[{"volume":326,"type":"review","author":[{"first_name":"Francesco","full_name":"Ferraguti, Francesco","last_name":"Ferraguti"},{"last_name":"Shigemoto","full_name":"Ryuichi Shigemoto","first_name":"Ryuichi","id":"499F3ABC-F248-11E8-B48F-1D18A9856A87","orcid":"0000-0001-8761-9444"}],"abstract":[{"text":"Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGlus) are a family of G-protein-coupled receptors activated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. Molecular cloning has revealed eight different subtypes (mGlu1-8) with distinct molecular and pharmacological properties. Multiplicity in this receptor family is further generated through alternative splicing. mGlus activate a multitude of signalling pathways important for modulating neuronal excitability, synaptic plasticity and feedback regulation of neurotransmitter release. In this review, we summarize anatomical findings (from our work and that of other laboratories) describing their distribution in the central nervous system. Recent evidence regarding the localization of these receptors in peripheral tissues will also be examined. The distinct regional, cellular and subcellular distribution of mGlus in the brain will be discussed in view of their relationship to neurotransmitter release sites and of possible functional implications.","lang":"eng"}],"issue":"2","publication_status":"published","publisher":"Springer","status":"public","doi":"10.1007/s00441-006-0266-5","date_updated":"2020-07-14T12:45:44Z","page":"483 - 504","_id":"2664","month":"11","title":"Metabotropic glutamate receptors","date_created":"2018-12-11T11:58:57Z","quality_controlled":0,"citation":{"ama":"Ferraguti F, Shigemoto R. Metabotropic glutamate receptors. *Cell and Tissue Research*. 2006;326(2):483-504. doi:10.1007/s00441-006-0266-5","ista":"Ferraguti F, Shigemoto R. 2006. Metabotropic glutamate receptors. Cell and Tissue Research. 326(2), 483–504.","ieee":"F. Ferraguti and R. Shigemoto, “Metabotropic glutamate receptors,” *Cell and Tissue Research*, vol. 326, no. 2. Springer, pp. 483–504, 2006.","chicago":"Ferraguti, Francesco, and Ryuichi Shigemoto. “Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors.” *Cell and Tissue Research*. Springer, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-006-0266-5.","short":"F. Ferraguti, R. Shigemoto, Cell and Tissue Research 326 (2006) 483–504.","apa":"Ferraguti, F., & Shigemoto, R. (2006). Metabotropic glutamate receptors. *Cell and Tissue Research*. Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00441-006-0266-5","mla":"Ferraguti, Francesco, and Ryuichi Shigemoto. “Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors.” *Cell and Tissue Research*, vol. 326, no. 2, Springer, 2006, pp. 483–504, doi:10.1007/s00441-006-0266-5."},"publication":"Cell and Tissue Research","day":"01","date_published":"2006-11-01T00:00:00Z","extern":1,"intvolume":" 326","publist_id":"4234","year":"2006"},{"date_updated":"2019-04-26T07:22:19Z","page":"265 - 283","_id":"2745","month":"02","title":"Gross-Pitaevskii equation as the mean field limit of weakly coupled bosons","date_created":"2018-12-11T11:59:22Z","quality_controlled":0,"citation":{"mla":"Elgart, Alexander, et al. “Gross-Pitaevskii Equation as the Mean Field Limit of Weakly Coupled Bosons.” *Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*, vol. 179, no. 2, Springer, 2006, pp. 265–83, doi:10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z.","apa":"Elgart, A., Erdös, L., Schlein, B., & Yau, H. (2006). Gross-Pitaevskii equation as the mean field limit of weakly coupled bosons. *Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*, *179*(2), 265–283. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z","short":"A. Elgart, L. Erdös, B. Schlein, H. Yau, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis 179 (2006) 265–283.","chicago":"Elgart, Alexander, László Erdös, Benjamin Schlein, and Horng Yau. “Gross-Pitaevskii Equation as the Mean Field Limit of Weakly Coupled Bosons.” *Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis* 179, no. 2 (2006): 265–83. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z.","ista":"Elgart A, Erdös L, Schlein B, Yau H. 2006. Gross-Pitaevskii equation as the mean field limit of weakly coupled bosons. Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis. 179(2), 265–283.","ieee":"A. Elgart, L. Erdös, B. Schlein, and H. Yau, “Gross-Pitaevskii equation as the mean field limit of weakly coupled bosons,” *Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*, vol. 179, no. 2, pp. 265–283, 2006.","ama":"Elgart A, Erdös L, Schlein B, Yau H. Gross-Pitaevskii equation as the mean field limit of weakly coupled bosons. *Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis*. 2006;179(2):265-283. doi:10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z"},"publication":"Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis","day":"01","date_published":"2006-02-01T00:00:00Z","extern":1,"year":"2006","publist_id":"4147","intvolume":" 179","type":"journal_article","volume":179,"author":[{"first_name":"Alexander","last_name":"Elgart","full_name":"Elgart, Alexander"},{"first_name":"László","id":"4DBD5372-F248-11E8-B48F-1D18A9856A87","orcid":"0000-0001-5366-9603","last_name":"Erdös","full_name":"László Erdös"},{"full_name":"Schlein, Benjamin","last_name":"Schlein","first_name":"Benjamin"},{"first_name":"Horng","last_name":"Yau","full_name":"Yau, Horng-Tzer"}],"abstract":[{"lang":"eng","text":"We consider the dynamics of N boson systems interacting through a pair potential N -1 V a (x i -x j ) where V a (x)=a -3 V(x/a). We denote the solution to the N-particle Schrödinger equation by Ψ N, t . Recall that the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation is a nonlinear Schrödinger equation and the GP hierarchy is an infinite BBGKY hierarchy of equations so that if u t solves the GP equation, then the family of k-particle density matrices [InlineMediaObject not available: see fulltext.] solves the GP hierarchy. Under the assumption that a = Nε for 0 < ε < 3/5, we prove that as N→∞ the limit points of the k-particle density matrices of Ψ N, t are solutions of the GP hierarchy with the coupling constant in the nonlinear term of the GP equation given by ∫ V (x)dx. The uniqueness of the solutions of this hierarchy remains an open question."}],"issue":"2","publication_status":"published","publisher":"Springer","status":"public","doi":"10.1007/s00205-005-0388-z"},{"date_published":"2006-01-01T00:00:00Z","extern":1,"year":"2006","conference":{"name":"QMath: Mathematical Results in Quantum Physics"},"intvolume":" 690","publist_id":"4146","date_updated":"2019-04-26T07:22:19Z","page":"233 - 257","_id":"2746","title":"Towards the quantum Brownian motion","month":"01","date_created":"2018-12-11T11:59:23Z","quality_controlled":0,"citation":{"ieee":"L. Erdös, M. Salmhofer, and H. Yau, “Towards the quantum Brownian motion,” presented at the QMath: Mathematical Results in Quantum Physics, 2006, vol. 690, pp. 233–257.","chicago":"Erdös, László, Manfred Salmhofer, and Horng Yau. “Towards the Quantum Brownian Motion,” 690:233–57. World Scientific Publishing, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-34273-7_18.","ista":"Erdös L, Salmhofer M, Yau H. 2006. Towards the quantum Brownian motion. QMath: Mathematical Results in Quantum Physics, LNP, vol. 690. 233–257.","short":"L. Erdös, M. Salmhofer, H. Yau, in:, World Scientific Publishing, 2006, pp. 233–257.","mla":"Erdös, László, et al. *Towards the Quantum Brownian Motion*. Vol. 690, World Scientific Publishing, 2006, pp. 233–57, doi:10.1007/3-540-34273-7_18.","apa":"Erdös, L., Salmhofer, M., & Yau, H. (2006). Towards the quantum Brownian motion (Vol. 690, pp. 233–257). Presented at the QMath: Mathematical Results in Quantum Physics, World Scientific Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-34273-7_18","ama":"Erdös L, Salmhofer M, Yau H. Towards the quantum Brownian motion. In: Vol 690. World Scientific Publishing; 2006:233-257. doi:10.1007/3-540-34273-7_18"},"day":"01","publication_status":"published","status":"public","publisher":"World Scientific Publishing","doi":"10.1007/3-540-34273-7_18","volume":690,"type":"conference","alternative_title":["LNP"],"author":[{"id":"4DBD5372-F248-11E8-B48F-1D18A9856A87","orcid":"0000-0001-5366-9603","first_name":"László","full_name":"László Erdös","last_name":"Erdös"},{"last_name":"Salmhofer","full_name":"Salmhofer, Manfred","first_name":"Manfred"},{"first_name":"Horng","last_name":"Yau","full_name":"Yau, Horng-Tzer"}],"abstract":[{"text":"We consider random Schrödinger equations on Rd or Zd for d ≥ 3 with uncorrelated, identically distributed random potential. Denote by λ the coupling constant and ψt the solution with initial data ψ0.","lang":"eng"}]},{"doi":"10.1002/cpa.20123","publication_status":"published","publisher":"Wiley-Blackwell","status":"public","issue":"12","abstract":[{"lang":"eng","text":"Consider a system of N bosons on the three-dimensional unit torus interacting via a pair potential N 2V(N(x i - x j)) where x = (x i, . . ., x N) denotes the positions of the particles. Suppose that the initial data ψ N,0 satisfies the condition 〈ψ N,0, H 2 Nψ N,0) ≤ C N 2 where H N is the Hamiltonian of the Bose system. This condition is satisfied if ψ N,0 = W Nφ N,t where W N is an approximate ground state to H N and φ N,0 is regular. Let ψ N,t denote the solution to the Schrödinger equation with Hamiltonian H N. Gross and Pitaevskii proposed to model the dynamics of such a system by a nonlinear Schrödinger equation, the Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation. The GP hierarchy is an infinite BBGKY hierarchy of equations so that if u t solves the GP equation, then the family of k-particle density matrices ⊗ k |u t?〉 〈 t | solves the GP hierarchy. We prove that as N → ∞ the limit points of the k-particle density matrices of ψ N,t are solutions of the GP hierarchy. Our analysis requires that the N-boson dynamics be described by a modified Hamiltonian that cuts off the pair interactions whenever at least three particles come into a region with diameter much smaller than the typical interparticle distance. Our proof can be extended to a modified Hamiltonian that only forbids at least n particles from coming close together for any fixed n."}],"author":[{"orcid":"0000-0001-5366-9603","id":"4DBD5372-F248-11E8-B48F-1D18A9856A87","first_name":"László","full_name":"László Erdös","last_name":"Erdös"},{"first_name":"Benjamin","last_name":"Schlein","full_name":"Schlein, Benjamin"},{"last_name":"Yau","full_name":"Yau, Horng-Tzer","first_name":"Horng"}],"type":"journal_article","volume":59,"year":"2006","publist_id":"4145","intvolume":" 59","extern":1,"date_published":"2006-12-01T00:00:00Z","day":"01","date_created":"2018-12-11T11:59:23Z","quality_controlled":0,"publication":"Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics","citation":{"mla":"Erdös, László, et al. “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii Hierarchy for the Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensate.” *Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics*, vol. 59, no. 12, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, pp. 1659–741, doi:10.1002/cpa.20123.","apa":"Erdös, L., Schlein, B., & Yau, H. (2006). Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy for the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate. *Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics*, *59*(12), 1659–1741. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.20123","ieee":"L. Erdös, B. Schlein, and H. Yau, “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy for the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate,” *Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics*, vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 1659–1741, 2006.","chicago":"Erdös, László, Benjamin Schlein, and Horng Yau. “Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii Hierarchy for the Dynamics of Bose-Einstein Condensate.” *Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics* 59, no. 12 (2006): 1659–1741. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.20123.","short":"L. Erdös, B. Schlein, H. Yau, Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics 59 (2006) 1659–1741.","ista":"Erdös L, Schlein B, Yau H. 2006. Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy for the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate. Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics. 59(12), 1659–1741.","ama":"Erdös L, Schlein B, Yau H. Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy for the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate. *Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics*. 2006;59(12):1659-1741. doi:10.1002/cpa.20123"},"page":"1659 - 1741","title":"Derivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii hierarchy for the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensate","_id":"2747","month":"12","date_updated":"2019-04-26T07:22:19Z"},{"publisher":"Nature Publishing Group","status":"public","publication_status":"published","issue":"7107","doi":"10.1038/nature05089","author":[{"full_name":"Björn Hof","last_name":"Hof","id":"3A374330-F248-11E8-B48F-1D18A9856A87","orcid":"0000-0003-2057-2754","first_name":"Björn"},{"first_name":"Jerry","full_name":"Westerweel, Jerry","last_name":"Westerweel"},{"first_name":"Tobias","last_name":"Schneider","full_name":"Schneider, Tobias M"},{"full_name":"Eckhardt, Bruno","last_name":"Eckhardt","first_name":"Bruno"}],"type":"journal_article","volume":443,"abstract":[{"lang":"eng","text":"Generally, the motion of fluids is smooth and laminar at low speeds but becomes highly disordered and turbulent as the velocity increases. The transition from laminar to turbulent flow can involve a sequence of instabilities in which the system realizes progressively more complicated states, or it can occur suddenly. Once the transition has taken place, it is generally assumed that, under steady conditions, the turbulent state will persist indefinitely. The flow of a fluid down a straight pipe provides a ubiquitous example of a shear flow undergoing a sudden transition from laminar to turbulent motion. Extensive calculations and experimental studies have shown that, at relatively low flow rates, turbulence in pipes is transient, and is characterized by an exponential distribution of lifetimes. They also suggest that for Reynolds numbers exceeding a critical value the lifetime diverges (that is, becomes infinitely large), marking a change from transient to persistent turbulence. Here we present experimental data and numerical calculations covering more than two decades of lifetimes, showing that the lifetime does not in fact diverge but rather increases exponentially with the Reynolds number. This implies that turbulence in pipes is only a transient event (contrary to the commonly accepted view), and that the turbulent and laminar states remain dynamically connected, suggesting avenues for turbulence control."}],"extern":1,"date_published":"2006-09-07T00:00:00Z","year":"2006","publist_id":"4098","intvolume":" 443","title":"Finite lifetime of turbulence in shear flows","_id":"2791","month":"09","page":"59 - 62","date_updated":"2019-04-26T07:22:20Z","day":"07","publication":"Nature","citation":{"ama":"Hof B, Westerweel J, Schneider T, Eckhardt B. Finite lifetime of turbulence in shear flows. *Nature*. 2006;443(7107):59-62. doi:10.1038/nature05089","ista":"Hof B, Westerweel J, Schneider T, Eckhardt B. 2006. Finite lifetime of turbulence in shear flows. Nature. 443(7107), 59–62.","short":"B. Hof, J. Westerweel, T. Schneider, B. Eckhardt, Nature 443 (2006) 59–62.","ieee":"B. Hof, J. Westerweel, T. Schneider, and B. Eckhardt, “Finite lifetime of turbulence in shear flows,” *Nature*, vol. 443, no. 7107, pp. 59–62, 2006.","chicago":"Hof, Björn, Jerry Westerweel, Tobias Schneider, and Bruno Eckhardt. “Finite Lifetime of Turbulence in Shear Flows.” *Nature* 443, no. 7107 (2006): 59–62. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05089.","mla":"Hof, Björn, et al. “Finite Lifetime of Turbulence in Shear Flows.” *Nature*, vol. 443, no. 7107, Nature Publishing Group, 2006, pp. 59–62, doi:10.1038/nature05089.","apa":"Hof, B., Westerweel, J., Schneider, T., & Eckhardt, B. (2006). Finite lifetime of turbulence in shear flows. *Nature*, *443*(7107), 59–62. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05089"},"date_created":"2018-12-11T11:59:37Z","quality_controlled":0}]