@phdthesis{9920,
abstract = {This work is concerned with two fascinating circuit quantum electrodynamics components, the Josephson junction and the geometric superinductor, and the interesting experiments that can be done by combining the two. The Josephson junction has revolutionized the field of superconducting circuits as a non-linear dissipation-less circuit element and is used in almost all superconducting qubit implementations since the 90s. On the other hand, the superinductor is a relatively new circuit element introduced as a key component of the fluxonium qubit in 2009. This is an inductor with characteristic impedance larger than the resistance quantum and self-resonance frequency in the GHz regime. The combination of these two elements can occur in two fundamental ways: in parallel and in series. When connected in parallel the two create the fluxonium qubit, a loop with large inductance and a rich energy spectrum reliant on quantum tunneling. On the other hand placing the two elements in series aids with the measurement of the IV curve of a single Josephson junction in a high impedance environment. In this limit theory predicts that the junction will behave as its dual element: the phase-slip junction. While the Josephson junction acts as a non-linear inductor the phase-slip junction has the behavior of a non-linear capacitance and can be used to measure new Josephson junction phenomena, namely Coulomb blockade of Cooper pairs and phase-locked Bloch oscillations. The latter experiment allows for a direct link between frequency and current which is an elusive connection in quantum metrology. This work introduces the geometric superinductor, a superconducting circuit element where the high inductance is due to the geometry rather than the material properties of the superconductor, realized from a highly miniaturized superconducting planar coil. These structures will be described and characterized as resonators and qubit inductors and progress towards the measurement of phase-locked Bloch oscillations will be presented.},
author = {Peruzzo, Matilda},
isbn = {978-3-99078-013-8},
issn = {2663-337X},
keywords = {quantum computing, superinductor, quantum metrology},
pages = {149},
publisher = {IST Austria},
title = {{Geometric superinductors and their applications in circuit quantum electrodynamics}},
doi = {10.15479/at:ista:9920},
year = {2021},
}
@unpublished{9928,
abstract = {There are two elementary superconducting qubit types that derive directly from the quantum harmonic oscillator. In one the inductor is replaced by a nonlinear Josephson junction to realize the widely used charge qubits with a compact phase variable and a discrete charge wavefunction. In the other the junction is added in parallel, which gives rise to an extended phase variable, continuous wavefunctions and a rich energy level structure due to the loop topology. While the corresponding rf-SQUID Hamiltonian was introduced as a quadratic, quasi-1D potential approximation to describe the fluxonium qubit implemented with long Josephson junction arrays, in this work we implement it directly using a linear superinductor formed by a single uninterrupted aluminum wire. We present a large variety of qubits all stemming from the same circuit but with drastically different characteristic energy scales. This includes flux and fluxonium qubits but also the recently introduced quasi-charge qubit with strongly enhanced zero point phase fluctuations and a heavily suppressed flux dispersion. The use of a geometric inductor results in high precision of the inductive and capacitive energy as guaranteed by top-down lithography - a key ingredient for intrinsically protected superconducting qubits. The geometric fluxonium also exhibits a large magnetic dipole, which renders it an interesting new candidate for quantum sensing applications.},
author = {Peruzzo, Matilda and Hassani, Farid and Szep, Gregory and Trioni, Andrea and Redchenko, Elena and Zemlicka, Martin and Fink, Johannes M},
booktitle = {arXiv},
keywords = {Quantum physics, Mesoscale and Nanoscale physics},
title = {{Geometric superinductance qubits: controlling phase delocalization across a single Josephson junction}},
year = {2021},
}
@article{8755,
abstract = {The superconducting circuit community has recently discovered the promising potential of superinductors. These circuit elements have a characteristic impedance exceeding the resistance quantum RQ ≈ 6.45 kΩ which leads to a suppression of ground state charge fluctuations. Applications include the realization of hardware protected qubits for fault tolerant quantum computing, improved coupling to small dipole moment objects and defining a new quantum metrology standard for the ampere. In this work we refute the widespread notion that superinductors can only be implemented based on kinetic inductance, i.e. using disordered superconductors or Josephson junction arrays. We present modeling, fabrication and characterization of 104 planar aluminum coil resonators with a characteristic impedance up to 30.9 kΩ at 5.6 GHz and a capacitance down to ≤ 1 fF, with lowloss and a power handling reaching 108 intra-cavity photons. Geometric superinductors are free of uncontrolled tunneling events and offer high reproducibility, linearity and the ability to couple magnetically - properties that significantly broaden the scope of future quantum circuits. },
author = {Peruzzo, Matilda and Trioni, Andrea and Hassani, Farid and Zemlicka, Martin and Fink, Johannes M},
issn = {23317019},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = {4},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Surpassing the resistance quantum with a geometric superinductor}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.14.044055},
volume = {14},
year = {2020},
}
@article{6609,
abstract = {Mechanical systems facilitate the development of a hybrid quantum technology comprising electrical, optical, atomic and acoustic degrees of freedom1, and entanglement is essential to realize quantum-enabled devices. Continuous-variable entangled fields—known as Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen (EPR) states—are spatially separated two-mode squeezed states that can be used for quantum teleportation and quantum communication2. In the optical domain, EPR states are typically generated using nondegenerate optical amplifiers3, and at microwave frequencies Josephson circuits can serve as a nonlinear medium4,5,6. An outstanding goal is to deterministically generate and distribute entangled states with a mechanical oscillator, which requires a carefully arranged balance between excitation, cooling and dissipation in an ultralow noise environment. Here we observe stationary emission of path-entangled microwave radiation from a parametrically driven 30-micrometre-long silicon nanostring oscillator, squeezing the joint field operators of two thermal modes by 3.40 decibels below the vacuum level. The motion of this micromechanical system correlates up to 50 photons per second per hertz, giving rise to a quantum discord that is robust with respect to microwave noise7. Such generalized quantum correlations of separable states are important for quantum-enhanced detection8 and provide direct evidence of the non-classical nature of the mechanical oscillator without directly measuring its state9. This noninvasive measurement scheme allows to infer information about otherwise inaccessible objects, with potential implications for sensing, open-system dynamics and fundamental tests of quantum gravity. In the future, similar on-chip devices could be used to entangle subsystems on very different energy scales, such as microwave and optical photons.},
author = {Barzanjeh, Shabir and Redchenko, Elena and Peruzzo, Matilda and Wulf, Matthias and Lewis, Dylan and Arnold, Georg M and Fink, Johannes M},
journal = {Nature},
pages = {480--483},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Stationary entangled radiation from micromechanical motion}},
doi = {10.1038/s41586-019-1320-2},
volume = {570},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6053,
abstract = {Recent technical developments in the fields of quantum electromechanics and optomechanics have spawned nanoscale mechanical transducers with the sensitivity to measure mechanical displacements at the femtometre scale and the ability to convert electromagnetic signals at the single photon level. A key challenge in this field is obtaining strong coupling between motion and electromagnetic fields without adding additional decoherence. Here we present an electromechanical transducer that integrates a high-frequency (0.42 GHz) hypersonic phononic crystal with a superconducting microwave circuit. The use of a phononic bandgap crystal enables quantum-level transduction of hypersonic mechanical motion and concurrently eliminates decoherence caused by acoustic radiation. Devices with hypersonic mechanical frequencies provide a natural pathway for integration with Josephson junction quantum circuits, a leading quantum computing technology, and nanophotonic systems capable of optical networking and distributing quantum information.},
author = {Kalaee, Mahmoud and Mirhosseini, Mohammad and Dieterle, Paul B. and Peruzzo, Matilda and Fink, Johannes M and Painter, Oskar},
issn = {1748-3395},
journal = {Nature Nanotechnology},
number = {4},
pages = {334–339},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Quantum electromechanics of a hypersonic crystal}},
doi = {10.1038/s41565-019-0377-2},
volume = {14},
year = {2019},
}
@article{1020,
abstract = {Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on Earth. Cellulose fibers, such as the one extracted form cotton or woodpulp, have been used by humankind for hundreds of years to make textiles and paper. Here we show how, by engineering light-matter interaction, we can optimize light scattering using exclusively cellulose nanocrystals. The produced material is sustainable, biocompatible, and when compared to ordinary microfiber-based paper, it shows enhanced scattering strength (×4), yielding a transport mean free path as low as 3.5 μm in the visible light range. The experimental results are in a good agreement with the theoretical predictions obtained with a diffusive model for light propagation.},
author = {Caixeiro, Soraya and Peruzzo, Matilda and Onelli, Olimpia and Vignolini, Silvia and Sapienza, Riccardo},
issn = {19448244},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = {9},
pages = {7885 -- 7890},
publisher = {American Chemical Society},
title = {{Disordered cellulose based nanostructures for enhanced light scattering}},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.6b15986},
volume = {9},
year = {2017},
}
@article{798,
abstract = {Nonreciprocal circuit elements form an integral part of modern measurement and communication systems. Mathematically they require breaking of time-reversal symmetry, typically achieved using magnetic materials and more recently using the quantum Hall effect, parametric permittivity modulation or Josephson nonlinearities. Here we demonstrate an on-chip magnetic-free circulator based on reservoir-engineered electromechanic interactions. Directional circulation is achieved with controlled phase-sensitive interference of six distinct electro-mechanical signal conversion paths. The presented circulator is compact, its silicon-on-insulator platform is compatible with both superconducting qubits and silicon photonics, and its noise performance is close to the quantum limit. With a high dynamic range, a tunable bandwidth of up to 30 MHz and an in situ reconfigurability as beam splitter or wavelength converter, it could pave the way for superconducting qubit processors with multiplexed on-chip signal processing and readout.},
author = {Barzanjeh, Shabir and Wulf, Matthias and Peruzzo, Matilda and Kalaee, Mahmoud and Dieterle, Paul and Painter, Oskar and Fink, Johannes M},
issn = {20411723},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = {1},
publisher = {Nature Publishing Group},
title = {{Mechanical on chip microwave circulator}},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-01304-x},
volume = {8},
year = {2017},
}