TY - JOUR
AB - In the present work, we consider the evolution of two fluids separated by a sharp interface in the presence of surface tension—like, for example, the evolution of oil bubbles in water. Our main result is a weak–strong uniqueness principle for the corresponding free boundary problem for the incompressible Navier–Stokes equation: as long as a strong solution exists, any varifold solution must coincide with it. In particular, in the absence of physical singularities, the concept of varifold solutions—whose global in time existence has been shown by Abels (Interfaces Free Bound 9(1):31–65, 2007) for general initial data—does not introduce a mechanism for non-uniqueness. The key ingredient of our approach is the construction of a relative entropy functional capable of controlling the interface error. If the viscosities of the two fluids do not coincide, even for classical (strong) solutions the gradient of the velocity field becomes discontinuous at the interface, introducing the need for a careful additional adaption of the relative entropy.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
AU - Hensel, Sebastian
ID - 7489
JF - Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
SN - 00039527
TI - Weak–strong uniqueness for the Navier–Stokes equation for two fluids with surface tension
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - The effective large-scale properties of materials with random heterogeneities on a small scale are typically determined by the method of representative volumes: a sample of the random material is chosen—the representative volume—and its effective properties are computed by the cell formula. Intuitively, for a fixed sample size it should be possible to increase the accuracy of the method by choosing a material sample which captures the statistical properties of the material particularly well; for example, for a composite material consisting of two constituents, one would select a representative volume in which the volume fraction of the constituents matches closely with their volume fraction in the overall material. Inspired by similar attempts in materials science, Le Bris, Legoll and Minvielle have designed a selection approach for representative volumes which performs remarkably well in numerical examples of linear materials with moderate contrast. In the present work, we provide a rigorous analysis of this selection approach for representative volumes in the context of stochastic homogenization of linear elliptic equations. In particular, we prove that the method essentially never performs worse than a random selection of the material sample and may perform much better if the selection criterion for the material samples is chosen suitably.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
ID - 6617
IS - 2
JF - Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
SN - 0003-9527
TI - The choice of representative volumes in the approximation of effective properties of random materials
VL - 234
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We construct planar bi-Sobolev mappings whose local volume distortion is bounded from below by a given function f∈Lp with p>1. More precisely, for any 1<q<(p+1)/2 we construct W1,q-bi-Sobolev maps with identity boundary conditions; for f∈L∞, we provide bi-Lipschitz maps. The basic building block of our construction are bi-Lipschitz maps which stretch a given compact subset of the unit square by a given factor while preserving the boundary. The construction of these stretching maps relies on a slight strengthening of the celebrated covering result of Alberti, Csörnyei, and Preiss for measurable planar sets in the case of compact sets. We apply our result to a model functional in nonlinear elasticity, the integrand of which features fast blowup as the Jacobian determinant of the deformation becomes small. For such functionals, the derivation of the equilibrium equations for minimizers requires an additional regularization of test functions, which our maps provide.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
AU - Kneuss, Olivier
ID - 151
IS - 1
JF - Journal of Differential Equations
TI - Bi-Sobolev solutions to the prescribed Jacobian inequality in the plane with L p data and applications to nonlinear elasticity
VL - 266
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We construct martingale solutions to stochastic thin-film equations by introducing a (spatial) semidiscretization and establishing convergence. The discrete scheme allows for variants of the energy and entropy estimates in the continuous setting as long as the discrete energy does not exceed certain threshold values depending on the spatial grid size $h$. Using a stopping time argument to prolongate high-energy paths constant in time, arbitrary moments of coupled energy/entropy functionals can be controlled. Having established Hölder regularity of approximate solutions, the convergence proof is then based on compactness arguments---in particular on Jakubowski's generalization of Skorokhod's theorem---weak convergence methods, and recent tools on martingale convergence.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
AU - Grün, Günther
ID - 404
IS - 1
JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
TI - Existence of positive solutions to stochastic thin-film equations
VL - 50
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We establish the existence of a global solution for a new family of fluid-like equations, which are obtained in certain regimes in as the mean-field evolution of the supercurrent density in a (2D section of a) type-II superconductor with pinning and with imposed electric current. We also consider general vortex-sheet initial data, and investigate the uniqueness and regularity properties of the solution. For some choice of parameters, the equation under investigation coincides with the so-called lake equation from 2D shallow water fluid dynamics, and our analysis then leads to a new existence result for rough initial data.
AU - Duerinckx, Mitia
AU - Fischer, Julian L
ID - 606
IS - 5
JF - Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis
TI - Well-posedness for mean-field evolutions arising in superconductivity
VL - 35
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We establish a weak–strong uniqueness principle for solutions to entropy-dissipating reaction–diffusion equations: As long as a strong solution to the reaction–diffusion equation exists, any weak solution and even any renormalized solution must coincide with this strong solution. Our assumptions on the reaction rates are just the entropy condition and local Lipschitz continuity; in particular, we do not impose any growth restrictions on the reaction rates. Therefore, our result applies to any single reversible reaction with mass-action kinetics as well as to systems of reversible reactions with mass-action kinetics satisfying the detailed balance condition. Renormalized solutions are known to exist globally in time for reaction–diffusion equations with entropy-dissipating reaction rates; in contrast, the global-in-time existence of weak solutions is in general still an open problem–even for smooth data–, thereby motivating the study of renormalized solutions. The key ingredient of our result is a careful adjustment of the usual relative entropy functional, whose evolution cannot be controlled properly for weak solutions or renormalized solutions.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
ID - 712
JF - Nonlinear Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications
SN - 0362546X
TI - Weak–strong uniqueness of solutions to entropy dissipating reaction–diffusion equations
VL - 159
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider the large-scale regularity of solutions to second-order linear elliptic equations with random coefficient fields. In contrast to previous works on regularity theory for random elliptic operators, our interest is in the regularity at the boundary: We consider problems posed on the half-space with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions and derive an associated C1,α-type large-scale regularity theory in the form of a corresponding decay estimate for the homogenization-adapted tilt-excess. This regularity theory entails an associated Liouville-type theorem. The results are based on the existence of homogenization correctors adapted to the half-space setting, which we construct-by an entirely deterministic argument-as a modification of the homogenization corrector on the whole space. This adaption procedure is carried out inductively on larger scales, crucially relying on the regularity theory already established on smaller scales.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
AU - Raithel, Claudia
ID - 1014
IS - 1
JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
SN - 00361410
TI - Liouville principles and a large-scale regularity theory for random elliptic operators on the half-space
VL - 49
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We prove optimal second order convergence of a modified lowest-order Brezzi-Douglas-Marini (BDM1) mixed finite element scheme for advection-diffusion problems in divergence form. If advection is present, it is known that the total flux is approximated only with first-order accuracy by the classical BDM1 mixed method, which is suboptimal since the same order of convergence is obtained if the computationally less expensive Raviart-Thomas (RT0) element is used. The modification that was first proposed by Brunner et al. [Adv. Water Res., 35 (2012),pp. 163-171] is based on the hybrid problem formulation and consists in using the Lagrange multipliers for the discretization of the advective term instead of the cellwise constant approximation of the scalar unknown.
AU - Brunner, Fabian
AU - Julian Fischer
AU - Knabner, Peter
ID - 1315
IS - 4
JF - SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
TI - Analysis of a modified second-order mixed hybrid BDM1 finite element method for transport problems in divergence form
VL - 54
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We analyze the behaviour of free boundaries in thin-film flow in the regime of strong slippage n∈[1,2) and in the regime of very weak slippage n∈,3) qualitatively and quantitatively. In the regime of strong slippage, we construct initial data which are bounded from above by the steady state but for which nevertheless instantaneous forward motion of the free boundary occurs. This shows that the initial behaviour of the free boundary is not determined just by the growth of the initial data at the free boundary. Note that this is a new phenomenon for degenerate parabolic equations which is specific for higher-order equations. Furthermore, this result resolves a controversy in the literature over optimality of sufficient conditions for the occurrence of a waiting time phenomenon. In contrast, in the regime of very weak slippage we derive lower bounds on free boundary propagation which are optimal in the sense that they coincide up to a constant factor with the known upper bounds. In particular, in this regime the growth of the initial data at the free boundary fully determines the initial behaviour of the interface.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1317
IS - 5
JF - Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis
TI - Behaviour of free boundaries in thin-film flow: The regime of strong slippage and the regime of very weak slippage
VL - 33
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We develop a large-scale regularity theory of higher order for divergence-form elliptic equations with heterogeneous coefficient fields a in the context of stochastic homogenization. The large-scale regularity of a-harmonic functions is encoded by Liouville principles: The space of a-harmonic functions that grow at most like a polynomial of degree k has the same dimension as in the constant-coefficient case. This result can be seen as the qualitative side of a large-scale Ck,α-regularity theory, which in the present work is developed in the form of a corresponding Ck,α-“excess decay” estimate: For a given a-harmonic function u on a ball BR, its energy distance on some ball Br to the above space of a-harmonic functions that grow at most like a polynomial of degree k has the natural decay in the radius r above some minimal radius r0. Though motivated by stochastic homogenization, the contribution of this paper is of purely deterministic nature: We work under the assumption that for the given realization a of the coefficient field, the couple (φ, σ) of scalar and vector potentials of the harmonic coordinates, where φ is the usual corrector, grows sublinearly in a mildly quantified way. We then construct “kth-order correctors” and thereby the space of a-harmonic functions that grow at most like a polynomial of degree k, establish the above excess decay, and then the corresponding Liouville principle.
AU - Julian Fischer
AU - Otto, Felix
ID - 1318
IS - 7
JF - Communications in Partial Differential Equations
TI - A higher-order large scale regularity theory for random elliptic operators
VL - 41
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - In this paper, we develop an energy method to study finite speed of propagation and waiting time phenomena for the stochastic porous media equation with linear multiplicative noise in up to three spatial dimensions. Based on a novel iteration technique and on stochastic counterparts of weighted integral estimates used in the deterministic setting, we formulate a sufficient criterion on the growth of initial data which locally guarantees a waiting time phenomenon to occur almost surely. Up to a logarithmic factor, this criterion coincides with the optimal criterion known from the deterministic setting. Our technique can be modified to prove finite speed of propagation as well.
AU - Julian Fischer
AU - Grün, Günther
ID - 1311
IS - 1
JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
TI - Finite speed of propagation and waiting times for the stochastic porous medium equation: A unifying approach
VL - 47
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We present an algorithm for the derivation of lower bounds on support propagation for a certain class of nonlinear parabolic equations. We proceed by combining the ideas in some recent papers by the author with the algorithmic construction of entropies due to Jüngel and Matthes, reducing the problem to a quantifier elimination problem. Due to its complexity, the quantifier elimination problem cannot be solved by present exact algorithms. However, by tackling the quantifier elimination problem numerically, in the case of the thin-film equation we are able to improve recent results by the author in the regime of strong slippage n ∈ (1, 2). For certain second-order doubly nonlinear parabolic equations, we are able to extend the known lower bounds on free boundary propagation to the case of irregular oscillatory initial data. Finally, we apply our method to a sixth-order quantum drift-diffusion equation, resulting in an upper bound on the time which it takes for the support to reach every point in the domain.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1313
IS - 1
JF - Interfaces and Free Boundaries
TI - Estimates on front propagation for nonlinear higher-order parabolic equations: An algorithmic approach
VL - 17
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We derive a posteriori estimates for the modeling error caused by the assumption of perfect incompressibility in the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation: Real fluids are never perfectly incompressible but always feature at least some low amount of compressibility. Thus, their behavior is described by the compressible Navier-Stokes equation, the pressure being a steep function of the density. We rigorously estimate the difference between an approximate solution to the incompressible Navier-Stokes equation and any weak solution to the compressible Navier-Stokes equation in the sense of Lions (without assuming any additional regularity of solutions). Heuristics and numerical results suggest that our error estimates are of optimal order in the case of "well-behaved" flows and divergence-free approximations of the velocity field. Thus, we expect our estimates to justify the idealization of fluids as perfectly incompressible also in practical situations.
AU - Fischer, Julian L
ID - 1314
IS - 5
JF - SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
TI - A posteriori modeling error estimates for the assumption of perfect incompressibility in the Navier-Stokes equation
VL - 53
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - In the present work we introduce the notion of a renormalized solution for reaction–diffusion systems with entropy-dissipating reactions. We establish the global existence of renormalized solutions. In the case of integrable reaction terms our notion of a renormalized solution reduces to the usual notion of a weak solution. Our existence result in particular covers all reaction–diffusion systems involving a single reversible reaction with mass-action kinetics and (possibly species-dependent) Fick-law diffusion; more generally, it covers the case of systems of reversible reactions with mass-action kinetics which satisfy the detailed balance condition. For such equations the existence of any kind of solution in general was an open problem, thereby motivating the study of renormalized solutions.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1316
IS - 1
JF - Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
TI - Global existence of renormalized solutions to entropy-dissipating reaction–diffusion systems
VL - 218
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We show that weak solutions of the Derrida-Lebowitz-Speer-Spohn (DLSS) equation display infinite speed of support propagation. We apply our method to the case of the quantum drift-diffusion equation which augments the DLSS equation with a drift term and possibly a second-order diffusion term. The proof is accomplished using weighted entropy estimates, Hardy's inequality and a family of singular weight functions to derive a differential inequality; the differential inequality shows exponential growth of the weighted entropy, with the growth constant blowing up very fast as the singularity of the weight becomes sharper. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first example of a nonnegativity-preserving higher-order parabolic equation displaying infinite speed of support propagation.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1309
IS - 1
JF - Nonlinear Differential Equations and Applications
TI - Infinite speed of support propagation for the Derrida-Lebowitz-Speer-Spohn equation and quantum drift-diffusion models
VL - 21
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We derive upper bounds on the waiting time of solutions to the thin-film equation in the regime of weak slippage n ∈ [2, 32\11). In particular, we give sufficient conditions on the initial data for instantaneous forward motion of the free boundary. For n ∈ (2, 32\11), our estimates are sharp, for n = 2, they are sharp up to a logarithmic correction term. Note that the case n = 2 corresponds-with a grain of salt-to the assumption of the Navier slip condition at the fluid-solid interface. We also obtain results in the regime of strong slippage n ∈ (1,2); however, in this regime we expect them not to be optimal. Our method is based on weighted backward entropy estimates, Hardy's inequality and singular weight functions; we deduce a differential inequality which would enforce blowup of the weighted entropy if the contact line were to remain stationary for too long.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1312
IS - 3
JF - Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis
TI - Upper bounds on waiting times for the Thin-film equation: The case of weak slippage
VL - 211
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We prove uniqueness of solutions of the DLSS equation in a class of sufficiently regular functions. The global weak solutions of the DLSS equation constructed by Jüngel and Matthes belong to this class of uniqueness. We also show uniqueness of solutions for the quantum drift-diffusion equation, which contains additional drift and second-order diffusion terms. The results hold in case of periodic or Dirichlet-Neumann boundary conditions. Our proof is based on a monotonicity property of the DLSS operator and sophisticated approximation arguments; we derive a PDE satisfied by the pointwise square root of the solution, which enables us to exploit the monotonicity property of the operator.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1307
IS - 11
JF - Communications in Partial Differential Equations
TI - Uniqueness of solutions of the Derrida-Lebowitz-Speer-Spohn equation and quantum drift diffusion models
VL - 38
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We derive sufficient conditions for advection-driven backward motion of the free boundary in a chemotaxis model with degenerate mobility. In this model, a porous-medium-type diffusive term and an advection term are in competition. The former induces forward motion, the latter may induce backward motion of the free boundary depending on the direction of advection. We deduce conditions on the growth of the initial data at the free boundary which ensure that at least initially the advection term is dominant. This implies local backward motion of the free boundary provided the advection is (locally) directed appropriately. Our result is based on a new class of moving test functions and Stampacchia's lemma. As a by-product of our estimates, we obtain quantitative bounds on the spreading of the support of solutions for the chemotaxis model and provide a proof for the finite speed of the support propagation property of solutions.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1308
IS - 3
JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
TI - Advection-driven support shrinking in a chemotaxis model with degenerate mobility
VL - 45
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We derive lower bounds on asymptotic support propagation rates for strong solutions of the Cauchy problem for the thin-film equation. The bounds coincide up to a constant factor with the previously known upper bounds and thus are sharp. Our results hold in case of at most three spatial dimensions and n∈. (1, 2.92). The result is established using weighted backward entropy inequalities with singular weight functions to yield a differential inequality; combined with some entropy production estimates, the optimal rate of propagation is obtained. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first lower bounds on asymptotic support propagation rates for higher-order nonnegativity-preserving parabolic equations.
AU - Julian Fischer
ID - 1310
IS - 10
JF - Journal of Differential Equations
TI - Optimal lower bounds on asymptotic support propagation rates for the thin-film equation
VL - 255
ER -