TY - JOUR
AB - We investigate the ground-state energy of a one-dimensional Fermi gas with two bosonic impurities. We consider spinless fermions with no fermion-fermion interactions. The fermion-impurity and impurity-impurity interactions are modeled with Dirac delta functions. First, we study the case where impurity and fermion have equal masses, and the impurity-impurity two-body interaction is identical to the fermion-impurity interaction, such that the system is solvable with the Bethe ansatz. For attractive interactions, we find that the energy of the impurity-impurity subsystem is below the energy of the bound state that exists without the Fermi gas. We interpret this as a manifestation of attractive boson-boson interactions induced by the fermionic medium, and refer to the impurity-impurity subsystem as an in-medium bound state. For repulsive interactions, we find no in-medium bound states. Second, we construct an effective model to describe these interactions, and compare its predictions to the exact solution. We use this effective model to study nonintegrable systems with unequal masses and/or potentials. We discuss parameter regimes for which impurity-impurity attraction induced by the Fermi gas can lead to the formation of in-medium bound states made of bosons that repel each other in the absence of the Fermi gas.
AU - Huber, D.
AU - Hammer, H.-W.
AU - Volosniev, Artem
ID - 7190
IS - 3
JF - Physical Review Research
SN - 2643-1564
TI - In-medium bound states of two bosonic impurities in a one-dimensional Fermi gas
VL - 1
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - The angular momentum of molecules, or, equivalently, their rotation in three-dimensional space, is ideally suited for quantum control. Molecular angular momentum is naturally quantized, time evolution is governed by a well-known Hamiltonian with only a few accurately known parameters, and transitions between rotational levels can be driven by external fields from various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. Control over the rotational motion can be exerted in one-, two-, and many-body scenarios, thereby allowing one to probe Anderson localization, target stereoselectivity of bimolecular reactions, or encode quantum information to name just a few examples. The corresponding approaches to quantum control are pursued within separate, and typically disjoint, subfields of physics, including ultrafast science, cold collisions, ultracold gases, quantum information science, and condensed-matter physics. It is the purpose of this review to present the various control phenomena, which all rely on the same underlying physics, within a unified framework. To this end, recall the Hamiltonian for free rotations, assuming the rigid rotor approximation to be valid, and summarize the different ways for a rotor to interact with external electromagnetic fields. These interactions can be exploited for control—from achieving alignment, orientation, or laser cooling in a one-body framework, steering bimolecular collisions, or realizing a quantum computer or quantum simulator in the many-body setting.
AU - Koch, Christiane P.
AU - Lemeshko, Mikhail
AU - Sugny, Dominique
ID - 7396
IS - 3
JF - Reviews of Modern Physics
SN - 0034-6861
TI - Quantum control of molecular rotation
VL - 91
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Problems involving quantum impurities, in which one or a few particles are interacting with a macroscopic environment, represent a pervasive paradigm, spanning across atomic, molecular, and condensed-matter physics. In this paper we introduce new variational approaches to quantum impurities and apply them to the Fröhlich polaron–a quasiparticle formed out of an electron (or other point-like impurity) in a polar medium, and to the angulon–a quasiparticle formed out of a rotating molecule in a bosonic bath. We benchmark these approaches against established theories, evaluating their accuracy as a function of the impurity-bath coupling.
AU - Li, Xiang
AU - Bighin, Giacomo
AU - Yakaboylu, Enderalp
AU - Lemeshko, Mikhail
ID - 5886
JF - Molecular Physics
SN - 00268976
TI - Variational approaches to quantum impurities: from the Fröhlich polaron to the angulon
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - In 1915, Einstein and de Haas and Barnett demonstrated that changing the magnetization of a magnetic material results in mechanical rotation and vice versa. At the microscopic level, this effect governs the transfer between electron spin and orbital angular momentum, and lattice degrees of freedom, understanding which is key for molecular magnets, nano-magneto-mechanics, spintronics, and ultrafast magnetism. Until now, the timescales of electron-to-lattice angular momentum transfer remain unclear, since modeling this process on a microscopic level requires the addition of an infinite amount of quantum angular momenta. We show that this problem can be solved by reformulating it in terms of the recently discovered angulon quasiparticles, which results in a rotationally invariant quantum many-body theory. In particular, we demonstrate that nonperturbative effects take place even if the electron-phonon coupling is weak and give rise to angular momentum transfer on femtosecond timescales.
AU - Mentink, Johann H
AU - Katsnelson, Mikhail
AU - Lemeshko, Mikhail
ID - 6092
IS - 6
JF - Physical Review B
TI - Quantum many-body dynamics of the Einstein-de Haas effect
VL - 99
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We consider a two-component Bose gas in two dimensions at a low temperature with short-range repulsive interaction. In the coexistence phase where both components are superfluid, interspecies interactions induce a nondissipative drag between the two superfluid flows (Andreev-Bashkin effect). We show that this behavior leads to a modification of the usual Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition in two dimensions. We extend the renormalization of the superfluid densities at finite temperature using the renormalization-group approach and find that the vortices of one component have a large influence on the superfluid properties of the other, mediated by the nondissipative drag. The extended BKT flow equations indicate that the occurrence of the vortex unbinding transition in one of the components can induce the breakdown of superfluidity also in the other, leading to a locking phenomenon for the critical temperatures of the two gases.
AU - Karle, Volker
AU - Defenu, Nicolò
AU - Enss, Tilman
ID - 6632
IS - 6
JF - Physical Review A
SN - 24699926
TI - Coupled superfluidity of binary Bose mixtures in two dimensions
VL - 99
ER -
TY - CONF
AB - We demonstrate robust retention of valley coherence and its control via polariton pseudospin precession through the optical TE-TM splitting in bilayer WS2 microcavity exciton polaritons at room temperature.
AU - Khatoniar, Mandeep
AU - Yama, Nicholas
AU - Ghazaryan, Areg
AU - Guddala, Sriram
AU - Ghaemi, Pouyan
AU - Menon, Vinod
ID - 6646
SN - 9781943580576
T2 - CLEO: Applications and Technology
TI - Room temperature control of valley coherence in bilayer WS2 exciton polaritons
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - Dipolar coupling plays a fundamental role in the interaction between electrically or magnetically polarized species such as magnetic atoms and dipolar molecules in a gas or dipolar excitons in the solid state. Unlike Coulomb or contactlike interactions found in many atomic, molecular, and condensed-matter systems, this interaction is long-ranged and highly anisotropic, as it changes from repulsive to attractive depending on the relative positions and orientation of the dipoles. Because of this unique property, many exotic, symmetry-breaking collective states have been recently predicted for cold dipolar gases, but only a few have been experimentally detected and only in dilute atomic dipolar Bose-Einstein condensates. Here, we report on the first observation of attractive dipolar coupling between excitonic dipoles using a new design of stacked semiconductor bilayers. We show that the presence of a dipolar exciton fluid in one bilayer modifies the spatial distribution and increases the binding energy of excitonic dipoles in a vertically remote layer. The binding energy changes are explained using a many-body polaron model describing the deformation of the exciton cloud due to its interaction with a remote dipolar exciton. The surprising nonmonotonic dependence on the cloud density indicates the important role of dipolar correlations, which is unique to dense, strongly interacting dipolar solid-state systems. Our concept provides a route for the realization of dipolar lattices with strong anisotropic interactions in semiconductor systems, which open the way for the observation of theoretically predicted new and exotic collective phases, as well as for engineering and sensing their collective excitations.
AU - Hubert, Colin
AU - Baruchi, Yifat
AU - Mazuz-Harpaz, Yotam
AU - Cohen, Kobi
AU - Biermann, Klaus
AU - Lemeshko, Mikhail
AU - West, Ken
AU - Pfeiffer, Loren
AU - Rapaport, Ronen
AU - Santos, Paulo
ID - 6786
IS - 2
JF - Physical Review X
TI - Attractive dipolar coupling between stacked exciton fluids
VL - 9
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We study few-body bound states of charged particles subject to attractive zero-range/short-range plus repulsive Coulomb interparticle forces. The characteristic length scales of the system at zero energy are set by the Coulomb length scale D and the Coulomb-modified effective range r eff. We study shallow bound states of charged particles with D >> r eff and show that these systems obey universal scaling laws different from neutral particles. An accurate description of these states requires both the Coulomb-modified scattering length and the effective range unless the Coulomb interaction is very weak (D -> ). Our findings are relevant for bound states whose spatial extent is significantly larger than the range of the attractive potential. These states enjoy universality – their character is independent of the shape of the short-range potential.
AU - Schmickler, C.H.
AU - Hammer, H.-W.
AU - Volosniev, Artem
ID - 6955
JF - Physics Letters B
SN - 0370-2693
TI - Universal physics of bound states of a few charged particles
VL - 798
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We study the effect of a linear tunneling coupling between two-dimensional systems, each separately
exhibiting the topological Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition. In the uncoupled limit, there
are two phases: one where the one-body correlation functions are algebraically decaying and the other with
exponential decay. When the linear coupling is turned on, a third BKT-paired phase emerges, in which one-body correlations are exponentially decaying, while two-body correlation functions exhibit power-law
decay. We perform numerical simulations in the paradigmatic case of two coupled XY models at finite
temperature, finding evidences that for any finite value of the interlayer coupling, the BKT-paired phase is
present. We provide a picture of the phase diagram using a renormalization group approach.
AU - Bighin, Giacomo
AU - Defenu, Nicolò
AU - Nándori, István
AU - Salasnich, Luca
AU - Trombettoni, Andrea
ID - 6940
IS - 10
JF - Physical Review Letters
SN - 0031-9007
TI - Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless paired phase in coupled XY models
VL - 123
ER -
TY - JOUR
AB - We developed a method to calculate two-photon processes in quantum mechanics that replaces the infinite summation over the intermediate states by a perturbation expansion. This latter consists of a series of commutators that involve position, momentum, and Hamiltonian quantum operators. We analyzed several single- and many-particle cases for which a closed-form solution to the perturbation expansion exists, as well as more complicated cases for which a solution is found by convergence. Throughout the article, Rayleigh and Raman scattering are taken as examples of two-photon processes. The present method provides a clear distinction between the Thomson scattering, regarded as classical scattering, and quantum contributions. Such a distinction lets us derive general results concerning light scattering. Finally, possible extensions to the developed formalism are discussed.
AU - Fratini, Filippo
AU - Safari, Laleh
AU - Amaro, Pedro
AU - Santos, José
ID - 294
IS - 4
JF - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
TI - Two-photon processes based on quantum commutators
VL - 97
ER -