@article{8644,
abstract = {Determining the phase diagram of systems consisting of smaller subsystems 'connected' via a tunable coupling is a challenging task relevant for a variety of physical settings. A general question is whether new phases, not present in the uncoupled limit, may arise. We use machine learning and a suitable quasidistance between different points of the phase diagram to study layered spin models, in which the spin variables constituting each of the uncoupled systems (to which we refer as layers) are coupled to each other via an interlayer coupling. In such systems, in general, composite order parameters involving spins of different layers may emerge as a consequence of the interlayer coupling. We focus on the layered Ising and Ashkin–Teller models as a paradigmatic case study, determining their phase diagram via the application of a machine learning algorithm to the Monte Carlo data. Remarkably our technique is able to correctly characterize all the system phases also in the case of hidden order parameters, i.e. order parameters whose expression in terms of the microscopic configurations would require additional preprocessing of the data fed to the algorithm. We correctly retrieve the three known phases of the Ashkin–Teller model with ferromagnetic couplings, including the phase described by a composite order parameter. For the bilayer and trilayer Ising models the phases we find are only the ferromagnetic and the paramagnetic ones. Within the approach we introduce, owing to the construction of convolutional neural networks, naturally suitable for layered image-like data with arbitrary number of layers, no preprocessing of the Monte Carlo data is needed, also with regard to its spatial structure. The physical meaning of our results is discussed and compared with analytical data, where available. Yet, the method can be used without any a priori knowledge of the phases one seeks to find and can be applied to other models and structures.},
author = {Rzadkowski, Wojciech and Defenu, N and Chiacchiera, S and Trombettoni, A and Bighin, Giacomo},
issn = {13672630},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
number = {9},
publisher = {IOP Publishing},
title = {{Detecting composite orders in layered models via machine learning}},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/abae44},
volume = {22},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8652,
abstract = {Nature creates electrons with two values of the spin projection quantum number. In certain applications, it is important to filter electrons with one spin projection from the rest. Such filtering is not trivial, since spin-dependent interactions are often weak, and cannot lead to any substantial effect. Here we propose an efficient spin filter based upon scattering from a two-dimensional crystal, which is made of aligned point magnets. The polarization of the outgoing electron flux is controlled by the crystal, and reaches maximum at specific values of the parameters. In our scheme, polarization increase is accompanied by higher reflectivity of the crystal. High transmission is feasible in scattering from a quantum cavity made of two crystals. Our findings can be used for studies of low-energy spin-dependent scattering from two-dimensional ordered structures made of magnetic atoms or aligned chiral molecules.},
author = {Ghazaryan, Areg and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Volosniev, Artem},
issn = {2399-3650},
journal = {Communications Physics},
publisher = {Springer Nature},
title = {{Filtering spins by scattering from a lattice of point magnets}},
doi = {10.1038/s42005-020-00445-8},
volume = {3},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8699,
abstract = {In the high spin–orbit-coupled Sr2IrO4, the high sensitivity of the ground state to the details of the local lattice structure shows a large potential for the manipulation of the functional properties by inducing local lattice distortions. We use epitaxial strain to modify the Ir–O bond geometry in Sr2IrO4 and perform momentum-dependent resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) at the metal and at the ligand sites to unveil the response of the low-energy elementary excitations. We observe that the pseudospin-wave dispersion for tensile-strained Sr2IrO4 films displays large softening along the [h,0] direction, while along the [h,h] direction it shows hardening. This evolution reveals a renormalization of the magnetic interactions caused by a strain-driven cross-over from anisotropic to isotropic interactions between the magnetic moments. Moreover, we detect dispersive electron–hole pair excitations which shift to lower (higher) energies upon compressive (tensile) strain, manifesting a reduction (increase) in the size of the charge gap. This behavior shows an intimate coupling between charge excitations and lattice distortions in Sr2IrO4, originating from the modified hopping elements between the t2g orbitals. Our work highlights the central role played by the lattice degrees of freedom in determining both the pseudospin and charge excitations of Sr2IrO4 and provides valuable information toward the control of the ground state of complex oxides in the presence of high spin–orbit coupling.},
author = {Paris, Eugenio and Tseng, Yi and Paerschke, Ekaterina and Zhang, Wenliang and Upton, Mary H and Efimenko, Anna and Rolfs, Katharina and McNally, Daniel E and Maurel, Laura and Naamneh, Muntaser and Caputo, Marco and Strocov, Vladimir N and Wang, Zhiming and Casa, Diego and Schneider, Christof W and Pomjakushina, Ekaterina and Wohlfeld, Krzysztof and Radovic, Milan and Schmitt, Thorsten},
issn = {10916490},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = {40},
pages = {24764--24770},
publisher = {National Academy of Sciences},
title = {{Strain engineering of the charge and spin-orbital interactions in Sr2IrO4}},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.2012043117},
volume = {117},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8726,
abstract = {Several realistic spin-orbital models for transition metal oxides go beyond the classical expectations and could be understood only by employing the quantum entanglement. Experiments on these materials confirm that spin-orbital entanglement has measurable consequences. Here, we capture the essential features of spin-orbital entanglement in complex quantum matter utilizing 1D spin-orbital model which accommodates SU(2)⊗SU(2) symmetric Kugel-Khomskii superexchange as well as the Ising on-site spin-orbit coupling. Building on the results obtained for full and effective models in the regime of strong spin-orbit coupling, we address the question whether the entanglement found on superexchange bonds always increases when the Ising spin-orbit coupling is added. We show that (i) quantum entanglement is amplified by strong spin-orbit coupling and, surprisingly, (ii) almost classical disentangled states are possible. We complete the latter case by analyzing how the entanglement existing for intermediate values of spin-orbit coupling can disappear for higher values of this coupling.},
author = {Gotfryd, Dorota and Paerschke, Ekaterina and Wohlfeld, Krzysztof and Oleś, Andrzej M.},
issn = {2410-3896},
journal = {Condensed Matter},
number = {3},
publisher = {MDPI},
title = {{Evolution of spin-orbital entanglement with increasing ising spin-orbit coupling}},
doi = {10.3390/condmat5030053},
volume = {5},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8741,
abstract = {In ecology, climate and other fields, (sub)systems have been identified that can transition into a qualitatively different state when a critical threshold or tipping point in a driving process is crossed. An understanding of those tipping elements is of great interest given the increasing influence of humans on the biophysical Earth system. Complex interactions exist between tipping elements, e.g. physical mechanisms connect subsystems of the climate system. Based on earlier work on such coupled nonlinear systems, we systematically assessed the qualitative long-term behaviour of interacting tipping elements. We developed an understanding of the consequences of interactions
on the tipping behaviour allowing for tipping cascades to emerge under certain conditions. The (narrative) application of
these qualitative results to real-world examples of interacting tipping elements indicates that tipping cascades with profound consequences may occur: the interacting Greenland ice sheet and thermohaline ocean circulation might tip before the tipping points of the isolated subsystems are crossed. The eutrophication of the first lake in a lake chain might propagate through the following lakes without a crossing of their individual critical nutrient input levels. The possibility of emerging cascading tipping dynamics calls for the development of a unified theory of interacting tipping elements and the quantitative analysis of interacting real-world tipping elements.},
author = {Klose, Ann Kristin and Karle, Volker and Winkelmann, Ricarda and Donges, Jonathan F.},
issn = {20545703},
journal = {Royal Society Open Science},
number = {6},
title = {{Emergence of cascading dynamics in interacting tipping elements of ecology and climate: Cascading dynamics in tipping elements}},
doi = {10.1098/rsos.200599},
volume = {7},
year = {2020},
}
@article{8769,
abstract = {One of the hallmarks of quantum statistics, tightly entwined with the concept of topological phases of matter, is the prediction of anyons. Although anyons are predicted to be realized in certain fractional quantum Hall systems, they have not yet been unambiguously detected in experiment. Here we introduce a simple quantum impurity model, where bosonic or fermionic impurities turn into anyons as a consequence of their interaction with the surrounding many-particle bath. A cloud of phonons dresses each impurity in such a way that it effectively attaches fluxes or vortices to it and thereby converts it into an Abelian anyon. The corresponding quantum impurity model, first, provides a different approach to the numerical solution of the many-anyon problem, along with a concrete perspective of anyons as emergent quasiparticles built from composite bosons or fermions. More importantly, the model paves the way toward realizing anyons using impurities in crystal lattices as well as ultracold gases. In particular, we consider two heavy electrons interacting with a two-dimensional lattice crystal in a magnetic field, and show that when the impurity-bath system is rotated at the cyclotron frequency, impurities behave as anyons as a consequence of the angular momentum exchange between the impurities and the bath. A possible experimental realization is proposed by identifying the statistics parameter in terms of the mean-square distance of the impurities and the magnetization of the impurity-bath system, both of which are accessible to experiment. Another proposed application is impurities immersed in a two-dimensional weakly interacting Bose gas.},
author = {Yakaboylu, Enderalp and Ghazaryan, Areg and Lundholm, D. and Rougerie, N. and Lemeshko, Mikhail and Seiringer, Robert},
issn = {2469-9950},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {14},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Quantum impurity model for anyons}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevb.102.144109},
volume = {102},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7428,
abstract = {In the superconducting regime of FeTe(1−x)Sex, there exist two types of vortices which are distinguished by the presence or absence of zero-energy states in their core. To understand their origin, we examine the interplay of Zeeman coupling and superconducting pairings in three-dimensional metals with band inversion. Weak Zeeman fields are found to suppress intraorbital spin-singlet pairing, known to localize the states at the ends of the vortices on the surface. On the other hand, an orbital-triplet pairing is shown to be stable against Zeeman interactions, but leads to delocalized zero-energy Majorana modes which extend through the vortex. In contrast, the finite-energy vortex modes remain localized at the vortex ends even when the pairing is of orbital-triplet form. Phenomenologically, this manifests as an observed disappearance of zero-bias peaks within the cores of topological vortices upon an increase of the applied magnetic field. The presence of magnetic impurities in FeTe(1−x)Sex, which are attracted to the vortices, would lead to such Zeeman-induced delocalization of Majorana modes in a fraction of vortices that capture a large enough number of magnetic impurities. Our results provide an explanation for the dichotomy between topological and nontopological vortices recently observed in FeTe(1−x)Sex.},
author = {Ghazaryan, Areg and Lopes, P. L.S. and Hosur, Pavan and Gilbert, Matthew J. and Ghaemi, Pouyan},
issn = {24699969},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = {2},
publisher = {APS},
title = {{Effect of Zeeman coupling on the Majorana vortex modes in iron-based topological superconductors}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.020504},
volume = {101},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7594,
abstract = {The concept of the entanglement between spin and orbital degrees of freedom plays a crucial role in our understanding of various phases and exotic ground states in a broad class of materials, including orbitally ordered materials and spin liquids. We investigate how the spin-orbital entanglement in a Mott insulator depends on the value of the spin-orbit coupling of the relativistic origin. To this end, we numerically diagonalize a one-dimensional spin-orbital model with Kugel-Khomskii exchange interactions between spins and orbitals on different sites supplemented by the on-site spin-orbit coupling. In the regime of small spin-orbit coupling with regard to the spin-orbital exchange, the ground state to a large extent resembles the one obtained in the limit of vanishing spin-orbit coupling. On the other hand, for large spin-orbit coupling the ground state can, depending on the model parameters, either still show negligible spin-orbital entanglement or evolve to a highly spin-orbitally-entangled phase with completely distinct properties that are described by an effective XXZ model. The presented results suggest that (i) the spin-orbital entanglement may be induced by large on-site spin-orbit coupling, as found in the 5d transition metal oxides, such as the iridates; (ii) for Mott insulators with weak spin-orbit coupling of Ising type, such as, e.g., the alkali hyperoxides, the effects of the spin-orbit coupling on the ground state can, in the first order of perturbation theory, be neglected.},
author = {Gotfryd, Dorota and Paerschke, Ekaterina and Chaloupka, Jiri and Oles, Andrzej M. and Wohlfeld, Krzysztof},
journal = {Physical Review Research},
number = {1},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{How spin-orbital entanglement depends on the spin-orbit coupling in a Mott insulator}},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013353},
volume = {2},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7882,
abstract = {A few-body cluster is a building block of a many-body system in a gas phase provided the temperature at most is of the order of the binding energy of this cluster. Here we illustrate this statement by considering a system of tubes filled with dipolar distinguishable particles. We calculate the partition function, which determines the probability to find a few-body cluster at a given temperature. The input for our calculations—the energies of few-body clusters—is estimated using the harmonic approximation. We first describe and demonstrate the validity of our numerical procedure. Then we discuss the results featuring melting of the zero-temperature many-body state into a gas of free particles and few-body clusters. For temperature higher than its binding energy threshold, the dimers overwhelmingly dominate the ensemble, where the remaining probability is in free particles. At very high temperatures free (harmonic oscillator trap-bound) particle dominance is eventually reached. This structure evolution appears both for one and two particles in each layer providing crucial information about the behavior of ultracold dipolar gases. The investigation addresses the transition region between few- and many-body physics as a function of temperature using a system of ten dipoles in five tubes.},
author = {Armstrong, Jeremy R. and Jensen, Aksel S. and Volosniev, Artem and Zinner, Nikolaj T.},
issn = {22277390},
journal = {Mathematics},
number = {4},
publisher = {MDPI},
title = {{Clusters in separated tubes of tilted dipoles}},
doi = {10.3390/math8040484},
volume = {8},
year = {2020},
}
@article{7919,
abstract = {We explore the time evolution of two impurities in a trapped one-dimensional Bose gas that follows a change of the boson-impurity interaction. We study the induced impurity-impurity interactions and their effect on the quench dynamics. In particular, we report on the size of the impurity cloud, the impurity-impurity entanglement, and the impurity-impurity correlation function. The presented numerical simulations are based upon the variational multilayer multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree method for bosons. To analyze and quantify induced impurity-impurity correlations, we employ an effective two-body Hamiltonian with a contact interaction. We show that the effective model consistent with the mean-field attraction of two heavy impurities explains qualitatively our results for weak interactions. Our findings suggest that the quench dynamics in cold-atom systems can be a tool for studying impurity-impurity correlations.},
author = {Mistakidis, S. I. and Volosniev, Artem and Schmelcher, P.},
issn = {2643-1564},
journal = {Physical Review Research},
publisher = {American Physical Society},
title = {{Induced correlations between impurities in a one-dimensional quenched Bose gas}},
doi = {10.1103/physrevresearch.2.023154},
volume = {2},
year = {2020},
}