@article{1471,
abstract = {Given a possibly reducible and non-reduced spectral cover π: X → C over a smooth projective complex curve C we determine the group of connected components of the Prym variety Prym(X/C). As an immediate application we show that the finite group of n-torsion points of the Jacobian of C acts trivially on the cohomology of the twisted SL n-Higgs moduli space up to the degree which is predicted by topological mirror symmetry. In particular this yields a new proof of a result of Harder-Narasimhan, showing that this finite group acts trivially on the cohomology of the twisted SL n stable bundle moduli space.},
author = {Tamas Hausel and Pauly, Christian},
journal = {Geometry and Topology},
number = {3},
pages = {1609 -- 1638},
publisher = {University of Warwick},
title = {{Prym varieties of spectral covers}},
doi = {10.2140/gt.2012.16.1609},
volume = {16},
year = {2012},
}
@article{1801,
abstract = {Brain circuits are assembled from a large variety of morphologically and functionally diverse cell types. It is not known how the intermingled cell types of an individual adult brain region differ in their expressed genomes. Here we describe an atlas of cell type transcriptomes in one brain region, the mouse retina. We found that each adult cell type expressed a specific set of genes, including a unique set of transcription factors, forming a 'barcode' for cell identity. Cell type transcriptomes carried enough information to categorize cells into morphological classes and types. Several genes that were specifically expressed in particular retinal circuit elements, such as inhibitory neuron types, are associated with eye diseases. The resource described here allows gene expression to be compared across adult retinal cell types, experimenting with specific transcription factors to differentiate stem or somatic cells to retinal cell types, and predicting cellular targets of newly discovered disease-associated genes.},
author = {Sandra Siegert and Cabuy, Erik and Scherf, Brigitte G and Kohler, Hubertus and Panda, Satchidananda and Le, Yunzheng and Fehling, Hans J and Gaidatzis, Dimos and Stadler, Michael B and Roska, Botond M},
journal = {Nature Neuroscience},
number = {3},
pages = {487 -- 495},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Transcriptional code and disease map for adult retinal cell types}},
doi = {10.1038/nn.3032},
volume = {15},
year = {2012},
}
@misc{1976,
abstract = {Complex I is a key enzyme of the respiratory chain in many organisms. This multi-protein complex with an intricate evolutionary history originated from the unification of prebuilt modules of hydrogenases and transporters. Using recently determined crystallographic structures of complex I we reanalyzed evolutionarily related complexes that couple oxidoreduction to trans-membrane ion translocation. Our analysis points to the previously unnoticed structural homology of the electron input module of formate dehydrogenlyases and subunit NuoG of complex I. We also show that all related to complex I hydrogenases likely operate via a conformation driven mechanism with structural changes generated in the conserved coupling site located at the interface of subunits NuoB/D/H. The coupling apparently originated once in evolutionary history, together with subunit NuoH joining hydrogenase and transport modules. Analysis of quinone oxidoreduction properties and the structure of complex I allows us to suggest a fully reversible coupling mechanism. Our model predicts that: 1) proton access to the ketone groups of the bound quinone is rigorously controlled by the protein, 2) the negative electric charge of the anionic ubiquinol head group is a major driving force for conformational changes.},
author = {Efremov, Rouslan G and Leonid Sazanov},
booktitle = {Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics},
number = {10},
pages = {1785 -- 1795},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{The coupling mechanism of respiratory complex i - A structural and evolutionary perspective}},
doi = {10.1016/j.bbabio.2012.02.015},
volume = {1817},
year = {2012},
}
@inproceedings{2049,
abstract = {We propose a new authentication protocol that is provably secure based on a ring variant of the learning parity with noise (LPN) problem. The protocol follows the design principle of the LPN-based protocol from Eurocrypt’11 (Kiltz et al.), and like it, is a two round protocol secure against active attacks. Moreover, our protocol has small communication complexity and a very small footprint which makes it applicable in scenarios that involve low-cost, resource-constrained devices.
Performance-wise, our protocol is more efficient than previous LPN-based schemes, such as the many variants of the Hopper-Blum (HB) protocol and the aforementioned protocol from Eurocrypt’11. Our implementation results show that it is even comparable to the standard challenge-and-response protocols based on the AES block-cipher. Our basic protocol is roughly 20 times slower than AES, but with the advantage of having 10 times smaller code size. Furthermore, if a few hundred bytes of non-volatile memory are available to allow the storage of some off-line pre-computations, then the online phase of our protocols is only twice as slow as AES.
},
author = {Heyse, Stefan and Kiltz, Eike and Lyubashevsky, Vadim and Paar, Christof and Pietrzak, Krzysztof Z},
booktitle = { Conference proceedings FSE 2012},
location = {Washington, DC, USA},
pages = {346 -- 365},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Lapin: An efficient authentication protocol based on ring-LPN}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-34047-5_20},
volume = {7549},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2102,
abstract = {We propose a complete process for designing, simulating, and fabricating synthetic skin for an animatronics character that mimics the face of a given subject and its expressions. The process starts with measuring the elastic properties of a material used to manufacture synthetic soft tissue. Given these measurements we use physicsbased simulation to predict the behavior of a face when it is driven by the underlying robotic actuation. Next, we capture 3D facial expressions for a given target subject. As the key component of our process, we present a novel optimization scheme that determines the shape of the synthetic skin as well as the actuation parameters that provide the best match to the target expressions. We demonstrate this computational skin design by physically cloning a real human face onto an animatronics figure. },
author = {Bernd Bickel and Kaufmann, Peter and Skouras, Mélina and Thomaszewski, Bernhard and Bradley, Derek J and Beeler, Thabo and Jackson, Philip V and Marschner, Steve and Matusik, Wojciech and Groß, Markus S},
journal = {ACM Transactions on Graphics},
number = {4},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{Physical face cloning}},
doi = {10.1145/2185520.2185614},
volume = {31},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2203,
abstract = {We show that the electric dipole-dipole interaction between a pair of polar molecules undergoes an all-out transformation when superimposed by a far-off-resonant optical field. The combined interaction potential becomes tunable by variation of wavelength, polarisation and intensity of the optical field and its dependence on the intermolecular separation exhibits a crossover from an inverse-power to an oscillating behaviour. The ability thereby offered to control molecular interactions opens up avenues toward the creation and manipulation of novel phases of ultracold polar gases among whose characteristics is a long-range entanglement of the dipoles' mutual orientation. We devised an accurate analytic model of such optical-field-dressed dipole-dipole interaction potentials, which enables a straightforward access to the optical-field parameters required for the design of intermolecular interactions in the laboratory.},
author = {Mikhail Lemeshko and Friedrich, Břetislav},
journal = {Molecular Physics},
number = {15-16},
pages = {1873 -- 1881},
publisher = {Taylor & Francis},
title = {{Interaction between polar molecules subject to a far-off-resonant optical field: Entangled dipoles up- or down-holding each other}},
doi = {10.1080/00268976.2012.689868},
volume = {110},
year = {2012},
}
@inproceedings{2316,
abstract = {We summarize our recent results on the ground state energy of multi-polaron systems. In particular, we discuss stability and existence of the thermodynamic limit, and we discuss the absence of binding in the case of large Coulomb repulsion and the corresponding binding-unbinding transition. We also consider the Pekar-Tomasevich approximation to the ground state energy and we study radial symmetry of the ground state density. },
author = {Frank, Rupert L and Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer and Thomas, Lawrence E},
pages = {477 -- 485},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{Ground state properties of multi-polaron systems}},
doi = {10.1142/9789814449243_0045},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2688,
abstract = {To gain insights into structure-function relationship of excitatory synapses, we revisit our quantitative analysis of synaptic AMPAR by highly sensitive freeze-fracture replica labeling in eight different connections. All of these connections showed linear correlation between synapse size and AMPAR number indicating a common intra-synapse-type relationship in CNS synapses. On the contrary, inter-synapse-type relationship is unexpected indicating no correlation between averages of synapse size and AMPAR number. Interestingly, connections with large average synapse size and low AMPAR density showed high variability of AMPAR number and mosaic distribution within the postsynaptic membrane. We propose an idea that these connections may quickly exhibit synaptic plasticity by modifying AMPAR density/number whereas those with high AMPAR density change their efficacy by modifying synapse size.},
author = {Fukazawa, Yugo and Ryuichi Shigemoto},
journal = {Current Opinion in Neurobiology},
number = {3},
pages = {446 -- 452},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Intra-synapse-type and inter-synapse-type relationships between synaptic size and AMPAR expression}},
doi = {10.1016/j.conb.2012.01.006},
volume = {22},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2474,
abstract = {Interneurons are critical for neuronal circuit function, but how their dendritic morphologies and membrane properties influence information flow within neuronal circuits is largely unknown. We studied the spatiotemporal profile of synaptic integration and short-term plasticity in dendrites of mature cerebellar stellate cells by combining two-photon guided electrical stimulation, glutamate uncaging, electron microscopy, and modeling. Synaptic activation within thin (0.4 μm) dendrites produced somatic responses that became smaller and slower with increasing distance from the soma, sublinear subthreshold input-output relationships, and a somatodendritic gradient of short-term plasticity. Unlike most studies showing that neurons employ active dendritic mechanisms, we found that passive cable properties of thin dendrites determine the sublinear integration and plasticity gradient, which both result from large dendritic depolarizations that reduce synaptic driving force. These integrative properties allow stellate cells to act as spatiotemporal filters of synaptic input patterns, thereby biasing their output in favor of sparse presynaptic activity. Stellate cells are critical sources of inhibition in the cerebellum, but how their dendrites integrate excitatory synaptic inputs is unknown. Abrahamsson et al. show that thin dendrites and passive membrane properties of SCs promote sublinear synaptic summation and distance-dependent short-term plasticity. },
author = {Abrahamsson, Therese and Cathala, Laurence and Matsui, Ko and Ryuichi Shigemoto and DiGregorio, David A},
journal = {Neuron},
number = {6},
pages = {1159 -- 1172},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Thin dendrites of cerebellar interneurons confer sublinear synaptic integration and a gradient of short-term plasticity}},
doi = {10.1016/j.neuron.2012.01.027},
volume = {73},
year = {2012},
}
@inproceedings{2715,
abstract = {We consider Markov decision processes (MDPs) with specifications given as Büchi (liveness) objectives. We consider the problem of computing the set of almost-sure winning vertices from where the objective can be ensured with probability 1. We study for the first time the average case complexity of the classical algorithm for computing the set of almost-sure winning vertices for MDPs with Büchi objectives. Our contributions are as follows: First, we show that for MDPs with constant out-degree the expected number of iterations is at most logarithmic and the average case running time is linear (as compared to the worst case linear number of iterations and quadratic time complexity). Second, for the average case analysis over all MDPs we show that the expected number of iterations is constant and the average case running time is linear (again as compared to the worst case linear number of iterations and quadratic time complexity). Finally we also show that given that all MDPs are equally likely, the probability that the classical algorithm requires more than constant number of iterations is exponentially small.},
author = {Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Joglekar, Manas and Shah, Nisarg},
location = {Hyderabad, India},
pages = {461 -- 473},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Average case analysis of the classical algorithm for Markov decision processes with Büchi objectives}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.FSTTCS.2012.461},
volume = {18},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2772,
abstract = {We consider the semiclassical asymptotics of the sum of negative eigenvalues of the three-dimensional Pauli operator with an external potential and a self-generated magnetic field B. We also add the field energy β ∫ B 2 and we minimize over all magnetic fields. The parameter β effectively determines the strength of the field. We consider the weak field regime with βh 2 ≥ const > 0, where h is the semiclassical parameter. For smooth potentials we prove that the semiclassical asymptotics of the total energy is given by the non-magnetic Weyl term to leading order with an error bound that is smaller by a factor h 1+e{open}, i. e. the subleading term vanishes. However for potentials with a Coulomb singularity, the subleading term does not vanish due to the non-semiclassical effect of the singularity. Combined with a multiscale technique, this refined estimate is used in the companion paper (Erdo{double acute}s et al. in Scott correction for large molecules with a self-generated magnetic field, Preprint, 2011) to prove the second order Scott correction to the ground state energy of large atoms and molecules.},
author = {László Erdös and Fournais, Søren and Solovej, Jan P},
journal = {Annales Henri Poincare},
number = {4},
pages = {671 -- 730},
publisher = {Birkhäuser},
title = {{Second order semiclassics with self generated magnetic fields}},
doi = {10.1007/s00023-011-0150-z},
volume = {13},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2777,
abstract = {We consider a large neutral molecule with total nuclear charge Z in a model with self-generated classical magnetic field and where the kinetic energy of the electrons is treated relativistically. To ensure stability, we assume that Zα < 2/π, where α denotes the fine structure constant. We are interested in the ground state energy in the simultaneous limit Z → ∞, α → 0 such that κ = Zα is fixed. The leading term in the energy asymptotics is independent of κ, it is given by the Thomas-Fermi energy of order Z7/3 and it is unchanged by including the self-generated magnetic field. We prove the first correction term to this energy, the so-called Scott correction of the form S(αZ)Z2. The current paper extends the result of Solovej et al. [Commun. Pure Appl. Math.LXIII, 39-118 (2010)] on the Scott correction for relativistic molecules to include a self-generated magnetic field. Furthermore, we show that the corresponding Scott correction function S, first identified by Solovej et al. [Commun. Pure Appl. Math.LXIII, 39-118 (2010)], is unchanged by including a magnetic field. We also prove new Lieb-Thirring inequalities for the relativistic kinetic energy with magnetic fields.},
author = {László Erdös and Fournais, Søren and Solovej, Jan P},
journal = {Journal of Mathematical Physics},
number = {9},
publisher = {American Institute of Physics},
title = {{Relativistic Scott correction in self-generated magnetic fields}},
doi = {10.1063/1.3697417},
volume = {53},
year = {2012},
}
@article{237,
abstract = {The Manin conjecture is established for Châtelet surfaces over Q aris-ing as minimal proper smooth models of the surface Y 2 + Z 2 = f(X) in A 3 Q, where f ∈ Z[X] is a totally reducible polynomial of degree 3 without repeated roots. These surfaces do not satisfy weak approximation.},
author = {de la Bretèche, Régis and Timothy Browning and Peyre, Emmanuel},
journal = {Annals of Mathematics},
number = {1},
pages = {297 -- 343},
publisher = {Princeton University Press},
title = {{On Manin's conjecture for a family of Châtelet surfaces}},
doi = {10.4007/annals.2012.175.1.8},
volume = {175},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2397,
abstract = {We consider the low-density limit of a Fermi gas in the BCS approximation. We show that if the interaction potential allows for a two-particle bound state, the system at zero temperature is well approximated by the Gross-Pitaevskii functional, describing a Bose-Einstein condensate of fermion pairs.},
author = {Hainzl, Christian and Robert Seiringer},
journal = {Letters in Mathematical Physics},
number = {2},
pages = {119 -- 138},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Low density limit of BCS theory and Bose-Einstein condensation of Fermion pairs}},
doi = {10.1007/s11005-011-0535-4},
volume = {100},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2400,
abstract = {If the polaron coupling constant α is large enough, bipolarons or multi-polarons will form. When passing through the critical α c from above, does the radius of the system simply get arbitrarily large or does it reach a maximum and then explode? We prove that it is always the latter. We also prove the analogous statement for the Pekar-Tomasevich (PT) approximation to the energy, in which case there is a solution to the PT equation at α c. Similarly, we show that the same phenomenon occurs for atoms, e. g., helium, at the critical value of the nuclear charge. Our proofs rely only on energy estimates, not on a detailed analysis of the Schrödinger equation, and are very general. They use the fact that the Coulomb repulsion decays like 1/r, while 'uncertainty principle' localization energies decay more rapidly, as 1/r 2.},
author = {Frank, Rupert L and Lieb, Élliott H and Robert Seiringer},
journal = {Communications in Mathematical Physics},
number = {2},
pages = {405 -- 424},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Binding of polarons and atoms at threshold}},
doi = {10.1007/s00220-012-1436-9},
volume = {313},
year = {2012},
}
@article{244,
abstract = {We investigate the solubility of the congruence xy ≡ 1 (mod p), where p is a prime and x, y are restricted to lie in suitable short intervals. Our work relies on a mean value theorem for incomplete Kloosterman sums.},
author = {Timothy Browning and Haynes, Alan K},
journal = {International Journal of Number Theory},
number = {2},
pages = {481 -- 486},
publisher = {World Scientific Publishing},
title = {{Incomplete kloosterman sums and multiplicative inverses in short intervals}},
doi = { https://doi.org/10.1142/S1793042112501448},
volume = {9},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2804,
abstract = {The analysis of the size distribution of droplets condensing on a substrate (breath figures) is a test ground for scaling theories. Here, we show that a faithful description of these distributions must explicitly deal with the growth mechanisms of the droplets. This finding establishes a gateway connecting nucleation and growth of the smallest droplets on surfaces to gross features of the evolution of the droplet size distribution},
author = {Blaschke, Johannes and Lapp, Tobias and Björn Hof and Vollmer, Jürgen T},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {6},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Breath figures: Nucleation, growth, coalescence, and the size distribution of droplets}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.068701},
volume = {109},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2878,
abstract = {Phyllotaxis, the regular arrangement of leaves and flowers around the stem, is a key feature of plant architecture. Current models propose that the spatiotemporal regulation of organ initiation is controlled by a positive feedback loop between the plant hormone auxin and its efflux carrier PIN-FORMED1 (PIN1). Consequently, pin1 mutants give rise to naked inflorescence stalks with few or no flowers, indicating that PIN1 plays a crucial role in organ initiation. However, pin1 mutants do produce leaves. In order to understand the regulatory mechanisms controlling leaf initiation in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) rosettes, we have characterized the vegetative pin1 phenotype in detail. We show that although the timing of leaf initiation in vegetative pin1 mutants is variable and divergence angles clearly deviate from the canonical 137° value, leaves are not positioned at random during early developmental stages. Our data further indicate that other PIN proteins are unlikely to explain the persistence of leaf initiation and positioning during pin1 vegetative development. Thus, phyllotaxis appears to be more complex than suggested by current mechanistic models.},
author = {Guenot, Bernadette and Bayer, Emmanuelle and Kierzkowski, Daniel and Smith, Richard S and Mandel, Therese and Žádníková, Petra and Eva Benková and Kuhlemeier, Cris},
journal = {Plant Physiology},
number = {4},
pages = {1501 -- 1510},
publisher = {American Society of Plant Biologists},
title = {{Pin1 independent leaf initiation in Arabidopsis}},
doi = {10.1104/pp.112.200402},
volume = {159},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2912,
author = {Edelsbrunner, Herbert and Strelkova, Nataliya},
journal = { Uspekhi Mat. Nauk},
number = {6},
pages = {203 -- 204},
publisher = {Moscow Mathematical Society },
title = {{Configuration space for shortest networks }},
doi = {10.4213/rm9503},
volume = {67},
year = {2012},
}
@article{2943,
abstract = {We examine whether the Escherichia coli chromosome is folded into a self-adherent nucleoprotein complex, or alternately is a confined but otherwise unconstrained self-avoiding polymer. We address this through in vivo visualization, using an inducible GFP fusion to the nucleoid-associated protein Fis to non-specifically decorate the entire chromosome. For a range of different growth conditions, the chromosome is a compact structure that does not fill the volume of the cell, and which moves from the new pole to the cell centre. During rapid growth, chromosome segregation occurs well before cell division, with daughter chromosomes coupled by a thin inter-daughter filament before complete segregation, whereas during slow growth chromosomes stay adjacent until cell division occurs. Image correlation analysis indicates that sub-nucleoid structure is stable on a 1min timescale, comparable to the timescale for redistribution time measured for GFP-Fis after photobleaching. Optical deconvolution and writhe calculation analysis indicate that the nucleoid has a large-scale coiled organization rather than being an amorphous mass. Our observations are consistent with the chromosome having a self-adherent filament organization.},
author = {Hadizadeh Yazdi, Nastaran and Guet, Calin C and Johnson, Reid and Marko, John},
journal = {Molecular Microbiology},
number = {6},
pages = {1318 -- 1333},
publisher = {Wiley-Blackwell},
title = {{Variation of the folding and dynamics of the Escherichia coli chromosome with growth conditions}},
doi = {10.1111/mmi.12071},
volume = {86},
year = {2012},
}