@inproceedings{2298,
abstract = {We present a shape analysis for programs that manipulate overlaid data structures which share sets of objects. The abstract domain contains Separation Logic formulas that (1) combine a per-object separating conjunction with a per-field separating conjunction and (2) constrain a set of variables interpreted as sets of objects. The definition of the abstract domain operators is based on a notion of homomorphism between formulas, viewed as graphs, used recently to define optimal decision procedures for fragments of the Separation Logic. Based on a Frame Rule that supports the two versions of the separating conjunction, the analysis is able to reason in a modular manner about non-overlaid data structures and then, compose information only at a few program points, e.g., procedure returns. We have implemented this analysis in a prototype tool and applied it on several interesting case studies that manipulate overlaid and nested linked lists.
},
author = {Dragoi, Cezara and Enea, Constantin and Sighireanu, Mihaela},
location = {Seattle, WA, United States},
pages = {150 -- 171},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Local shape analysis for overlaid data structures}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-38856-9_10},
volume = {7935},
year = {2013},
}
@article{2299,
abstract = {The standard hardware design flow involves: (a) design of an integrated circuit using a hardware description language, (b) extensive functional and formal verification, and (c) logical synthesis. However, the above-mentioned processes consume significant effort and time. An alternative approach is to use a formal specification language as a high-level hardware description language and synthesize hardware from formal specifications. Our work is a case study of the synthesis of the widely and industrially used AMBA AHB protocol from formal specifications. Bloem et al. presented the first formal specifications for the AMBA AHB Arbiter and synthesized the AHB Arbiter circuit. However, in the first formal specification some important assumptions were missing. Our contributions are as follows: (a) We present detailed formal specifications for the AHB Arbiter incorporating the missing details, and obtain significant improvements in the synthesis results (both with respect to the number of gates in the synthesized circuit and with respect to the time taken to synthesize the circuit), and (b) we present formal specifications to generate compact circuits for the remaining two main components of AMBA AHB, namely, AHB Master and AHB Slave. Thus with systematic description we are able to automatically and completely synthesize an important and widely used industrial protocol.},
author = {Godhal, Yashdeep and Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Henzinger, Thomas A},
journal = {International Journal on Software Tools for Technology Transfer},
number = {5-6},
pages = {585 -- 601},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Synthesis of AMBA AHB from formal specification: A case study}},
doi = {10.1007/s10009-011-0207-9},
volume = {15},
year = {2013},
}
@article{2300,
abstract = {We consider Ising models in two and three dimensions with nearest neighbor ferromagnetic interactions and long-range, power law decaying, antiferromagnetic interactions. If the strength of the ferromagnetic coupling J is larger than a critical value Jc, then the ground state is homogeneous and ferromagnetic. As the critical value is approached from smaller values of J, it is believed that the ground state consists of a periodic array of stripes (d=2) or slabs (d=3), all of the same size and alternating magnetization. Here we prove rigorously that the ground state energy per site converges to that of the optimal periodic striped or slabbed state, in the limit that J tends to the ferromagnetic transition point. While this theorem does not prove rigorously that the ground state is precisely striped or slabbed, it does prove that in any suitably large box the ground state is striped or slabbed with high probability.},
author = {Giuliani, Alessandro and Lieb, Élliott and Seiringer, Robert},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {6},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Realization of stripes and slabs in two and three dimensions}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.88.064401},
volume = {88},
year = {2013},
}
@inproceedings{2301,
abstract = {We describe the design and implementation of P, a domain-specific language to write asynchronous event driven code. P allows the programmer to specify the system as a collection of interacting state machines, which communicate with each other using events. P unifies modeling and programming into one activity for the programmer. Not only can a P program be compiled into executable code, but it can also be tested using model checking techniques. P allows the programmer to specify the environment, used to "close" the system during testing, as nondeterministic ghost machines. Ghost machines are erased during compilation to executable code; a type system ensures that the erasure is semantics preserving. The P language is designed so that a P program can be checked for responsiveness-the ability to handle every event in a timely manner. By default, a machine needs to handle every event that arrives in every state. But handling every event in every state is impractical. The language provides a notion of deferred events where the programmer can annotate when she wants to delay processing an event. The default safety checker looks for presence of unhan-dled events. The language also provides default liveness checks that an event cannot be potentially deferred forever. P was used to implement and verify the core of the USB device driver stack that ships with Microsoft Windows 8. The resulting driver is more reliable and performs better than its prior incarnation (which did not use P); we have more confidence in the robustness of its design due to the language abstractions and verification provided by P.},
author = {Desai, Ankush and Gupta, Vivek and Jackson, Ethan and Qadeer, Shaz and Rajamani, Sriram and Zufferey, Damien},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 34th ACM SIGPLAN Conference on Programming Language Design and Implementation},
location = {Seattle, WA, United States},
pages = {321 -- 331},
publisher = {ACM},
title = {{P: Safe asynchronous event-driven programming}},
doi = {10.1145/2491956.2462184},
year = {2013},
}
@article{2303,
abstract = {MADM (Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers) technology offers a genetic approach in mice to visualize and concomitantly manipulate genetically defined cells at clonal level and single cell resolution. MADM employs Cre recombinase/loxP-dependent interchromosomal mitotic recombination to reconstitute two split marker genes—green GFP and red tdTomato—and can label sparse clones of homozygous mutant cells in one color and wild-type cells in the other color in an otherwise unlabeled background. At present, major MADM applications include lineage tracing, single cell labeling, conditional knockouts in small populations of cells and induction of uniparental chromosome disomy to assess effects of genomic imprinting. MADM can be applied universally in the mouse with the sole limitation being the specificity of the promoter controlling Cre recombinase expression. Here I review recent developments and extensions of the MADM technique and give an overview of the major discoveries and progresses enabled by the implementation of the novel genetic MADM tools.},
author = {Hippenmeyer, Simon},
journal = {Frontiers in Biology},
number = {6},
pages = {557 -- 568},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{Dissection of gene function at clonal level using mosaic analysis with double markers}},
doi = {10.1007/s11515-013-1279-6},
volume = {8},
year = {2013},
}
@article{2304,
abstract = {This extended abstract is concerned with the irregularities of distribution of one-dimensional permuted van der Corput sequences that are generated from linear permutations. We show how to obtain upper bounds for the discrepancy and diaphony of these sequences, by relating them to Kronecker sequences and applying earlier results of Faure and Niederreiter.},
author = {Pausinger, Florian},
journal = {Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics},
pages = {43 -- 50},
publisher = {Elsevier},
title = {{Van der Corput sequences and linear permutations}},
doi = {10.1016/j.endm.2013.07.008},
volume = {43},
year = {2013},
}
@inproceedings{2305,
abstract = {We study the complexity of central controller synthesis problems for finite-state Markov decision processes, where the objective is to optimize both the expected mean-payoff performance of the system and its stability. e argue that the basic theoretical notion of expressing the stability in terms of the variance of the mean-payoff (called global variance in our paper) is not always sufficient, since it ignores possible instabilities on respective runs. For this reason we propose alernative definitions of stability, which we call local and hybrid variance, and which express how rewards on each run deviate from the run's own mean-payoff and from the expected mean-payoff, respectively. We show that a strategy ensuring both the expected mean-payoff and the variance below given bounds requires randomization and memory, under all the above semantics of variance. We then look at the problem of determining whether there is a such a strategy. For the global variance, we show that the problem is in PSPACE, and that the answer can be approximated in pseudo-polynomial time. For the hybrid variance, the analogous decision problem is in NP, and a polynomial-time approximating algorithm also exists. For local variance, we show that the decision problem is in NP. Since the overall performance can be traded for stability (and vice versa), we also present algorithms for approximating the associated Pareto curve in all the three cases. Finally, we study a special case of the decision problems, where we require a given expected mean-payoff together with zero variance. Here we show that the problems can be all solved in polynomial time.},
author = {Brázdil, Tomáš and Chatterjee, Krishnendu and Forejt, Vojtěch and Kučera, Antonín},
booktitle = {28th Annual ACM/IEEE Symposium},
location = {New Orleans, LA, United States},
pages = {331 -- 340},
publisher = {IEEE},
title = {{Trading performance for stability in Markov decision processes}},
doi = {10.1109/LICS.2013.39},
year = {2013},
}
@book{2306,
abstract = {Das Buch ist sowohl eine Einführung in die Themen Linked Data, Open Data und Open Linked Data als es auch den konkreten Bezug auf Bibliotheken behandelt. Hierzu werden konkrete Anwendungsprojekte beschrieben. Der Band wendet sich dabei sowohl an Personen aus der Bibliothekspraxis als auch an Personen aus dem Bibliotheksmanagement, die noch nicht mit dem Thema vertraut sind.},
author = {Danowski, Patrick and Pohl, Adrian},
publisher = {De Gruyter},
title = {{(Open) Linked Data in Bibliotheken}},
doi = {10.1515/9783110278736},
volume = {50},
year = {2013},
}
@inproceedings{2327,
abstract = {We define the model-measuring problem: given a model M and specification φ, what is the maximal distance ρ such that all models M′ within distance ρ from M satisfy (or violate) φ. The model measuring problem presupposes a distance function on models. We concentrate on automatic distance functions, which are defined by weighted automata. The model-measuring problem subsumes several generalizations of the classical model-checking problem, in particular, quantitative model-checking problems that measure the degree of satisfaction of a specification, and robustness problems that measure how much a model can be perturbed without violating the specification. We show that for automatic distance functions, and ω-regular linear-time and branching-time specifications, the model-measuring problem can be solved. We use automata-theoretic model-checking methods for model measuring, replacing the emptiness question for standard word and tree automata by the optimal-weight question for the weighted versions of these automata. We consider weighted automata that accumulate weights by maximizing, summing, discounting, and limit averaging. We give several examples of using the model-measuring problem to compute various notions of robustness and quantitative satisfaction for temporal specifications.},
author = {Henzinger, Thomas A and Otop, Jan},
location = {Buenos Aires, Argentina},
pages = {273 -- 287},
publisher = {Springer},
title = {{From model checking to model measuring}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-40184-8_20},
volume = {8052},
year = {2013},
}
@inproceedings{2328,
abstract = {Linearizability of concurrent data structures is usually proved by monolithic simulation arguments relying on identifying the so-called linearization points. Regrettably, such proofs, whether manual or automatic, are often complicated and scale poorly to advanced non-blocking concurrency patterns, such as helping and optimistic updates.
In response, we propose a more modular way of checking linearizability of concurrent queue algorithms that does not involve identifying linearization points. We reduce the task of proving linearizability with respect to the queue specification to establishing four basic properties, each of which can be proved independently by simpler arguments. As a demonstration of our approach, we verify the Herlihy and Wing queue, an algorithm that is challenging to verify by a simulation proof.},
author = {Henzinger, Thomas A and Sezgin, Ali and Vafeiadis, Viktor},
location = {Buenos Aires, Argentina},
pages = {242 -- 256},
publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl - Leibniz-Zentrum für Informatik},
title = {{Aspect-oriented linearizability proofs}},
doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-40184-8_18},
volume = {8052},
year = {2013},
}