@article{7387,
abstract = {Most bacteria accomplish cell division with the help of a dynamic protein complex called the divisome, which spans the cell envelope in the plane of division. Assembly and activation of this machinery are coordinated by the tubulin-related GTPase FtsZ, which was found to form treadmilling filaments on supported bilayers in vitro1, as well as in live cells, in which filaments circle around the cell division site2,3. Treadmilling of FtsZ is thought to actively move proteins around the division septum, thereby distributing peptidoglycan synthesis and coordinating the inward growth of the septum to form the new poles of the daughter cells4. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this function are largely unknown. Here, to study how FtsZ polymerization dynamics are coupled to downstream proteins, we reconstituted part of the bacterial cell division machinery using its purified components FtsZ, FtsA and truncated transmembrane proteins essential for cell division. We found that the membrane-bound cytosolic peptides of FtsN and FtsQ co-migrated with treadmilling FtsZ–FtsA filaments, but despite their directed collective behaviour, individual peptides showed random motion and transient confinement. Our work suggests that divisome proteins follow treadmilling FtsZ filaments by a diffusion-and-capture mechanism, which can give rise to a moving zone of signalling activity at the division site.},
author = {Baranova, Natalia S. and Radler, Philipp and Hernández-Rocamora, Víctor M. and Alfonso, Carlos and Lopez Pelegrin, Maria D and Rivas, Germán and Vollmer, Waldemar and Loose, Martin},
issn = {2058-5276},
journal = {Nature Microbiology},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Diffusion and capture permits dynamic coupling between treadmilling FtsZ filaments and cell division proteins}},
doi = {10.1038/s41564-019-0657-5},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7388,
abstract = {We give a Wong-Zakai type characterisation of the solutions of quasilinear heat equations driven by space-time white noise in 1 + 1 dimensions. In order to show that the renormalisation counterterms are local in the solution, a careful arrangement of a few hundred terms is required. The main tool in this computation is a general ‘integration by parts’ formula that provides a number of linear identities for the renormalisation constants.},
author = {Gerencser, Mate},
issn = {0294-1449},
journal = {Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincaré C, Analyse non linéaire},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Nondivergence form quasilinear heat equations driven by space-time white noise}},
doi = {10.1016/j.anihpc.2020.01.003},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7389,
abstract = {Recently Kloeckner described the structure of the isometry group of the quadratic Wasserstein space W_2(R^n). It turned out that the case of the real line is exceptional in the sense that there exists an exotic isometry flow. Following this line of investigation, we compute Isom(W_p(R)), the isometry group of the Wasserstein space
W_p(R) for all p \in [1,\infty) \setminus {2}. We show that W_2(R) is also exceptional regarding the
parameter p: W_p(R) is isometrically rigid if and only if p is not equal to 2. Regarding the underlying
space, we prove that the exceptionality of p = 2 disappears if we replace R by the compact
interval [0,1]. Surprisingly, in that case, W_p([0,1]) is isometrically rigid if and only if
p is not equal to 1. Moreover, W_1([0,1]) admits isometries that split mass, and Isom(W_1([0,1]))
cannot be embedded into Isom(W_1(R)).},
author = {Geher, Gyorgy Pal and Titkos, Tamas and Virosztek, Daniel},
issn = {10886850},
journal = {Transactions of the American Mathematical Society},
keywords = {Wasserstein space, isometric embeddings, isometric rigidity, exotic isometry flow},
number = {8},
pages = {5855--5883},
publisher = {American Mathematical Society},
title = {{Isometric study of Wasserstein spaces - the real line}},
doi = {10.1090/tran/8113},
volume = {373},
year = {2020},
}
@inbook{74,
abstract = {We study the Gromov waist in the sense of t-neighborhoods for measures in the Euclidean space, motivated by the famous theorem of Gromov about the waist of radially symmetric Gaussian measures. In particular, it turns our possible to extend Gromov’s original result to the case of not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian measure. We also provide examples of measures having no t-neighborhood waist property, including a rather wide class
of compactly supported radially symmetric measures and their maps into the Euclidean space of dimension at least 2.
We use a simpler form of Gromov’s pancake argument to produce some estimates of t-neighborhoods of (weighted) volume-critical submanifolds in the spirit of the waist theorems, including neighborhoods of algebraic manifolds in the complex projective space. In the appendix of this paper we provide for reader’s convenience a more detailed explanation of the Caffarelli theorem that we use to handle not necessarily radially symmetric Gaussian
measures.},
author = {Akopyan, Arseniy and Karasev, Roman},
booktitle = {Geometric Aspects of Functional Analysis},
editor = {Klartag, Bo'az and Milman, Emanuel},
isbn = {9783030360191},
issn = {16179692},
pages = {1--27},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Gromov's waist of non-radial Gaussian measures and radial non-Gaussian measures}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-36020-7_1},
volume = {2256},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7416,
abstract = {Earlier, we demonstrated that transcript levels of METAL TOLERANCE PROTEIN2 (MTP2) and of HEAVY METAL ATPase2 (HMA2) increase strongly in roots of Arabidopsis upon prolonged zinc (Zn) deficiency and respond to shoot physiological Zn status, and not to the local Zn status in roots. This provided evidence for shoot-to-root communication in the acclimation of plants to Zn deficiency. Zn-deficient soils limit both the yield and quality of agricultural crops and can result in clinically relevant nutritional Zn deficiency in human populations. Implementing Zn deficiency during cultivation of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana on agar-solidified media is difficult because trace element contaminations are present in almost all commercially available agars. Here, we demonstrate root morphological acclimations to Zn deficiency on agar-solidified medium following the effective removal of contaminants. These advancements allow reproducible phenotyping toward understanding fundamental plant responses to deficiencies of Zn and other essential trace elements.},
author = {Sinclair, Scott A and Krämer, U.},
issn = {1559-2324},
journal = {Plant Signaling & Behavior},
number = {1},
publisher = {Informa UK Limited},
title = {{Generation of effective zinc-deficient agar-solidified media allows identification of root morphology changes in response to zinc limitation}},
doi = {10.1080/15592324.2019.1687175},
volume = {15},
year = {2020},
}