TY - JOUR
AB - Uniform random sparse network architectures are ubiquitous in computational neuroscience, but the implicit hypothesis that they are a good representation of real neuronal networks has been met with skepticism. Here we used two experimental data sets, a study of triplet connectivity statistics and a data set measuring neuronal responses to channelrhodopsin stimuli, to evaluate the fidelity of thousands of model networks. Network architectures comprised three neuron types (excitatory, fast spiking, and nonfast spiking inhibitory) and were created from a set of rules that govern the statistics of the resulting connection types. In a high-dimensional parameter scan, we varied the degree distributions (i.e., how many cells each neuron connects with) and the synaptic weight correlations of synapses from or onto the same neuron. These variations converted initially uniform random and homogeneously connected networks, in which every neuron sent and received equal numbers of synapses with equal synaptic strength distributions, to highly heterogeneous networks in which the number of synapses per neuron, as well as average synaptic strength of synapses from or to a neuron were variable. By evaluating the impact of each variable on the network structure and dynamics, and their similarity to the experimental data, we could falsify the uniform random sparse connectivity hypothesis for 7 of 36 connectivity parameters, but we also confirmed the hypothesis in 8 cases. Twenty-one parameters had no substantial impact on the results of the test protocols we used.
AU - Tomm, Christian
AU - Avermann, Michael
AU - Petersen, Carl
AU - Gerstner, Wulfram
AU - Vogels, Tim P
ID - 8023
IS - 8
JF - Journal of Neurophysiology
SN - 0022-3077
TI - Connection-type-specific biases make uniform random network models consistent with cortical recordings
VL - 112
ER -
TY - CONF
AB - We study two-player zero-sum games over infinite-state graphs equipped with ωB and finitary conditions. Our first contribution is about the strategy complexity, i.e the memory required for winning strategies: we prove that over general infinite-state graphs, memoryless strategies are sufficient for finitary Büchi, and finite-memory suffices for finitary parity games. We then study pushdown games with boundedness conditions, with two contributions. First we prove a collapse result for pushdown games with ωB-conditions, implying the decidability of solving these games. Second we consider pushdown games with finitary parity along with stack boundedness conditions, and show that solving these games is EXPTIME-complete.
AU - Chatterjee, Krishnendu
AU - Fijalkow, Nathanaël
ID - 1374
T2 - 22nd EACSL Annual Conference on Computer Science Logic
TI - Infinite-state games with finitary conditions
VL - 23
ER -
TY - CONF
AB - It is often difficult to correctly implement a Boolean controller for a complex system, especially when concurrency is involved. Yet, it may be easy to formally specify a controller. For instance, for a pipelined processor it suffices to state that the visible behavior of the pipelined system should be identical to a non-pipelined reference system (Burch-Dill paradigm). We present a novel procedure to efficiently synthesize multiple Boolean control signals from a specification given as a quantified first-order formula (with a specific quantifier structure). Our approach uses uninterpreted functions to abstract details of the design. We construct an unsatisfiable SMT formula from the given specification. Then, from just one proof of unsatisfiability, we use a variant of Craig interpolation to compute multiple coordinated interpolants that implement the Boolean control signals. Our method avoids iterative learning and back-substitution of the control functions. We applied our approach to synthesize a controller for a simple two-stage pipelined processor, and present first experimental results.
AU - Hofferek, Georg
AU - Gupta, Ashutosh
AU - Könighofer, Bettina
AU - Jiang, Jie
AU - Bloem, Roderick
ID - 1385
T2 - 2013 Formal Methods in Computer-Aided Design
TI - Synthesizing multiple boolean functions using interpolation on a single proof
ER -
TY - CONF
AB - Choices made by nondeterministic word automata depend on both the past (the prefix of the word read so far) and the future (the suffix yet to be read). In several applications, most notably synthesis, the future is diverse or unknown, leading to algorithms that are based on deterministic automata. Hoping to retain some of the advantages of nondeterministic automata, researchers have studied restricted classes of nondeterministic automata. Three such classes are nondeterministic automata that are good for trees (GFT; i.e., ones that can be expanded to tree automata accepting the derived tree languages, thus whose choices should satisfy diverse futures), good for games (GFG; i.e., ones whose choices depend only on the past), and determinizable by pruning (DBP; i.e., ones that embody equivalent deterministic automata). The theoretical properties and relative merits of the different classes are still open, having vagueness on whether they really differ from deterministic automata. In particular, while DBP ⊆ GFG ⊆ GFT, it is not known whether every GFT automaton is GFG and whether every GFG automaton is DBP. Also open is the possible succinctness of GFG and GFT automata compared to deterministic automata. We study these problems for ω-regular automata with all common acceptance conditions. We show that GFT=GFG⊃DBP, and describe a determinization construction for GFG automata.
AU - Boker, Udi
AU - Kuperberg, Denis
AU - Kupferman, Orna
AU - Skrzypczak, Michał
ID - 1387
IS - PART 2
TI - Nondeterminism in the presence of a diverse or unknown future
VL - 7966
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We give a cohomological interpretation of both the Kac polynomial and the refined Donaldson-Thomas-invariants of quivers. This interpretation yields a proof of a conjecture of Kac from 1982 and gives a new perspective on recent work of Kontsevich-Soibelman. Thisis achieved by computing, via an arithmetic Fourier transform, the dimensions of the isotypical components of the cohomology of associated Nakajima quiver varieties under the action of a Weyl group. The generating function of the corresponding Poincare polynomials is an extension of Hua's formula for Kac polynomials of quivers involving Hall-Littlewood symmetric functions. The resulting formulae contain a wide range of information on the geometry of the quiver varieties.
AU - Tamas Hausel
AU - Letellier, Emmanuel
AU - Rodríguez Villegas, Fernando
ID - 1442
IS - 3
JF - Annals of Mathematics
TI - Positivity for Kac polynomials and DT-invariants of quivers
VL - 177
ER -
TY - CHAP
AB - Here we survey several results and conjectures on the cohomology of the total space of the Hitchin system: the moduli space of semi-stable rank n and degree d Higgs bundles on a complex algebraic curve C. The picture emerging is a dynamic mixture of ideas originating in theoretical physics such as gauge theory and mirror symmetry, Weil conjectures in arithmetic algebraic geometry, representation theory of finite groups of Lie type and Langlands duality in number theory.
AU - Tamas Hausel
ID - 1443
T2 - Handbook of Moduli: Volume II
TI - Global topology of the Hitchin system
VL - 25
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We show that a natural isomorphism between the rational cohomology groups of the two zero-dimensional Hilbert schemes of n-points of two surfaces, the affine plane minus the axes and the cotangent bundle of an elliptic curve, exchanges the weight filtration on the first set of cohomology groups with the perverse Leray filtration associated with a natural fibration on the second set of cohomology groups. We discuss some associated hard Lefschetz phenomena.
AU - De Cataldo, Mark A
AU - Tamas Hausel
AU - Migliorini, Luca
ID - 1470
JF - Journal of Singularities
TI - Exchange between perverse and weight filtration for the Hilbert schemes of points of two surfaces
VL - 7
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We report an electric-field-induced giant modulation of the hole g factor in SiGe nanocrystals. The observed effect is ascribed to a so-far overlooked contribution to the g factor that stems from the mixing between heavy- and light-hole wave functions. We show that the relative displacement between the confined heavy- and light-hole states, occurring upon application of the electric field, alters their mixing strength leading to a strong nonmonotonic modulation of the g factor.
AU - Ares, Natalia
AU - Golovach, Vitaly N
AU - Georgios Katsaros
AU - Stoffel, Mathieu
AU - Fournel, Frank
AU - Glazman, Leonid I
AU - Schmidt, Oliver G
AU - De Franceschi, Silvano
ID - 1759
IS - 4
JF - Physical Review Letters
TI - Nature of tunable hole g factors in quantum dots
VL - 110
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We report on hole g-factor measurements in three terminal SiGe self-assembled quantum dot devices with a top gate electrode positioned very close to the nanostructure. Measurements of both the perpendicular as well as the parallel g-factor reveal significant changes for a small modulation of the top gate voltage. From the observed modulations, we estimate that, for realistic experimental conditions, hole spins can be electrically manipulated with Rabi frequencies in the order of 100 MHz. This work emphasises the potential of hole-based nano-devices for efficient spin manipulation by means of the g-tensor modulation technique.
AU - Ares, Natalia
AU - Georgios Katsaros
AU - Golovach, Vitaly N
AU - Zhang, Jianjun
AU - Prager, Aaron A
AU - Glazman, Leonid I
AU - Schmidt, Oliver G
AU - De Franceschi, Silvano
ID - 1760
IS - 26
JF - Applied Physics Letters
TI - SiGe quantum dots for fast hole spin Rabi oscillations
VL - 103
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We report the experimental observation and a theoretical explanation of collective suppression of linewidths for multiple superconducting qubits coupled to a good cavity. This demonstrates how strong qubit-cavity coupling can significantly modify the dephasing and dissipation processes that might be expected for individual qubits, and can potentially improve coherence times in many-body circuit QED.
AU - Nissen, Felix
AU - Johannes Fink
AU - Mlynek, Jonas A
AU - Wallraff, Andreas
AU - Keeling, Jonathan M
ID - 1786
IS - 20
JF - Physical Review Letters
TI - Collective suppression of linewidths in circuit QED
VL - 110
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Traditional statistical methods for confidentiality protection of statistical databases do not scale well to deal with GWAS databases especially in terms of guarantees regarding protection from linkage to external information. The more recent concept of differential privacy, introduced by the cryptographic community, is an approach which provides a rigorous definition of privacy with meaningful privacy guarantees in the presence of arbitrary external information, although the guarantees may come at a serious price in terms of data utility. Building on such notions, we propose new methods to release aggregate GWAS data without compromising an individual’s privacy. We present methods for releasing differentially private minor allele frequencies, chi-square statistics and p-values. We compare these approaches on simulated data and on a GWAS study of canine hair length involving 685 dogs. We also propose a privacy-preserving method for finding genome-wide associations based on a differentially-private approach to penalized logistic regression.
AU - Uhler, Caroline
AU - Slavkovic, Aleksandra
AU - Fienberg, Stephen
ID - 2009
IS - 1
JF - Journal of Privacy and Confidentiality
TI - Privacy-preserving data sharing for genome-wide association studies
VL - 5
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Many algorithms for inferring causality rely heavily on the faithfulness assumption. The main justification for imposing this assumption is that the set of unfaithful distributions has Lebesgue measure zero, since it can be seen as a collection of hypersurfaces in a hypercube. However, due to sampling error the faithfulness condition alone is not sufficient for statistical estimation, and strong-faithfulness has been proposed and assumed to achieve uniform or high-dimensional consistency. In contrast to the plain faithfulness assumption, the set of distributions that is not strong-faithful has nonzero Lebesgue measure and in fact, can be surprisingly large as we show in this paper. We study the strong-faithfulness condition from a geometric and combinatorial point of view and give upper and lower bounds on the Lebesgue measure of strong-faithful distributions for various classes of directed acyclic graphs. Our results imply fundamental limitations for the PC-algorithm and potentially also for other algorithms based on partial correlation testing in the Gaussian case.
AU - Uhler, Caroline
AU - Raskutti, Garvesh
AU - Bühlmann, Peter
AU - Yu, Bin
ID - 2010
IS - 2
JF - The Annals of Statistics
TI - Geometry of the faithfulness assumption in causal inference
VL - 41
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We prove new upper and lower bounds for Banach space-valued stochastic integrals with respect to a compensated Poisson random measure. Our estimates apply to Banach spaces with non-trivial martingale (co)type and extend various results in the literature. We also develop a Malliavin framework to interpret Poisson stochastic integrals as vector-valued Skorohod integrals, and prove a Clark-Ocone representation formula.
AU - Dirksen, Sjoerd
AU - Jan Maas
AU - van Neerven, Jan M
ID - 2117
JF - Electronic Journal of Probability
TI - Poisson stochastic integration in Banach spaces
VL - 18
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - This paper continues the investigation of `Wasserstein-like' transportation distances for probability measures on discrete sets. We prove that the discrete transportation metrics on the d-dimensional discrete torus with mesh size 1/N converge, when N→∞, to the standard 2-Wasserstein distance W_2 on the continuous torus in the sense of Gromov-Hausdorff. This is the first convergence result for the recently developed discrete transportation metrics. The result shows the compatibility between these metrics and the well-established 2-Wasserstein metric.
AU - Gigli, Nicola
AU - Jan Maas
ID - 2129
IS - 2
JF - SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
TI - Gromov-Hausdorff convergence of discrete transportation metrics
VL - 45
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Recently it has been shown that pairs of atoms can form metastable bonds due to non-conservative forces induced by dissipation [Lemeshko&Weimer, Nature Comm. 4, 2230 (2013)]. Here we study the dynamics of interaction-induced coherent population trapping - the process responsible for the formation of dissipatively bound molecules. We derive the effective dissipative potentials induced between ultracold atoms by laser light, and study the time evolution of the scattering states. We demonstrate that binding occurs on short timescales of ~10 microseconds, even if the initial kinetic energy of the atoms significantly exceeds the depth of the dissipative potential. Dissipatively-bound molecules with preordained bond lengths and vibrational wavefunctions can be created and detected in current experiments with ultracold atoms.
AU - Mikhail Lemeshko
ID - 2139
IS - 17
JF - Frontiers Physics
TI - Manipulating scattering of ultracold atoms with light-induced dissipation
VL - 1
ER -
TY - JOUR
AU - Bhongale, Satyan G
AU - Mathey, Ludwig
AU - Zhao, Erhai
AU - Yelin, Susanne F
AU - Mikhail Lemeshko
ID - 2152
IS - 23
JF - Physical Review Letters
TI - Erratum: Quantum phases of quadrupolar fermi gases in optical lattices
VL - 111
ER -
TY - CONF
AB - There is a trade-off between performance and correctness in implementing concurrent data structures. Better performance may be achieved at the expense of relaxing correctness, by redefining the semantics of data structures. We address such a redefinition of data structure semantics and present a systematic and formal framework for obtaining new data structures by quantitatively relaxing existing ones. We view a data structure as a sequential specification S containing all "legal" sequences over an alphabet of method calls. Relaxing the data structure corresponds to defining a distance from any sequence over the alphabet to the sequential specification: the k-relaxed sequential specification contains all sequences over the alphabet within distance k from the original specification. In contrast to other existing work, our relaxations are semantic (distance in terms of data structure states). As an instantiation of our framework, we present two simple yet generic relaxation schemes, called out-of-order and stuttering relaxation, along with several ways of computing distances. We show that the out-of-order relaxation, when further instantiated to stacks, queues, and priority queues, amounts to tolerating bounded out-of-order behavior, which cannot be captured by a purely syntactic relaxation (distance in terms of sequence manipulation, e.g. edit distance). We give concurrent implementations of relaxed data structures and demonstrate that bounded relaxations provide the means for trading correctness for performance in a controlled way. The relaxations are monotonic which further highlights the trade-off: increasing k increases the number of permitted sequences, which as we demonstrate can lead to better performance. Finally, since a relaxed stack or queue also implements a pool, we actually have new concurrent pool implementations that outperform the state-of-the-art ones.
AU - Henzinger, Thomas A
AU - Kirsch, Christoph
AU - Payer, Hannes
AU - Sezgin, Ali
AU - Sokolova, Ana
ID - 2181
SN - 978-1-4503-1832-7
T2 - Proceedings of the 40th annual ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT symposium on Principles of programming language
TI - Quantitative relaxation of concurrent data structures
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We introduce a new platform for quantum simulation of many-body systems based on nonspherical atoms or molecules with zero dipole moments but possessing a significant value of electric quadrupole moments. We consider a quadrupolar Fermi gas trapped in a 2D square optical lattice, and show that the peculiar symmetry and broad tunability of the quadrupole-quadrupole interaction results in a rich phase diagram encompassing unconventional BCS and charge density wave phases, and opens up a perspective to create a topological superfluid. Quadrupolar species, such as metastable alkaline-earth atoms and homonuclear molecules, are stable against chemical reactions and collapse and are readily available in experiment at high densities.
AU - Bhongale, Satyan G
AU - Mathey, Ludwig
AU - Zhao, Erhai
AU - Yelin, Susanne F
AU - Mikhail Lemeshko
ID - 2204
IS - 15
JF - Physical Review Letters
TI - Quantum phases of quadrupolar fermi gases in optical lattices
VL - 110
ER -
TY - GEN
AB - The goal of the present article is to review the major developments that have led to the current understanding of molecule-field interactions and experimental methods for manipulating molecules with electromagnetic fields. Molecule-field interactions are at the core of several, seemingly distinct areas of molecular physics. This is reflected in the organisation of this article, which includes sections on field control of molecular beams, external field traps for cold molecules, control of molecular orientation and molecular alignment, manipulation of molecules by non-conservative forces, ultracold molecules and ultracold chemistry, controlled many-body phenomena, entanglement of molecules and dipole arrays, and stability of molecular systems in high-frequency super-intense laser fields. The article contains 852 references.
AU - Mikhail Lemeshko
AU - Krems, Roman V
AU - Doyle, John M
AU - Kais, Sabre
ID - 2205
IS - 12-13
T2 - Molecular Physics
TI - Manipulation of molecules with electromagnetic fields
VL - 111
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Magnetic impurities embedded in inert solids can exhibit long coherence times and interact with one another via their intrinsic anisotropic dipolar interaction. We argue that, as a consequence of these properties, disordered ensembles of magnetic impurities provide an effective platform for realizing a controllable, tunable version of the dipolar quantum spin glass seen in LiHoxY1-xF4. Specifically, we propose and analyze a system composed of dysprosium atoms embedded in solid helium. We describe the phase diagram of the system and discuss the realizability and detectability of the quantum spin glass and antiglass phases.
AU - Mikhail Lemeshko
AU - Yao, Norman Y
AU - Gorshkov, Alexey V
AU - Weimer, Hendrik
AU - Bennett, Steven D
AU - Momose, Takamasa
AU - Gopalakrishnan, Sarang
ID - 2206
IS - 1
JF - Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
TI - Controllable quantum spin glasses with magnetic impurities embedded in quantum solids
VL - 88
ER -