@article{6786,
abstract = {Dipolar coupling plays a fundamental role in the interaction between electrically or magnetically polarized species such as magnetic atoms and dipolar molecules in a gas or dipolar excitons in the solid state. Unlike Coulomb or contactlike interactions found in many atomic, molecular, and condensed-matter systems, this interaction is long-ranged and highly anisotropic, as it changes from repulsive to attractive depending on the relative positions and orientation of the dipoles. Because of this unique property, many exotic, symmetry-breaking collective states have been recently predicted for cold dipolar gases, but only a few have been experimentally detected and only in dilute atomic dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates. Here, we report on the first observation of attractive dipolar coupling between excitonic dipoles using a new design of stacked semiconductor bilayers. We show that the presence of a dipolar exciton fluid in one bilayer modifies the spatial distribution and increases the binding energy of excitonic dipoles in a vertically remote layer. The binding energy changes are explained using a many-body polaron model describing the deformation of the exciton cloud due to its interaction with a remote dipolar exciton. The surprising nonmonotonic dependence on the cloud density indicates the important role of dipolar correlations, which is unique to dense, strongly interacting dipolar solid-state systems. Our concept provides a route for the realization of dipolar lattices with strong anisotropic interactions in semiconductor systems, which open the way for the observation of theoretically predicted new and exotic collective phases, as well as for engineering and sensing their collective excitations.},
author = {Hubert, Colin and Baruchi, Yifat and Mazuz-Harpaz, Yotam and Cohen, Kobi and Biermann, Klaus and Lemeshko, Mikhail and West, Ken and Pfeiffer, Loren and Rapaport, Ronen and Santos, Paulo},
issn = {2160-3308},
journal = {Physical Review X},
number = {2},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Attractive dipolar coupling between stacked exciton fluids}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.021026},
volume = {9},
year = {2019},
}
@article{6092,
abstract = {In 1915, Einstein and de Haas and Barnett demonstrated that changing the magnetization of a magnetic material results in mechanical rotation and vice versa. At the microscopic level, this effect governs the transfer between electron spin and orbital angular momentum, and lattice degrees of freedom, understanding which is key for molecular magnets, nano-magneto-mechanics, spintronics, and ultrafast magnetism. Until now, the timescales of electron-to-lattice angular momentum transfer remain unclear, since modeling this process on a microscopic level requires the addition of an infinite amount of quantum angular momenta. We show that this problem can be solved by reformulating it in terms of the recently discovered angulon quasiparticles, which results in a rotationally invariant quantum many-body theory. In particular, we demonstrate that nonperturbative effects take place even if the electron-phonon coupling is weak and give rise to angular momentum transfer on femtosecond timescales.},
author = {Mentink, Johann H and Katsnelson, Mikhail and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {6},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Quantum many-body dynamics of the Einstein-de Haas effect}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.99.064428},
volume = {99},
year = {2019},
}
@article{5886,
abstract = {Problems involving quantum impurities, in which one or a few particles are interacting with a macroscopic environment, represent a pervasive paradigm, spanning across atomic, molecular, and condensed-matter physics. In this paper we introduce new variational approaches to quantum impurities and apply them to the Fröhlich polaron–a quasiparticle formed out of an electron (or other point-like impurity) in a polar medium, and to the angulon–a quasiparticle formed out of a rotating molecule in a bosonic bath. We benchmark these approaches against established theories, evaluating their accuracy as a function of the impurity-bath coupling.},
author = {Li, Xiang and Bighin, Giacomo and Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {00268976},
journal = {Molecular Physics},
publisher = {Taylor and Francis},
title = {{Variational approaches to quantum impurities: from the Fröhlich polaron to the angulon}},
doi = {10.1080/00268976.2019.1567852},
year = {2019},
}
@article{7396,
abstract = {The angular momentum of molecules, or, equivalently, their rotation in three-dimensional space, is ideally suited for quantum control. Molecular angular momentum is naturally quantized, time evolution is governed by a well-known Hamiltonian with only a few accurately known parameters, and transitions between rotational levels can be driven by external fields from various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Control over the rotational motion can be exerted in one-, two-, and many-body scenarios, thereby allowing one to probe Anderson localization, target stereoselectivity of bimolecular reactions, or encode quantum information to name just a few examples. The corresponding approaches to quantum control are pursued within separate, and typically disjoint, subfields of physics, including ultrafast science, cold collisions, ultracold gases, quantum information science, and condensed-matter physics. It is the purpose of this review to present the various control phenomena, which all rely on the same underlying physics, within a unified framework. To this end, recall the Hamiltonian for free rotations, assuming the rigid rotor approximation to be valid, and summarize the different ways for a rotor to interact with external electromagnetic fields. These interactions can be exploited for control—from achieving alignment, orientation, or laser cooling in a one-body framework, steering bimolecular collisions, or realizing a quantum computer or quantum simulator in the many-body setting.},
author = {Koch, Christiane P. and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Sugny, Dominique},
issn = {0034-6861},
journal = {Reviews of Modern Physics},
number = {3},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Quantum control of molecular rotation}},
doi = {10.1103/revmodphys.91.035005},
volume = {91},
year = {2019},
}
@article{415,
abstract = {Recently it was shown that a molecule rotating in a quantum solvent can be described in terms of the “angulon” quasiparticle [M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 095301 (2017)]. Here we extend the angulon theory to the case of molecules possessing an additional spin-1/2 degree of freedom and study the behavior of the system in the presence of a static magnetic field. We show that exchange of angular momentum between the molecule and the solvent can be altered by the field, even though the solvent itself is non-magnetic. In particular, we demonstrate a possibility to control resonant emission of phonons with a given angular momentum using a magnetic field.},
author = {Rzadkowski, Wojciech and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = {10},
publisher = {AIP},
title = {{Effect of a magnetic field on molecule–solvent angular momentum transfer }},
doi = { 10.1063/1.5017591 },
volume = {148},
year = {2018},
}
@article{195,
abstract = {We demonstrate that identical impurities immersed in a two-dimensional many-particle bath can be viewed as flux-tube-charged-particle composites described by fractional statistics. In particular, we find that the bath manifests itself as an external magnetic flux tube with respect to the impurities, and hence the time-reversal symmetry is broken for the effective Hamiltonian describing the impurities. The emerging flux tube acts as a statistical gauge field after a certain critical coupling. This critical coupling corresponds to the intersection point between the quasiparticle state and the phonon wing, where the angular momentum is transferred from the impurity to the bath. This amounts to a novel configuration with emerging anyons. The proposed setup paves the way to realizing anyons using electrons interacting with superfluid helium or lattice phonons, as well as using atomic impurities in ultracold gases.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = {4},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Anyonic statistics of quantum impurities in two dimensions}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.98.045402},
volume = {98},
year = {2018},
}
@article{417,
abstract = {We introduce a Diagrammatic Monte Carlo (DiagMC) approach to complex molecular impurities with rotational degrees of freedom interacting with a many-particle environment. The treatment is based on the diagrammatic expansion that merges the usual Feynman diagrams with the angular momentum diagrams known from atomic and nuclear structure theory, thereby incorporating the non-Abelian algebra inherent to quantum rotations. Our approach works at arbitrary coupling, is free of systematic errors and of finite size effects, and naturally provides access to the impurity Green function. We exemplify the technique by obtaining an all-coupling solution of the angulon model, however, the method is quite general and can be applied to a broad variety of quantum impurities possessing angular momentum degrees of freedom. },
author = {Bighin, Giacomo and Tscherbul, Timur and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {16},
publisher = {APS Physics},
title = {{Diagrammatic Monte Carlo approach to rotating molecular impurities}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.165301},
volume = {121},
year = {2018},
}
@article{6339,
abstract = {We introduce a diagrammatic Monte Carlo approach to angular momentum properties of quantum many-particle systems possessing a macroscopic number of degrees of freedom. The treatment is based on a diagrammatic expansion that merges the usual Feynman diagrams with the angular momentum diagrams known from atomic and nuclear structure theory, thereby incorporating the non-Abelian algebra inherent to quantum rotations. Our approach is applicable at arbitrary coupling, is free of systematic errors and of finite-size effects, and naturally provides access to the impurity Green function. We exemplify the technique by obtaining an all-coupling solution of the angulon model; however, the method is quite general and can be applied to a broad variety of systems in which particles exchange quantum angular momentum with their many-body environment.},
author = {Bighin, Giacomo and Tscherbul, Timur and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {16},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Diagrammatic Monte Carlo approach to angular momentum in quantum many-particle systems}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevlett.121.165301},
volume = {121},
year = {2018},
}
@article{5983,
abstract = {We study a quantum impurity possessing both translational and internal rotational degrees of freedom interacting with a bosonic bath. Such a system corresponds to a “rotating polaron,” which can be used to model, e.g., a rotating molecule immersed in an ultracold Bose gas or superfluid helium. We derive the Hamiltonian of the rotating polaron and study its spectrum in the weak- and strong-coupling regimes using a combination of variational, diagrammatic, and mean-field approaches. We reveal how the coupling between linear and angular momenta affects stable quasiparticle states, and demonstrate that internal rotation leads to an enhanced self-localization in the translational degrees of freedom.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Midya, Bikashkali and Deuchert, Andreas and Leopold, Nikolai K and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {2469-9950},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {22},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Theory of the rotating polaron: Spectrum and self-localization}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevb.98.224506},
volume = {98},
year = {2018},
}
@article{5794,
abstract = {We present an approach to interacting quantum many-body systems based on the notion of quantum groups, also known as q-deformed Lie algebras. In particular, we show that, if the symmetry of a free quantum particle corresponds to a Lie group G, in the presence of a many-body environment this particle can be described by a deformed group, Gq. Crucially, the single deformation parameter, q, contains all the information about the many-particle interactions in the system. We exemplify our approach by considering a quantum rotor interacting with a bath of bosons, and demonstrate that extracting the value of q from closed-form solutions in the perturbative regime allows one to predict the behavior of the system for arbitrary values of the impurity-bath coupling strength, in good agreement with nonperturbative calculations. Furthermore, the value of the deformation parameter allows one to predict at which coupling strengths rotor-bath interactions result in a formation of a stable quasiparticle. The approach based on quantum groups does not only allow for a drastic simplification of impurity problems, but also provides valuable insights into hidden symmetries of interacting many-particle systems.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Shkolnikov, Mikhail and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {00319007},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {25},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Quantum groups as hidden symmetries of quantum impurities}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.255302},
volume = {121},
year = {2018},
}
@article{996,
abstract = {Iodine (I 2 ) molecules embedded in He nanodroplets are aligned by a 160 ps long laser pulse. The highest degree of alignment, occurring at the peak of the pulse and quantified by ⟨cos 2 θ 2D ⟩ , is measured as a function of the laser intensity. The results are well described by ⟨cos 2 θ 2D ⟩ calculated for a gas of isolated molecules each with an effective rotational constant of 0.6 times the gas-phase value, and at a temperature of 0.4 K. Theoretical analysis using the angulon quasiparticle to describe rotating molecules in superfluid helium rationalizes why the alignment mechanism is similar to that of isolated molecules with an effective rotational constant. A major advantage of molecules in He droplets is that their 0.4 K temperature leads to stronger alignment than what can generally be achieved for gas phase molecules -- here demonstrated by a direct comparison of the droplet results to measurements on a ∼ 1 K supersonic beam of isolated molecules. This point is further illustrated for more complex system by measurements on 1,4-diiodobenzene and 1,4-dibromobenzene. For all three molecular species studied the highest values of ⟨cos 2 θ 2D ⟩ achieved in He droplets exceed 0.96. },
author = {Shepperson, Benjamin and Chatterley, Adam and Søndergaard, Anders and Christiansen, Lars and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Stapelfeldt, Henrik},
issn = {00219606},
journal = {The Journal of Chemical Physics},
number = {1},
publisher = {AIP},
title = {{Strongly aligned molecules inside helium droplets in the near-adiabatic regime}},
doi = {10.1063/1.4983703},
volume = {147},
year = {2017},
}
@article{1109,
abstract = {Rotation of molecules embedded in He nanodroplets is explored by a combination of fs laser-induced alignment experiments and angulon quasiparticle theory. We demonstrate that at low fluence of the fs alignment pulse, the molecule and its solvation shell can be set into coherent collective rotation lasting long enough to form revivals. With increasing fluence, however, the revivals disappear -- instead, rotational dynamics as rapid as for an isolated molecule is observed during the first few picoseconds. Classical calculations trace this phenomenon to transient decoupling of the molecule from its He shell. Our results open novel opportunities for studying non-equilibrium solute-solvent dynamics and quantum thermalization. },
author = {Shepperson, Benjamin and Søndergaard, Anders and Christiansen, Lars and Kaczmarczyk, Jan and Zillich, Robert and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Stapelfeldt, Henrik},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {20},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Laser-induced rotation of iodine molecules in helium nanodroplets: Revivals and breaking-free}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.203203},
volume = {118},
year = {2017},
}
@article{997,
abstract = {Recently it was shown that molecules rotating in superfluid helium can be described in terms of the angulon quasiparticles (Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 095301 (2017)). Here we demonstrate that in the experimentally realized regime the angulon can be seen as a point charge on a 2-sphere interacting with a gauge field of a non-abelian magnetic monopole. Unlike in several other settings, the gauge fields of the angulon problem emerge in the real coordinate space, as opposed to the momentum space or some effective parameter space. Furthermore, we find a topological transition associated with making the monopole abelian, which takes place in the vicinity of the previously reported angulon instabilities. These results pave the way for studying topological phenomena in experiments on molecules trapped in superfluid helium nanodroplets, as well as on other realizations of orbital impurity problems.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Deuchert, Andreas and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {00319007},
journal = {APS Physics, Physical Review Letters},
number = {23},
publisher = {American Physiological Society},
title = {{Emergence of non-abelian magnetic monopoles in a quantum impurity problem}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.235301},
volume = {119},
year = {2017},
}
@article{1120,
abstract = {The existence of a self-localization transition in the polaron problem has been under an active debate ever since Landau suggested it 83 years ago. Here we reveal the self-localization transition for the rotational analogue of the polaron -- the angulon quasiparticle. We show that, unlike for the polarons, self-localization of angulons occurs at finite impurity-bath coupling already at the mean-field level. The transition is accompanied by the spherical-symmetry breaking of the angulon ground state and a discontinuity in the first derivative of the ground-state energy. Moreover, the type of the symmetry breaking is dictated by the symmetry of the microscopic impurity-bath interaction, which leads to a number of distinct self-localized states. The predicted effects can potentially be addressed in experiments on cold molecules trapped in superfluid helium droplets and ultracold quantum gases, as well as on electronic excitations in solids and Bose-Einstein condensates. },
author = {Li, Xiang and Seiringer, Robert and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {24699926},
journal = {Physical Review A},
number = {3},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Angular self-localization of impurities rotating in a bosonic bath}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.95.033608},
volume = {95},
year = {2017},
}
@article{1119,
abstract = {Understanding the behavior of molecules interacting with superfluid helium represents a formidable challenge and, in general, requires approaches relying on large-scale numerical simulations. Here we demonstrate that experimental data collected over the last 20 years provide evidence that molecules immersed in superfluid helium form recently-predicted angulon quasiparticles [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015)]. Most importantly, casting the many-body problem in terms of angulons amounts to a drastic simplification and yields effective molecular moments of inertia as straightforward analytic solutions of a simple microscopic Hamiltonian. The outcome of the angulon theory is in good agreement with experiment for a broad range of molecular impurities, from heavy to medium-mass to light species. These results pave the way to understanding molecular rotation in liquid and crystalline phases in terms of the angulon quasiparticle.},
author = {Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {00319007},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {9},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Quasiparticle approach to molecules interacting with quantum solvents}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.095301},
volume = {118},
year = {2017},
}
@article{1133,
abstract = {It is a common knowledge that an effective interaction of a quantum impurity with an electromagnetic field can be screened by surrounding charge carriers, whether mobile or static. Here we demonstrate that very strong, "anomalous" screening can take place in the presence of a neutral, weakly polarizable environment, due to an exchange of orbital angular momentum between the impurity and the bath. Furthermore, we show that it is possible to generalize all phenomena related to isolated impurities in an external field to the case when a many-body environment is present, by casting the problem in terms of the angulon quasiparticle. As a result, the relevant observables such as the effective Rabi frequency, geometric phase, and impurity spatial alignment are straightforward to evaluate in terms of a single parameter: the angular-momentum-dependent screening factor.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {00319007},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = {8},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Anomalous screening of quantum impurities by a neutral environment}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.085302},
volume = {118},
year = {2017},
}
@article{994,
abstract = {The formation of vortices is usually considered to be the main mechanism of angular momentum disposal in superfluids. Recently, it was predicted that a superfluid can acquire angular momentum via an alternative, microscopic route -- namely, through interaction with rotating impurities, forming so-called `angulon quasiparticles' [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015)]. The angulon instabilities correspond to transfer of a small number of angular momentum quanta from the impurity to the superfluid, as opposed to vortex instabilities, where angular momentum is quantized in units of ℏ per atom. Furthermore, since conventional impurities (such as molecules) represent three-dimensional (3D) rotors, the angular momentum transferred is intrinsically 3D as well, as opposed to a merely planar rotation which is inherent to vortices. Herein we show that the angulon theory can explain the anomalous broadening of the spectroscopic lines observed for CH 3 and NH 3 molecules in superfluid helium nanodroplets, thereby providing a fingerprint of the emerging angulon instabilities in experiment.},
author = {Cherepanov, Igor and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = {3},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Fingerprints of angulon instabilities in the spectra of matrix-isolated molecules}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.1.035602},
volume = {1},
year = {2017},
}
@inbook{604,
abstract = {In several settings of physics and chemistry one has to deal with molecules interacting with some kind of an external environment, be it a gas, a solution, or a crystal surface. Understanding molecular processes in the presence of such a many-particle bath is inherently challenging, and usually requires large-scale numerical computations. Here, we present an alternative approach to the problem, based on the notion of the angulon quasiparticle. We show that molecules rotating inside superfluid helium nanodroplets and Bose–Einstein condensates form angulons, and therefore can be described by straightforward solutions of a simple microscopic Hamiltonian. Casting the problem in the language of angulons allows us not only to greatly simplify it, but also to gain insights into the origins of the observed phenomena and to make predictions for future experimental studies.},
author = {Lemeshko, Mikhail and Schmidt, Richard},
booktitle = {Cold Chemistry: Molecular Scattering and Reactivity Near Absolute Zero },
editor = {Dulieu, Oliver and Osterwalder, Andreas},
issn = {20413181},
pages = {444 -- 495},
publisher = {The Royal Society of Chemistry},
title = {{Molecular impurities interacting with a many-particle environment: From ultracold gases to helium nanodroplets}},
doi = {10.1039/9781782626800-00444},
volume = {11},
year = {2017},
}
@article{995,
abstract = {Recently it was shown that an impurity exchanging orbital angular momentum with a surrounding bath can be described in terms of the angulon quasiparticle [Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 095301 (2017)]. The angulon consists of a quantum rotor dressed by a many-particle field of boson excitations, and can be formed out of, for example, a molecule or a nonspherical atom in superfluid helium, or out of an electron coupled to lattice phonons or a Bose condensate. Here we develop an approach to the angulon based on the path-integral formalism, which sets the ground for a systematic, perturbative treatment of the angulon problem. The resulting perturbation series can be interpreted in terms of Feynman diagrams, from which, in turn, one can derive a set of diagrammatic rules. These rules extend the machinery of the graphical theory of angular momentum - well known from theoretical atomic spectroscopy - to the case where an environment with an infinite number of degrees of freedom is present. In particular, we show that each diagram can be interpreted as a 'skeleton', which enforces angular momentum conservation, dressed by an additional many-body contribution. This connection between the angulon theory and the graphical theory of angular momentum is particularly important as it allows to systematically and substantially simplify the analytical representation of each diagram. In order to exemplify the technique, we calculate the 1- and 2-loop contributions to the angulon self-energy, the spectral function, and the quasiparticle weight. The diagrammatic theory we develop paves the way to investigate next-to-leading order quantities in a more compact way compared to the variational approaches.},
author = {Bighin, Giacomo and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
issn = {24699950},
journal = {Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics},
number = {8},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Diagrammatic approach to orbital quantum impurities interacting with a many-particle environment}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085410},
volume = {96},
year = {2017},
}
@article{1286,
abstract = {We use recently developed angulon theory [R. Schmidt and M. Lemeshko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 203001 (2015)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.114.203001] to study the rotational spectrum of a cyanide molecular anion immersed into Bose-Einstein condensates of rubidium and strontium. Based on ab initio potential energy surfaces, we provide a detailed study of the rotational Lamb shift and many-body-induced fine structure which arise due to dressing of molecular rotation by a field of phonon excitations. We demonstrate that the magnitude of these effects is large enough in order to be observed in modern experiments on cold molecular ions. Furthermore, we introduce a novel method to construct pseudopotentials starting from the ab initio potential energy surfaces, which provides a means to obtain effective coupling constants for low-energy polaron models.},
author = {Midya, Bikashkali and Tomza, Michał and Schmidt, Richard and Lemeshko, Mikhail},
journal = {Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics},
number = {4},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Rotation of cold molecular ions inside a Bose-Einstein condensate}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevA.94.041601},
volume = {94},
year = {2016},
}