TY - JOUR
AB - We prove that the energy of any eigenvector of a sum of several independent large Wigner matrices is equally distributed among these matrices with very high precision. This shows a particularly strong microcanonical form of the equipartition principle for quantum systems whose components are modelled by Wigner matrices.
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 9550
JF - Forum of Mathematics, Sigma
TI - Equipartition principle for Wigner matrices
VL - 9
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider the free additive convolution of two probability measures μ and ν on the real line and show that μ ⊞ v is supported on a single interval if μ and ν each has single interval support. Moreover, the density of μ ⊞ ν is proven to vanish as a square root near the edges of its support if both μ and ν have power law behavior with exponents between −1 and 1 near their edges. In particular, these results show the ubiquity of the conditions in our recent work on optimal local law at the spectral edges for addition of random matrices [5].
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 9104
JF - Journal d'Analyse Mathematique
SN - 00217670
TI - On the support of the free additive convolution
VL - 142
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Let U and V be two independent N by N random matrices that are distributed according to Haar measure on U(N). Let Σ be a nonnegative deterministic N by N matrix. The single ring theorem [Ann. of Math. (2) 174 (2011) 1189–1217] asserts that the empirical eigenvalue distribution of the matrix X:=UΣV∗ converges weakly, in the limit of large N, to a deterministic measure which is supported on a single ring centered at the origin in ℂ. Within the bulk regime, that is, in the interior of the single ring, we establish the convergence of the empirical eigenvalue distribution on the optimal local scale of order N−1/2+ε and establish the optimal convergence rate. The same results hold true when U and V are Haar distributed on O(N).
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 6511
IS - 3
JF - Annals of Probability
SN - 00911798
TI - Local single ring theorem on optimal scale
VL - 47
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider spectral properties and the edge universality of sparse random matrices, the class of random matrices that includes the adjacency matrices of the Erdős–Rényi graph model G(N, p). We prove a local law for the eigenvalue density up to the spectral edges. Under a suitable condition on the sparsity, we also prove that the rescaled extremal eigenvalues exhibit GOE Tracy–Widom fluctuations if a deterministic shift of the spectral edge due to the sparsity is included. For the adjacency matrix of the Erdős–Rényi graph this establishes the Tracy–Widom fluctuations of the second largest eigenvalue when p is much larger than N−2/3 with a deterministic shift of order (Np)−1.
AU - Lee, Jii
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 690
IS - 1-2
JF - Probability Theory and Related Fields
TI - Local law and Tracy–Widom limit for sparse random matrices
VL - 171
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Let A and B be two N by N deterministic Hermitian matrices and let U be an N by N Haar distributed unitary matrix. It is well known that the spectral distribution of the sum H = A + UBU∗ converges weakly to the free additive convolution of the spectral distributions of A and B, as N tends to infinity. We establish the optimal convergence rate in the bulk of the spectrum.
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 733
JF - Advances in Mathematics
TI - Convergence rate for spectral distribution of addition of random matrices
VL - 319
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We show that the Dyson Brownian Motion exhibits local universality after a very short time assuming that local rigidity and level repulsion of the eigenvalues hold. These conditions are verified, hence bulk spectral universality is proven, for a large class of Wigner-like matrices, including deformed Wigner ensembles and ensembles with non-stochastic variance matrices whose limiting densities differ from Wigner's semicircle law.
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 615
IS - 4
JF - Annales de l'institut Henri Poincare (B) Probability and Statistics
SN - 02460203
TI - Universality for random matrix flows with time dependent density
VL - 53
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - The eigenvalue distribution of the sum of two large Hermitian matrices, when one of them is conjugated by a Haar distributed unitary matrix, is asymptotically given by the free convolution of their spectral distributions. We prove that this convergence also holds locally in the bulk of the spectrum, down to the optimal scales larger than the eigenvalue spacing. The corresponding eigenvectors are fully delocalized. Similar results hold for the sum of two real symmetric matrices, when one is conjugated by Haar orthogonal matrix.
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 1207
IS - 3
JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics
SN - 00103616
TI - Local law of addition of random matrices on optimal scale
VL - 349
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider random matrices of the form H=W+λV, λ∈ℝ+, where W is a real symmetric or complex Hermitian Wigner matrix of size N and V is a real bounded diagonal random matrix of size N with i.i.d.\ entries that are independent of W. We assume subexponential decay for the matrix entries of W and we choose λ∼1, so that the eigenvalues of W and λV are typically of the same order. Further, we assume that the density of the entries of V is supported on a single interval and is convex near the edges of its support. In this paper we prove that there is λ+∈ℝ+ such that the largest eigenvalues of H are in the limit of large N determined by the order statistics of V for λ>λ+. In particular, the largest eigenvalue of H has a Weibull distribution in the limit N→∞ if λ>λ+. Moreover, for N sufficiently large, we show that the eigenvectors associated to the largest eigenvalues are partially localized for λ>λ+, while they are completely delocalized for λ<λ+. Similar results hold for the lowest eigenvalues.
AU - Lee, Jioon
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 1881
IS - 1-2
JF - Probability Theory and Related Fields
TI - Extremal eigenvalues and eigenvectors of deformed Wigner matrices
VL - 164
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We prove that the system of subordination equations, defining the free additive convolution of two probability measures, is stable away from the edges of the support and blow-up singularities by showing that the recent smoothness condition of Kargin is always satisfied. As an application, we consider the local spectral statistics of the random matrix ensemble A+UBU⁎A+UBU⁎, where U is a Haar distributed random unitary or orthogonal matrix, and A and B are deterministic matrices. In the bulk regime, we prove that the empirical spectral distribution of A+UBU⁎A+UBU⁎ concentrates around the free additive convolution of the spectral distributions of A and B on scales down to N−2/3N−2/3.
AU - Bao, Zhigang
AU - Erdös, László
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 1434
IS - 3
JF - Journal of Functional Analysis
TI - Local stability of the free additive convolution
VL - 271
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider sample covariance matrices of the form Q = ( σ1/2X)(σ1/2X)∗, where the sample X is an M ×N random matrix whose entries are real independent random variables with variance 1/N and whereσ is an M × M positive-definite deterministic matrix. We analyze the asymptotic fluctuations of the largest rescaled eigenvalue of Q when both M and N tend to infinity with N/M →d ϵ (0,∞). For a large class of populations σ in the sub-critical regime, we show that the distribution of the largest rescaled eigenvalue of Q is given by the type-1 Tracy-Widom distribution under the additional assumptions that (1) either the entries of X are i.i.d. Gaussians or (2) that σ is diagonal and that the entries of X have a sub-exponential decay.
AU - Lee, Ji
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 1157
IS - 6
JF - Annals of Applied Probability
TI - Tracy-widom distribution for the largest eigenvalue of real sample covariance matrices with general population
VL - 26
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider N×N random matrices of the form H = W + V where W is a real symmetric or complex Hermitian Wigner matrix and V is a random or deterministic, real, diagonal matrix whose entries are independent of W. We assume subexponential decay for the matrix entries of W, and we choose V so that the eigenvalues ofW and V are typically of the same order. For a large class of diagonal matrices V , we show that the local statistics in the bulk of the spectrum are universal in the limit of large N.
AU - Lee, Jioon
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
AU - Stetler, Ben
AU - Yau, Horngtzer
ID - 1219
IS - 3
JF - Annals of Probability
TI - Bulk universality for deformed wigner matrices
VL - 44
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider N × N random matrices of the form H = W + V where W is a real symmetric Wigner matrix and V a random or deterministic, real, diagonal matrix whose entries are independent of W. We assume subexponential decay for the matrix entries of W and we choose V so that the eigenvalues of W and V are typically of the same order. For a large class of diagonal matrices V, we show that the rescaled distribution of the extremal eigenvalues is given by the Tracy-Widom distribution F1 in the limit of large N. Our proofs also apply to the complex Hermitian setting, i.e. when W is a complex Hermitian Wigner matrix.
AU - Lee, Jioon
AU - Schnelli, Kevin
ID - 1674
IS - 8
JF - Reviews in Mathematical Physics
TI - Edge universality for deformed Wigner matrices
VL - 27
ER -