TY - JOUR
AB - Recently Kloeckner described the structure of the isometry group of the quadratic Wasserstein space W_2(R^n). It turned out that the case of the real line is exceptional in the sense that there exists an exotic isometry flow. Following this line of investigation, we compute Isom(W_p(R)), the isometry group of the Wasserstein space
W_p(R) for all p \in [1,\infty) \setminus {2}. We show that W_2(R) is also exceptional regarding the
parameter p: W_p(R) is isometrically rigid if and only if p is not equal to 2. Regarding the underlying
space, we prove that the exceptionality of p = 2 disappears if we replace R by the compact
interval [0,1]. Surprisingly, in that case, W_p([0,1]) is isometrically rigid if and only if
p is not equal to 1. Moreover, W_1([0,1]) admits isometries that split mass, and Isom(W_1([0,1]))
cannot be embedded into Isom(W_1(R)).
AU - Geher, Gyorgy Pal
AU - Titkos, Tamas
AU - Virosztek, Daniel
ID - 7389
IS - 8
JF - Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
KW - Wasserstein space
KW - isometric embeddings
KW - isometric rigidity
KW - exotic isometry flow
SN - 00029947
TI - Isometric study of Wasserstein spaces - the real line
VL - 373
ER -
TY - CHAP
AB - We study the Gromov waist in the sense of t-neighborhoods for measures in the Euclidean space, motivated by the famous theorem of Gromov about the waist of radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In particular, it turns our possible to extend Gromov’s original result to the case of not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measure. We also provide examples of measures having no t-neighborhood waist property, including a rather wide class
of compactly supported radially symmetric measures and their maps into the Euclidean space of dimension at least 2.
We use a simpler form of Gromov’s pancake argument to produce some estimates of t-neighborhoods of (weighted) volume-critical submanifolds in the spirit of the waist theorems, including neighborhoods of algebraic manifolds in the complex projective space. In the appendix of this paper we provide for reader’s convenience a more detailed explanation of the Caffarelli theorem that we use to handle not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian
measures.
AU - Akopyan, Arseniy
AU - Karasev, Roman
ED - Klartag, Bo'az
ED - Milman, Emanuel
ID - 74
SN - 00758434
T2 - Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis
TI - Gromov's waist of non-radial Gaussian measures and radial non-Gaussian measures
VL - 2256
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - In the superconducting regime of FeTe(1−x)Sex, there exist two types of vortices which are distinguished by the presence or absence of zero-energy states in their core. To understand their origin, we examine the interplay of Zeeman coupling and superconducting pairings in three-dimensional metals with band inversion. Weak Zeeman fields are found to suppress intraorbital spin-singlet pairing, known to localize the states at the ends of the vortices on the surface. On the other hand, an orbital-triplet pairing is shown to be stable against Zeeman interactions, but leads to delocalized zero-energy Majorana modes which extend through the vortex. In contrast, the finite-energy vortex modes remain localized at the vortex ends even when the pairing is of orbital-triplet form. Phenomenologically, this manifests as an observed disappearance of zero-bias peaks within the cores of topological vortices upon an increase of the applied magnetic field. The presence of magnetic impurities in FeTe(1−x)Sex, which are attracted to the vortices, would lead to such Zeeman-induced delocalization of Majorana modes in a fraction of vortices that capture a large enough number of magnetic impurities. Our results provide an explanation for the dichotomy between topological and nontopological vortices recently observed in FeTe(1−x)Sex.
AU - Ghazaryan, Areg
AU - Lopes, P. L.S.
AU - Hosur, Pavan
AU - Gilbert, Matthew J.
AU - Ghaemi, Pouyan
ID - 7428
IS - 2
JF - Physical Review B
SN - 24699950
TI - Effect of Zeeman coupling on the Majorana vortex modes in iron-based topological superconductors
VL - 101
ER -
TY - THES
AB - Many methods for the reconstruction of shapes from sets of points produce ordered simplicial complexes, which are collections of vertices, edges, triangles, and their higher-dimensional analogues, called simplices, in which every simplex gets assigned a real value measuring its size. This thesis studies ordered simplicial complexes, with a focus on their topology, which reflects the connectedness of the represented shapes and the presence of holes. We are interested both in understanding better the structure of these complexes, as well as in developing algorithms for applications.
For the Delaunay triangulation, the most popular measure for a simplex is the radius of the smallest empty circumsphere. Based on it, we revisit Alpha and Wrap complexes and experimentally determine their probabilistic properties for random data. Also, we prove the existence of tri-partitions, propose algorithms to open and close holes, and extend the concepts from Euclidean to Bregman geometries.
AU - Ölsböck, Katharina
ID - 7460
KW - shape reconstruction
KW - hole manipulation
KW - ordered complexes
KW - Alpha complex
KW - Wrap complex
KW - computational topology
KW - Bregman geometry
SN - 2663-337X
TI - The hole system of triangulated shapes
ER -
TY - GEN
AB - Resting-state brain activity is characterized by the presence of neuronal avalanches showing absence of characteristic size. Such evidence has been interpreted in the context of criticality and associated with the normal functioning of the brain. At criticality, a crucial role is played by long-range power-law correlations. Thus, to verify the hypothesis that the brain operates close to a critical point and consequently assess deviations from criticality for diagnostic purposes, it is of primary importance to robustly and reliably characterize correlations in resting-state brain activity. Recent works focused on the analysis of narrow band electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) signal amplitude envelope, showing evidence of long-range temporal correlations (LRTC) in neural oscillations. However, this approach is not suitable for assessing long-range correlations in broadband resting-state cortical signals. To overcome such limitation, here we propose to characterize the correlations in the broadband brain activity through the lens of neuronal avalanches. To this end, we consider resting-state EEG and long-term MEG recordings, extract the corresponding neuronal avalanche sequences, and study their temporal correlations. We demonstrate that the broadband resting-state brain activity consistently exhibits long-range power-law correlations in both EEG and MEG recordings, with similar values of the scaling exponents. Importantly, although we observe that avalanche size distribution depends on scale parameters, scaling exponents characterizing long-range correlations are quite robust. In particular, they are independent of the temporal binning (scale of analysis), indicating that our analysis captures intrinsic characteristics of the underlying dynamics. Because neuronal avalanches constitute a fundamental feature of neural systems with universal characteristics, the proposed approach may serve as a general, systems- and experiment-independent procedure to infer the existence of underlying long-range correlations in extended neural systems, and identify pathological behaviors in the complex spatio-temporal interplay of cortical rhythms.
AU - Lombardi, Fabrizio
AU - Shriki, Oren
AU - Herrmann, Hans J
AU - de Arcangelis, Lucilla
ID - 7463
T2 - bioRxiv
TI - Long-range temporal correlations in the broadband resting state activity of the human brain revealed by neuronal avalanches
ER -