {9},
year = {2018},
}
@article{22,
abstract = {Conventional ultra-high sensitivity detectors in the millimeter-wave range are usually cooled as their own thermal noise at room temperature would mask the weak received radiation. The need for cryogenic systems increases the cost and complexity of the instruments, hindering the development of, among others, airborne and space applications. In this work, the nonlinear parametric upconversion of millimeter-wave radiation to the optical domain inside high-quality (Q) lithium niobate whispering-gallery mode (WGM) resonators is proposed for ultra-low noise detection. We experimentally demonstrate coherent upconversion of millimeter-wave signals to a 1550 nm telecom carrier, with a photon conversion efficiency surpassing the state-of-the-art by 2 orders of magnitude. Moreover, a theoretical model shows that the thermal equilibrium of counterpropagating WGMs is broken by overcoupling the millimeter-wave WGM, effectively cooling the upconverted mode and allowing ultra-low noise detection. By theoretically estimating the sensitivity of a correlation radiometer based on the presented scheme, it is found that room-temperature radiometers with better sensitivity than state-of-the-art high-electron-mobility transistor (HEMT)-based radiometers can be designed. This detection paradigm can be used to develop room-temperature instrumentation for radio astronomy, earth observation, planetary missions, and imaging systems.},
author = {Botello, Gabriel and Sedlmeir, Florian and Rueda Sanchez, Alfredo R and Abdalmalak, Kerlos and Brown, Elliott and Leuchs, Gerd and Preu, Sascha and Segovia Vargas, Daniel and Strekalov, Dmitry and Munoz, Luis and Schwefel, Harald},
issn = {23342536},
journal = {Optica},
number = {10},
pages = {1210 -- 1219},
publisher = {Optical Society of America},
title = {{Sensitivity limits of millimeter-wave photonic radiometers based on efficient electro-optic upconverters}},
doi = {10.1364/OPTICA.5.001210},
volume = {5},
year = {2018},
}
@article{23,
abstract = {The strong atomistic spin–orbit coupling of holes makes single-shot spin readout measurements difficult because it reduces the spin lifetimes. By integrating the charge sensor into a high bandwidth radio frequency reflectometry setup, we were able to demonstrate single-shot readout of a germanium quantum dot hole spin and measure the spin lifetime. Hole spin relaxation times of about 90 μs at 500 mT are reported, with a total readout visibility of about 70%. By analyzing separately the spin-to-charge conversion and charge readout fidelities, we have obtained insight into the processes limiting the visibilities of hole spins. The analyses suggest that high hole visibilities are feasible at realistic experimental conditions, underlying the potential of hole spins for the realization of viable qubit devices.},
author = {Vukušić, Lada and Kukucka, Josip and Watzinger, Hannes and Milem, Joshua M and Schäffler, Friedrich and Katsaros, Georgios},
issn = {15306984},
journal = {Nano Letters},
number = {11},
pages = {7141 -- 7145},
publisher = {American Chemical Society},
title = {{Single-shot readout of hole spins in Ge}},
doi = {10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b03217},
volume = {18},
year = {2018},
}
@inproceedings{24,
abstract = {Partially-observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) with discounted-sum payoff are a standard framework to model a wide range of problems related to decision making under uncertainty. Traditionally, the goal has been to obtain policies that optimize the expectation of the discounted-sum payoff. A key drawback of the expectation measure is that even low probability events with extreme payoff can significantly affect the expectation, and thus the obtained policies are not necessarily risk-averse. An alternate approach is to optimize the probability that the payoff is above a certain threshold, which allows obtaining risk-averse policies, but ignores optimization of the expectation. We consider the expectation optimization with probabilistic guarantee (EOPG) problem, where the goal is to optimize the expectation ensuring that the payoff is above a given threshold with at least a specified probability. We present several results on the EOPG problem, including the first algorithm to solve it.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Elgyütt, Adrian and Novotny, Petr and Rouillé, Owen},
location = {Stockholm, Sweden},
pages = {4692 -- 4699},
publisher = {IJCAI},
title = {{Expectation optimization with probabilistic guarantees in POMDPs with discounted-sum objectives}},
doi = {10.24963/ijcai.2018/652},
volume = {2018},
year = {2018},
}
@phdthesis{26,
abstract = {Expression of genes is a fundamental molecular phenotype that is subject to evolution by different types of mutations. Both the rate and the effect of mutations may depend on the DNA sequence context of a particular gene or a particular promoter sequence. In this thesis I investigate the nature of this dependence using simple genetic systems in Escherichia coli. With these systems I explore the evolution of constitutive gene expression from random starting sequences at different loci on the chromosome and at different locations in sequence space. First, I dissect chromosomal neighborhood effects that underlie locus-dependent differences in the potential of a gene under selection to become more highly expressed. Next, I find that the effects of point mutations in promoter sequences are dependent on sequence context, and that an existing energy matrix model performs poorly in predicting relative expression of unrelated sequences. Finally, I show that a substantial fraction of random sequences contain functional promoters and I present an extended thermodynamic model that predicts promoter strength in full sequence space. Taken together, these results provide new insights and guides on how to integrate information on sequence context to improve our qualitative and quantitative understanding of bacterial gene expression, with implications for rapid evolution of drug resistance, de novo evolution of genes, and horizontal gene transfer.},
author = {Steinrück, Magdalena},
pages = {109},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{The influence of sequence context on the evolution of bacterial gene expression}},
doi = {10.15479/AT:ISTA:th1059},
year = {2018},
}
@article{723,
abstract = {Escaping local optima is one of the major obstacles to function optimisation. Using the metaphor of a fitness landscape, local optima correspond to hills separated by fitness valleys that have to be overcome. We define a class of fitness valleys of tunable difficulty by considering their length, representing the Hamming path between the two optima and their depth, the drop in fitness. For this function class we present a runtime comparison between stochastic search algorithms using different search strategies. The (1+1) EA is a simple and well-studied evolutionary algorithm that has to jump across the valley to a point of higher fitness because it does not accept worsening moves (elitism). In contrast, the Metropolis algorithm and the Strong Selection Weak Mutation (SSWM) algorithm, a famous process in population genetics, are both able to cross the fitness valley by accepting worsening moves. We show that the runtime of the (1+1) EA depends critically on the length of the valley while the runtimes of the non-elitist algorithms depend crucially on the depth of the valley. Moreover, we show that both SSWM and Metropolis can also efficiently optimise a rugged function consisting of consecutive valleys.},
author = {Oliveto, Pietro and Paixao, Tiago and Pérez Heredia, Jorge and Sudholt, Dirk and Trubenova, Barbora},
journal = {Algorithmica},
number = {5},
pages = {1604 -- 1633},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{How to escape local optima in black box optimisation when non elitism outperforms elitism}},
doi = {10.1007/s00453-017-0369-2},
volume = {80},
year = {2018},
}
@article{7271,
abstract = {The recent demand of multifunctional materials and devices for advanced applications in energy conversion and data storage resulted into a revival of multiferroics, that is, materials characterized by the coexistence of ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. Despite intense efforts made in the past decade, single-phase room temperature multiferroics are yet to be discovered/fabricated. Nanostructured ferroic materials could potentially exhibit multiferroism since a high fraction of their atoms/ions are superficial, thereby altering significantly the properties of the bulk phase. Alternately, a magnetic order can be induced into ferroelectric materials upon aliovalent doping with magnetic ions. Here, we report on the synthesis of aggregate-free single-phase transition-metal-doped BaTiO3 quasi-monodisperse cuboidal nanocrystals (NC) which exhibit multiferroic properties at room temperature and can be suitable for applications in data storage. The proposed synthetic route allows the inclusion of a high concentration of magnetic ions such as Mn+ (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) up to a nominal concentration of 4% without the formation of any secondary phase. The size of the nanocrystals was controlled in a wide range from ∼15 up to ∼70 nm by varying the reaction time from 48 to 144 h. The presence of unpaired electrons and their magnetic ordering have been probed by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR), and a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Likewise, an acentric structure, associated with the existence of a dielectric polarization, was observed by lattice dynamics analysis and piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM). These results show that high-quality titanium-containing perovskite nanocrystals which display multiferroic properties at room temperature can be fabricated via soft solution-based synthetic routes, and the properties of these materials can be modulated by changing the size of the nanocrystals and the concentration of the dopant thereby opening the door to the design and study of single-phase multiferroic materials.},
author = {Costanzo, Tommaso and McCracken, John and Rotaru, Aurelian and Caruntu, Gabriel},
issn = {2574-0970},
journal = {ACS Applied Nano Materials},
number = {9},
pages = {4863--4874},
publisher = {ACS},
title = {{Quasi-monodisperse transition-metal-doped BaTiO3 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe, Co) colloidal nanocrystals with multiferroic properties}},
doi = {10.1021/acsanm.8b01036},
volume = {1},
year = {2018},
}
@article{7277,
abstract = {Solid alkali metal carbonates are universal passivation layer components of intercalation battery materials and common side products in metal‐O2 batteries, and are believed to form and decompose reversibly in metal‐O2/CO2 cells. In these cathodes, Li2CO3 decomposes to CO2 when exposed to potentials above 3.8 V vs. Li/Li+. However, O2 evolution, as would be expected according to the decomposition reaction 2 Li2CO3→4 Li++4 e−+2 CO2+O2, is not detected. O atoms are thus unaccounted for, which was previously ascribed to unidentified parasitic reactions. Here, we show that highly reactive singlet oxygen (1O2) forms upon oxidizing Li2CO3 in an aprotic electrolyte and therefore does not evolve as O2. These results have substantial implications for the long‐term cyclability of batteries: they underpin the importance of avoiding 1O2 in metal‐O2 batteries, question the possibility of a reversible metal‐O2/CO2 battery based on a carbonate discharge product, and help explain the interfacial reactivity of transition‐metal cathodes with residual Li2CO3.},
author = {Mahne, Nika and Renfrew, Sara E. and McCloskey, Bryan D. and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander},
issn = {1433-7851},
journal = {Angewandte Chemie International Edition},
number = {19},
pages = {5529--5533},
publisher = {Wiley},
title = {{Electrochemical oxidation of Lithium Carbonate generates singlet oxygen}},
doi = {10.1002/anie.201802277},
volume = {57},
year = {2018},
}
@article{7285,
abstract = {Hydrogelation, the self-assembly of molecules into soft, water-loaded networks, is one way to bridge the structural gap between single molecules and functional materials. The potential of hydrogels, such as those based on perylene bisimides, lies in their chemical, physical, optical, and electronic properties, which are governed by the supramolecular structure of the gel. However, the structural motifs and their precise role for long-range conductivity are yet to be explored. Here, we present a comprehensive structural picture of a perylene bisimide hydrogel, suggesting that its long-range conductivity is limited by charge transfer between electronic backbones. We reveal nanocrystalline ribbon-like structures as the electronic and structural backbone units between which charge transfer is mediated by polar solvent bridges. We exemplify this effect with sensing, where exposure to polar vapor enhances conductivity by 5 orders of magnitude, emphasizing the crucial role of the interplay between structural motif and surrounding medium for the rational design of devices based on nanocrystalline hydrogels.},
author = {Burian, Max and Rigodanza, Francesco and Demitri, Nicola and D̵ord̵ević, Luka and Marchesan, Silvia and Steinhartova, Tereza and Letofsky-Papst, Ilse and Khalakhan, Ivan and Mourad, Eléonore and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander and Amenitsch, Heinz and Prato, Maurizio and Syrgiannis, Zois},
issn = {1936-0851},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = {6},
pages = {5800--5806},
publisher = {ACS},
title = {{Inter-backbone charge transfer as prerequisite for long-range conductivity in perylene bisimide hydrogels}},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.8b01689},
volume = {12},
year = {2018},
}
@article{7286,
abstract = {The solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) in Li and Na ion batteries forms when highly reducing or oxidizing electrode materials come into contact with a liquid organic electrolyte. Its ability to form a mechanically robust, ion-conducting, and electron-insulating layer critically determines performance, cycle life, and safety. Li or Na alkyl carbonates (LiAC and NaAC, respectively) are lead SEI components in state-of-the-art carbonate based electrolytes, and our fundamental understanding of their charge transport and mechanical properties may hold the key to designing electrolytes forming an improved SEI. We synthesized a homologous series of LiACs and NaACs from methyl to octyl analogues and characterized them with respect to structure, ionic conductivity, and stiffness. The compounds assume layered structures except for the lithium methyl carbonate. Room-temperature conductivities were found to be ∼10–9 S cm–1 for lithium methyl carbonate, <10–12 S cm–1 for the other LiACs, and <10–12 S cm–1 for the NaACs with ion transport mostly attributed to grain boundaries. While LiACs show stiffnesses of ∼1 GPa, NaACs become significantly softer with increasing chain lengths. These findings will help to more precisely interpret the complex results from charge transport and mechanical characterization of real SEIs and can give a rationale for influencing the SEI’s mechanical properties via the electrolyte.},
author = {Schafzahl, Lukas and Ehmann, Heike and Kriechbaum, Manfred and Sattelkow, Jürgen and Ganner, Thomas and Plank, Harald and Wilkening, Martin and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander},
issn = {1520-5002},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = {10},
pages = {3338--3345},
publisher = {ACS},
title = {{Long-chain Li and Na alkyl carbonates as solid electrolyte interphase components: Structure, ion transport, and mechanical properties}},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00750},
volume = {30},
year = {2018},
}
@article{7287,
abstract = {Passivation layers on electrode materials are ubiquitous in nonaqueous battery chemistries and strongly govern performance and lifetime. They comprise breakdown products of the electrolyte including carbonate, alkyl carbonates, alkoxides, carboxylates, and polymers. Parasitic chemistry in metal–O2 batteries forms similar products and is tied to the deviation of the O2 balance from the ideal stoichiometry during formation/decomposition of alkaline peroxides or superoxides. Accurate and integral quantification of carbonaceous species and peroxides or superoxides in battery electrodes remains, however, elusive. We present a refined procedure to quantify them accurately and sensitively by pointing out and rectifying pitfalls of previous procedures. Carbonaceous compounds are differentiated into inorganic and organic ones. We combine mass and UV–vis spectrometry to quantify evolved O2 and complexed peroxide and CO2 evolved from carbonaceous compounds by acid treatment and Fenton’s reaction. The capabilities of the method are exemplified by means of Li–O2 and Na–O2 cathodes, graphite anodes, and LiNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 cathodes.},
author = {Schafzahl, Bettina and Mourad, Eléonore and Schafzahl, Lukas and Petit, Yann K. and Raju, Anjana R. and Thotiyl, Musthafa Ottakam and Wilkening, Martin and Slugovc, Christian and Freunberger, Stefan Alexander},
issn = {2380-8195},
journal = {ACS Energy Letters},
number = {1},
pages = {170--176},
publisher = {ACS},
title = {{Quantifying total superoxide, peroxide, and carbonaceous compounds in metal–O2 batteries and the solid electrolyte interphase}},
doi = {10.1021/acsenergylett.7b01111},
volume = {3},
year = {2018},
}
@article{738,
abstract = {This paper is devoted to automatic competitive analysis of real-time scheduling algorithms for firm-deadline tasksets, where only completed tasks con- tribute some utility to the system. Given such a taskset T , the competitive ratio of an on-line scheduling algorithm A for T is the worst-case utility ratio of A over the utility achieved by a clairvoyant algorithm. We leverage the theory of quantitative graph games to address the competitive analysis and competitive synthesis problems. For the competitive analysis case, given any taskset T and any finite-memory on- line scheduling algorithm A , we show that the competitive ratio of A in T can be computed in polynomial time in the size of the state space of A . Our approach is flexible as it also provides ways to model meaningful constraints on the released task sequences that determine the competitive ratio. We provide an experimental study of many well-known on-line scheduling algorithms, which demonstrates the feasibility of our competitive analysis approach that effectively replaces human ingenuity (required Preliminary versions of this paper have appeared in Chatterjee et al. ( 2013 , 2014 ). B Andreas Pavlogiannis pavlogiannis@ist.ac.at Krishnendu Chatterjee krish.chat@ist.ac.at Alexander Kößler koe@ecs.tuwien.ac.at Ulrich Schmid s@ecs.tuwien.ac.at 1 IST Austria (Institute of Science and Technology Austria), Am Campus 1, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria 2 Embedded Computing Systems Group, Vienna University of Technology, Treitlstrasse 3, 1040 Vienna, Austria 123 Real-Time Syst for finding worst-case scenarios) by computing power. For the competitive synthesis case, we are just given a taskset T , and the goal is to automatically synthesize an opti- mal on-line scheduling algorithm A , i.e., one that guarantees the largest competitive ratio possible for T . We show how the competitive synthesis problem can be reduced to a two-player graph game with partial information, and establish that the compu- tational complexity of solving this game is Np -complete. The competitive synthesis problem is hence in Np in the size of the state space of the non-deterministic labeled transition system encoding the taskset. Overall, the proposed framework assists in the selection of suitable scheduling algorithms for a given taskset, which is in fact the most common situation in real-time systems design. },
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Pavlogiannis, Andreas and Kößler, Alexander and Schmid, Ulrich},
journal = {Real-Time Systems},
number = {1},
pages = {166 -- 207},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Automated competitive analysis of real time scheduling with graph games}},
doi = {10.1007/s11241-017-9293-4},
volume = {54},
year = {2018},
}
@inproceedings{7407,
abstract = {Proofs of space (PoS) [Dziembowski et al., CRYPTO'15] are proof systems where a prover can convince a verifier that he "wastes" disk space. PoS were introduced as a more ecological and economical replacement for proofs of work which are currently used to secure blockchains like Bitcoin. In this work we investigate extensions of PoS which allow the prover to embed useful data into the dedicated space, which later can be recovered. Our first contribution is a security proof for the original PoS from CRYPTO'15 in the random oracle model (the original proof only applied to a restricted class of adversaries which can store a subset of the data an honest prover would store). When this PoS is instantiated with recent constructions of maximally depth robust graphs, our proof implies basically optimal security. As a second contribution we show three different extensions of this PoS where useful data can be embedded into the space required by the prover. Our security proof for the PoS extends (non-trivially) to these constructions. We discuss how some of these variants can be used as proofs of catalytic space (PoCS), a notion we put forward in this work, and which basically is a PoS where most of the space required by the prover can be used to backup useful data. Finally we discuss how one of the extensions is a candidate construction for a proof of replication (PoR), a proof system recently suggested in the Filecoin whitepaper. },
author = {Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z},
booktitle = {10th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2019)},
isbn = {978-3-95977-095-8},
issn = {1868-8969},
location = {San Diego, CA, United States},
pages = {59:1--59:25},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Proofs of catalytic space}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPICS.ITCS.2019.59},
volume = {124},
year = {2018},
}
@article{742,
abstract = {We give a detailed and easily accessible proof of Gromov’s Topological Overlap Theorem. Let X be a finite simplicial complex or, more generally, a finite polyhedral cell complex of dimension d. Informally, the theorem states that if X has sufficiently strong higher-dimensional expansion properties (which generalize edge expansion of graphs and are defined in terms of cellular cochains of X) then X has the following topological overlap property: for every continuous map (Formula presented.) there exists a point (Formula presented.) that is contained in the images of a positive fraction (Formula presented.) of the d-cells of X. More generally, the conclusion holds if (Formula presented.) is replaced by any d-dimensional piecewise-linear manifold M, with a constant (Formula presented.) that depends only on d and on the expansion properties of X, but not on M.},
author = {Dotterrer, Dominic and Kaufman, Tali and Wagner, Uli},
journal = {Geometriae Dedicata},
number = {1},
pages = {307–317},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{On expansion and topological overlap}},
doi = {10.1007/s10711-017-0291-4},
volume = {195},
year = {2018},
}